We were then shepherded out and into the old city with its cobblestone streets. There we saw two more church buildings, St. Martins and St. Anthonys which were not strictly gothic but still towering and marvelous. The current Town Hall had been built to look like a church to prove that the inhabitants of Cologne were good Catholics during a time of religious conflict and uncertainty. The afternoon tour took us to the Koln Castle of Clement Augustus, the Master of the Teutonic Knights, as well as the Bishop and Archbishop of several German territories. Of course, he ended up immensely wealthy and loved to spend his money on castles, hunting lodges, lavish parties, women, and constant upgrading of his many homes. He also built a small chapel on the grounds of the Hunting Lodge (for falconry) to Egyptian Mary, an obscure saint that he named in his official church position. We could not go into the chapel because it is considered too fragile. Overall, Clement Augustus did not seem a worthy person for a church leadership position. 4th Port: Koblenz, Germany Our excursion here was the absolute best of the entire trip. Why, you may ask? Because of the talented and adorable re-enactor who was our guide at the formidable and beautifully constructed Ehrenbreitstein Fortress we visited above Koblenz. From its ramparts, we could view Koblenz and the confluence of the Rhine and Moselle Rivers as well as the Eifel Hills. The Fortress was built on the site of a previous fortress whose history went back to 1100. The setting in a lovely park today is thoroughly enjoyable.
The present citadel was built in the early 19 th century to protect against the French. Pictures will reveal its handsome design and intricate stonework.
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