Illinois Condominium Property Act

may require that each new proposed condominium unit comply with the current life safety, building, and zoning codes of the municipality. Section 31. Subdivision or combination of units. (a) As used in this Section, "combination of any units" means any 2 or more residential units to be used as a single unit as shown on the plat or amended plat, which may involve, without limitation, additional exclusive use of a portion of the common elements within the building adjacent to the combined unit (for example, without limitation, the use of a portion of an adjacent common hallway). (b) Unless the condominium instruments expressly prohibit the subdivision or combination of any units, and subject to additional limitations provided by the condominium instruments, the owner or owners may, at their own expense, subdivide or combine and locate or relocate common elements affected or required thereby, in accordance with the provisions of the condominium instruments and the requirements of this Act. The owner or owners shall make written application to the board of managers, requesting an amendment to the condominium instruments, setting forth in the application a proposed reallocation to the new units of the percentage interest in the common elements, and setting forth whether the limited common elements, if any, previously assigned to the unit to be subdivided should be assigned to each new unit or to fewer than all of the new units created and requesting, if desired in the event of a combination of any units, that the new unit be granted the exclusive right to use as a limited common element, a portion of the common elements within the building adjacent to the new unit. If the transaction is approved by a majority of the board of managers, it shall be effective upon (1) recording of an amendment to condominium instruments in accordance with the provisions of Sections 5 and 6 of this Act, and (2) execution by the owners of the units involved. (c) In the event of a combination of any units, the amendment under subsection (b) may grant the owner of the combined unit the exclusive right to use, as a limited common element, a portion of the common elements within the building adjacent to the new unit. The request for the amendment shall be granted and the amendment shall grant this exclusive right to use as a limited common element if the following conditions are met: (1) the common element for which the exclusive right to use as a limited common element is sought is not necessary or practical for use by the owners of any units other than the owner or owners of the combined unit; and (2) the owner or owners of the combined unit are responsible for any and all costs associated with the renovation, modification, or other adaptation performed as a result of the granting of the exclusive right to use as a limited common element. (d) If the combined unit is divided, part of the original combined unit is sold, and the grant of the exclusive right to use as a limited common element is no longer necessary, practical, or appropriate for the use and enjoyment of the owner or owners of the original combined unit, the board may terminate the grant of the exclusive right to use as a limited common element and require that the owner or owners of the original combined unit restore the common area to its condition prior to the grant of the exclusive right to use as a limited common element. If the

combined unit is sold without being divided, the grant of the exclusive right to use as a limited common element shall apply to the new owner or owners of the combined unit, who shall assume the rights and responsibilities of the original owner or owners. (e) Under this Section, the exclusive right to use as a limited common element any portion of the common elements that is not necessary or practical for use by the owners of any other units is not a diminution of the ownership interests of all other unit owners requiring unanimous consent of all unit owners under subsection (e) of Section 4 of this Act or any percentage set forth in the condominium instruments. (f) Notwithstanding Section 27 of this Act and any other amendment provisions set forth in the condominium instruments, an amendment pursuant to this Section is effective if it meets the requirements set forth in this Section. The declaration or bylaws of a condominium association may require mediation or arbitration of disputes in which the matter in controversy has either no specific monetary value or a value of $10,000 or less, other than the levying and collection of assessments, or that arises out of violations of the declaration, bylaws, or rules and regulations of the condominium association. A dispute not required to be mediated or arbitrated by an association pursuant to its powers under this Section, that is submitted to mediation or arbitration by the agreement of the disputants, is also subject to this Section. (b) The Illinois Uniform Arbitration Act shall govern all arbitrations proceeding under this Section. (b-5) The Uniform Mediation Act shall govern all mediations proceeding under this Section. (c) The association may require the disputants to bear the costs of mediation or arbitration. Section 32. Alternate dispute resolution; mediation; arbitration. (a) Section 33. Limitations on the use of smoking cannabis. The condominium instruments of an association may prohibit or limit the smoking of cannabis, as the term "smoking" is defined in the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act, within a unit owner's unit. The condominium instruments and rules and regulations shall not otherwise restrict the consumption of cannabis by any other method within a unit owner's unit, or the limited common elements, but may restrict any form of consumption on the common elements. Section 35. Compliance with the Condominium and Common Interest Community Ombudsperson Act. Every unit owners' association must comply with the Condominium and Common Interest Community Ombudsperson Act and is subject to all provisions of the Condominium and Common Interest Community Ombudsperson Act. This Section is repealed July 1, 2022.

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