A bit of camptLS "wildlife"



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The Buffalo State campus goes through many changes and many moods during the year, and - except for the

occasional burst water main and the huge pit ~------~~~~~----~~-----~ requked~rep~tt - usually looks like a

pretty pleasant place. In the late fall of '95 the city was hit with a heavy, wet snow and the campu s ' became the very definition of a "Winter Wonderland."

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Photos by Jeff Smith and Brent Skeen


Applicution.~ for

... ...._ nre avmlab1e In U:\e SLude~t LiFe OFFJCe, Union 100

Photos by Jeff Smith and Brent Skeen

Delaware Park Buff State 's fabulous front yard

AJ bri ht- Knox Art Ga llcr~

A Walk in the Park /Vo. (j SbuJJ...

All photos by Jeif Smith

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Elmwood Avenue... Jt!G- 0~~bup!

One flew over the cuckoo's nest. .. on his way to campus.

Have it your way at Subway... not Aramark's way!!!

Our journey begins at Ye ol' Buff. State.





Hey Pano, I'll have the open chicken gyro ...with fetta.

Where the Brady Bunch prob– ably eats Sunday brunch!

Can you say fahrwegnugen?

Can you say 'disco fever'?

Yummy, Yummy, Yummy, I've got beef by-products in my tummy.

Due cappuccino.

Upstairs or down– stairs... decisions, decisions.

We are soooo cool on the Cole's patio.

I'll take a pair of bell bottoms, a Jennifer Aniston haircut, and a black light...

What lhe hell is on an everything Not even during the blizzard bagel anyway? of December '95.

The only p lace you'11 ever find Morrissey and NIN side by s ide.

Heenan's schmeenans -who needs a name!

Dr. Davis, I'm shocked! Frequenting No Name's this early on a Sunday!

Besl cream in town!


Elmwood Avenue.. . continues

Tacos on Saturday - bubble bath on Sunday.

Spin them funky tunes, white boy.

Hey do you know Adrian?

How much is that doggie in front of the window?

From tricycles to dual suspension, it's all here.

Everything Elmwood, is that good or bad?

A taste of the 'new' Southwest.

Best poke in town, guaranteed.

What would Elmwood be without a little art?

Finally, a place to buy Buffalo memorabilia, wait'll I tell the gang!

Photos and text by Brent Skeen

<.Yillfiuf u RffN B·O 0 K S T 0 R E

Are you guys lost? This is Elmwood Ave .

Take-out for my VCR.

A good book and a cup of Joe. nuff said .

Two Texas Hots to go, my good man.

Jimmy Mac's

Food fit for the Gods.

Eminent Designs' eminent domain.

Nothin' like a greasy Philly Steak (So that explains the smudge).

We won't even touch this one.

2,Cuanto cuesta esta chihuahua en la ventana?

By Laura Castelluzzo IJ ·ving in the dorms has been an experience... I've lived in Peny Hall for two years now and I even catch myself calling it "home" once in a while. Just like "home," Perry Hall, and living on cam– pus in general, has had its good and bad points. First of all, the actual mov– ing away from home, no matter where you live, is an experience in itself. The

simple fact of not being in familiar surroundings al– most forces a person to meet new people and see new things. It's lonely at first. I know I cried the first couple of days because I missed my boyfriend at the time. But after a while you get used to not seeing your mom every day, not having dinner on the table every night, or even eating a decent meal for that matter, and not talking to your friends from high school on a regular basis.

For me, Perry Hall was like a big house with all of these people I lived with- a family, more or less. At least that is what you make it when you first get there, to have some sense of security. Everyone is nice to everyone else and people hang out in large groups almost all the time. Then, after the first couple of weeks, you begin to make a life for your– self and the groups get smaller.

