2nd Quarter Edition | April•May•June 2024

Putting Our Best Paw Forward What MPBA is accomplishing with your support T FFA Speaking Contest T Working with FFA, 4H, and JAG kids T Scholarships T Dog Shows T Woof for Vets Program T Kennel Assistance Program

T Elite Kennel Program T Educational Classes T Kennel Inspection Program

T Public Events (Fairs, Expos, etc.) T Member of Missouri Farmers Care T And many other Programs each year!

We thank you for your Sponsorship and Support. You are the Dog-gone Best!


Elite Sponsor Avenue Veterinary Supply

Silver Sponsors ProMed Tuffy’s Pet Foods Brilliant Pad Airbound Pets Revival Animal Health Puppy Travelers Royal Canin Merck Bronze Sponsors Dreammaker Kennels Retriever’s Animal Supply Select Puppies Conrad’s Cuddly Canines

Platinum Sponsors Puppy Spot American Kennel Club Pet Xchange A to Z Vet Supply Gold Sponsors Lambert Vet Supply Shield Cleansers American Canine Association Pawrade

Thank you, Sponsors! You are PAWS-I-TIVELY the best!

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the Prez Sez

We are halfway through 2024! I hope everyone is surviving the slow time the pet industry is seeing. Let’s pray the end of 2024 will bring a brighter future. The Legislative assembly is now over; we didn’t get any of the bills passed that we were hoping for, but we were successful in stopping a lot of bad bills for the dog breeders. This is especially why we need Tony Duggar, our lobbyist, and JP Dunn, our executive director, in Jefferson City speaking for us, as well as Mindy Patterson with the Calvary Group working for the entire pet and animal industry in Washington. Mindy recently spent a week in Washington discussing Goldie’s Act and other current legislation with many Senators and Representatives. Look for pictures and an update from Mindy herself in this magazine! We are starting to plan the 2025 Missouri Pet Breeders Education Conference. We encourage you to begin making plans now to attend -- we expect it to be even bigger and better than last year! Keep watching our website for updates and events we’re planning for 2025.

Kevin Beauchamp, MPBA President

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By Lucy Hughes | Reviewed by: Pawrade Team | April 27, 2024

Dogs boost babies’ immune system & allergy tolerance

When people learn they are going to be parents, all their hopes and dreams unfold as they plan the future: How will they teach their children about the world around them? What’s the best way to raise a child? We may be consumed with reading baby- related books and websites to prepare, but there may not be a section on the benefits of raising a child with a four-legged best friend. You may have older children who have begged and pleaded with you to adopt a family dog. While all parents want to do what’s right for their children, you may not have considered all the advantages of raising children with puppies for your child’s health and wellness that will have you hitting the “Reserve Me” button in no time! Discover how children benefit from having a dog by examining how being a puppy owner positively affects your child’s physical, social, and mental health in several ways.

You may have heard people say this phrase, and you shouldn’t be surprised based on statistics about American families owning and loving their dogs. Results of the 2023-2024 APPA National Pet Owners Survey found that 66% of U.S. households own a pet, around 86.9 million households, and 65.1 million of those households have dogs as pets. Another study reported that 97% of pet owners consider their pets to be a part of their family. Clearly, some people treat their dogs as an integral part of their family structure, understanding how life is just better with a dog bringing joy and unconditional love to the whole family.

When you have a baby, you would do anything to protect them. Did you know having a dog in the home can improve your baby’s immune system and help prevent allergies from developing? Scientists published in the Microbiome Journal have studied how dogs affect a baby’s immune system to see if our canine companions help or hurt development. Dogs bring in bacteria from outside the home, influencing the bacteria in a child’s gut microbe composition. Researchers studied gut microbes at an average of 3 months of age in 746 infants. They found those living with dogs pre- and postnatally exhibited an abundance of Oscillospira and Ruminococcus, two beneficial types of bacteria important for reducing allergies and obesity, and a reduction in Streptococcaceae, a harmful bacteria. Published research in the European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology examines whether or not dogs have a role in preventing future food allergies in babies and children. They studied levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in both mothers

Here are just some of the myriad ways living with dogs benefits children.

Advantages of Raising Children With Puppies

“We love our furbabies like we do our children!”

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Children with special needs require extra assistance to ensure their learning and development, and dogs can help children with special needs in a variety of ways and be an integral part of their routines.

even lower blood pressure. A child petting a dog can lower cortisol, a stress hormone, and even lower blood pressure. The health benefits of owning a pet for children extend beyond just reducing obesity.

and babies, a type of antibody produced by the immune system in response to allergens, substances that trigger allergic reactions. Out of 1,303 infants, scientists found that living with dogs was associated with a 90% reduction in the odds of infants developing food allergies, and none of the infants who lived with at least two dogs developed a food allergy when followed up at three years old. However, it’s important to note that just because you own a dog doesn’t mean your baby will be immune to allergies in their lifetime. Sometimes your baby will still develop allergies in childhood to animals. If your child does suffer from allergies, hypoallergenic puppies would be a good choice to experience all the benefits of having a dog in the household without all the sneezing, wheezing, and itching.

