KERNEL Tool Kit

DEVELOPED IN PARTNERSHIP WITH

F O

Kids Eating Right-Nutrition and Exercise for Life.

TOOL KIT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Overview

#14 Hula Hooping

Page 5

Page 82

Registration Form

#15 Jumping Rope

Page 15

Page 86

KERNEL Daily Tally Sheet

#16 Leaves

Page 16

Page 94

Summary KERNEL Tracking

Page 97 #17 Meet the Tubers Page 101 #18 My Plate Investigate Page 106 #19 Parts of a Plant Page 110 #20 Plant a Seed Page 113 #21 Potato Pals Page 116 #22 Root Development Page 120 #23 Seed Match Page 127 #24 Taste Test Adventure Page 131 #25 Transpiration Page 135 #26 Transplant a Tomato Plant Page 138 #27 Wheel of KERNEL Page 144 #28 Worm Composting Page 149 #29 My Favorite Recipe Page 151 #30 Yoga Page 155 #31 Create your own Super Hero

Page 17

Media Permission Form

Page 18

#1 Bee Dance

Page 19

#2 Bike Safety

Page 22

#3 Bugging Out

Page 26

#4 Buzz about Bees

Page 31

#5 Clean & Cut Produce

Page 38

#6 Companion Planting

Page 44

#7 Composting

Page 46

#8 Container Gardening

Page 51

#9 Dance for Health

Page 55

#10 Eat A Rainbow

Page 59

#11FarmersMarket Bingo

Page 63

#12 Fungi

Page 75

#13 Gourds

Page 78

Page 207 #48 Cloud Reading Page 211 #49 Community Gardens Page 214 #50 Seed Saving Page 217 #51 Butterfly Life Cycle Page 220 #52 Mason Bees

Page 158 #32 WSU Extension Eat A Rainbow Page 159 #33 WSU Extension Physical Activity Page 160 #34 WSU Extension My Plate Page 161 #35 Soccer Page 164 #36 Calisthenics Page 168 #37 Hockey Page 172 #38 Give A Farmer A Hand Page 174 #39 Vitamin of the Sun Page 178 #40 Market Detective Calcium Page 182 #41 Market Detective Vitamin A Page 186 #42 Market Detective Vitamin B Page 190 #43 Market Detective Vitamin C

Page 194 #44 Seed Balls Page 197 #45 In The Zone Page 200 #46 The Water Cycle Page 204 #47 Legumes

KERNEL OVERVIEW

HISTORY : KERNEL (Kids Eating Right-Nutrition and Exercise for Life) is a youth oriented nutrition and physical activity program designed to engage children in learning about lifelong healthy eating habits, gardening and exercise. Catholic Charities Food For All was inspired by the findings from a focus group of WIC (Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children) families to create KERNEL in the spring of 2015. A common comment by WIC families was they wished that there were more family oriented opportunities at the farmers markets. These opportunities were seen as creating a more rewarding shopping experience for the parents and their children when they shopped with their WIC checks at farmers markets. From these findings and extensive research into children’s activities that fit our educational mission, Food For All developed a vision for a fun, exciting program that would focus on a different nutrition and physical activity each week. The program targets kids 5-12 years old, but is open to kids outside of these ages. Through a partnership with the Washington State Farmers Market Association (WSFMA), Catholic Charities Eastern Washington received funding to improve access to fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers markets for SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) eligible individuals and families. Farmers markets are the best place to purchase the freshest, most nutritious, high quality produce while supporting your local economy. Farmers markets also serve as a community gathering place where people can learn how their food is grown or processed, receive healthy recipes, discover healthy life choices, and meet friends or even make new ones. Even though we developed KERNEL with the SNAP family in mind, it is available to any child at farmers markets because eating more fresh fruits and vegetables and being more physically active benefits all children.

To find out more about the great work the WSFMA is doing for communities and farmers markets go to: http://wafarmersmarkets.org/

KERNEL was implemented during the summer of 2015 at the Emerson-Garfield Farmers Market in Spokane, Washington. 233 kids made 354 visits to KERNEL over the twelve-week pilot. In 2018, KERNEL expanded to eleven farmers markets in Eastern Washington with approximately 8,000 kids visiting over 2,769 times during 158 market days. At one market there were over 200 kids that visited in just one day!

