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SPECIALIZED INSTRUMENT & METHOD TRAINING CATALOG

Volume 1, September 2020

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As part of KAUST’s focus on advanced education, the Core Laboratories & Research Infrastructure provide specialized training to our users. These hands-on sessions, lectures, and workshops qualify users to independently operate our instru- ments. This Catalog provides information about training sessions available through each Core Laboratory.

Our facilities are impressive, but it is the people who run those facilities that foster a truly collaborative environment of excellence and innovation.

THE CORE The Core Laboratories & Research Infrastructure are a prominent feature of the KAUST interdisciplinary research ecosystem, with over 224 staff scientists, engineers, techni- cal specialists, and administrative staff. The organization is composed of eleven laboratories organized around one cen- tral mission: to provide state-of-the-art facilities, training, and services to KAUST students, faculty, researchers, collabora- tors, and our industrial partners. Furthermore, the laboratories support the intention of KAUST to provide an enduring model of advanced education and scientific research. These laboratories are strategically located throughout the academic campus, enabling our users to transition between labs in a matter of minutes, going from a research vessel to a next-generation sequencing facility or from an electron mi- croscope to a Virtual Reality environment.

Justin Lee Mynar Executive Director of the Core Laboratories & Research Infrastructure

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SUPPLYING ADVANCED TECHNIQUES FOR CUSTOM AND ROUTINE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory ACL

The Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory houses a diverse range of state-of-the-art instrumentation in a 1400-square-meter user facility. It specializes in the analysis of inorganic and organic constituents in most solid and liquid materials. In addition, it has the capability to characterize thermal, mechanical, optical, and electrical properties of materials.

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CONTENTS

28 Viscosity Measurement Using Electro Magnetically Spinning Viscometer 29 Conductivity, pH, and Ion Concentration Measurement Using Electrodes 30 Ammonium Analysis by TD- Fluorometer 31 Turbidity Meter 32 Determination of Thermal Diffusivity, Thermal Conductivity, and Heat Capacity of the Sample by Laser Flash Apparatus (LFA) 33 Determination of Thermal Expansion and Shrinkage of a Material by DIL 402 C 34 Determination of Density and Specific Gravity by KEM Density Meter 35 Determination of Phase Transitions by DSC 36 ORGANICS 38 Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) Coupled with Photodiode Array Detection (PDA) and Tandem Mass Spectrometer 39 micrOTOF Benchtop Mass Spectrometer 40 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Photodiode Array Detection (PDA) & Hybrid LTQ Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer 41 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Coupled with Photodiode Array Detection 42 Gas Chromatograph-Electron Capture Detector-Dual Flame Photometric Detector 43 Gas Chromatograph-Flame Ionization Detector Analysis of Small Organic Molecules 44 Customized Gas Chromatograph-Flame Ionization Detector/ Thermo Conductive Detector for the Analysis of Refinery Gases/ Oxygenates 45 Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of Tetrahydrofuran- Soluble Polymers by Gel Permeation Chromatograph-Multi Detector System

12 INORGANICS 14 Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) 15 CHNS/O Analysis by Organic Elemental Analyzer 16 Nutrient Analysis of Water Samples Using Aquakem 250 Analyzer 17 Nutrient Analysis by Segmented Flow Analyzer 18 Anion Analysis by Ion Chromatography 19 Total Organic Carbon Analyzer Coupled with Total Nitrogen Analyzer 20 Moisture Determination by Karl Fischer Titration 21 Acid Base Titration by Auto-Titrator 22 Trace Elemental Analysis by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry 23 Trace Elemental Analysis by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) 24 Elemental Analysis Using X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF) 25 Sample Dehydration Using Freeze Dryer 26 Sample Grind and Homogenization Using Planetary Ball Mill PM 200 27 Determination of Mass Change and Energetic Effects by STA 449

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46 Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of Water-Soluble Polymers by Gel Permeation Chromatograph 47 Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of Dimethylformamide-Soluble Polymers by Gel Permeation Chromatograph 48 Headspace Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization-Thermal Conductivity and Mass Spectrometry Detectors 49 Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene-Soluble polymers by High Temperature Gel Permeation Chromatograph 50 Dynamic Headspace Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization-Thermal Conductivity and Mass Spectrometry Detectors 51 High-performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Fractionation Coupled with Photodiode Array and Florescence Detection 52 Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer 53 Purge and trap Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization-Nitrogen Phosphorus and Mass Spectrometry Detectors 54 Gas Chromatography Coupled with Tandem Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer 55 Ultra-performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) Coupled with Photodiode Array Detection (PDA), Evaporative Light Scattering and Single Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer 56 Automated Sample Extraction Using Heated and Pressurized Solvents 57 Automated Dry Vaporizer and Concentrator 58 Freeze Dryer 59 Removal of Solvents from Samples by Rotary Vaporator 60 Evaporation Solvent Extraction under a Stream of Nitrogen 61 Ultrahigh Resolution Fourier-Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer for the Analysis of Complex Mixtures