Puppies help kids focus on the present

With the rise of children receiving cell phones, the increase in daily screen time for children is a concern for many parents. Owning a puppy gets kids’ eyes unglued from screens to put them right in the present moment. It’s difficult to lead a sedentary lifestyle when there’s a puppy tugging on your pants! Kids unplug to focus all of their attention on their puppy’s needs.

Researchers are studying interactions between dogs and kids who have autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other conditions. Children with ADHD often struggle in the classroom. Researchers wanted to test the hypothesis that dogs can help children with ADHD focus by pairing one group with actual dogs and the other with puppets of dogs. They found that at the end of the 12-week study, children who read to dogs shared and cooperated more and had fewer behavioral problems than those who read to the puppets.

Puppies demonstrate unconditional love and loyalty to children

Dogs are always ready to lend a listening ear and show unconditional love to kids. It’s hard to be a kid sometimes, and they need an unbiased party to listen to their problems. Kids may be learning that friendships come and go, but your trusty dog will always be by your side, reducing feelings of loneliness and anxiety. They’ll come to learn they can trust their dog to never tell their secrets! Having a healthy model of love and trust helps children develop their idea of how people should treat and care for one another in relationships. The bond between a child and a dog can transcend into a canine soulmate – or a partner in crime when they get into shenanigans.

Dogs can help prevent obesity in babies & children

You may have found it interesting to learn that dogs directly have an effect on a baby developing obesity later in life. Common sense tells us a child who moves more will stave off obesity from developing. Researchers at St. George’s, University of London studied movement levels of 2,065 children 9-10 years old for a week. The study revealed that the children with dogs spent more time being physically active each day than those without dogs. While dog breeds require different amounts of daily exercise, involving kids in walking and playing with your puppy helps keep them active.

Dogs encourage emotional growth

Raising an emotionally healthy child and encouraging their growth and development is another priority for parents, and your family puppy can – you guessed it – help with that in several ways. We’ve all seen children experience a temper tantrum when their feelings are just too big for their understanding. A child with a dog will quickly learn they must regulate their emotions around puppies. Their actions affect others, and they can’t just take their big feelings out on a puppy. A puppy’s licks and cuddles will also help calm down a child. Caring for puppies provides kids with a sense of accomplishment. They can take pride in helping with simple tasks, like daily feeding or putting toys away. The boost in self-esteem and confidence children feel caring for an animal or the satisfaction they experience when they teach a puppy a new trick will help a child work through a variety of emotions.

Dogs help increase literacy skills

Dogs can play a remarkable role in improving children’s literacy skills through programs allowing kids to read to dogs or programs offering therapy dogs in libraries. ​Children often feel more at ease reading to a dog in a canine-assisted reading program than to their peers or adults, allowing them to focus on the text and improve their fluency without worrying about making mistakes or being ridiculed or embarrassed. As children bond with the dog over storytelling sessions, they develop a love for reading that extends beyond the program fostering confidence, fluency, comprehension, and confidence.

Dogs lower stress & cortisol levels

Even though a new puppy can cause stress while adjusting to its new home, did you know that puppies can physically reduce stress in your body? A child petting a dog can lower cortisol, a stress hormone, and

Dogs assist children with special needs

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Teaching a child to “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes” through empathy can be a tough task. If you have a puppy, your child will naturally practice their empathy skills. Through learning how to understand a dog’s needs and behavior, they’ll practice how to be kind, how to help, and how to comfort their puppy, all skills important to have the rest of their lives.

happened to that doll’ or ‘Razz is worried about how difficult school has been for you this week,’” notes the Pawsitive Counseling Center. The child is not threatened as much and can give a valuable response to help the child than if they clam up with an adult.

Find a Pawrade Puppy For Your Children

Puppies teach responsibility

There’s nothing cuter than a small child and a puppy curled up together and napping. If you need some suggestions, check out our recommendations of the best dogs for kids and families and how to introduce your children to your new puppy for valuable tips. Browse our puppies for sale and let us help you find the best puppy to benefit your children!

negatively impacts their puppy, such as skipping dinner time or having accidents inside due to skipping tasks in the routine.