REGISTRATION/TRACKING: •Initial visit/registration. o Each year, at the initial visit only, the parent/adult registers all the participating kids on one registration. o The registration includes: • the market name • the survey • the number of kids being registered • option to do a digital, post-season survey, and email address for the post-season survey to be sent to. o Catholic Charities Food For All uses Google Docs to deliver surveys to these families. This is a free survey program & FFA can supply more information if your market is interested. The goal of the Post Season Survey is to measure any effect of the program on a child’s eating, shopping, and physical activity behaviors. • Registration forms should be saved in either a file folder or an envelope. Food For All would like to aggregate the data from the surveys on the registration after the season is completed. • At each subsequent visit, all registered children will just be counted for the daily tally on the Tally Sheet. This will help track total attendance throughout the season. o On the Tally Sheet, the following items will be tallied: • The date of the activity • The activity • Number of newly registered kids • Total number of kids participating in the activity (new and returning) • The number of newly registered kids can be tallied from the number of kids written on each survey for that activity day. • The total number of kids participating in the activity that day can be tallied in either of two ways: 1) with a hand held tally counter or 2) by using the empty box supplied on the Tally Sheet to track the number of kids during the day and then placing the end of activity total in the appropriate place on the Tally Sheet. o Tally marks would look like this: |, ||, |||, |||| and |||| = 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 • This data should be reported to Catholic Charities Food For All by the end of the season. For your market, the data collected from your first season will serve multiple functions: it will serve as a baseline to use to compare with future seasons, it can serve as a basis to solicit more funds as well as partners for KERNEL, and provides real numbers to provide to current funders to demonstrate the need for and success of your partnership with KERNEL. THE ACTIVITY: • After check-in the child begins the scheduled KERNEL activity. Most activities take between 1-10 minutes. Some involve some hands on direction from the staff. Others are more self- directed. • After completion of the activity, each child receives their $2 KERNEL Kids Cash currency to spend on fruit or vegetables and their KERNEL activity card. If there is more than one

child per family, each child will receive separate $2 rewards for each activity participated in. However, activity cards may be limited to one card per market day per family at the discretion of the market • For some activities, a coloring page is supplied as an alternative for children who are unable to do the activity, usually due to age or physical abilities or who simply prefer to color. REDEMPTION REQUIRMENTS: • Your market should request that vendors redeem the KERNEL Kids Cash currency on a weekly basis so that there will be enough to distribute to kids the following week. You do not want to be short. Set up the redemption process so that it fits in with your current bookkeeping methods of tracking and reimbursement. • Make sure you have plenty of your currency on hand. For example, if you expect to average fifty kids per week, you should have at a minimum at least three weeks of currency printed. Not all kids will redeem their currency each week and some vendors forget to redeem them with the market in a timely manner. COSTS FOR FARMERS MARKET: • $2 KERNEL cash currency for each child that attends the market and completes an activity. This cost will need to be covered completely by the Market or Market sponsors. • The price for Activity Cards sets will vary from year to year, contact FFA for current pricing. • KERNEL “A” Sandwich Board with Sponsors logos – $250 or less. • KERNEL Handbook – Free to Markets • In 2016, total costs were estimated to be about $3.25 per kid visit/activity. These costs include the $2 reward, printing for the banner, activity cards and other printing, materials, such as craft items, as well as the canopy covering where the activities will take place. BOOTH LOGISTICS: Canopy: For an outside KERNEL program, it will all start with a sturdy canopy (est. cost of $60-$200). Our experience is that canopies on the less expensive side tend to not hold up over the course of a full season. Experienced farmers market staff and volunteers will understand what type of canopy will work best for their market (size, cost, length of season, climate, etc.). Weights: For the safety of market patrons and staff, as well as extending the life of your canopy, please use weights to keep your canopy safely anchored during strong winds. Many things can be used as a weight, like buckets of water, cement blocks, weights created specifically for canopies, etc. We recommend that you meet or exceed the minimum requirements in the market’s policies. The Washington State Farmers Market Association (WSFMA) requires their member markets to enforce the policy of having weights of at least 24# each to anchor each leg of a canopy. Good bungee cords or rope is also necessary for most weights.

Table and chairs: A table or two is essential for activities. For the table, a nice, washable or wipeable tablecloth is an essential component of an attractive booth. Expect the cloth to get messy from markers, potting soil, cut vegetables, etc. Chairs are optional, but can be a nice addition when standing on hard surfaces for many hours. KERNEL A Board: A KERNEL A Board (Sandwich Sign) with the names of sponsors is a great way to attract the attention of potential KERNEL families. An attached but separately printed sponsors section can be attached to the A Board so sponsors can be changed each season. We can create this A Board for you or you can create one yourself if you have the resources. Contact us if you would like us to provide images. KERNEL Schedule: Activities should be scheduled in advance and posted at the KERNEL booth, the manager’s booth and at other key market and community locations to assist in promoting the program and encouraging traffic to your market. KERNEL Activity Bin: You should have a KERNEL Activity Bin to store all of the activity materials needed. The contents of the bin should include: • Construction paper • Glue sticks • Markers and/or colored pencils. (Crayons can melt in the heat). • Safety scissors. • Plain white paper. • The KERNEL Kids Cash • Adequate number of Registration Forms and Tally Sheets (Page 13 and 14) • Photo Release forms to use in promoting your KERNEL program with pictures of kids

engaged in KERNEL activities (example attached) • At least two clipboards for the initial registration • Pens/pencils • Bungee cords or rope for the banner and the weights • The weekly KERNEL Activity Card • Specific materials needed for one activity • The alternate activity, coloring page for that week.