62 High Performance Liquid Chromatograpy-Quadropole Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer

64 SOLIDS 66 BET Method for Surface Area Analysis 67 Dynamic Chemisorption and Temperature Programmed Reactions 68 Static Volumetric Chemisorption 69 Gas Sorption at Moderate and High Pressures 70 Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry 71 Water Sorption 72 Microactivity Reactor 73 Dynamic Light Scattering 74 Surface Zeta Potential 77 Basic FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-Red) Spectroscopy 78 Advanced FTIR spectroscopy (Micro-FTIR/in-situ DRIFTS) 79 Basic UV-Vis-NIR Spectroscopy 80 Advanced UV-Vis-NIR Spectroscopy Using a TAMS 81 Fluorescence Spectroscopy 82 Gravimetric Gas Sorption Analysis Under Extreme Conditions 75 Contact Angle 76 Surface Tension

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Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory INORGANICS The Inorganics analysis unit houses some of the most widely used pieces of equipment in analytical chem- istry. Our scientists are experienced with a variety of techniques to determine the elemental composition of variable materials including petroleum products, envi- ronmental samples, biological tissues, or artificial poly- mers. We also feature instruments to quantify nutrients and organic carbon in fresh and sea water. In addition, we house an array of thermal analysis instruments that are widely employed in material science to study physi- co-chemical properties under a controlled thermal envi- ronment. Trace Elements, Wet Chemistry, and Thermal Analysis

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CHNS/O Analysis by Organic Elemental Analyzer INORGANICS

INORGANICS

Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)

Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) monitors the mass of a sample as the func-tion of temperature. The instrument consists of a precision balance with a sam-ple pan located inside a furnace, where the sample is heated or cooled under a controlled temperature program in a defined atmosphere. The coupling with FT-IR is available as an advanced option, which simultaneously provides high-spec-tral-resolution data over a wide spectral range. Gas selection of an inert and air are available at ACL. This course introduces the basic theory of TGA, as well as sample preparation, instrument operation, software usage, and data processing. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis.

The CHNS/O Elemental Organic analyzer provides rapid and precise determina- tion of Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Oxygen content in a wide range of materials such as catalysts, sediments, solids, composts, crude oil, lubricants, et al. This course introduces the basic principles of the technique, as well as sample preparation, instrument calibration, software usage, and data process- ing. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. Advanced functions for volatile sample introduction, total organic carbon quantification, and low sulfur measurement by FPD detector are available through additional training.

MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3 DURATION 2 hours FREQUENCY Weekly

PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. Knowledge of sample be-havior and its compatibility with the sample

MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Weekly

PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account • Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training

container is required. PREREQUISITES

• Active Badger account • Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training

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INORGANICS

Nutrient Analysis by Segmented Flow Analyzer INORGANICS

Nutrient Analysis of Water Samples Using Aquakem 250 Analyzer

The Segmented Flow analyzer uses photometry to measure the concentration of nutrients, particularly Silica, Nitrate/Nitrite, Phosphate, and Nitrite in seawater samples. This course will cover the basic principles of the technique, hardware and software overview, reagent preparation, calibration standard preparation, method building, instrument calibration, data processing, and report preparation. After successful completion of this course, users are expected to operate the instrument safely and independently. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

The Aquakem 250 is a discrete, selective photometric analyzer capable of quan- tifying anions and nutrient content in different types of water-based samples. It offers established methods for Chloride, Nitrite, Phosphate, Silicate, and Sulfate with detection limit at ppb-ppm levels. This course introduces the basic theory and operation of the Aquakem analyzer. General guidance of reagent prepara- tion, instrument calibration, method setup, software usage, and data processing will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to inde- pendently operate the instrument and perform sample analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 8 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

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Total Organic Carbon Analyzer Coupled with Total Nitrogen Analyzer INORGANICS

