Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance - July 2022

Building Design Standards 5.4 Civic / Institutional Buildings


5.4.4. Glazing A.

Transparency Zone: Glazing that is transparent under all lighting conditions shall extend from a base of contrasting material (not exceeding 4 feet in height above the adjacent grade) to at least the height of the door head. However, spandrel or colored glass may be used above the height of the door head. The table below lists the standards for the minimum required percentage of square footage in the transparency zone that must have a glazing treatment .

Percentage of Glazing in Transparency Zone

Institutional Buildings in all Districts

Principal Front and Street Facades

Side Facades

Any district

50% min.

40% min.

* Up to 15% of the required glazing may be located outside of the required transparency zone for buildings with floor plans that cannot strictly comply with these requirements, as approved by the Administrator.


Upper Story Glazing: At least 20% of the length of upper stories shall include glazing.

C. Glazing: Required glazing shall not be aggregated into a single undivided area of glazing treatment. Individual glazing areas shall not span more than 15 linear feet. 5.4.5. Utilities & Screening A. Rooftop Equipment: All rooftop equipment shall be screened from view to the extent practical. The preferred screening would be achieved with a parapet wall. If not feasible with a parapet, another screening device of similar color and material that is compatible with the principal building may be used. If due to topography of the site, a physical screen would not suffice, alternative methods to minimize the negative aesthetics of the otherwise utilitarian equipment (e.g., painting the equipment to match the building) may be approved by the Administrator. Rooftop solar systems are not subject to screening requirements. B. Wall Mounted Equipment: Wall mounted equipment and downspouts shall be painted to match the building, unless integral to the façade design. No wall-mounted building utility service equipment (e.g., electrical house panel boxes) shall be placed on the public street right-of-way side of the building. C. Parapets : the backside of a parapet wall, even when used as an architectural feature, shall not be visible from a drive aisle, street, or vehicle use area, to the maximum extent practicable. Taller parapets shall wrap around on each side of the building or be constructed as a three- or-four- sided architectural feature. The material on the sides of the wrapped parapet wall or feature shall be consistent with that on the front of the parapet wall. The color of the backside of the parapet wall shall be selected so as to make it inconspicuous.

Town of Wake Forest Unified Development Ordinance – July 19, 2022


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