SEASON LENGTH The number of weeks you have KERNEL activities is a decision your market will make based upon your goals, vision and capacity (finances and staffing/volunteers). Some markets decide that a kid’s activity is essential component of their market and schedule KERNEL for the whole season. Some markets see kids’ activities as a part of their summer season, so they schedule KERNEL for the weeks of summer break for the local school district. However long you decide your KERNEL season will be, we recommend that KERNEL be open the whole time the market is open, that is, if the market is open 3pm-7pm, KERNEL should be scheduled 3pm-7pm as well. If unable to schedule for the whole market, schedule it for as large a

portion of the market time period as possible, keeping in mind your market’s peak attendance times. If KERNEL activity times differ from market hours clearly communicate that to market customers. Food For All staff will be happy to offer insight in the decision making regarding season length. ACTIVITY AUDIENCE: Each activity document will identify the target audience for the activity. For most activities, the target audience will be for 5-12 year olds but we encourage you to welcome kids of all ages. Expectations are that there will be more kids below the target range than above. Previous experience shows that very few kids above the age of 12 partake in the activities as teenagers tend to self-segregate themselves from “kids’ activities”. You can cap the age level for participants if you determine that it is necessary and appropriate. STAFFING From our experience, KERNEL works best if there are at least two dedicated people staffing the booth each week. Two people also allow one person to take a break. For markets that lack the capacity to staff a KERNEL booth, we have supplied a self-directed option for many, but not all, of our KERNEL activities.. KERNEL staff can add insight to how many staff your market mayneed each week. There are many ways to staff your market’s KERNEL booth. Your market can draw from an in-house pool of volunteers, from staff or volunteers supplied by community partners, or have a paid staff, work-study student or an intern from a college nutrition program, children’s education program or other relevant college program. Some markets are blessed with a pool of extremely dedicated and energetic market volunteers. This can be a great group to utilize in staffing your KERNEL booth as they are familiar with the mission of the market and have demonstrated their passion for the market by becoming a market volunteer. Another positive aspect of utilizing market volunteers is the direct control the market manager and the board have over the implementation of the KERNEL activities because they supervise the market volunteers. In 2016, one market designated one volunteer to successfully manage the KERNEL activities and coordinate the schedule for market volunteers.

In 2016, three Spokane markets used different approaches with their community partners to staff their KERNEL activities.

At one market, a clinic provided a staff to assist w/ the weekly activity for 2-4 hours each week. The staff usually worked in two-hour shifts. This community partner also donated money to the market with a portion dedicated to the KERNEL activities. Lastly this market partnered with the local parent teacher group to supply a parent for one full shift per month. At another market, a neighborhood non-profit hosted the activity in their community center and provided paid staff and volunteers to run the activity. This worked well as this partner was

located on the same closed off street as the market. The partner also saw an increase in people accessing their center as well as increase in new members.

A neighborhood library has also provided an outreach specialist and library volunteers to manage the activities each week. The library not only renewed their relationship with KERNEL in 2017, but expanded it from a summer activity at the market to a full season program because it served as a useful outreach tool for them.

There are certain qualities needed in staffing the booth: • Consistency

o Staff should have a mutually agreed upon schedule and have reviewed the activity before children arrive for the activity. • If multiple community partners will be supplying staff for the activities, have your market train a point person from each partner on the expectations of the market for their staff. This point person from community partners can then train their fellow staff. o Staff need to consistently show up on time. Inconsistent staff can create a bad impression of your KERNEL activities and the market. • Engaging staff create successful activities o Staff should be comfortable speaking with kids and their parents. o Standing appears receptive. Sitting or using an electronic device can be off putting. o Kids like interacting with people with energetic personalities. For everyone’s safety, make sure your KERNEL staff/volunteers follow any policies, procedures, and/or guidelines that your market has regarding market personnel working with children. This may include, but not be limited to, performing background checks with a local law enforcement authority and policies about adults not being alone with children in enclosed, out of view locations.

INCENTIVES There are two incentives for kids to participate in KERNEL activities: Entertainment and the $2 KERNEL Kid Cash currency.

The front and back of the currency:

This currency can be spent on fresh produce, like fruit, vegetables, cut herbs and mushrooms as well as vegetable starts.

Besides the obvious benefit of a child having $2 to spend at the market for something healthy to eat, children are also exposed to opportunities to learn about financial strategies like saving their KERNEL Kid Cash over several weeks and buying something they really wanted, or pooling their cash with their brother/sister/friend and making a nice sized purchase to share. Some kids see these opportunities on their own; others have it suggested to them by a parent or a KERNEL staff. Examples of these strategies included: • One child saved all his KERNEL Kid Cash so he could purchase a 20 lb box of organic apples at the end of the season. • One family would pool their KERNEL Kid Cash together each week so they could buy as many strawberries as possible. • A brother and sister put their money together to purchase a tomato plant for their garden. So then they could spend their future KERNEL Kid Cash on fruit instead of tomatoes. Some kids enjoy activities so much that they return to the booth after they made their KERNEL Kid Cash purchase and ask if they can do the activity again. The kids should know they will not get another $2 if they participate in the same activity in the same day, but if they just want to participate and there are enough supplies we generally encouraged it. Make sure that kids repeating an activity are not interfering with kids engaging in the activity for the first time. The kids that have fun and hang out at the booth tend to be great ambassadors for the activity. One of the main incentives for folks who staff a KERNEL booth is the interaction they have with the kids. Participants will often return to the booth to show staff what they have purchased with their cash. We have learned that popular purchases are berries, tree fruit, and carrots. Mushrooms, leeks, tomato plants, beets, onions, garlic, hot peppers, and other items have been brought to the booth after being purchased. PROMOTION/OUTREACH There are a variety of ways to inform the community about your KERNEL activities. Potential Targets for the promotional materials: • Where do you find kids and families in your community?