INORGANICS

Anion Analysis by Ion Chromatography

The TOC/TN Analyzer uses the combustion catalytic oxidation technique with non-dispersive infrared detector (NDIR) to measure Total Organic Carbon (TOC), Total Inorganic Carbon (TIC), Total Carbon (TC), and Total Nitrogen (TN) with chemiluminescence detection in fresh waters, drinking water, seawater, treated water, and brine water in the range of 4 μg/L to 30,000 mg/L. Advanced training is available on solid samples if needed. This course introduces the gen- eral fundamental theory and technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its application. It trains users on sample preparation, instrument and software usage, data gathering, and carbon and nitrogen concentration determination. Following this course, us- ers are expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Ion chromatography (IC) is the separation and quantitative analysis of anions and cations in an aqueous solution using the ion exchange method of liquid chromatography (LC). Our system is set up for anion analysis. The course will cover the basic theory of IC, major components of the instrument, software familiarization, method building, standard preparation, sample analysis, and data processing. After successful completion of this course, users are expected to operate the instrument safely and independently. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

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INORGANICS

Acid Base Titration by Auto-Titrator INORGANICS

Moisture Determination by Karl Fischer Titration

Karl Fischer is a classic titration method that uses coulometric titration to deter- mine trace amounts of water (1 ppm to 5% level) in liquid samples. This train- ing will provide a brief introduction to the theory and instrument operation with hands-on practice. General guidance of sample introduction, experiment setup, and software familiarization will be discussed. Following this course, users are expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform sam- ple analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

The Auto-titrator uses electrochemical detection, rather than dyes, to identify the endpoint of a titration. Different types of electrodes are used, and they work by detecting the voltage change resulting from the chemical reaction at the point where all of the analyte is consumed by the titrant. This course will cover the principles of auto-titration, instrument component and software, reagent prepara- tion, and sample analysis. After successful completion of this course, users are expected to operate the instrument safely and independently. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 2 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

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Trace Elemental Analysis by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP- MS) INORGANICS

INORGANICS

Trace Elemental Analysis by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry

Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) is a trace-level, elemental analysis technique that uses the emission spectra from a sample in high temperature plasma to identify and quantify the elemental com- position with detection limit at ppm level. This course introduces the fundamen- tal concepts and principles of ICP-OES analysis, including a discussion of its strengths, challenges, and typical applications. General guidance for solid sam- ple microwave digestion, sample introduction, instrument configuration, method development, software usage, and data process will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a highly sensitive el- emental analysis technique capable of detecting metals and several non-metals at ppb to sub-ppb concentrations. This course intends to introduce the funda- mental concepts and principles of ICP-MS analysis, including a discussion of its strengths, challenges, and typical applications. General guidance for sample in- troduction, instrument configuration, software usage, method development, and data process will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis.

PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. General knowledge of the

technique is required. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training • Hydrofluoric Acid Safety Training • Microwave Digestion Training (offered in ICP-OES_acl training) MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training

• Hydrofluoric Acid Safety Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Weekly

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INORGANICS

Sample Dehydration Using Freeze Dryer INORGANICS

Elemental Analysis Using X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF)

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a non-destructive analytical technique suitable for rapid determination of the elemental composition of solid, liquid, and pow- der samples. It uses the interaction of x-rays with a substance to examine the sample’s characteristics by measuring the fluorescent X-ray emitted from it. This course introduces the fundamental concepts and principles of XRF, including a discussion of its strengths, challenges, and typical applications. General guid- ance for sample preparation, instrument configuration and software, experiment setup, and data process will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Freeze drying (lyophilization) is a low temperature dehydration process which removes water from frozen materials by directly converting frozen water into vapor without the intermediate formation of liquid water. It is especially suited for substances that are heat sensitive. This course introduces the basic principles of freeze drying. General guidance for sample preparation and instrument opera- tion will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Monthly

DURATION 2 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training

• Emergency Incident Preparedness Training • Liquid Nitrogen and Cryogenic Safety Course • X-Ray Analysis Equipment Safety Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2

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INORGANICS

Determination of Mass Change and Energetic Effects by STA 449 INORGANICS

Sample Grind and Homogenization Using Planetary Ball Mill PM 200

The planetary ball mill is used to rapidly grind solid samples down to the nano range. It is capable of colloidal grinding and has the energy input necessary for mechanical alloying processes, allowing advanced materials development. This course introduces the basic principles and operation of the ball mill. General guidance for sample loading, instrument setup, usage, and cleaning will be dis- cussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

