Breast cancer in men: 5 signs to look for
Triple-negative breast cancer: a more aggressive yet lesser-known disease
Did you know that men can develop cancer in their breast tissues and ducts? Although it’s significantly more common among wo- men, breast cancer can affect men too. That’s why it’s important to learn about this disease and remain vigilant. In fact, since there’s no screening program available for men, this type of cancer is often diagnosed late. Here are some symptoms to watch out for: 1. The presence of a lump. It could be in the armpit or chest and often isn’t painful.
3. Swelling of the chest. It can happen sud- denly andmay or may not cause pain.
4. Ulcers on the chest. Look for open sores on the skin that don’t heal.
5. An inverted nipple. It’s possible that your nipple will suddenly point inward. According to the Canadian Cancer Society, less than one per cent of all breast cancer cases in Canada occur in men. Neverthe- less, approximately 55 men die from this disease each year. If you have any symp- toms, don’t hesitate to consult your family doctor.
2. Discharge from the nipple. This can cause crusting, and bleeding may also occur.
The latest advances Fortunately, research on TNBC has led to the development of specific treatments that have been shown to improve the prognosis of those affected. However, others are still being studied. Here are some examples: • Developing cancer vaccines • Using oncolytic viruses to attack cancer cells • Injecting monoclonal antibodies made in a laboratory • Using adjuvant immunotherapy to strengthen the immune system
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of the disease that accounts for about 10 to 15 per cent of all breast cancers. While rare, this type of cancer tends to be most common in women under 40 and among those of African and Asian ancestry. Fewer treatment options Unlike other types of breast cancer, TNBC has limited treatment options. This is because the tumours don’t have receptors for estrogen, progesterone or HER2 — hence the term “triple- negative.” As a result, hormone therapy and targeted drugs are ineffective against this type of breast cancer.
For more information about triple- negative breast cancer, visit cancer.ca.
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