We all would love to teach our kids to automatically clean up their messes, right? Having a dog may actually encourage your child to be aware of other tasks that need to be done around the house and put in more effort. Get your child involved in simple actions to benefit your puppy during feeding time, going on walks, or even picking up waste in the yard. Puppies need a daily routine to thrive as do children. Keeping a schedule alongside your puppy helps kids and puppies block off time for certain activities, giving them a simple routine to follow and practicing skills they’ll need for daily living. Children also learn that not providing regular care

Dogs are a source of comfort

Unfortunately, children face unthinkable situations from abuse to natural disasters. Children can get lost in the mix amid chaos or messy situations when adults focus on other pressing matters. Comfort dogs help children work through complex emotions they feel when navigating tough times. Paws For Healing offers canine-assisted play therapy and explains that children may speak more to the dog than a therapist about their emotions. “The therapist may say to the child, ‘Razz wonders what

Article gathered from: https://www.pawrade. com/resource/wellness/how-growing-up- with-a-dog-benefits-children

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Flea Control for Dogs Fleas are tiny insects that feed on warm-blooded animals. Beyond the intense itching and discomfort they cause, fleas can also endanger your dogs’ health.

Health Risks

Parasites Fleas can carry tapeworm eggs and pass the parasite on to a dog or to a person if accidentally ingested. Dogs are likely to swallow an infected flea while grooming or licking themselves. Disease Fleas can also carry the bacteria that causes plague, a disease that threatens both animals and people. The United States typically has several cases of plague every year.

Anemia Large numbers of fleas can consume enough of a dog’s blood to cause anemia. Anemia will make your dog feel tired and weak and can even be fatal. Smaller dogs and puppies are especially at risk.

DID YOU KNOW? If a dog has pale gums, it may be anemic.

Check for Fleas

Protect Your Dogs All dogs are at risk of picking up fleas from their environment. You can protect your dogs by taking a few simple steps: l KEEP YOUR PROPERTY WELL-MAINTAINED (cut grass, remove overgrown vegetation, etc.). This discourages flea-carrying wildlife and rodents from visiting. l CHECK YOUR DOGS REGULARLY. Finding and treating fleas early helps prevent an infestation. l USE PREVENTIVE TREATMENT. There are many options available that kill fleas before they lay eggs.

PRACTICAL TIP Flea preventives

come in many forms. While certain products work well together, others counteract one another and should not be used at the same time. TALK WITH YOUR VETERINARIAN about flea prevention to find the best option for your dogs.

Brush or comb your dog’s fur or part the fur to see down to their skin. The best places to check are the lower back, near the tail, or the abdomen. Look for adult fleas or flea feces (often called “flea dirt”), which resemble ground coffee. Flea feces are mostly dried blood and make reddish- brown streaks when mixed with a little water.

Learn more: The U.S. Department of Agriculture is an equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender.

Animal Care AC-21-005 • Issued May 2021

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Want to boost your kennel’s rating? Looking to expand your outreach?

Become a member of MPBA’s Elite Kennel Program

For more information, or to fill out an application, scan this QR code with your phone’s camera, or visit www.mpbaonline. org/elite-kennels


Questions? Contact Sue Swanigan at (417) 399-9047 or email

Find the Elite Advantage The Elite Kennel Program hosts a Facebook page exclusively for MPBA members. Sell your puppies here!

Visit Facebook @ Missouri Pet Breeders Association Elite Pets Scan this QR code with your phone’s camera

Missouri Pet Breeders Association | Page 7

Learn how ACA’s Premier Retailer websites help you market and sell your

puppies across the nation! Call for details on how you can have your website designed, hosted, and marketed… all “free of charge” as an ACA Premier Retailer.

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At Merck Animal Health, we’re focused on innovation. It’s the lifeblood of our industry and the path to tomorrow’s breakthrough products. Guided by our customers, we aim to offer products that are more than just effective tools for the treatment and control of animal disease. And because our customers come first, we strive to develop products that help improve the health of animals overall, and that benefit their owners as well.

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Quick Reference: Contingency Plans for Emergencies Animal Care Tech Note

As a dealer, exhibitor, research facility, intermediate handler, animal transporter, or other entity regulated under the Animal Welfare Act, you are required to make a contingency plan. This plan describes what you will do to safeguard your animals during emergencies or disasters. As you develop your contingency plan, refer to the information below for a brief overview of what to consider. Contingency Plan Basics  Your plan should address your facility’s unique needs; there is no one-size-fits-all contingency plan.  Your plan should cover all animals in all of your facilities.  Transporters and intermediate handlers must also develop a contingency plan.  Your employees should be trained to carry out your facility’s contingency plan.  You must review your plan and document any updates at least annually. What To Consider Your contingency plan must address four things: when you will activate your plan, what actions you will take, who is responsible for taking those actions, and how you will accomplish them. When Will You Activate Your Plan? Emergencies are not limited to natural disasters (like wildfires or hurricanes) and animal escapes. They can also include local events such as a fire, power outage, loss of key personnel, or other unexpected situations that interrupt normal animal care activities. Carefully consider and document the types of emergencies that could affect your area or facility. What Actions Will You Take? Your contingency plan must document the actions you’ll take in response to the emergency situations that affect your operation. For example, you may need to evacuate your animals and employees, or you may decide that sheltering in place is safest. Who Will Be Responsible for Taking Specific Actions? In an emergency, it’s critical that you and your staff know your roles and responsibilities. By assigning tasks to staff as part of the contingency planning process and establishing