• Who reaches kids/families in your area? o For example: schools, childcare centers, libraries, churches, DSHS, community centers • Where can you reach the age group you are focusing on? (KERNEL is designed for kids 5-12 years of age but younger kids are able to do most of the activities.)

Recommended promotional materials: • To be posted and/or distributed in the community and the market: • Bookmarks: The bookmarks are colorful, engaging and informative.

o We recommend having them on hand at the market manager’s booth for on-site promotion and having them available at the KERNEL booth as a reminder for families to return. o Distribute bookmarks to community partners that serve children. • Libraries, pools, community centers, schools (through the local parent teacher groups at targeted elementary schools or as a general distribution by your local school district to elementary school students), childcare centers, etc. • Posters: Recommended for sites of willing social service partners that have a high volume of kids or families as well as general community partners like neighboring community minded businesses. • Schedules: Post schedules at the manager’s booth and the KERNEL booth as a way to inform participants what the upcoming events are. Schedules can provide a “buzz” for the following week. Earned Media: Media friendly activities: • KERNEL activities can serve as a way to engage the media, whether print, radio or television. For example, Farmers Market Bingo can be co-promoted with Farmers Market Week with the lure for media being kids interacting with farmers. Social Media: Pictures! Pictures! Pictures! • Social media appears to attract/remind folks about the activity. • The pictures of kids having fun while learning can be used as a marketing tool. • Community partners with social media accounts will share photos of activities actually happening at your market. • Make sure your market has a Photo/Media Release form for parents to fill out in order to have permission to use photos of their children. • Vendors can serve as on the ground KERNEL ambassadors and direct families to the KERNEL booth. Make sure to let your vendors know you will have kids activities this year.

HOW TO USE THE ACTIVITY DOCUMENTS

CATEGORIES: KERNEL activities usually fit into one of the categories set forth below. The category identifier will be in the activity box on the upper left hand corner of the first page of the activity. Physical activity-Exercises, physical movement Gardening-Activities related to gardening, whether actively gardening or passively learning about the processes. Nutrition-Activities related to eating healthfully. * For a well-rounded KERNEL experience, we recommend providing at least one activity from each of these categories. EXTRA OR SPECIAL COMPONENTS: A box located in the upper right hand corner of the first page of the activity page will indicate if the activity has any of the following components. These components cover what may be an extra cost, material or option for a given activity. Self-Directed Option-kids would need to register/check-in with manager or assigned person to start activity and then return when activity was completed to receive $2 and activity card. These activities are recommended for markets with minimal staffing capacity. Materials- extra materials in addition to the basic start materials will be needed. Special Instructor-activity may require a special instructor familiar with the activity if the market deems activity not suited for their lead. Space-activity may require more room than generally found in the regularly allotted booth space. Printing-Activity will require more printing than the standard activity card. Permits or Fees- An example would be a sampling permit from the DOH. This may vary market to market. Check regarding jurisdictional requirements. Time Intensive-This activity will generally require more time to complete than the normal activities (generally completed in less than 10 minutes). Time intensive can mean the following: • Each activity requires more time by the staff to lead. For example, leading kids in several yoga poses may take more time than the normal activities. • Time is dependent upon the individual child and may not require any more than the usual time for the staff. This could include activities like the Eat a Rainbow Scavenger hunt. • The actual activity may not require more time than normal, but the preparation for the activity may take more time than normal.

TITLE: Each activity will have a number and a title. The activity number will be on each activity card. The activities will be arranged in numerical and alphabetical order in this toolkit not by the most appropriate time of the year for the activity. Please think about appropriate timing to implement activities particularly with regards to gardening and when materials needed for the activity are available.

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: A short description of the activity is found here.

ACTIVITY OBJECTIVE: Each activity document will express what a child should take away from each activity, educationally and on occasion, physically.

MATERIALS REQUIRED: The list of materials necessary to complete the activity properly are detailed here.

STAFFING NEEDED: Generally, two staff are needed. One person will manage the registration check-in and the post activity process and the other will lead the activity instructions. If you have a small market you might be able to get away with just one, if you have a large market or it is a complicated activity you may need 3 or more. Use your best judgement.

CONCEPTS TO COVER: This section will cover what concepts are integral to the activity.

LESSON ACTIVITY: How to implement the actual activity is explained. There should be step-by-step instructions on set-up (when necessary) as well as the facts to share with participants. Estimated time needed to complete the activity is also included.

MODIFICATION: If there is an available modification for the activity, it is listed here.

ATTACHED DOCUMENTS: Each activity document has a list of attachments. . Other potential attached documents may include, but not limited to: a coloring page, a template, matching game cards, scavenger hunt or bingo cards, specific activity instruction displays, and the spinning wheel display.

