UltimateDefence No2-2021

Ultimate Defence AIR | SEA | LAND | SPACE Issue 2 - September 2021

Su-35 vs Rafale Which would survive in a real battle?

U.S. Air Force's secret new fighter Jet

Bell Master Aviator, Doug Englen GA-ASI completes first MQ-9a Block 5 Rheinmetall showcases state-of-the-art systems for today’s armed forces ARMY Defence Exhibition MOSCOW

Pic: Rosoboronexport

Lyndon B. Johnson starts builder’s trials Johnstown to build parts for new F-16s

South African built Max 9 armoured personnel carrier

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In this issue Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG 1002) conducts builder’s trials

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34 36 38 32

GA-ASI completes first MQ-9A Block 5 for the Netherlands South African built Max 9 Armoured personnel carrier BAE Systems offers

ARMY 2021

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Johnstown to build parts for new F-16s

advanced combat-proven CV90 to Czech Army in partnership with VOP

for Lockheed Martin. 27

Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has resumed the production of F-16 wings

Su-35 vs Rafale Which will survive in a real battle?

Fighter Jet 28

Dassault Rafale 40 Bell Master Aviator Doug Englen 49

U.S Air Force’s Secret New

We look at 4 fighter aircraft Su-35, SAAB Grippen, Lockheed Martin F-22,

Unmanned system designed to modernise U.S. Army reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition capabilities

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Russian Helicopters introduced the upgraded Mi-171SH Storm for special forces at the ARMY 2021 defence exhibition held in Kubinka near Moscow. Russian Helicopters said in a press release that the aircraft had taken five days to fly the 5 000 km from its aviation plant in Ulan-Ude in eastern Siberia. It has been specially designed for special forces missions and is powered by engines for high-altitude flights. It has a new rotor system and X-shaped tail rotor, integrated flight and navigation system, with improved weapon suite and defence systems, improved armour protection. Its onboard defence system (ODS) can detect launches of anti-aircraft missiles with infrared and thermal homing heads, and jam or deceive themwith decoys. The ODS also detects enemy radar and determines type, direction of their emissions, and operating mode.

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SHIP TRIALS

Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG 1002) conducts builder’s trials

The future USS Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG 1002) returned to General Dynamics Bath Iron Works following Builder’s Trials. Lyndon B. Johnson is the third in the Zumwalt class of destroyers.

“During the five-day trial, the BIW-Industry- Navy team successfully demonstrated the operational capabilities of all hull, mechanical and electrical systems,” said Edward Kenyon, BIW Program Manager. “Throughout the trial, the ship and trials team performed well.” “This is an important day for Bath Iron Works,” said

President Dirk Lesko. “The success of this trial moves us closer to delivering this ship and returning our focus to increasing the pace of DDG 51 construction. Achieving this milestone is the result of tireless effort on the part of the BIW-Industry-Navy team who have our gratitude for a job well done.” DDG 1002 is named after President Lyndon

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General Dynamics Information Technology (GDIT), a business unit of General Dynamics (NYSE:GD), announced that it has been awarded a four- year, $136 million indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contract to modernize and consolidate existing IT help desks for the U.S. Navy. The Naval Information Warfare Systems Command awarded GDIT the contract after a successful Other Transaction Agreement (OTA) competition, an agile procurement approach that helps accelerate technology deployments. The GDIT project teamwill transform the Navy’s Tier-1 service desks to a single, powerful knowledge- based solution – ensuring 24x7x365 continuous operations for warfighters ashore and afloat around the world. “We are pleased to continue our long legacy of working closely with the U.S. Navy to use innovative technology to modernize systems, improve service delivery, and enhance the user experience,” said Leigh Palmer, GDIT’s senior vice president for Defense. “This program, which will support thousands of Navy personnel globally, will leverage the latest in artificial intelligence, machine learning, predictive analytics, and natural language processing to create an adaptive solution that becomes smarter with every transaction.” • Navy to leverage secure, cloud-based artificial intelligence to transform help desk operations

Pic credit: General Dynamics

B. Johnson, whose achievements while president included the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, Medicare and Head Start as well as strong support for the U.S. space program and its Apollo missions. The DDG 1000 class features a hull designed to create a low radar profile, an integrated power system and a total ship

computing environment infrastructure. In addition to Lyndon B. Johnson, Bath Iron Works currently has under construction Arleigh Burke-class destroyers Carl M. Levin (DDG 120), John Basilone (DDG 122), Harvey C. Barnum Jr. (DDG 124), Patrick Gallagher (DDG 127), Louis H. Wilson Jr. (SSG 126) and William Charette (DDG 130). •

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RUSSIA HELICOPTERS

ARMY 2021

Held during August for the seventh consecutive year, the International Military- Technical Forum "Army-2021" brought to the fore the decision by President Vladimir Putin and Russia’s military leaders, to expand the level of production provided by small businesses. Despite the sanctions against the Federation, Russia is gaining in its ability to replace foreign military equipment with that being produced in-country. Copy Charmaine de Villiers - Pics by Mike de Villiers