The STA 449 Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer is designed to simultaneously measure gravimetric change and energetic effects to a single sample under controlled temperature and atmospheric conditions. The coupling with a humidity generator is available as an advanced option to study drying processes or water absorption and desorption. This accessory allows users to analyze materials under defined conditions of temperature (20 °C to 1250 °C) and relative humidity (2-98 % RH). In addition, the coupling with a mass spectrometer is available as an advanced option, which provides mass spectra data from 0-300 amu range. This course introduces the general fundamental theory and technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guid- ance for its applications. It trains users on sample preparation, instruments and software usage, and data collection. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data anal- ysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. Knowledge of sample be- havior and its compatibility with the sample container is required. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Monthly

DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3

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INORGANICS

Conductivity, pH, and Ion Concentration Measurement Using Electrodes INORGANICS

Viscosity Measurement Using Electro Magnetically Spinning Viscometer

Viscosity is the measure of a substance’s resistance to motion under an applied force. The Electro Magnetically Spinning (EMS) viscometer determines the viscosity of liquid through observation of the rotation of a sphere that is driven by electromagnetic interaction. This course introduces the fundamental principles and operation of the EMS viscometer. General guidance of sample preparation, instrument set-up, measurement modes, software usage, and data process will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to inde- pendently operate the instrument and perform basic sample analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Electrochemical analysis is a versatile method capable of quantitatively evaluat- ing the properties and ion content of water samples. At ACL, we offer established methods for measurement of conductivity, pH, and fluoride ions. This course introduces the basic theory and operation of electrodes and meter. General guid- ance of sample preparation, probe set-up and calibration, meter usage, and data process will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform sample analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Monthly

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INORGANICS

Turbidity Meter INORGANICS

Ammonium Analysis by TD- Fluorometer

Accurate determination of ammonium in aquatic environments is a critical measurement when investigating Nitrogen cycling and nutrient dynamics. This course covers the basic principles of the Turner Design Fluorometer, major in- strument components, reagents, standards, and sample preparation, standards and sample incubation, and analysis. Following this course, the user is expect- ed to be able to independently and safely operate the instrument and perform sample analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Turbidity is the cloudiness of a fluid caused by suspended particles. The turbid- ity meter determines turbidity of aqueous samples by monitoring light scattered from the sample relatively to a calibration standard. The course introduces the basic principles and operation of the instrument. General guidance on calibra- tion, sample preparation, and data reading will be discussed. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently perform sample analy- sis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 2 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Monthly

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INORGANICS

Determination of Thermal Diffusivity, Thermal Conductivity, and Heat Capacity of the Sample by Laser Flash Apparatus (LFA)

Determination of Thermal Expansion and Shrinkage of a Material by DIL 402 C INORGANICS

Dilatometry is a thermo-analytical technique for the measurement of expansion or shrinkage of a material when subjected to a controlled temperature/time program. The thermal expansion can be accurately measured with the Dilatom- eter 402 C from 25 °C to 1600 °C. The system can also be used to examine phase transitions, solid-state, and chemical reactions. This course introduces the fundamental background theory and technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and general guidance for their applications. It trains users on sample preparation, instrument operation and software usage, gathering the data using a single gas, and gas mixtures or other vapors of interest to users. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

The laser Flash Apparatus (LFA), with its infrared detector, enables measure- ments of thermal diffusivity, thermal conductivity, and heat capacity of the sample in the range of 25 °C to 300 °C. The instrument can be used for various sam- ple sizes up to 25.4 mm in diameter with the integrated sample changer. This course introduces the background theory and technique, including a discussion of strengths and weaknesses of the methods and general guidance for their applications. It trains users on the sample preparation, instrument operation and software usage, and data collection. Following this course, the user is expect- ed to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

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Determination of Phase Transitions by DSC INORGANICS

