There are many common causes of shin splints, including, but not limited to: • Previous injury . If you have had a foot, leg, or shin injury in the past, your risk of shin splints may be heightened. • Sport participation. Some sports have a higher risk of shin splints than others, especially those with high levels of running and/or jumping. • Body mass. If you have a BMI greater than 20.2, your probability toward developing shin splints may be higher. • Overpronation. This is also referred to as the act of flattening the arches of one’s feet while standing, walking, or running. A flat arch creates a greater risk of shin splints. • Hipmotion. This can be related to sport or general gait, in which the hips move through a greater range than what is typical. This is common in sports such as dance, gymnastics, or cheerleading, but can also be due to an abnormality in the way one walks. • Improper shoes. Wearing shoes that are ill-fitted or that don’t provide proper arch support can increase your risk of shin splints. • Lack of stretching. If you complete a run or workout without warm-up and cool-down stretches, your muscles and tissues can become irritated, increasing your risk of shin splints. • General weakness. If you have weak ankles, hips, or core muscles, you may be at a greater risk of developing shin splints. This can be corrected through strength training exercises. WHAT CAUSES SHIN SPLINTS?
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