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A large number of private Russian companies, many of which already perform defence work, took part in the annual Army forum, which ran from 22–28 August, while other small private companies sought to attract the attention, and contracts, from Russia’s largest contractors. In total more than 50 new weapon systems were on display at the forum. While behind the scenes meetings and forums taking place, thousands of visitors were drawn to the displays of military might. As foreign media we were impressed by the sheer size of the Kubinka Air Base and Alabino military training grounds which is reputed to

This annual event is organised by Russia’s Defence Ministry for the exhibition and demonstration of military equipment. Approximately 35 delegations from around the world participated this year. One of the new

activities featured during the event was the robotics competition showcasing military robots designed for combat operations, reconnaissance, mine clearing, extinguishing fires, and operating

be the only facility in the world devoted solely to military exhibitions, shows, and displays. The statistics are impressive – 65 000m 2 indoor space, 500 000 m 2 outdoor area, 1 500 Russian and international exhibitors and 28 000 exhibits.

in hazardous environments.

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British Aerospace News

United Aircraft Corporation The Tu-160M2 strategic bomber boasts a nearly identical design to its Soviet Tu-160 predecessor, but is slated to contain major weapons and avionics upgrades. The Modernised Tu-22M3M Strategic Bomber is in background.

Established to consolidate Russia’s aircraft design and manufacturing industries UAC had a strong presence at Army 2021 including a prototype of the Checkmate light tactical aircraft. The single- engined jet was designed for stealth, capable of continuous supersonic flight at Mach

1.8 with a range of 2 800km and maximum payload of 7 400kg. Aimed at both Russian and export markets, the Checkmate will incorporate the most sophisticated radar-evasion and command systems. Its internal weapons compartments can carry a full range of weapons to destroy any air, land or sea targets including up to five air-to-air missiles suitable for both air and ground target strikes.

Another perspective multi- role fighter to come out of the United Aircraft Corporation stable is the Sukhoi Su-57E, a multi-functional 5th generation aircraft to perform stealth combat operations. The aircraft was developed for air superiority and attack operations against air, ground, and naval targets. The single-seat, twin-engine fighter jet features stealth technology, including the use

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A view of some of Sukhoi's major aircraft

primarily engages with air targets in any weather, day or night. It employs the first active electronically scanner array radar (AESA) which is more sophisticated and lighter than the radar used by the Su-35. The MiG-29K/KUB shipborne training aircraft, Yak-130 and 152 trainers, Il-76MD-90AE and Il-78MK- 90A tanker plus the Be-200 multi-purpose amphibious

of composite materials and aerodynamic configuration, which ensures a low level of radar and infrared signature. Algeria, India and Turkey are potential markets for this export version of the Su-57. While the Checkmate and Su-57E are the latest aircraft produced by UAC, a Rostec subsidiary, also produces the multifunctional MiG-35/35D fighter, often compared to the Su-35 which is designed with intent and mission to gain air superiority by spotting and destroying air and ground targets that can be detected from a distance of up to 400km. With the help of Irbis-E radar, the range of detection is over 400kms and can simultaneously damage up to 30 airborne targets. The MiG-35 however,

all air UAC products. Russia’s latest Ilyushin Il-112V military transport plane will also be unveiled to guests during the event. The aircraft can carry up to five tons (4 535 kg) of cargo and is designed to transport personnel and military hardware.

The Il-76MD-90AE modification is a major overhaul of the well-proven Il-76MD military transport aircraft. The main designation of the aircraft is to transport and airdrop military and civil bulky cargoes, military equipment, including tanks and personnel.

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ARMY 2021 - Moscow

Traditionally cruise missiles carried by

Zircon, a hypersonic anti- ship missile which reduces reaction times on time- sensitive targets and will be harder to intercept. Two of the air-to-air missiles seen were from Tactical Missiles Corporation – the PBB-M, a short range missile for close, fast evasive flight, engaging aerial targets by day or night, and can be adapted for use on non- Russian aircraft types. The PBB-6 is a long range missile for use against aerial targets including cruise missiles and in ECM environment against

The high, explosive and penetrating Vympel X-29TE air-to-surface missile was developed to destroy difficult-to-hit land and sea targets, shelters and runways constructed from concrete, industrial structures, heavy railway and highway bridges. A major supplier to Russian military and the weapons export market, Kalashnikov unveiled its new guided-missile at 'ARMY-2021'. The S-8L 80 mm laser-guided missile,

submarines were mostly ship-to-ship but this is changing as the missiles are increasingly being used against land targets. The Russian Navy cruise missile submarine, Krasnoyarsk, on 30 July 2021. The sub can carry three different types of cruise missiles in 32 vertical launch tubes, including the launched its latest Severodvinsk-class Onik, a large supersonic weapon capable of hitting both ships and land targets. In addition the new submarines will carry the

land or water surfaces. Whereas the PBB-M has a range of up to 40km the -6’s range is up to 200km at certain target types. can be used by all fixed-/ rotary-wing aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that carry the S-8 unguided rockets. The missile has a range of fire Missiles, munitions and bombs

Some of the missiles on display at the show, included Kh-38 MLE, Kh-31 PD, Grom-E2, Uran-E, Bal-E, and Kh-31 AD. We will be going into more detail on each in future magazines.