KERNEL Registration for_______________________(Name of Market)

1. Is this your first time shopping at a farmers market? Yes________ No_______

2. Is this your first time shopping at this farmers market in particular? Yes________ No_______

3. How did you hear about the farmers market? Saw at the Market_____ WIC_____ DSHS____ News____ Friend/Family__________ Community Center___ Food Bank____ Social Media____ Flier______ Other (please name)________

4. How many children will be doing the KERNEL activity? __________

5. How did you hear about KERNEL? Saw at the Market_____ WIC_____ DSHS____ News____ Friend/Family________ Community Center___ Food Bank____ Social Media____ School_______ Bookmark________ Other (please name)________

6. Do you feel your child(ren) eat enough fruit and vegetables? Yes________ No_______

7. Do you feel your child(ren) engages in an appropriate amount of physical activity? Yes________ No_______

8. Do you feel your child(ren) likes to shop at the farmers market? Yes________ No_______

9. What method of payment(s) will you use at the farmers market this year? Cash/Check____ Debit/Credit_______ EBT/Fresh Bucks_______ Senior or WIC FMNP__________

10. Do you live in the neighborhood? Yes_____ No_______

11. Would you be interested in completing a digital survey at the end of the season? Yes____ No____

If “Yes”, please provide your email address ____________________________

KERNEL DAILY TALLY SHEET NAME OF THE MARKET:___________________________________________________ DATE OF THE ACTIVITY:____________________________________________________ ACTIVITY:________________________________________________________________ NUMBER OF NEWLY REGISTERED CHILDREN:___________________________________ (This number will come from counting the number of kids registered on today’s registrations.)

TOTAL OF NUMBER CHILDREN PARTICIPATING TODAY:___________________________ (This number will come from counting the number of all the kids who participated in today’s activity. This number can be tracked via tallying each kid in the empty box provided below.)

KERNEL DAILY TALLY SHEET NAME OF THE MARKET:___________________________________________________ DATE OF THE ACTIVITY:____________________________________________________ ACTIVITY:________________________________________________________________ NUMBER OF NEWLY REGISTERED CHILDREN:___________________________________ (This number will come from counting the number of kids registered on today’s registrations.)

TOTAL OF NUMBER CHILDREN PARTICIPATING TODAY:___________________________ (This number will come from counting the number of all the kids who participated in today’s activity. This number can be tracked via tallying each kid in the empty box provided below.)

SUMMARY KERNEL TRACKING AT _____________________________________ (NAME OF MARKET)

DATE

NUMBER OF NEW KIDS REGISTERED TODAY

NUMBER OF KIDS PARTICIPATING TODAY

PLEASE REPORT THESE NUMBER MONTHLY AND AT THE END OF THE SEASON CATHOLIC CHARITIES FOOD FOR ALL

Permission for Use of photo/media contact for use by________________________________________

Date: ______________ I hereby give permission to _____________________ for the use of photographs of myself and my children listed below for publication or use in print and /or electronic promotional materials including social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. I hereby agree to have contact with communications media. Any information I provide or divulge, I do so voluntarily and without pressure or conditions. I have been informed of and understand the confidential nature of information that relates to my experiences. I release _____________________________ from liability and hold ___________________________________ harmless in the event that I voluntarily or inadvertently disclose confidential information about myself or others.

I understand that these consents will remain valid until revoked by me.

Signature: _________________________________________________ Print Name: _______________________________________________ Child: _________________________________________________ Child: __________________________________________________ Child: __________________________________________________

Witness signature: ___________________________________________ Witness name/Title: __________________________________________

EXTRA SPACE

GARDENING

#1 BEE DANCE

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: Bees “dance” as a form of communication

ACTIVITY OBJECTIVE: Kids will: • Learn that bees “dance” as a form of communication with other bees.

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

• Sidewalk chalk (if on pavement of any sort) • Or Rope (if on a surface not conducive to sidewalk chalk, like grass, stone, soil, bark)

STAFFING NEEDED: 1-2 staff needed. Two or more is optimal with one person for the registration/check-in and the post-activity process and the other for the activity instruction.

CONCEPTS TO COVER: Waggle dance: a figure eight like dance performed by bees to communicate with other bees.

LESSON ACTIVITY (2-5 mins): Before the activity, draw a figure eight on the surface or use a rope to outline one. (It should resemble the picture on the activity card). More than 1 figure eight may be required depending upon the number of children participating. Facts to share during the activity: • Waggle dance is a figure eight like dance performed by bees to communicate with other bees. • The straight line through the waggle in the middle of the bee’s dance gives the other bees in the hive information like how far away food is. • We need bees to produce the food we eat. • Bees have a great sense of smell and excellent vision. Ask the kids to walk the figure eight on the ground and then ask them to make up their own dance to communicate with bees.

MODIFICATION: None

ATTACHED DOCUMENTS INCLUDE: • Activity Card (Sides 1 & 2) • Coloring Page

#1

SUPPORTED BY

Kids Eating Right-Nutrition and Exercise for Life. Why do Some Bees Dance? Honeybees tell the other bees in the hive how to find food, water and other important things using one of the most-studied animal languages — dancing. Bees do a simple round dance traveling in loops in one direction and then the other direction to communicate food is so close they can smell it just out side the hive. When the food is far away, the scout performs a waggle dance.

The straight line through the waggle in the middle of a bee’s dance gives the other bees in the hive information. It tells them how far away the food is based on the length of the line. It also tells them, based on the angle or direction of the waggle line, what direction to fly away from the hive relative to the sun to find that food.

