Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance - July 2022

Erosion, Flood, Stormwater & Watershed Standards 12.1 General Purpose And Intent


12. Erosion, Flood, Stormwater & Watershed Standards

12.1. General Purpose And Intent

12.1.1. Findings of Fact A.

Erosion and Sedimentation Control: The erosion of soil from unstabilized development sites has adverse impacts on the condition of public and private property, impairs the Town of Wake Forest stormwater system, and causes pollution and accelerated siltation of lakes, streams, and other watercourses. Pursuant to the North Carolina Sedimentation Pollution Control Act of 1973, as amended, the Town of Wake Forest has been directed to implement an erosion and sedimentation control program as outlined in this chapter. B. Flood Damage Prevention : The flood prone areas within the jurisdiction of the Town of Wake Forest are subject to periodic inundation which can result in loss of life, property, health and safety hazards, disruption of commerce and governmental services, extraordinary public expenditures of flood protection and relief, and impairment of the tax base, all of which adversely affect the public health, safety, and general welfare. These flood losses can be caused by the cumulative effect of obstructions in floodplains causing increases in flood heights and velocities and by the occupancy in flood prone areas of uses vulnerable to floods or other hazards to other lands which are inadequately elevated, floodproofed, or otherwise unprotected from flood damages. C. Stormwater Management: It has been determined that development and redevelopment can alter the hydrologic response of local watersheds and increases stormwater runoff rates and volumes, flooding, soil erosion, stream channel erosion, nonpoint and point source pollution, and sediment transport and deposition, as well as reducing groundwater recharge. These changes in stormwater runoff contribute to increased quantities of water-borne pollutants and alterations in hydrology which are harmful to public health and safety as well as to the natural environment. These effects can be managed and minimized by applying proper design and well-planned controls to manage stormwater runoff from development sites. Further, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (“Clean Water Act”) and federal Ph ase II Stormwater Rules promulgated under it, as well as rules of the North Carolina Environmental Management Commission promulgated in response to federal Phase II requirements, compel certain urbanized areas, including the Town of Wake Forest, to adopt stormwater controls such as those included in this chapter. D. Watershed Protection: The Legislature of the State of North Carolina has, in NCGS §143-21, Watershed Protection Rules, directed local governmental units to adopt regulations that meet or exceed the minimum requirements of NCGS §143-214.5 and water supply watershed protection rules adopted by the State Environmental Management Commission in order to protect the water supplies throughout the state. Erosion and Sedimentation Control: The erosion and sedimentation control regulations of this chapter are adopted for the purposes of regulating certain land- disturbing activities to control accelerated erosion and sedimentation in order to control water pollution from sedimentation, inhibit the accelerated erosion and sedimentation of lakes and watercourses and prevent damage to public and private property by erosion and sedimentation. B. Flood Damage Prevention :

12.1.2. Purpose A.

Town of Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance – July 19, 2022


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