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of up to 6km and can engage both soft targets and light armoured vehicles. It also integrates its newest Vikhr-1 anti- tank guided missile for new air platforms, including Mil Mi-28N, Mi-28NE, Mi-35P, and Mi- 28UB combat helicopters and Orion-E UAVs. Rostec also exhibited its new anti-tank missiles capable of piercing 110-centimetre armouur plates behind reactive armour. The missiles are capable of hitting targets up to 10 kilometres away. Over the years bombs have become evermore sophisticated, using satellite guidance systems and with aircraft at heights of up to 15km using the

JSE high-explosive, concrete- piercing warhead loaded K029BE. At the lower heights for drops, the KAB-500Kr allows the destruction of low-contrast and hidden targets as it is equipped with tele-correlating homing heads. The KAB-500S-E airborne guided bomb, capable of being used either individually or in salvoes is also fitted with high-explosive warheads. An export version of the Penitsillin automated reconnaissance system, which combines thermal and acoustic reconnaissance to locate enemy firing positions accurately attracted attention as did a new reconnaissance and command module capable of directing the fire of AIR DEFENCE MISSILE SYSTEM

combat vehicles. Combining thermal and acoustic reconnaissance allows this system to identify enemy artillery guns’ firing positions with high accuracy The Splav Research and Production Association featured a remote-controlled mine-laying vehicle designed to strike enemy manpower both on open terrain and in fortifications, the Rostec executive said. The Russian defence industry will and simultaneously adjust artillery fire. also demonstrate a reconnaissance and command module on the tracked chassis to direct the fire of combat vehicles of a short-range anti-aircraft battery.

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ARMY 2021 - Moscow

was primarily intended for field units but the new variant is a lighter version for use by pilots. It is chambered for 9×19 Parabellum cartridge, weighs 2.5kg and features a rail interface system for sights and shooting accessories. The firearm can also be used as a

Russia’s premier weapons group unveiled its latest PPK-20 9mm submachine (SMG) and AK203 7.62mm assault rifle at Army 2021. The PPK-20, the first Russian military-grade SMG,

personal defence weapon for combat vehicle crews, logistics support units and for special operations in urban areas. An added feature

is that the PPK-20 is compatible with all STANAG 2172 Parabellum/Luger

The firing range,

Kalashnikov - Rostec Holdings

Everyone in the group had a chance to fire various weapons on the firing range. Here I am testing my skills and getting better results with ease. We will be going into this in more depth in future aricles.

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ammo and therefore has high potential for export. It supports installation of any optical, red dot, and optical-electronic sighting systems. Also showcased at Army 2021 was the AK- 203 assault rifle that uses 7.62×39 cartridge. The weapon’s exterior has been fully rebuilt, and now features a slotted muzzle brake/flash suppressor, an integral Picatinny rail interface system for sights and shooting accessories, an ergonomic pistol grip, a folding telescopic stock, and a magazine specially designed to control the weapons ammunition consumption. It is compatible with all types of sighting systems and can be used by any military service and law enforcement units. The AK-203 weighs 3.8kg, is powered by 30-round plastic magazines, and is accurate at 800m. The firearm can be supplied with a 40mm under-barrel grenade launcher for low-velocity grenades. The company has unveiled its newest carbine AKB-521, which is intended for the civilian market. It features an inverted U-shape upper receiver, a unibody MIL-1913-STD (Picatinny) rail for sights, and a detachable grip of the bolt carrier assembly. The carbine is supplied with three barrels for 5.45×39 (M1974), 7.62×39 (M1943), and 5.56×45 (.223 Remington) ammunition making it ideal for the export market as it is easily re-configured.

