A. Graduated Driving License: These laws provide for graduated levels of permit/ license to give new drivers an opportunity to improve their driving skills. It usually includes a learner’s permit phase and may include a provisional phase that limits the use of the vehicle by age or timeframe. B. Primary Enforcement/Primary Seat Belt Law: Assigning a law to this category associates it as a higher priority to police. In the context of seatbelts and driving, this means that a police officer can stop and cite a driver for an observed violation. The police officer does not need to have some other primary reason to stop the driver, such as your tail light being out or speeding. C. Penalty Enhancement: Penalties are increased when certain conditions are present. D. Adjudicated: To make a formal judgment or decision about a problem or disputed matter. E. Administrative Revocation: A driver’s license is revoked upon the arrest as opposed to conviction. F. Affirmative Defense: An affirmative action is defined as a fact or set of facts other than those alleged by the plaintiff or prosecutor which, if proven by the defendant, defeats or mitigates the legal consequences of the defendant’s otherwise unlawful conduct.
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