INORGANICS

Determination of Density and Specific Gravity by KEM Density Meter

The Density/Specific gravity meter provides density and specific gravity mea- surements of liquids. It is capable of handling small amounts of samples, in a short time, and with high precision in the temperature range of 0 °C to 80 °C. The auto clean and sampling accessory allows the user to drain the measured sample, rinse the cell with two kinds of solvents, and air purge in the cell. This course introduces the background theory and technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and general guidance for their applications. It trains the users on sample preparation and instrument operation. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a thermoanalytical technique in which the difference in the amount of heat required to increase the temperature of a sample and reference is measured as a function of temperature. Both the sam- ple and reference are maintained at nearly the same temperature throughout the experiment. Our DSC is equipped with the Refrigerated Cooling System RCS 90. The sys- tem provides the heat flow measurements of material transition processes such as glass transition, melting, and crystallization in the range of –90 °C to 550 °C. It has a four-axis robotic autosampler to safely and accurately load the sample and reference pans. Unattended processing of up to 53 samples plus 1 refer- ence is possible. Furthermore, the chemical reaction such as thermal curing, heat history, specific heat capacity, and purity analysis are also measurable. This course introduces the background theory and technique of DSC, including a discussion of its strengths and weaknesses and general guidance for its applica- tions. It trains users on sample preparation, instrument operation and software usage, and gathering the data using a single gas. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis.

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 2 hours FREQUENCY Monthly

PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research pro- fessionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from

MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training

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Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory ORGANICS Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry

The Organics unit separates a wide range of chemical compounds for both qualitative and quantitative analy- sis. Processes include the accurate mass determination of organic molecules, identification and quantitation of organic environmental contaminants, and polymer mo- lecular weight determination.

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Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) Coupled with Photodiode Array Detection (PDA) and Tandem Mass Spectrometer ORGANICS

ORGANICS

micrOTOF Benchtop Mass Spectrometer

The micro Time-of-Flight (TOF)-MS instrument is a high resolution (10,000) Mass spectrometer. It is capable of measuring accurate masses of a variety of compounds from small (standard mass range: 50-3000 amu) to large mole- cules (extended mass range: 3000-20000 amu). The micrOTOF Benchtop Mass Spectrometer is the perfect choice for straight-forward formula determination of unknown compounds. This course introduces the general theory of mass spec- trometry measurement, including a discussion of its strengths and weaknesses and general guidance for its application. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development princi- ples, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

The TSQ Altis is a triple stage quadrupole Mass Spectrometer that deter-mines the m/z of small molecules. It is very sensitive for quantitative analysis in complex sample matrices. The instrument is coupled with ultra-high-perfor-mance-chromatography. This course introduces the general theory about chem-ical separation and mass spectrometry detection, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its applica-tions. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instru-ment and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 5 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

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ORGANICS

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Coupled with Photodiode Array Detection ORGANICS

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Photodiode Array Detection (PDA) & Hybrid LTQ Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer

The LTQ Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer can reach an ultra-high resolution (> 100,000) with reliable mass accuracy (<5 ppm mass error). It is the perfect choice for straight-forward formula determination of unknown compounds. The combination of the Orbitrap detector with an external mass analyzer such as a linear ion trap enables multiple levels of fragmentation (MSn) for the structural elucidation of analytes. This instrument is coupled with high-performance-liq- uid-chromatography (HPLC) for separation and quantitative analysis in complex sample matrices. This course introduces the general theory of mass spectrom- etry detection, including a discussion of its strengths and weaknesses and general guidance for its application. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis.

High-performance-liquid-chromatography (HPLC) is coupled with a UV detec- tor for the separation and quantitative analysis of analytes in complex sample matrices. This course introduces the general theory of chemical separation and column choices, including a discussion of its strengths and weaknesses and general guidance for its applications. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. This instrument is open to

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 1 DURATION 5 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

advanced users only. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

DURATION 6 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2

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Specialized Instrument & Method Training Catalog

Edition 1, S e pt e mber 2020

41

Gas Chromatograph-Electron Capture Detector-Dual Flame Photometric Detector ORGANICS

ORGANICS

Gas Chromatograph-Flame Ionization Detector Analysis of Small Organic Molecules

The gas chromatograph is coupled with an Electron Capture Detector-Dual Flame Photometric Detector. This is particularly useful for the separation and quantification of halogens, Sulfur and Phosphorus containing organic volatile compounds, and Sulfur and Phosphorus containing organic semi volatile com- pounds. This course introduces the general theory of chemical separation and column choices, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its application. This training also includes dis- cussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Gas Chromatograph with Flame Ionization Detector is a conventional organic analysis technique for volatile and semi volatile compounds, especially for hydro- carbons. This course introduces the general fundamental theory and technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its application. It trains users on instrument configurations, software usage, and principles of method development. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 3 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

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Specialized Instrument & Method Training Catalog

Edition 1, S e pt e mber 2020

43

Customized Gas Chromatograph-Flame Ionization Detector/Thermo Conductive Detector for the Analysis of Refinery Gases/Oxygenates ORGANICS