F OOD FOR A LL

Yogurt, Honey, Granola and Fruit Ingredients 1 cup of non-fat plain Greek yogurt 1 Tablespoon of honey 1/3 cup of granola Handful of berries or cut peaches Directions Drizzle honey over yogurt before sprinkling on granola. Top off with fruit of your choice.

Kernels of Truth: • Bees are the most efficient and effective pollinators. • We need them to produce the food we eat. • Bees have a great sense of smell and excellent vision. • A bee communicates where the food is by dancing!

Example: If the bee waggles straight up the wall of the hive you know the food can be found by flying straight towards the sun. Older Kid Example: If the bee dances at 90 degrees to the left relative to the top of the hive that means the food is 90 degrees towards the left of the sun from the hive.

.

BEE Dancing

THIRD: Draw the dance you would do to tell your other hive mates where the food is

FIRST: Pretend you’re a bee

FOURTH: Bee creative!!

SECOND: Color a flower with the most food

MATERIALS, TIME INTENSIVE, EXTRA SPACE OPTION

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

#2 BIKE SAFETY

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: Kids will learn about bike safety.

ACTIVITY OBJECTIVE : Kids will: •Use hand signals when they ride their bikes (stop, left turn, right turn) • Know the proper way to fit a bike helmet

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

• Several sized bike helmets for demonstration purposes

STAFFING NEEDED: Two staff are needed. One person will manage the registration/check-in and the post-activity process and the other will lead the activity instruction.

CONCEPTS TO COVER: Road Safety: Hand signals for turning and stopping How to Fit a Bike Helmet: the 2V1 Rule

LESSON ACTIVITY (3-5 minutes): Prior to the activity, find various sized bike helmets for kids, whether borrowed or donated. Demonstrate to kids how to fit a helmet. Always wear a helmet that fits and make sure you buckle the straps. When fitting a helmet, remember the 2V1 rule: • There should be no more than two fingers width between the top of your eyebrows and the bottom of the helmet. • The ear straps should form a “V” shape just below each ear. • You should be able to stick one finger between your chin and the chin strap. The helmet should be strapped and shouldn’t wobble when you shake your head “no” or nod “yes”. The helmet should also pull down on your head when you open your mouth wide like a yawn.

#2 BIKE SAFETY Continued

Go over the following safety tips: To be safe, follow the same rules of the road that cars do. • Stop for pedestrians and at stop signs. • Be on the right side of the road. • Use your hand signals

o Left arm/elbow is parallel to the ground and left forearm/hand pointing up is “turn right”. o Left arm/elbow is parallel to the ground and left forearm/hand pointing down is “stop”. o All of left arm is parallel to the ground means “turn left”. MODIFICATION: If space allows, set up a bike course for bikes away from vendors and shoppers. The course would need some orange cones, chairs, or other objects to demarcate the safe riding area. Here, the instructor can demonstrate the hand signals and then kids can use the bike hand signals they just learned. Promote this activity at the market the week prior so kids know to bring their bikes. Can also use social media to promote this was well.

ATTACHED DOCUMENTS INCLUDE: • Activity card (Sides 1 & 2) • Coloring page

#2

SUPPORTED BY

Kids Eating Right-Nutrition and Exercise for Life.

Riding a bicycle is an excellent and fun way to be active and healthy. Wearing a certified and properly fitting bicycle helmet is very important part of staying safe during this activity. The helmet should be strapped and shouldn’t wobble when you shake your head “no” or nod “yes”. The helmet should also pull down on your head when you open your mouth wide like a yawn.

When fitting a helmet, remember the 2V1 rule: • There should be no more than two fingers width between the top of your eyebrows and the bottom of the helmet. • The ear straps should form a “V” shape just below each ear. • You should be able to stick one finger between your chin and the chin strap.

F OOD FOR A LL

Blueberry Breakfast Cookies Ingredients

¾ cups mashed ripe banana (about 2 medium bananas) 1 cup quick-cooking oats, uncooked

¼ cup blueberries Pinch of cinnamon 2 tbsp. honey Directions

1. Have an adult preheat oven to 350°F. 2. In a large bowl, combine all ingredients. 3. Using a spoon, drop batter on greased baking sheet and bake at 350 degrees for 10-12 minutes or until the bottom is golden brown.

Kernels of Truth: • Orville and Wilbur Wright built their airplane in a small bicycle repair shop they operated in Dayton, Ohio • In the United States, less than 1% of all urban trips are by bicycle, while in the Netherlands 30% of all trips are by bike. • Some studies show that the use of a helmet while biking reduces the risk of a head injury by 85%.

SELF-DIRECTED OPTION, PRINTING, MATERIALS, TIME INTENSIVE

GARDENING

#3 BUGGING OUT

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: Kids will make a ladybug out of construction paper.

