King's Business - 1913-07



and forces are His, and bless or scourge at His will. It is folly to trust them apart from Him. 3. He Is Righteous. He destroys the wicked; He saves the oppressed (Ps. 9:17; 146:7). 4. Jehovah Is God. The God of Israel is God, the I AM; the covenant keeping God. His chosen cannot sink too low, n6r their oppressors be so strong, that He should forget, or l)e unable to save. VI. O ther L essons . 1. Ten times Pharaoh is said to have hardened his heart; ten times Jehovah is said to have done it. Sinners first harden their hearts against God; by natural law they then tend to grow harder; by judicial infliction God punishes hardening by hard­ ening. 2. Sinners in trouble or peril promise re­ form; but graciously delivered they break their vows. “When the devil was sick, the devil a monk would be; When the deVil was well, the devil a monk was he.“ 3. Compromises are inconsistent when duty is in question. Moses refused to com­ promise with Pharaoh to go with the men only; to go a little ways, instead of a three days’ journey; to leave the cattle behind. He refused to “leave a hoof behind.” - We must quit Egypt altogether, and go all the way with God. We must take our wives and children with u s; and even our cattle, for all our possessions are Jehovah’s.

(2) The miraculous consisted in the timing, the intensity, and rapid succession of the strokes; the actual “blood” ; and the fatal aim at the firstborn. That the phe­ nomena were common in Egypt proves the writer’s contemporary acquaintance with Egypt; and in part explains Pharaoh’s in­ corrigibility, for when the stroke was passed he persuaded himself that the catas­ trophe was natural. So sinners find excuse for infidelity in natural law, and God right­ ly leaves them occasion for it. Faith fol­ lows disposition of mind, not demonstra- tion of God. (3) Each stroke was a blow' at the “gods” of Egypt; which must not be over­ looked, for it is general, not local, in its application. They who “worship the creat­ ure more than the Creator” (Rom. 1:25), their gods shall turn against them. The gold that Crassus coveted was poured molten down his throat.. Egypt paid Divine honors to the Nile; the frog; the soil (from whence the “lice”) ; the beetle; the cattle (their bull-god Apis); the planets (veiled in darkness); the first born of Pharaoh; all these they worshiped, held sacred, too, the bodies of their priests now loathesome with running sores. Jehovah “executed judgment on all the gods of Egypt” (Exod. 12:12) by using them as scourges to their devotees. V. T he I ssue of the C onflict . 1. God Reigns. Kings and peoples are as dust before Him (Dan. 4:7). 2. Nature Obeys Him. All creatures

LESSON VI.—August 10.— T he P assover .— Exod. 12:1-42. G olden T ext : The Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many. —Matt. 20:28. I. T he L ast S troke .

dition and character! He is but the tool of Satan, taken up and used by him, in his malignant efforts to counteract- the pur­ poses of God. . . . No man is his own master; he is either governed by Christ or governed by Satan . . . Satan was behind the throne; and as the result of Pharaoh’s having set himself to resist the purposes of

“How utterly vain it is for man to harden and exalt himself against God; for, truly, He can grind to powder the hardest heart, and bring down to dust the haught­ iest spirit.” Those that walk in pride He is able to abase/ (Dan. 4:37) . . . Vain man! how little he knows of his real con­

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