AGS-30 30mm Automatic Grenade Launching System It is the first weapon of its type which can be

transported with a mount in travelling and combat postion by one man

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ARMY 2021 - Moscow

Gidropribor Company unveiled an underwater drone capable of surveying the ocean floor and operating autonomously for three months. The UAV carries

variable buoyancy hydro- physical apparatus used in surveying, reconnaissance, and electronic warfare in an underwater environment. as the carrier of various equipment while fulfilling an assigned task. “The

system’s devices can be used in conducting oceanographic surveys while preparing an underwater object for installation," acccording to the drone’s description. Gidropribor Deputy Chief Designer Mikhail Kettuyev

Unmanned aerial vehicles told media that the glider lacks its own engine and operates by pumping liquid in the hull and changing its buoyancy depending on its position. "A manoeuvring software is required to be entered into a specialised computer installed inside to make it float.” The drone’s payload can include a camera,

magnetometers, sonar, and other devices. It operates at 1.5km/h with a diving depth of up to 300m. The Russian Federation has firmly stamped its presence as a manufacturer of unmanned aerial vehicle with the develping of the Orion-E medium-altitude long endurance (MALE) reconnaissance/strike UAV with satellite data link. With the military’s stated vision of building up Russia’s defence contractors in order to provide the country with Top:  The GROM is a new high-speed unmanned aerial vehicle currently in its development stages. Middle: The ground control station from which the drones are flown. Bottom: T he GELIOS-AEW also in its development phase.

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all its needs, the Orion-E which has proven to be a success story for the country as it comprises, in its entirety, Russian made components. for operations in a wide range of climate zones. It is a medium-altitude long-range drone, with a maximal take-off weight of 1 tonne and a payload cap of 250kg. Its ceiling is 7.5km. The maximum duration of flight with the standard load is 30 hours and the velocity is up to 200km per hour. The Tactical Missile Corporation (KTRV), which produces a wide variety of ordnance for manned combat aircraft, is reportedly developing both 110-pound and 220-pound missiles for the unmanned aerial vehicles. According to the official Rosoboronexport’s presentation of the Orion-E UCAV, it has the capability to conduct reconnaissance round-the-clock in optical, IR and radio bands, The Orion-E is intended high-level automation of data processing and transmission, self- sustainability, versatile flight modes (autonomous or under operator's radio control). From one ground control point up to 4 UAVs can be simultaneously controlled. The Orion-E is equipped with replaceable payloads based on modular principle. There are three hard points for aerial weapons. The drone is also able to use radio-electronic warfare equipment. Displayed for the first time the BAS-200 rotor-

wing unmanned aircraft has a maximum take-off weight of is 200 kilograms. It can reach speed up to 160km/h and is capable of transporting commercial load up to 50 kilograms. The BAS-200 is capable of flying up to four hours at altitudes of up to 3 900 metres. There is a ground control complex to provide communication with the drone at a range of up to 100 kilometres. The device is 3.9m in length and 1.2m high and can

perform various missions, including terrain monitoring, search and rescue, and cargo delivery. The BAS-200 project is being developed by the National Helicopter Centre "Mil & Kamov". Russia is also developing a helicopter drone to assist anti-aircraft weapon systems in their counter- UAV mission. The project, accelerated shortly after the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan began in mid 2020, and will fill a gap in Russia's military capabilities.

This drone is used for fire-fighting. The red balls you can see are released and explode in the fire killing it instantly.

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ARMY 2021 - Moscow

Russia begins construction of new nuclear submarines

President Putin opened an arms expo by publicly placing construction orders for six new naval vessels. The Kremlin is focused on military modernization as relations with the West worsen.

Russian President Vladimir Putin opened the Army 2021 / International Military Technical Forum outside Moscow by publicly ordering the construction of several new naval vessels, including nuclear submarines. The naval order was announced in a video call with shipyards in Severodvinsk, St. Petersburg and Komsomolsk-on-Amur. "A strong and sovereign Russia needs a powerful and well- balanced navy," said Putin. "We will continue to boost the potential of the Russian navy, develop its bases and infrastructuran, and arm it with state-of-the-art weapons," he added. "I would like to stress that all the ships will be equipped with modern high-precision weapons, the latest navigation

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(dagger) nuclear-capable air-launched ballistic missile (ALBM) and the Sukhoi S-70 Okhotnik (hunter), a heavy stealth unmanned aerial combat vehicle (UCAV).

and communications equipment. The majority of these technologies proved their effectiveness during combat operations in Syria," he said, addressed the shipyard workers. The vessels ordered three types: Two nuclear submarines armed with intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM), two large diesel submarines and two corvettes. The move is part of the Kremlin's push to overhaul the Russian navy, a top priority as its relations with the West deteriorate. "We will continue to show the Russian flag in strategically important ocean areas," said Putin, as he seeks to re-establish a regular Russian naval presence on par with that of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The nuclear submarines, named Dmitry Donskoy and Prince Potemkin, will be built at Sevmash Shipyards in Severodvinsk; the diesel subs, named after the cities of Mozhaisk and Yakutsk, will be constructed at Admiralty Shipyards in St. Petersburg; and the corvettes, named Grozny (Fearsome) and Buyny

(Wild), will be built at the Amur Shipbuilding Plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Putin also said work was underway on "promising" weapons, including the new hypersonic Kinzhal

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British Aerospace News

The company’s static display included the Mi- 28NE attack helicopter as well as transport-combat Mi-35M and Mi-35P. These aircraft are loaded with a wide range of guided the use of kevlar armour plates. The helicopter has an expanded armament to effectively support the paratroopers from the air. A newly design Ka- Russian Helicopters - Rostec Holdings and unguided missiles, and the most up-to-date avionics which allow them to carry out operations at any time of the day or night. An upgraded military transport helicopter Mi-171Sh was on display. It is characterised by increased protection of the crew and troops through

Some of the missiles that can be loaded onto the Mi-35M attack helicopter.