ACTIVITY OBJECTIVE: Kids will: • Learn that insects can provide benefits to one’s garden by pollinating flowers or driving away/eating pests

• Understand that most insects are non-threatening to one’s garden • Understand that some insects are pests and can be harmful to plants • Take home their own friendly lady bug creation

MATERIALS REQUIRED: • Scissors • Glue sticks

• Red construction paper • Black construction paper • Markers • Googly eyes • Lady Bug template (see below)

STAFFING NEEDED: 1-2 staff needed. Two or more is optimal with one person for the registration/check-in and the post-activity process and the other for the activity instruction. CONCEPTS TO COVER: Beneficial Insects: insects that perform functions that benefit gardeners, like pollination and pest control. LESSON ACTIVITY (5-10 minutes): Prior to the activity, print out the templates for the lady bug and cut out the template. The templates are a circle that is used for the body and a partial circle that is used for the two wings. Cut out the body and wings prior to the market. • Use the circle template to trace on the black construction paper. Then cut out the circle. This is the body. • Use the partial circle template to trace on the red construction paper. Cut out the partial circle. Then cut the form in half to make the wings • Keep tracings close together to save paper. During the activity, explain the concept of beneficial insects to kids as well as discuss what

#3 BUGGING OUT Continued

some of these insects are and what they do: • Lady Bugs adults (or Lady Beetles) will eat more than 5,000 aphids during their lifetime • Ground beetles are voracious predators of slugs, snails, cutworms, cabbage maggots, and other soil pests. One beetle larva can eat more than 50 caterpillars. • Green Lacewings Larva (Aphid Lion) can eat up to 200 pests a week. • Praying Mantis is a ferocious general predator, it will attack just about any insect in its path! • Bees pollinate flowers so the plant can put forth fruit. To do the activity, kids take two red wings and paste them to the black body of the lady bug. • The wings can be together, or offset to look like the lady bug is in flight. • The flat portion of the wings should be placed so there is a space next to it to glue googly eyes. • Kids can use a marker and put dots on the lady bug’s wings.

MODIFICATION: None.

AS A SELF-DIRECTED ACTIVITY: Make and leave an example(s) of what the ladybug can look like.

When the market opens, kids will register/check-in at market booth. Then, direct the kids to the activity area and tell them about the example. Ask the kids to return when they finish the activity.

Have all of materials ready and available for the kids: • Glue sticks • Googly eyes

• Pre-cut wings • Pre-cut bodies • Markers

ATTACHED DOCUMENTS INCLUDE: • Lady Bug Template • Activity Card (Sides 1 & 2)

#3

SUPPORTED BY

Kids Eating Right-Nutrition and Exercise for Life.

Insects get labeled as “pests” when they start causing harm to people or the things we care about like our gardens. Out of nearly one million known insect species, only about one to three percent are ever considered pests. What about the rest of them? Some insects help us by eating pests in your garden & pollinating plants. Bugging out...not all bugs are bad!

Ladybug Adult

Praying Mantis

Nocturnal Ground Beetles

Ladybug Larva

Mealybug Destroyer

Green Lacewing

FOOD FOR ALL

Green Lacewing Larva (Aphid Lion)

Soldier Beetles

Peach Smoothie

Ingredients 2 ripe peaches or nectarines, quartered, pits removed 1/2 frozen banana (peeled before freezing) 1/4 cup fresh orange juice 1/2 cup milk or milk substitute of choice

Directions 1. Add all ingredients to a blender. Have an adult help you blend.

• Ladybug adults will eat more than 5,000 aphids during their lifetime. • Praying Mantis is a ferocious general predator. It will attack just about any insect in its path! • Green Lacewings Larva (Aphid Lion ) can eat up to 200 pests a week. • Ground Beetles are voracious predators of slugs, snails, cutworms, cabbage maggots, and other soil pests. One beetle larva can eat more than 50 caterpillars.

Kernels of Truth:

PRINTING, SELF-DIRECTED OPTION

GARDENING

#4 THE BUZZ ABOUT BEES

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: Kids will play The Pollinator Game!

ACTIVITY OBJECTIVE: Kids will learn about pollinating creatures, not just bees!

MATERIALS REQUIRED: • Set(s) of The Pollinator Game cards that have six pollinators and six flowers

STAFFING NEEDED: 1-2 staff needed. Two or more is optimal with one person for the registration/check-in and the post-activity process and the other for the activity instruction. CONCEPTS TO COVER: Pollination: transfer of pollen between flowering plants of the same species that eventually results in seeds. LESSON ACTIVITY (1-2 minutes): Prior to the activity, determine how many sets of cards you want and then print them. Two seems to be a good number as you can have two kids going while talking to them about pollination. Ask kids if they know what pollination is and if they can name a pollinator. Let them know that without pollination we would not have many of the foods we need to survive. Also, tell kids that there is an interesting fact about bees. Bees actually see differently than humans. Bees see in ultraviolet. HOW TO PLAY THE POLLINATOR GAME: Give a set of cards to the kids with the pollinators and the flowers in separate piles. Play a matching game to figure out which flowers attract which creatures. Flowers are pollinated by not only bees, but other insects, birds, bats, and even wind! • Kids will match pollinator with the plant • Pick a creature card • Read the pollination facts on the back. Younger children may need this read to them. • Match the creature with its favorite plant

#4 THE BUZZ ABOUT BEES Continued

MODIFICATION: None.

SELF-DIRECTED OPTION: After the kids register/check-in at market booth, they can be handed the cards and asked to match the pollinator with the flower. Let them know that clues are on the back of the pollinator card and the answer is located on the back of the flower card. Then, direct the kids to return the cards when they finish the game. Kids unable to read should be able to do this with an accompanying adult or older child’s assistance.When handing the card to the kids, let them know that a variety of creatures pollinate the flowers that we enjoy for not only their beauty, but for the food they provide.