Photo by Corey Williams

It's great having people around all the time. There is always someone around to talk to, watch a movie with, or just hang out. But that's the problem - there's ALWAYS people around including your roommate. In other words, no privacy (or very little), and no ambition to do home– rk. If you're bored you can just walk down the hall and walk into a friend's room (open doors mean "walk in" ... otherwise, knock), or you could open a book and study. Which would YOU rather do? I think if I had an apartment off campus I would study more. But it would be more expensive and I'd probably miss more classes.

You have to be a dedicated student where ever you live. It's really easy to party all the time when you live in a dorm, and it's hard to push yourself to study, but that's why we have study lounges and the library. We do have organized so– cial events in the dorms... last fall we had a Halloween Party and this semester we had a couple of open mic coffeehouses in our lounge. People get together and play guitars, sing, or read a poem or two. We each bring a mug and the dorm provides the coffee. Those nights were a lot of fun. Overall, I am glad I dormed. I have met tons of

great people (and some not-so-great ones). A few helpful hints- don't date people that live in your dorm and especially not if they live on the same floor; and don't be afraid to tell people they're being too loud! Anyway, I've had times in the dorm that I will n ever forget, but even– tually we all move on. Everything must come to an end, but friend– ships and memories can last forever. fJaq,e 145

For over 25 years BuffState students have had the college camp in Franklinville, New York to escape to when the pressures of a city campus need relieving. The two lodges and 617 acres of forests, ponds, trails, andwildlife host dozens ofgroups during the year and, at least once a year during Camp Board's "Rural Madness" party, there is an open day of music and food for students to enjoy.

YunofStudent Activiti~•

Bob Dylan performed two hou rs of h is songs for nearly 4000 peop le in the Sports Arena on May II , I996. (Unfortu n ate ly cameras wer e banned by the performa n ce contract.)

A Collegium in the fall of ' 95 featured Dr. James Mabry and a student sliding trombones (top). and Jennifer Thomas and Tricia Strayer singing to Dr. Thomas Witakowskfs piano accompaniment (midd le). The gu itarist at left performed at the International Fiesta i n May.

Photos by Brent Skeen

Par;e !55

Rocket from the Crypt (top) brought back the glory days of punk music in November ·gs. In December, Patra (bol1.om) somehow managed to distract some of the stage security from their assigned task.

Designer, (above) a calypso s inger. performed al lhe CSO Caribash in April ' 96. Museum Spirit (righl) played Lo a Bengal Pause crowd in the Studenl Union lobby and Lhe band below played at a gathering of hard-core alternative bands in the Union Social Hall in early May.

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Brent Skeen

George Carlin (opposite page) performed his comedy bits for several thousand people in the Sports Arena on April 11. Xalat, African Dancers and Drummers (left) performed in the Union Lobby as part of Africa Week in the fall "95. Silver X-treme (below) played classic rock as part of an April voter registration drive. Rokabanda (boltom) was the featured act at the Adelante Estudiantes Latinos year-end semi-formal at th e downtown Buffalo Statler Towers' elegant grand ballroom.

Photos by Jeff Smith. Bottom photo by Dave Meinzer

Attorney General Janet Reno visits BSC U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno said youth crime is one of the country's biggest problems. Reno participated in ''A Forum on Criminal Justice and Youth Crime Issues" with 11 local law enforcement officials March 18 in Buffalo State College's J3uckham Campus School Auditorium. She is the nation's first woman attorney general. Youlh crime rates are so high in some places that communities have their "backs against the wall," Reno said. She said she was excited to see Western New York neighborhoods gathering to find solutions to crime problems.

Reno said she will not write off an entire generation of young people, noting that worldwide the United States spends the least amount of its gross national product on education. Children need continuous contact with community leaders such as parents , teachers and police officers, she said. Some panel members proposed community policing, open dialogues and more communication between schools. police and parents as solutions to youth crime. Others noted the importance of getting weapons off the streets, early intervention when children are in unhealthy environments, and less frequent incarcera– tion ofyouthful offenders. Congressman John J. LaFalce, D-N.Y., and his office coordinated Reno's visit.