clear authority and lines of communication, you can streamline your response during an emergency. Remember to update staff responsibilities, assignments, and contact information regularly. How Will You Carry Out Your Plan? As you develop your contingency plan, consider what material and equipment you will need, how you will obtain it, and what training is required. If you plan to house animals at another facility during an emergency, make sure the facility is willing and able to receive your animals. Resources The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has an optional form that you can download and use when developing and documenting your contingency plan. Go to and search “APHIS Form 7093.” APHIS’ Animal Care inspectors are also available to help you develop or review plans, as needed. For More Information You can find information about contingency planning in the following sections of the Animal Welfare Act (9 CFR Part 2): Subpart C, § 2.38(i)(4); Subpart H, § 2.102(a)(4) and (b)(3); and Subpart I, § 2.134. Go to and search “9 CFR 2.” For information on the contingency planning rule, go to and search “contingency planning rule.” To contact APHIS’ Animal Care program, call (970) 494-7478 or email

USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender. AC-22-005A ▪ Revised March 2022

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Need for Parasite Control R O


Parasites – including fleas, ticks, mites and lice – can cause more than just discomfort for pets. In fact, bites from parasites can transmit a number of serious diseases, some of which can be fatal. Because parasites can spread from pets to their families, they are a concern not just for pet health, but human health as well. Most importantly, it has recently been observed that many parasites are growing in number, expanding to new areas, and remaining active for longer periods of time throughout the year. In the U.S., for example, efforts to restore forested areas have led to a surge in deer populations, which has in turn led to increasing numbers of ticks, since deer are a primary host for this parasite. Fluctuating weather trends have also resulted in both fleas and certain tick species thriving in areas where they previously did not cause significant problems. For example, tick-borne diseases have now been reported in most states in the U.S. Similarly, while flea infestations tend to peak in summer and fall, studies show that they now occur throughout the year 1 . In tandem with the increasing

sighting of parasites, many areas have seen an increase in the diseases they transmit. In Asia, officials have recently identified a new tick- borne virus – the Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome (SFTS) virus. First seen in China in 2011, the SFTS virus has now also been identified in Japan and Korea. With 21 human deaths attributed to the disease 2 , the Japan Health Ministry issued a health warning in 2014 about the ticks that transmit the deadly virus. In the U.S., ticks that transmit Lyme disease have also gained considerable attention because of the increasing incidence and geographic range of the disease. Because of the risk parasites pose to pets and people, effective parasite control is increasingly important. Year round parasite control is now often recommended. Improvements in parasite control have been significant in recent years, with new treatments introduced that last long and are more convenient, making it easier for pet owners to administer regularly and eliminate gaps in protection. Products such as these that are fast acting and long lasting can help

reduce the potential for pets to bring parasites into the home, or to become infected with a disease as a result of infestation. As more people around the world keep pets, Merck Animal Health is committed to providing solutions to help them look after their pets’ health and wellbeing, including by protecting them from parasites. References: 1 Companion Animal Parasite Council. Current Advice on Parasite Control. Companion Animal Parasite Council website. recommendations/fleas. Accessed July 21, 2015. 2 Hofilena, John. “‘Killer ticks’ leave 21 dead in Japan, spreads deadly virus.” Japan Daily Press. February 26, 2014. Accessed July 16, 2015 via http://japandailypress. com/killer-ticks-leave-21-dead-in-japan- spreads-deadly-virus-2644937/. Article gathered from https://www.merck- stories/the-growing-need-for-parasite- control/

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Sponsor Spotlight

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The cell wall of bacteria is its protective barrier. The oxidative action of HOCL destroys this protective wall, resulting in the leakage of vital intracellular components, and eventually causing bacterial cell death. HOCL is effective against a wide range of bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It’s also successful in killing antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as MRSA, making it a promising agent in the fight against drug-resistant infections.

naturally produce HOCL as part of our immune response, meaning our cells have mechanisms to deal with its presence. As such, it doesn’t harm human cells in the way it does microbial cells. The science behind HOCL’s effectiveness against bacteria and viruses lies in its potent oxidative action. This simple compound, produced naturally in our bodies, provides an effective and safe tool in the ongoing fight against infectious diseases. With the rise of antibiotic resistance and the ongoing threat of viral infections, HOCL’s potential in promoting human health and hygiene cannot be underestimated.

