WHAT IS THE FARMER’S ROLE IN TACKLING AMR?
How resistance develops AMR is a natural phenomenon. Bacteria have been around for millions of years and have developed various survival mechanisms. Bacteria acquire resistance genes which enable them to survive treatment with an antibiotic. Every time we use antibiotics some of the stronger bacteria develop resistance genes in order to survive. The misuse and overuse of antibiotics accelerates the rate at which resistance develops, and the problem is that the continued inappropriate use in the human and animal populations has resulted in the increased rate of development and HP-CIAs stand for Highest Priority Critically Important Antimicrobials which are the drugs of last resort for treatment of many bacterial infections in humans. These groups of antibiotics are critical tools to treat disease in humans where the first line antibiotics have not worked. Given the importance of HP-CIAs in human health, strict controls should be applied to their use in veterinary medicine. These antibiotics should NOT be used prophylactically to prevent disease, or as a first line of treatment in animals. They should only be prescribed when there are no effective alternative antibiotics available for the treatment of the bacterial disease. See Table 1 for examples of trade names of products containing HP-CIAs. spread of resistant bacteria. What are HP-CIAs?
Examples Of Product Trade Names
Baytril, Enrocare, Enrotril, Colmyl, Doraflox, Enrodexil, Enrotron, Enrox, Enroxil, Fenoflox, Floxibac, Kariflox, Quinoflox, Roxacin,
Marbocyl, Marbocare, Marbonor, Boflox, Forcyl, Kelacyl, Marbim, Marbosyva, Marfloxin, Marbox, Masterflox
3 rd and 4 th Generation Cephalosporins
Cobactan, Ceffect, Cefimam, Cephaguard, Qivitan,
Excenel, Naxcel, Alfacef, Cefavex, Cefenil, Cefokel, Ceftiocyl, Cevaxel, Cemay, Curacef, Eficur
Coliscour, Colfive, Hydrocol, Sogecoli,
Bilosin, Bilovet, Pharmasin, Tylan, Tylo, Tylosin, Tylovet, Tylucyl
Zactran Zuprevo Draxxin
Tilmicosin Hymatil, Micotil, Milbotyl, Pulmotil, Pulmovet, Tilmodyl, Tilmovet Table 1. Antibiotics licenced for sale in Ireland containing HP-CIAs. (Source HPRA website accessed Feb 2019)
BEEF HEALTHCHECK NEWSLETTER SPRING EDITION
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