Mi-35M attack helicopter.

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226T light helicopter, adapted to meet the high mountain requirements, was also on display. The helicopter's fuselage is comprised of modern lightweight materials. The control and the electrical helicopter systems have been modernised, and an impact-resistant crash proof fuel system

has been installed. The helicopter is also equipped with a new complex of pilot navigation and radio communication equipment. As part of the static display at the Kubinka airfield, the world's largest serial helicopter, the upgraded Mi-26T2B, as well as a paratroopers transport, the Mi-38T and

civil Ansat Aurus helicopter, were present. Not only did Russian Helicopters display several of its helicopters but also the latest on-board equipment. Guests and participants were able to view the perspective helicopter ergonomic cabin, as well as Ansat helicopter’s main power element technical condition control system.

The K-226T has a glass cockpit. A nice feature of this helicopter is that the back pod can come off and a different configuration fitted in just a few minutes.

Russian Helicopters introduced the upgraded Mi-171SH Storm for special forces at the show.

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ARMY 2021 - Moscow

"High-precision complexes" have started the modernisation of the "Berezhok" complex for BMP

Design Bureau of Instrument Engineering (KBP) named after Academician A. G. Shipunov (part of the Rostec High- Precision Complexes holding) has begun to modernise the Berezhok complex, designed to equip infantry fighting vehicles. This was reported to TASS in the press service of "High- precision complexes" during the International military- technical Forum "Army-2021". "At present, the KBP has started to modernise the Berezhok combat department in the interests of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation," the holding informed. As emphasised in the "High-precision complexes", the possibility of installing the "Berezhka" on new types of chassis is being worked out. "When creating the Berezhok combat compartment, it was supposed to be installed on various carriers, both tracked and wheeled. The KBP has experience in installing the Berezhok combat compartment on the BMP-3 chassis. Every year, within the framework of the Army forum, a combat vehicle "Lean" is fired - a K-17 "Boomerang" wheeled chassis with a "Berezhok" combat compartment installed, " the press service reported. Currently, the Russian army is receiving a BMP-

2M infantry fighting vehicle with the Berezhok combat module. It is designed to transport personnel, increase their mobility, armament and security on the battlefield. As a result of the modernisation, the machine is able to fire afloat and on the move at any time of the day. It is claimed that the combat capabilities of the

Above: T he newest guided air-to-surface missile dubbed Izdeliye 305E for upgraded Russian combat helicopters, was unveiled at the Army-2021. The guaranteed range is up to 14 500m. It is capable of speeds up to 230m/s. Left: Verba man-portable air-defence system. It is designed to defeat  approaching and receeding fixed- wing and rotary-wing aircraft,

BMP-2M have increased approximately fourfold. JSC “KBP” participates in the “ARMY-2021” International Military- Technical Forum during 22 – 28 of August in Kubinka, Moscow Region. Military vehicles and weapons allowed for export were presented as mockups, models including ADMGS, ATGW, artillery high- precision weapon systems, upgrade of armoured vehicles systems. The main distinctive feature of each

unmanned aerial vehicles, and cruise missiles in optical countermeasure environmentand by night when the target is visually observed.

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control system and guided missiles for equipping armoured vehicles, “Malakhit” system of assets of artillery units automated fire control, the KM-8 “Gran” guided weapon system for 120-mmmortars, the 122- mm “Kitolov-2M” KM-3 guided weapon system, the “Shmel-M” rocket-assisted infantry flamethrower with increased range and power, the “Bur” small-sized grenade launching system and other weapons. Samples of combat grenade launchers with advertisement certificates as well as samples of small arms were presented at the special ground – in the multifunctional firing center with static exposition and demonstration firings. The JSC “KBP” has produced a great variety of civilian arms and grenade launchers including different models of personal arms, individual automatic weapons, sniper rifles, combat rifles, handheld, under barrel and automatic grenade launchers, and sports rifles. On the showcase, one could find the GSh-18, the lightest pistol in the world, PP-2000, one of the most compact 9-mm submachine gun in its class, that has dimensions practically comparable to dimensions of modern combat pistol, OSV-96 12.7-mm sniper rifle, ADS 5.45-mm amphibious special assault rifle, ShAK-12 12.7-mm powerful assault rifle system, PP-90M 9-mm special submachine gun, RMB-93 12 caliber magazine rifle, OTs-03 7.62-mm sniper rifle as well as carbines, hunting rifles etc. Static exposition of the “High- Precision Weapons” holding and the JSC “KBP” including all production directions were presented in the exhibition hall of the SC “Rostech” as usual.