- BengaL News Service/ Record

Congressman John J. LaFalce, D-N.Y., left, s its with (from left to right) U.S . Attorney General Jan et Re no and Niagar a County Dis trict Attorney Matthew Murphy Ill. Th e panel a lso included BSC Criminal Jus tice Department Chairman John Conley, Niagara Falls School Supe rintendant Carmen Granto , Erie Cou n ty Family Cou rt Judge Ma rgar et Szczur, Buffalo Police Commissioner R. Gil Kerlikowske , Buffa lo Schools Superintenda n t Albert Thompson. Erie County Sheriff Thomas Higgins, Niagara County Sheriff Thomas Beilein, and Town of Tonawa nda Police Chief Samuel Pa lmieri.

Hair stylists cut for AIDS Alpha Omega Zeta and Kaiser Beauty Products learned up lo fight AlDS. spon sming $5 h airculs and donaling lhe proceeds lo local service groups. "We have r a ised tons of cash: people seem realy inleresled ... said college a lumna and evenl organizer Darlene Shillitlo. AOZ members also handed oul safe-sex and AIDS-awareness Oyer s and sold ra fn e tic kels for T-sh irls and salon s u pplies. - Bengal News Service I Record

Volunteer stylists from local Paul Mitchell s igna– ture salon s cut sluden l h air in lhe Student Union Lobby in December 1995. Proceeds went lo AlDS Communily Services ofWestern New York and Benedict House.

Paqe 161

Photos by Brent Skeen

<7/te 'tfndeJS~, Q B~ On May 2, 1996, USG held its annual Awards Banquet. This years' festivities were at the Hyatt Regency in downtown Buffalo and featured Dean of Students Dr. Phil Santa Maria as both award winner (he was inducted into the USG Hall of Fame) and as an entertainer with his jazz/pop combo performing for the diners and dancers.

Outstanding Students • Will Maloney, Vice President of the Year (with Ed Jones) . • Chris Milton, Meritorius Service (with Mark Newsom). • Shariffee Humphrey, African American Student Organization , Organization of the Year. • Denise Gayle. Treasurer of the Year (with Bret Jorgenson). Not shown: Dan Velasquez, Senator of the Year.

Outstanding Staff • Kate Ward , Meritorius Service (with Kathleen Bouthillier). • Dr. Frank Pascarella, Meritorius Service (with Ed Jones). • Dr. Catherine Ansuini, Inslruclor of the Year (with Ed Jones). • Kathy Schneider, USG Employee of the Year. • Mike Lynch, USG Employee of the Year (with Mark Newsom).

USG Hall of Fame • Slate Sen ator Sam Hoyt

• Associate Vice President and Dean of Students Dr. Phil Santa Maria

Photos by Dave Meinzer

Santa Maria. lead by Dean of S tudents Dr. Phil Santa Ma ria, swings into "Th e Girl from lpan ema·· and fills the dance floor.

Student Union Board Presiden t Sarah Gitlere and Caribbean S tudent Organization President J ewel Bayley smile for the came ra.



O n Saturday, April20, 1996 the International Student Organi– zation presented their annual International Fiesta in the Union Social Hall. The posters promised "Fun, Food, Entertainment, Friends," and the hundreds of people who showed up weren't disap– pointed. Dozens of countries represented by students at BSC were represented on stage with costumes, dances, martial arts demonstra– tions, and all sorts of other colorful exhibitions. These four pages show some of the sights that Fiesta-goers enjoyed. Photos by Brent Skeen




Some people are seen around campus all the time: Clockwise on this page from top right: Joa n Backlarz. Union licket office a nd J eff Connolly. Union custodian. Donna

LaVerde of t he Student Life Office worked the student election voti ng booths with a fri end. Jackie Skinner (on right, with a friend) s pen t ma ny hours in lhe Union dispensing informa tion. friendship and occasionally. sn acks . Amy Roeder . USG Dental Clinic. Judy Corey, Weigel Health Center. Public Safety Officer James Urbanski.