Hypochlorous Acid: The Basics

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Arthritis in Dogs and Cats By Marty Greer, DVM | June 3, 2024

Do cats get arthritis? How do I know if my dog has arthritis? Arthritis is a very common disorder that occurs in pets, but is also a disorder that can be prevented and effectively managed to minimize the pain and suffering usually associated with this condition. As a pet owner, you should be on the lookout for subtle signs of this degenerative disease, so you are able to quickly become involved in providing assistance. Early detection will allow steps to be taken to lessen pain and alleviate more damage. What Causes Arthritis in Dogs and Cats? Arthritis in dogs and cats can arise from stress or trauma to joints, congenital defects such as hip dysplasia and infections that affect joint tissues. The cartilage in these joints can wear away faster than it can be regenerated and the bony substance beneath the cushioning cartilage could be exposed and result in swelling and inflammation. Elastic tissues of the joint become stiffer and calcium deposits occur on the joint making movement painful. How to Tell if My Dog Has Arthritis Unfortunately, an animal’s survival tactics are such that they hide pain and discomfort, so when a dog or cat is really limping or whining from pain, joint degeneration may be in very advanced stages. Watch for subtle changes in your pet: increased weight gain, sleeping more, less interest in playing, and change in attitude or alertness. Additionally, you may notice your dog or cat is less likely to jump onto the furniture and may go up and down stairs one step at a time. Many owners overlook these signs, assuming if their pet is limping but not crying or

vocalizing, that they are not in pain.

Alert your veterinarian when you see these signs and they will be able to give you some options as to the best course of action.

Cat and Dog Arthritis Treatment

effects of some pharmaceuticals.

There are ways you can help your pet manage arthritis. Keeping your dog or cat’s body weight at a healthy level and decreasing any excess weight will improve mobility by lessening stress, pressure and friction on the joints. There are several prescription diets that include fatty acids and glucosamine to improve joint lubrication and function. Allowing your pet to sleep on a pillow or something soft and warm will also help the pain associated with arthritis. Heated beds and memory foam mattresses can help your pet rest more comfortably. There has been evidence that certain nutraceuticals supplements, such as Doc Roy’s® Aches Away Plus or GCM

Glucosamine for Dogs and Cats Glucosamine is a natural compound and is involved in the body’s production of joint lubricants and shock absorption necessary to maintain healthy cartilage and joint function. It stimulates the building blocks of cartilage and inhibits the production of enzymes that break cartilage down. Glucosamine also plays a role in the formation of nails, tendons, skin, eyes, synovial fluid, bone, ligaments, heart valves, and in proteins associated with cellular growth and structure. Chondroitin Sulfate for Dogs and Cats Chondroitin sulfate is another common ingredient used for arthritic joints. It is

2X, contain ingredients such as glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate and methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) to help arthritic patients. Benefits are not seen right away when using these types of supplements. However, after a few weeks to months of use, significant improvements in mobility and attitude have been observed without the side

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usually used in combination with glucosamine and aids in the repair of damaged connective tissues. It helps keep cartilage tissue from dehydrating and protects existing cartilage from premature breakdown. The pet’s own body produces chondroitin sulfate, so an alternative to administering this ingredient is to provide the pet with the building blocks to help the pet make its own chondroitin. This can be accomplished by using a supplement that contains methylsulfonylmethane, which is a dietary source of sulfur. MSM for Dogs and Cats MSM or methylsulfonylmethane, is a dietary derivative of DMSO, which is a major source of sulfur and is also an ingredient that is rapidly absorbed by the body. Studies have shown that osteoarthritic joints have lower sulfur content than normal joints, so giving a sulfur supplement will help slow joint deterioration.

can be used on one pet at at time. Additionally, many other drugs can be combined with these non-steroidals (NSAIDS) including the prescription drugs gabapentin, pregabalin, amantadine and tramadol. Your veterinary professional can assist you in finding the right drug or combination of drugs for your pet. Monoclonal A Antibodies Recently, two new drugs in a new drug class have come to market. Frunevetmab (Solensia) is labeled for cats and bedinvetmab (Librela) is labeled for dogs. These are species specific, and are an injectable given by your veterinary professional once every four weeks. This drug class, a monoclonal antibody, specifically tarkets nerve growth factor, a key driver of arthritis pain. This makes it easier for your pet to move and play. Arthritis can be a very debilitating and painful disease for dogs and cats. If you watch them closely and provide proper care, you can slow the deterioration of their joints and help relieve the pain associated with this condition. Nutraceutical products have proven to be very successful, so if your pet has the beginnings of arthritis, make sure to try them! Article gathered from https:// center/arthritis-in-dogs-and-cats

Dog Anti-inflammatory Prescription Drugs

In the last 20 years, many new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory products for dogs and cats have come to market. These include carprofen (Rimadyl), meloxicam (Metacam), firocoxib (Previcox), deracoxib (Deramaxx), and grapiprant (Galliprant). For cats, we see robenacoxib (Onsior) that is labeled for use for three days. Only one of these drugs

