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Timeline of Events Beginnings–1500 CE

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Explore the Timeline Interpret Timelines: America, Africa, and Europe before 1500, Beginnings–1500 CE Have students examine the timeline and then answer the following question: History  What event in Africa happened in the year before the Aztec built their capital? Possible answer: While the Aztec built their capital at Tenochtitlán, Mansa Musa was the emperor of Mali. He traveled to Mecca, Islam’s holy city. Interpret Timeline of Events: America, Africa, and Europe before 1500, Beginnings–1500 CE To further explore the timeline, have students discuss the following questions: 1. How long was it between the earliest date given for the Paleo-Indian migration to the Americas and when corn was first cultivated in Mexico? 33,000 years 2. How long had there been communities in the Americas before Christopher Columbus’s arrival in 1492? over 6,000 years

Module Events

World

38,000 BCE

c. 38,000–10,000 BCE Paleo-Indians migrate to the Americas.

c. 5000 BCE Communities in Mexico cultivate corn.

5000 BCE

c. 2600 BCE The Great Pyramid is built in Giza, Egypt, at the tomb for the pharaoh Khufu.

c. 1200 BCE Olmec begin their civilization in Mesoamerica.

1000 BCE

509 BCE Rome is established as a republic.

455 TheVandals sack Rome.

c. 1350 New ideas begin to spread through Europe during the Renaissance.

Online Module Flip Cards Use the flip cards as a whole class activity or in student pairs to preview the module’s Key Terms and People. Students can guess the meaning of each word, then review its definition, or do the reverse, using the flip card’s toggle button to switch from“Term” to “Definition”mode. Students can also use the flip cards at the end of the module as a review tool before taking the Module Assessment. Online Sequencing Activity Students can use this sequencing activity to review the chronology of events in the America, Africa, and Europe before 1500 Module. To complete, have students drag each event to the correct year on the timeline.

1492 Christopher Columbus and his crew reach the Americas on October 12.

1500 CE

3

America, Africa, and Europe before 1500

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Lesson 3 Big Idea Using trade to gain wealth, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were West Africa’s most powerful kingdoms. Main Ideas • • The Empire of Ghana was the first of three great West African trading kingdoms. • • Like Ghana, the empires of Mali and Songhai grew strong by controlling trade.

Lesson 4 Big Idea New ideas and trade changed Europeans’ lives. Main Ideas • • The Greeks and Romans established new forms of government. • • During the Middle Ages, society eventually changed from a feudal system to a system with a middle class of artisans and merchants. • • The Renaissance was a time of rebirth in the arts and in learning.

Year

Event

Paleo-Indians migrate to the Americas. Communities in Mexico cultivate corn. Olmec begin their civilization in Mesoamerica. New ideas begin to spread through Europe during the Renaissance. Christopher Columbus and his crew reach the Americas on October 12.

38,000 BCE 5000 BCE 1200 BCE

1350

1492

America, Africa, and Europe before 1500  3

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