Evaluate importance of early placement of nutrients for early vigor, improved root development, setting a higher potential yield, sustainable plant growth all season long and better water usage of the soil profile. Demonstrate how strip tillage can accomplish all of this.
STRIP-TILL RESEARCH TRIALS
Krista Ott | HP
COUNTRY OF TRIALS TESTED Global Business in 19 Countries
ORTHMAN-SOUTH AFRICA FERTILIZER PLACEMENT STUDY Purpose: Evaluate importance of early placement of nutrients for early vigor, improved root development, setting a higher potential yield, sustainable plant growth all season long and better water usage of the soil profile. To demonstrate how strip tillage can accomplish all of this.
Fertilizer Application Procedure Product Kg/Ha Date Strip till 120 28/10/2020 Planter 250 3/12/2020
TO USE FERTILIZER MORE EFFECTIVELY
28 October 2020 4R30 Strip till • 4 different trial depths we placed product with the 1tRIPr - 250mm with 120kg dry fertilizer - 180mm with 120kg dry fertilizer - 110mm with 120kg dry fertilizer - 250mm with No fertilizer • Type of fertilizer we used was 3.0.1 (47)
AT PLANTING DATA 3 December 2020 planting date • Maize population per Ha - 50 000 seeds per Ha • Type of cultivar - Hybrid DKC72-76BR • Soil Temp at planting - 14 degrees • In-the-soil Strip Moisture at planting - 40%
TIMING OF OUR EARLIEST FIELD OBSERVATIONS
3 December 2020 8R30 precision planter • Initial population of seeds that come up for your stand in a row length of:
- 6m length 23 plants - 4m length 16 plants • V3 (3 collars on the stalk exposed) - 4 leaves showing
STAGE V-4, 18 TH DECEMBER 2020 We were seeing important differences in root dimension
Within the first two weeks after planting the corn, plant health and root development shows how the root system was better developed to sustain itself long into the season.
ROOT COUNT 21-1-21 Each and every corn root out of the 60 potential roots in a corn root system has great value to biomass production and yield potential.
Fertilizer properly placed 250mm
No Fertilizer placed 250 mm
No N-P-K at 180mm
N-P-K placed at 180mm
LET’S LOOK AT SOME IN-FIELD DATA
Throughout the first 50 days of plant growth we noted some differences that correlated later with harvest.
In Season Data from Placement Study
Field measurements up to the V9 stage indicate that properly placed nutrients after V2-V3 stage the plants excelled over where no nutrients were used (see blue bars). At V8 stage the corn plant sets the number of kernel numbers in circumference of the ear. We, at Orthman believe placed nutrition can set the yield potential early.
THIS STUDY IS A NATURAL RAIN FED SYSTEM … (DRYLAND)
YIELD RESULTS PLACEMENT TRIAL
Looking at post-harvest results: the premium yield came from the placement of nutrients at the 180mm depth below the soil surface
Nearby Tillage Trial Data • To review: looking from start to V12 (tassel time) with the plots where we compared tillage differences; strip till continued to show improvements in plant growth all season long. • Broadcast fertilizer was applied then tillage applications were completed.
19 A very good illustration of the importance of improving soil quality conditions. See differences after 20mm rainfall event Plough Rip
In a rain fed system, capturing rain and providing for faster infiltration in reduced tillage systems is of great importance. Every mm of rain that runs off, ponds and later evaporates is a loss for growth and yield.
YIELD RESULTS FROM NEARBY TILLAGE TRIAL
Our comparison trial for tillage systems.
QUICK SUMMARY OF WHAT WE LEARNED • Nutrient placement in pre-plant tillage operation gave respectable positive results • All season long the positive placed nutrition had effects: o Better root development, both depth and number of roots o Better water utilization of rain and soil profile moisture to deeper depths o Improved plant growth and development all season • In the tillage comparison trials o Water intake is better in conservation tillage operations o Plant growth was slightly improved in the strip till portion of the trial o Yields (strip tilled) were very comparable to the plough system o Cost analyses would show the 0.3T/ha strip till yield was most likely better or the same as the plough system
Thank you for all your efforts: Brian Nieuwoudt – Orthman Territory Manager Fanie Potgieter- Grower
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