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Clipper Blades 

Pest Control 

Milk Replacer 


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Meet the breeds! This section is dedicated to those animals we love. Look for different breeds in each magazine. Information taken from For more information, visit dog-breeds

The Rottweiler is a robust working breed of great strength descended from the mastiffs of the Roman legions. A gentle playmate and protector within the family circle, the Rottie observes the outside world with a self-assured aloofness. A male Rottweiler will stand anywhere from 24 to 27 muscular inches at the shoulder; females run a bit smaller and lighter. The glistening, short black coat with smart rust markings add to the picture of imposing strength. A thickly muscled hindquarters powers the Rottie’s effortless trotting gait. A well-bred and

combining the gentle attentiveness of a toy breed with the verve and athleticism of a sporting spaniel. The Cavalier’s all-around beauty, regal grace, and even temper mark him as one of dogdom’s noblemen. A toy spaniel no more than 13 inches high, the Cavalier draws you in with his face: The sweet, gentle, melting expression emanating from large, round eyes is a breed hallmark. Another is the silky, richly colored coat that can be one of four distinct varieties (described in this page’s History section). Cavaliers may be aristocrats, but they gladly

descend from their royal high horse for a backyard frolic or a squirrel chase. They get along nicely with children and other dogs. Adaptable Cavaliers do equally well with active owners and homebodies; they can be upbeat athletes or shameless couch potatoes, depending on an owner’s lifestyle. History Toy spaniels were the province of European nobility from at least Renaissance times. Two 17th-century British monarchs, the ill-fated King Charles I and his son Charles II, were especially devoted to a black and tan variety of toy spaniel that eventually was named in the latter’s honor. According to the famed diarist of the Restoration era, Samuel Pepys, Charles II seemed more concerned with breeding spaniels than ruling Britain. Toy spaniels remained a great favorite of British aristocrats into the early 19th century. Among their upper-crust partisans of this era was the Marlborough family, who bred a line of red-and-whites at Blenheim Palace. Later in the century, in the age of Victoria, the breed was crossed with Asian toys, probably Pugs and Japanese Chin, and became what is known in America as the English Toy Spaniel (or, in the United Kingdom, the King Charles Spaniel). This new-style toy spaniel had a domed skull and a flatter face than those of Charles’s time. Before long, this type came to dominate, and the traditional toy spaniel of the Restoration was rendered nearly extinct’ but not forgotten. Fanciers of the 1920s wondered whether there still existed the old-type toy spaniel immortalized in ancestor portraits hanging in the stately halls of English manors. A wealthy American named Roswell Eldridge offered a cash prize to British breeders who could produce ‘Bleinheim Spaniels of the Old World type.’ The prospect of prize money drove breeders to revive the old style. These dogs were dubbed Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. (The name Cavalier is a nod to the monarchist party that supported the Stuarts during the civil war that cost Charles I his head.) The breed is notable for its four distinct color patterns, each of which, at various times, was associated with a particular noble family: Blenheim (chestnut markings on a white background), Tricolor (black markings on a white background), Black and Tan (black with tan markings), and Ruby (a rich red).

properly raised Rottie will be calm and confident, courageous but not unduly aggressive. The aloof demeanor these world-class guardians present to outsiders belies the playfulness, and downright silliness, that endear Rotties to their loved ones. (No one told the Rottie he’s not a toy breed, so he is liable plop onto your lap for a cuddle.) Early training and socialization will harness a Rottie’s territorial instincts in a positive way. History The Roman Empire was the organizing force behind Western Europe’s formative years, and dog breeding was among the many pursuits forever altered by the Roman genius for practical problem solving. When conquering Roman legions marched to far-flung corners of the world, they brought their herds with them as food on the hoof. The army required tough, durable dogs to move and guard the herd. Utilizing Asian mastiff types as breeding stock, the Romans developed the distant ancestor of today’s Rottweiler. For centuries the legions struggled to contain Germanic tribes, the so-called barbarian hoards, massed on the Empire’s northern borders. The dogs the Romans brought to these areas became foundation stock for many German breeds. In the centuries after the empire’s collapse, the Roman drover dogs found work in the cattle town of Rottweil. It was here, moving herds from pasture to market and protecting all concerned from bandits and rustlers along the way, that they earned the name Rottweiler Metzgerhund, or Butcher’s Dog of Rottweil. The Rottie’s career in livestock ended with the rise of the railroad cattle cars in the 1800s. They found new work as police dogs, personal protectors, and all-around blue-collar dogs capable of performing various heavy-duty tasks. Rotties were among the first guide dogs for the blind, and in more recent times they distinguished themselves as search-and-rescue workers at such disaster sites as Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. Considering the many roles the breed has played during its long history, it is remarkable that the Butcher’s Dog has changed little in form and temper since its first German breed standard was drawn up in 1901