PANTSIR-S1M Air defence missile and gun system

The system is designed for air defence from small military and administrative- industrial objects and against aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles and high-precision weapons, guided air bombs and unmanned aerial vehicles as well as reinforcement of AD groups during air strikes and engagement of lightly-armored targets.

of the presented weapon type is implementation of the system approach principles when each direction is based upon system-founding ideas, unified technical elements, etc. Exposition will provide a full understanding of production directions on all weapon types. The ADMGS “Pantsir-S” in different modifications was demonstrated at the open site including the ADMGS “Pantsir-S1” on wheeled chassis, shipborne ADMGS “Pantsir- ME”, the ADMGS “Pantsir- S1M” – the next generation system has a great export potential due to great technical specifications while having a relatively low cost allowing it to compete with counterparts on international weapon markets. The Multifunctional missile system “Kornet-EM” with increased technical specifications has several new features: increased firing

range, automated aiming process, capability of simultaneous firing against two targets and capability to engage aerial targets. Visitors had a chance to study technical specifications of the 155-mm KM-1M “Krasnopol-M2” guided weapon system. JSC “KBP” was the first company in Russia to develop artillery projectiles – 155-mm guided projectile “Krasnopol-M2” with laser semi-active seeker. Equipping artillery systems with guided projectiles does not require change in default structure of artillery units. In addition to that, the “Bakhcha” combat compartment with standard or modernised weapon system BMP-3 for deployment on different carriers and stationary objects, was shown as well as the “Kornet-E” weapon systemwith fire

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ARMY 2021 - Moscow

JSC “KBP”

Round-up Army 21 attracted over 203 000 visitors this year and has certainly provided any military enthusiast with an extremely wide selection of aircraft, helicopters, weaponry, tanks, armoured vehicles, missiles, drones and so much more. It was a display of military might from a country that has long been a ‘super power’.

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multifunAt present KBP represents a high-capacity research and production centre that creates state-of-the- art precision-guided weapons. The Pantsir-S1M self- propelled anti-aircraft gun- missile (SPAAGM) system was designed to protect small military and military industrial infrastructures, engaging aerial targets flying at low and very low altitudes: according to the military, the SPAAGM can engage an air platform flying at a speed of up to 2 000 m/s at an altitude of up to 15km. The system’s new surface-to-air missile has a target engagement range of some 30-40km, while the Pantsir-S1M has four guidance channels. The modernised SPAAGM is mounted on the chassis of the Tornado K-53958 mine- resistant ambush-protected 8×8 vehicle developed by the Remdiesel company. The fully loaded K-53958 weighs 42.3 tonnes and can transport a 24 ton payload. The vehicle can reach a top speed of 100km/h and has a cruising range of no less than 1 000 km. Weapons and equipment included in KBP’s list of models: antitank missile systems; weapon systems for main battle tanks and lightly armoured vehicles; guided artillery projectiles and guided missile systems; air defence systems; gun armament and associated

production of the T-14 Armata tank is due to begin in 2022. This latest version of the Armata series is currently undergoing field trials, the minister added. Though the vehicle is crew operated, most of its functions are “robotised”. “The Armata crew does not need to aim accurately. It only has to aim the gun at the target. The Electronics will do the rest: it will accurately determine the distance to the target and aim the gun at it,” Rostec chief, Sergei Chemezov. “That is, the vehicle uses artificial intelligence elements that help the crew deliver fire.” The tank’s loading, targeting, and firing is handled from start to finish by artificial intelligence, leaving the crew with the decision to shoot at wil. One highlight of the 48-ton vehicle is its unmanned turret, which comes with a 125-millimeter 2A82-1M smooth-bore gun and autoloader compatibility. An unmanned turret allows the crew to sit in an armoured capsule inside the tank rather than next to the gun, as with traditional tanks. This position provides the crew with much greater safety from enemy fire. The tank is equipped with “nuclear, biological and chemical protection, an automatic fire suppression system and smoke grenade dischargers,”. The tank’s new Afghanit hard-kill active protection system protects the vehicle from incoming anti-tank guided missiles, rockets, and rocket-propelled grenades. •

JSC is a market leader in the Russian defence industry having produced and developed over 140 models of weapons and

ammunition; combat small arms; hunting and sporting guns. T-14 Armata to be mass-produced?

military equipment which are in service with the Army.

