July 2018 Health Matters

The latest news on the health and wellness issues that matter most • Novem Health Matters lt wel nes is ues that matter most • July 2018

Fight the Bite

Mosquito Bite Prevention

Mosquito bites can be more than just annoying and itchy. They can spread viruses that make you sick or, in rare cases, cause death. Although most kinds of mosquitoes are just a nuisance, some in the United States and around the world spread viruses that can cause disease. Not all mosquitoes are the same. Different mosquitoes spread different viruses and bite at different times of the day.

Viruses spread

Biting habits

Type of Mosquito Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus

Chikungunya, Dengue, Zika

Primarily daytime, but can also bite at night

Culex species

West Nile

Evening to morning

Protect yourself and your family frommosquito bites

Active ingredient Higher percentages of active ingredient provide longer protection DEET Picaridin (known as KBR 3023 and icaridin outside the US) IR3535 Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD) 2-undecanone

Use an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellent with one of the following active ingredients. When used as

directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

2

1 Always follow

• Treat items such as boots, pants, socks, and tents with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated clothing and gear. » Permethrin-treated clothing will protect you after multiple washings. See product information to find out how long the protection will last. » If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions. » Do not use permethrin products directly on skin. 3 Treat clothing and gear

4

If you have a baby or child

Mosquito proof your home

label instructions

• Always follow the product label instructions.

• Use screens on windows and doors. Repair holes in screens to keep mosquitoes outside. • Use air conditioning when available. • Keep mosquitoes from laying eggs in and near standing water. » Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out items that hold water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers. Check inside and outside your home.

• Always follow instructions when applying insect repellent to children. • Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months of age. • Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs. • Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting. • Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin. » Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.

• Reapply insect repellent every few hours, depending on which product and strength you choose. » Do not spray repellent on the skin under clothing. » If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellent second. Natural insect repellents (repellents not registered with EPA) • The effectiveness of non-EPA registered insect repellents, including some natural repellents, is not known. • To protect yourself against diseases like chikungunya, dengue, and Zika, CDC and EPA recommend using an EPA-registered insect repellent. • When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective. For more information: www2.epa.gov/insect-repellents

• Do not use products containing oil of lemon

* The EPA’s search tool is available at: www.epa.gov/insect-repellents/find-insect-repellent-right-you

eucalyptus (OLE) or para- menthane-diol (PMD) on children under 3 years of age.

www.cdc.gov/features/StopMosquitoes

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