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel wears his connection to British history in his breed’s name. Cavaliers are the best of two worlds,

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STORY OF AMBLIN’S BALTO By AKC Staff | Updated: Mar 02, 2023

It all started in January 1925, when doctorsin Nome, Alaska, began to see symptoms of a deadly infection— diphtheria. Anchorage, more than 500 miles away, was the closest place with supplies of lifesaving serum. Alaska’s brutal winters, where temperatures could plunge to 50 below and snow and ice are measured in yards, made travel impossible. Planes could not fly, and the sole path through the wilderness was a 650-mile freight route. It was the Iditarod Trail (pronounced i-dit-a-rod), which connected Nome to the railroad station in Nenana. By dog sled, the trip usually took about a month, too slow to head off an epidemic that could kill thousands. A relay was the only hope.

would become known as the “Great Race of Mercy.” One, Leonhard Seppala, had some of the best sled dogs around—Siberian Huskies, imported directly from Siberia. Seppala chose his most experienced dog, 12-year-old Togo, as his leader. Another musher, Gunnar Kaasen, put his faith in a green youngster: three- year-old Balto. The serum arrived at Nenana on January 27 and was whisked onto the first sled, then passed from one to another for legs of about 24 to 52 miles, until it reached the last team, led by Balto and Kaasen. Despite his inexperience, Balto lived up to the challenge. Even when winds lifted the sled and all the dogs high into the air, he stayed on course. He and Kaasen charged into Nome just before dawn on February 2. It had taken an unimaginably swift 127.5

hours, about five days, to deliver the precious cargo.

Everyone knew that many hearts, hands, and paws had contributed to this life-saving effort, that Togo had actually taken the longest and most perilous route. But Balto the sled dog, who had led the final sprint, became the symbol of it all—of teamwork, courage, tenacity, and of hope when there seems to be no reason for it. Balto died in 1933, at 14, but the dog and what he stands for are remembered to this day. Thousands of children visit him in New York City’s Central Park, where there is a bronze statue in his honor, or at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, where a special exhibit tells his story. Every March, sled-dog teams come from all over the world to participate in the Iditarod, a race that

Twenty mushers volunteered for what

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follows the serum-run route.

Article gathered from expert-advice/lifestyle/ balto/

And after the movie, people around the world fell in love with him again, many found a sweet way to honor his memory by naming their puppies Balto, and an animated film of the same name, produced by Amblin Entertainment, came out in 1995.

Balto with Gunnar Kaasen

Malamutes ready to do their part

Statue of Balto in New York City’s Central Park

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Missouri Dog History

During my travels across the state, I had the privilege of showcasing Missouri’s rich history and landmarks to international visitors. While revisiting familiar places and discovering new ones, I felt compelled to share some notable canine tales from Missouri’s past.

One such story involves Juno, a skilled bloodhound, and his dedicated owner. They embarked on a mission to track down an elusive animal, leading them to a small burrow on a rocky bluff. Despite his owner’s calls, Juno’s persistent barking echoed from within the burrow. Determined to locate his canine companion, the owner retrieved a lantern and ventured into the narrow passage. Upon entering the burrow, the lantern’s faint glow revealed a surprisingly vast cavity. Juno, guided by his instincts and the limited light, managed to find his way back to his owner. They emerged from the cave, and the owner, recognizing the potential significance of their discovery, concealed the entrance for five years. After this period, he decided to invite experienced cavers to explore the hidden marvel. Remarkably, the group that responded to his invitation consisted entirely of twelve women. This marked the genesis of Fantastic Caverns, a renowned tourist destination situated just north of Springfield.

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How Hot Is

To test if the pavement is safe for your pooch, place the back of your hand on the surface for a few seconds. If it’s too hot for your hand, it’s too hot for your dog’s paws. For Dogs ?

March 26, 2024

As temperatures rise during the summer months, pet parents must be vigilant and protect their dogs from the dangers of overheating. Just like you need to consider how to keep your dog warm in winter, you must think about how to help them stay cool in summer. Dogs are susceptible to heatstroke, a life- threatening condition that can occur when their body temperature rises to dangerous levels. We aim to answer how hot is too hot for dogs and provide essential tips for keeping your canine companion safe in hot weather.

of heatstroke is crucial for pet parents to intervene promptly and prevent further complications. Symptoms may include excessive panting, drooling, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, and collapse. If you suspect your dog is experiencing heatstroke, it’s essential to take immediate action to cool them down and seek veterinary care as soon as possible.

How Can You Protect Your Dog in Hot Weather?