According to Russian Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov mass

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British Aerospace News

the highly skilled workforce in the area, a record of quality production and the space available to expand,” Davis said. “We are proud to grow our presence in Johnstown and to contribute to the acceleration of jobs.” F-16 parts to be produced in Johnstown include the aft engine access covers, engine access doors, F-1 fuel tank, and inlet. Upon completion in Johnstown, the parts will be shipped to Greenville, South Carolina, for final assembly and integration into the F-16s on the production line. This is in addition to F-16 component and sub-assembly work already performed on site. Early work in Johnstown will kick off this year, with the bulk of hiring and other significant efforts beginning in 2022. In addition to the F-16 work, the Johnstown facility also provides parts and services for the F-35 and F-22 fighter jets, and the C-130 military transport aircraft. In addition to the nearly 400 jobs already in place at the site today, Lockheed Martin maintains a strong presence in the Johnstown area, donating more than $42 000 to local organisations and community efforts •

Lockheed Martin announced it would bring new F-16 manufacturing work to its facility in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The work will generate 80 new jobs in the city and the company plans to lease a new building to accommodate it.

Wayne Davis, director at Lockheed Martin’s Johnstown site, says Lockheed Martin continues to see demand for new F-16s around the world, requiring development of additional parts manufacturing sites to ensure it can keep up with demand. “Johnstown’s selection for this new work reflects

Johnstown to build parts for new F-16s Work will generate 80 new jobs

https://www.gaconnect.co.za/ https://www.globalaviator.co/

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IAI recently reopened the production line following increased worldwide demand for the F-16 Block 70/72. IAI will produce F-16 wings that will be shipped to the F-16 final assembly line in Greenville, South Carolina, USA. Boaz Levy, IAI's President and CEO, said, “The many years of cooperation between IAI and Lockheed Martin Resuming the production of F-16 wings is a continuation of a decades-long cooperation of manufacturing aerostructures for Lockheed demonstrate another important milestone. Martin clientele. The F-16 assembly line once again joins IAI's assembly center of excellence for the production of fighter aircraft wings. The center also produces F-35 wings along with T-38 wings for the American defense establishment. IAI stands at the forefront of the civilian and military aviation industries in the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has resumed the production of F-16 wings for Lockheed Martin, using the assembly line established

in the 1980s A F-16 - Credit: Lockheed Martin

demand worldwide. Lockheed Martin has secured and maintained significant long-term economic relationships with the State of Israel and its local industries. The company has invested billions of dollars with Israeli defense and aerospace industries because of the high quality, cutting-edge technology that Israeli industry offers. We are continuously looking to expand our s through all our programmes.” •

world, and will continue being the first address for many global companies." Joshua (Shiki) Shani, Chief Executive, Lockheed Martin Israel, said, “The reopening of the F-16 wings production line in the IAI facilities is an additional important milestone in Lockheed Martin’s long-standing industrial cooperation with the Israeli industries. Now, IAI is producing outer wing boxes for the advanced F-35 and wings for the F-16 fighters, both having growin

Above: The F-16 production line, IAI Facilities - Credit: IAI

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British Aerospace News

U.S. Air Force’s secret new fighter jet

The Next Generation Air Dominance (NGAD) is the United States Air Force (USAF) sixth-generation fighter programme with a goal of fielding a "family of systems" that would eventually succeed the Lockheed Martin F-22. The fighter aircraft aspect of the programme has also been referred to as the F-X or Penetrating Counter-Air (PCA). “Designed to compliment the F-35, F-22, joint, and partner forces in the Air Superiority role, Next Generation Air Dominance is an advanced aircraft programme for the development of

penetrating counter air platforms with multi- domain awareness, agile resilient communications, and an integrated family of capabilities. “The programme uses a non-traditional acquisition approach to avoid traditional monolithic programme schedules and exorbitant life- cycle sustainment costs. This strategy, called the Digital Century Series approach, creates a realistic business case for industry to adopt commercial best practises for key design activities – before a part is even manufactured.” History The NGAD programme was initiated in the early 2010s to develop a 2030s

air superiority system for the U.S. Air Force. The programme aims to develop several of their key technologies in areas such as propulsion, stealth, advanced weapons, digital design (CAD-based engineering), and thermal management of the aircraft signatures. NGAD is described as a "family of systems", with a fighter aircraft as the centerpiece of the system, and other parts of the system likely to be unmanned escort aircraft to carry extra munitions and perform other missions. In September 2020, Will Roper stated that a full-scale prototype

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put F-35 sustainment items in the list because improvements in this area is a critical priority, he said. General Brown described the NGAD, or the central fighter component within what’s expected to be a ‘system of systems,’ as an aircraft with a primary air dominance mission. This fits in with its brief to replace the Air Force’s relatively small fleet of F-22A Raptor stealth fighters, which are now being prepared for retirement in the coming decade. The Department Head of the Air Force requires the fighters to have “multirole” functions, specifically, the ability to attack targets on the ground, whilst ensuring its survival, and in addition, providing options for thier Air Component Commanders and the Joint Force in their entirety. A radical new acquisition Flying a prototype of its future fighter was the easy part. Now the Air Force must choose whether to commit to a radical method of buying it. Over the last 50 years, the U.S. industrial base has dwindled from 10 manufacturers capable of building an advanced fighter to only three defense companies: Lockheed Martin, Boeing and Northrop Grumman. The time it takes the Air Force to move a new fighter from research and development to full-rate production has stretched from a matter of years to multiple decades. •