ORGANICS

Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of Tetrahydrofuran- Soluble Polymers by Gel Permeation Chromatograph-Multi Detector System

Gel Permeation Chromatograph is a classic tool for the measurement of aver- age molecular weights and polydispersity index of polymers. The instrument is particularly used for tetrahydrofuran-soluble polymers. This course introduces the general fundamental theory of the technique, including a discussion of its strengths, weaknesses, and general guidance for its application. It trains users on instrument configurations and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

This customized Gas Chromatograph is equipped with multiple columns/valves/ detectors and is mainly used for the target analysis of refinery gases and oxy- genates. The established methods can provide the qualitative and quantitative analysis of light hydrocarbons (< C8), CO, CO2, N2, H2, He, O2 and oxygen- ates. This course trains users on instrument configurations, software usage, and sample preparation. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 1 hour FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 6 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

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Specialized Instrument & Method Training Catalog

Edition 1, S e pt e mber 2020

45

ORGANICS

Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of Water-Soluble Polymers by Gel Permeation Chromatograph ORGANICS

Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of Dimethylformamide- Soluble Polymers by Gel Permeation Chromatograph

Gel Permeation Chromatograph is a classic tool for the measurement of aver- age molecular weights and polydispersity index of polymers. This instrument is particularly used for water-soluble polymers. This course introduces the general fundamental theory of the technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its application. It trains us- ers on instrument configurations and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Gel Permeation Chromatograph is a classic tool for the measurement of aver- age molecular weights and polydispersity index of polymers. This instrument is particularly used for dimethylformamide-soluble polymers. This course introduc- es the general fundamental theory of the technique, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its applica- tion. It trains users on instrument configurations and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instru- ment and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 6 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 6 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

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Specialized Instrument & Method Training Catalog

Edition 1, S e pt e mber 2020

47

Molecular Weight Distribution Measurement of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene- Soluble polymers by High Temperature Gel Permeation Chromatograph ORGANICS

ORGANICS

Headspace Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization-Thermal Conductivity and Mass Spectrometry Detectors

The gas chromatograph is connected to a headspace sample introduction de- vice, a flame ionization detector, and a mass spectrometry detector. It is particu- larly useful for the separation, structural elucidation, and quantification of vol- atile and semi-volatile organic compounds. This course introduces the general theory of chemical separation and column choices, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its applica- tions. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instru- ment and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

Gel Permeation Chromatograph is a classic tool for the measurement of average molecular weights and polydispersity index of polymers. This instrument is par- ticularly used for 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene-soluble polymers and it can be operated at elevated separation temperatures (up to 150 °C). This course introduces the general fundamental theory and technique of this method, including a discus- sion of its strengths and weaknesses, and general guidance for its application. It trains users on instrument configurations and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 3 DURATION 5 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 6 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

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Specialized Instrument & Method Training Catalog

Edition 1, S e pt e mber 2020

49

ORGANICS

Dynamic Headspace Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization-Thermal Conductivity and Mass Spectrometry Detectors ORGANICS

High-performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Fractionation Coupled with Photodiode Array and Florescence Detection

The gas chromatograph is coupled with a dynamic headspace sample intro- duction device, and both a flame ionization detector and a mass spectrometry detector. It is particularly useful for the separation, structural elucidation, and quantification of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds. This course in- troduces the general theory of chemical separation and column choices, includ- ing a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its applications. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to inde- pendently operate the instrument and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

High-performance-liquid-chromatography (HPLC) is coupled with UV and fluo- rescence detectors for separation and quantitative analysis in complex sample matrices. This instrument is capable of fractionating and purifying analytes from a complex mixture. This course introduces the general theory of chemical separation, columns, and mobile phases selection, including a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of this method and general guidance for its applica- tions. This training also includes discussions on sample preparation, instrument configuration, method development principles, and software usage. Following this course, the user is expected to be able to independently operate the instru- ment and perform basic data analysis. PARTICIPANT PROFILE This course is intended for students and research professionals from KAUST, and their collaborators from academia and industry. PREREQUISITES • Active Badger account

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 2 DURATION 6 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

• Laboratory Safety Training • Hazardous Waste Training • Emergency Incident Preparedness Training MAXIMUM PARTICIPANTS 1 DURATION 7 hours FREQUENCY Twice weekly

Learn Develop Excel

Specialized Instrument & Method Training Catalog

Edition 1, S e pt e mber 2020

51

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