When temperatures soar, taking proactive measures is crucial to keep your dog cool and comfortable. Provide access to shade and plenty of fresh water, ensuring your dog stays hydrated throughout the day. Limit outdoor activities during the hottest parts of the day, opting for early morning or late evening walks when temperatures are cooler. Invest in pet-friendly cooling products, such as cooling mats or vests, to help regulate your dog’s body temperature. Avoid leaving your dog in parked cars, as temperatures inside a vehicle can escalate rapidly, leading to heatstroke and death. For pet parents who live in really hot places, investing in a smart indoor dog potty will provide you with a convenient solution for your dog when it is too hot to

How Hot Is Too Hot for Dogs?

Determining how hot is too hot for dogs depends on various factors, including your dog’s breed, age, and overall health. As a general rule of thumb, temperatures above 90°F pose a higher risk of heat- related illnesses for dogs, especially those with thick fur coats or short snouts, such as brachycephalic breeds like Bulldogs and Pugs. Remember that dogs cool themselves primarily through panting and dissipating heat through their paw pads. Hot pavement can reach scorching temperatures, causing burns and discomfort for dogs.

What Are Heatstroke and Overheating?

Heatstroke is a serious condition when a dog’s body temperature rises above normal levels and cannot be regulated effectively. Dogs can’t sweat like humans do, making them more vulnerable to overheating, especially in hot and humid conditions. When a dog’s body temperature exceeds 104°F, they are at risk of heatstroke, which can lead to organ failure and even death if left untreated. Recognizing the signs

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Keep Your Home Cool

take them outside to relieve themselves.

their dogs safe during hot weather.

What Are Signs of Heatstroke and How Should You Respond?

Know Your Dog’s Breed

Maintain a comfortable indoor environment for your dog by using air conditioning or fans to regulate the temperature. Ensure proper ventilation and airflow throughout your home to prevent heat buildup, especially in areas where your dog spends most of their time. Consider getting a BrillitantPad indoor dog potty to use as an alternative when it is dangerously hot to take your dog outside to go to the bathroom. It is a good idea to acclimate your dog to an indoor potty solution from the beginning, ensuring they have somewhere to utilize, whether it’s hot outside or not.

Breeds with short muzzles, such as bulldogs, pugs, and other brachycephalic breeds, are at a higher risk of heatstroke due to their anatomical structure. These breeds have difficulty regulating their body temperature through panting, making them more prone to overheating.

Recognizing the signs of heatstroke is crucial for pet parents to take prompt action and prevent further complications. Early detection and intervention can save your dog’s life, so it’s essential to be vigilant, especially during hot weather.

Excessive Panting

Limit Outdoor Activities

Dogs regulate their body temperature primarily through panting. If you notice your dog panting excessively, especially in conjunction with other symptoms, it could indicate overheating.

During hot weather, reduce outdoor activities for high-risk breeds and older dogs, particularly during the hottest parts of the day. Go for early morning or late evening walks when temperatures are

Beat the Heat: Keeping Your Canine Cool and Safe in Summer

Excessive Drooling

Excessive drooling beyond what is typical for your dog may signal heat exhaustion or heatstroke. Monitor your pet closely if you observe this behavior.

As pet parents, it’s our responsibility to protect our dogs from the dangers of overheating and heatstroke, especially during the scorching summer months. If you stay informed about the signs of heat-related illnesses and implement preventive measures, you can ensure our dogs stay safe and comfortable in hot weather. Remember to provide plenty of shade and fresh water and avoid strenuous activities during the hottest parts of the day. Pay close attention to your dog’s behavior and watch for signs of distress, such as excessive panting or weakness.

Vomiting or Diarrhea

Heatstroke can lead to gastrointestinal distress, resulting in vomiting and diarrhea. This can further dehydrate your dog and worsen their condition.

Bright Red Gums or Tongue

Heatstroke can cause the gums and tongue to become bright red or even purple. Check your dog’s oral cavity for signs of abnormal discoloration.

cooler and the sun is less intense.

If you suspect your dog is overheating, take immediate action to cool them down and seek veterinary care if necessary. With proper care and vigilance, we can enjoy the summer season with our dogs while keeping them happy, healthy, and safe from the heat. Article gathered from https://www. too-hot-dogs-safety

Provide Shade and Shelter

If you suspect your dog is experiencing heat stroke, it’s essential to take immediate action to cool them down and seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Remember, heatstroke is a life-threatening emergency that requires swift action.

Ensure your dog has access to shaded areas and sheltered spaces where they can retreat from the sun’s heat. Set up outdoor shelters or bring your dog indoors during peak heat hours to prevent overheating.

How Can You Protect High-Risk Breeds and Older Dogs?

Use Dog Booties

Certain dog breeds and older dogs are more susceptible to heatstroke and overheating due to their physiological characteristics and age-related factors. It’s crucial for pet parents of these high-risk groups to take extra precautions to keep

Protect your dog’s paw pads from hot pavement and surfaces by using dog booties or walking on grassy areas. Hot pavement can quickly heat up and cause burns on your dog’s sensitive paw pads, leading to discomfort and injury.

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