ATTACHED DOCUMENTS INCLUDE: • Activity cards (Sides 1 & 2) • The Pollination Game cards

#4

SUPPORTED BY

Kids Eating Right-Nutrition and Exercise for Life. THE BUZZ ABOUT BEES: Bees’s are famous for two things making honey and pollinating plants.

Bee’s see differently than humans, they can see ultraviolet!

.

Flowers have all kinds of beautiful patterns to attract bees that we can’t see, because ultimately it is not our attention they need to attract, but that of insects, the perfect pollinating agents.

THE POLLINATOR GAME Lets play a matching game to try to figure out which flowers attract which creatures. Flowers are pollinated by all kinds of things not just bees, other insects, birds, bats, and even wind.

• Kids will match pollinator with the plant • Pick a creature card • Read the pollination facts on the back • Match the creature with its favorite the plant

F OOD FOR A LL

HOW TO DO ACTIVITY:

Nasturtium Salad

Ingredients Fresh nasturtium flowers

2 cups lettuce mix ¼ cup fresh basil ¼ cup olive oil 1 Tablespoon vinegar (can use balsamic vinegar)

1 Tablespoon lemon juice Salt and pepper to taste

Directions 1. Toss nasturtium, lettuce, and basil together. 2. Mix olive oil, vinegar, lemon juice, salt, and pepper together to make a salad dressing. 3. Top salad with dressing.

MATERIALS, TIME INTENSIVE, SPECIAL INSTRUCTOR OPTION, EXTRA SPACE

NUTRITION

#5 CLEAN AND CUT PRODUCE

ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: Kids will learn how to clean and cut produce

ACTIVITY OBJECTIVE: Kids will:

• Know that produce should be clean before eating • Make cleaning produce before prepping a routine activity at home • Replicate safe knife handling skills at home with adult supervision

MATERIALS REQUIRED: • Extra table for cutting • Washing station (if possible) • Colander

• Sample vegetables/fruit to wash

(For example, potatoes, lettuce, apples, berries carrot)

• Vegetable scrub brush • Cutting board • Damp towel • Knife for activity lead • For kids, we recommend either reusable plastic knives or disposable knives. • Vegetables and fruit to cut (dated from vendors) • Play doh • Cutting surface for kids

STAFFING NEEDED: At least 2 staff are needed, with one person for the registrationcheck-in and the post-activity process and the other for the activity instruction. This activity presents an opportunity for developing a partnership with your local health department, a nutrition or dietetic organization, or a chef and/or culinary instructor. CONCEPTS TO COVER: Contamination: Foodborne illnesses can be prevented by handwashing, washing produce and keeping utensils and prep area clean. Pathogens: Microorganisms that can cause disease. Safety: Always have adult permission and supervision when using knives in the kitchen. Claw grip : The hand holding a fruit or vegetable while it is being cut should have the fingers in a curled (claw-like) position.

#5 CLEAN AND CUT PRODUCE Continued

LESSON ACTIVITY (5-10 minutes): First fact, let kids know that before after cleaning and cutting produce at home, their hands should be washed with warm, soapy water for at least 20 seconds. A good way to time this is to sing the ABC song.

Cleaning Produce: Optimal set-up will have a washing station with running water and a sprayer nozzle. If this is not possible, then the activity lead can simulate the cleaning action.

Properly cleaning your produce, your hands, your prep area and your utensils minimizes the chances of getting a potential foodborne illness from pathogens. This includes washing fruit and vegetables with skins or rinds you are not intending to eat because the knife can transfer potential pathogens when cutting through the outside part of the fruit or vegetable to the inside portion you are about to eat. For leafy greens like lettuce or cabbage, the outer leaves should be discarded first. Then separate all the leaves before washing individually under cool, running water. Excess moisture should be removed from your greens by either placing in a salad spinner, or patting dry with a paper towel. (For this demo, have a head of lettuce ready. Have some outside leaves removed and some of the inner leaves removed as well. Use an inner leaf to demonstrate/simulate how to clean the leaf under running water, whether running water is available or not.) Berries, like blueberries, raspberries, etc, should be placed in a colander and either run under cool running water, or sprayed with cool water from the kitchen sink sprayer. The colander should be turned in a way that all the berries are washed well. Washed berries should be eaten shortly after being washed, but berries can be placed on a paper towel to air dry. (If no water, the lead can still demonstrate how to hold a colander under water and move the colander in a way to get all of the berries washed properly.) For firm vegetables and fruits like melons and potatoes, one can use a vegetable scrub brush to gently remove dirt particles from your produce while under running water from your tap. (If no water available, the lead can demo this by showing how to gently rub a potato, or melon.) These items can be dried with a paper towel when necessary. For example, for products like apples and peaches, show how these items can be placed under running water while using your fingers to gently loosen dirt particles. These items can be dried with a paper towel when necessary. (Without a water source, the lead can simulate gently rubbing an apple to remove any potential dirt particles.)

When finished with each example, kids can handle the produce and wash it as modeled previously by the lead.

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