Pic by: JohnNewton8

of the NGAD fighter aircraft had flown. In May 2021, chief of staff of the USAF General Brown stated that the NGAD would start replacing the F-22 in the 2030s. The NGAD will have “some air-to-ground capability to ensure, one, that it can survive, but also to provide options for our air component commanders and for the Joint Force,” Brown said, suggesting that the NGAD will be able to shoot at air defense systems that threaten it. Retired Gen. James M. Holmes, former of Air Combat Command, has said there may be two variants of NGAD: one with long range and payload

for the Indo-Pacific and another more oriented to the relatively short ranges between possible battle areas in Europe. The NGAD is described as a “family of systems” that allows the Air Force to control the sky at times and places of its choosing, but its centerpiece will be a fighter aircraft. Other parts of the system are likely to be unmanned escort aircraft to carry extra munitions and perform other missions. “Even with the unfunded priority list, the majority of new fighters we’re going to buy will be F-35s,” Brown said. The Air Force did

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New developments

aircraft systems to support this critical mission today and into the future.” For FTUAS, the U.S. Army is seeking a rapidly deployable, GPS-denied navigation-capable, expeditionary VTOL system capable of persistent aerial reconnaissance for U.S. Army Brigade Combat Teams, Special Forces, and Ranger battalions. The offering is based on the industry leading Martin UAV V-BAT UAS. It is compact, lightweight, simple to operate, and can be set up, launched and recovered by a two- soldier team in confined environments. The V-BAT also is designed with sufficient payload capacity to carry a range of interchangeable payloads, including electro- optical/infra-red (EO/IR), synthetic aperture radar

Unmanned system designed to modernise U.S. Army reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition capabilities

Northrop Grumman Corporation and Martin UAV (a Shield AI company) have completed flight testing of an V-BAT unmanned aircraft system (UAS) with new features including GPS-denied navigation and target designation capabilities. “The enhanced V-BAT offers a near zero footprint, flexible vertical take-off and landing

(VTOL) capability that is based on a platform deployed operationally today to address the U.S. Army’s Future Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System (FTUAS) mission,” said Kenn Todorov, Sector Vice President and General Manager, global sustainment and modernisation, Northrop Grumman. “The team brings more than 30 years’ experience in the production, delivery and sustainment of unmanned

US Navy advanced weapon capability to counter anti-access and area denial threats approved to enter production phase

The Northrop Grumman Corporation announced theAGM-88G Advanced

Anti-Radiation Guided Missile Extended Range (AARGM-ER), developed under contract with the U.S. Navy, has successfully achieved a Milestone C decision, authorizing the company as the program’s prime contractor the entry into low rate initial production (LRIP).

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(SAR), and electronic warfare (EW) payloads, depending on mission- specific requirements. Additionally, Shield AI’s recent acquisition of Martin UAV will enable rapid development of GPS-denied and autonomy capabilities for V-BAT through the future porting of Shield AI’s autonomy stack, Hivemind onto V-BAT. V-BAT 128 is designed explicitly for runway and equipment independent launch and recovery in austere environments with no external support. The aircraft can be transported in the bed of a truck and assembled by two personnel in under 30 minutes making it a true expeditionary system built for dynamic movement and fluid mission sets. •

Pic: Northrop Grumman Corporation

“The additional capabilities of AARGM- ER, coupled with its high- performance air vehicle, will provide our fleet with the most advanced weapon system to defeat evolving surface-to-air threats,” said Capt. A.C. “Count” Dutko, Navy Program Manager for Direct and Time Sensitive Strike (PMA-242). “Our team has continued to prove the maturity of the system and we are confident AARGM-ER is ready to commence low rate production.” This decision

enables the start of the production to support future deployment of the AARGM-ER to the fleet and achievement of initial operating capability. “AARGM, and now AARGM-ER, is a time- critical capability that protects and enhances the capabilities of the U.S. Navy and the evolving threats they encounter,” said Gordon Turner, Vice President, advanced weapons, Northrop Grumman. “We are honored to continue providing advanced suppression

and destruction of enemy air defense products to the warfighters with this significant expansion to our missile prime business.” AARGM-ER is a major upgrade to the existing AARGM missile, currently in production and fielded with the Navy today. AARGM-ER is being integrated on the Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler aircraft as well as the Air Force F-35A, Marine Corps F-35B, and Navy F-35C aircraft. •

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