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e 28 Buffalo State College students selected for inclusion in Who's Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges were evaluated on the basis of their academic standing, participation in co-curricular activities and service to the campus and community. Each of the students demonstrated achievements in a combination of these areas. The students were honored at an awards ceremony and reception on April 17, 1996. 1995-1996 Who's Who Recipients Ms. Faranak Ahmadpour Ms. Salamatou Bako Ms. Sandra Benz Mr. Matthew Biondolillo Mr. Won-Shik Chung Ms. Danielle Cobb Mr. Eddy Desir Mr. Stephen Desotell Ms. Naomi Diaz Ms. Rose Hill Ms. Kathleen Krissell Mr. Richard Limburg Ms. Misaki Mikawa Mr. Mark Newsom Ms. Brenda Perez Mr. Eric Pfahler Ms. Penny Pullin Ms. Contessa Pou Mr. Christopher Sharits Mr. Mohammad Rashid Siddiqui Ms. Amy Weber Ms. Kathleen Diegelman Ms. Ramrattie Goolsarran Ms. Holly Haeckl

Ms. Siew Luan Yeo Ms. Eva Zsigovics

Mr. Shawn Hardnett Ms. Rebecca Hayes

Left: Ms. Faranak Ahmadpour, Textile Design Right: Ms. Salamatou Bako, Biology



Ms. Sandra Benz, Exceptional Education

Left: Mr. Won-Shik Chung,

Business & Economics

Right: Mr. Eddy Desir Spanish

Left: Mr. Stephen

Desotell, Business

Right: Ms . Naomi Diaz, Humanities

fJaqe 171

Ms. Ramrattie Goolsarran, Food Systems Management

Left: Ms. Rebecca Hayes, Business Studies Right: Mr. Richard Limburg, Chemistry

Left: Mr. Eric Pfahler, Business

Right: Ms. Penny Pullin, Elementary Education

Ms. Contessa Pou, Social Work

Left: Mr. Christopher Sharits, Political Science Right: Mr. Mohammad Rashid Siddiqui, Computer Information SystP.ms

Left: Ms. Amy Weber, Elementary Edication

Right: Ms. Eva Zsigovics, Sociology

(JCUfB 173

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P ope John Paul II visits New Jersey, New York and Maryland, and addresses the United Nations. He speaks out on social, economic, political and moral themes.

F rench transportation workers strike against their government throughout the month of December, shutting down the airlines and the metro system, after France increases the retirement age from 50 to 55 and lengthens the work week from 37 to 39 hours in efforts to cut spending.

APi\Vtde World

W rap artist Christo creates "Wrapped Reichstag" for the city of Berlin by covering the former home of the German parliament withone million square teet of silver fabric in June.

In late May, adoctor performs emergency surgery aboardBritish Airways flight 32 using acoat hanger, aknife and fork. and a scissors sterilized in brandy to save awoman whose life is threatened by acollapsed lung. T ahitian protests escalate into riots after France detonates anuclear test device 750 miles from the South Pacific island. France's September resumptionof tests after a three-year moratorium brings global condemnation.

H eads of many of the 186 member nations gather in New York to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the United Nations in October.

Marxist Cuban President Fidel Castro abandons his Havana cigar and military fatigues for a suit and tie on adiplomatic visit to New York in October, where he tries to convince the U.S. to lift its 33-year-old trade embargo on still-communist Cuba.

Shock waves hit the Middle East when Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is shot and killed while leaving a peace rally in Tel Aviv November 4. His murderer, Jewish extremist Yigal Amir, fanatically opposes peace negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organization.

In a powerful address to the U.N.'s Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, attended by 30,000 women from 180 countries, U.S. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton declares, "Women's rights are human rights," to a desk-thumping, applauding audience.

Fifty years after the end of World War II, Japan remembers those killed by the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Asolitary building lett standing after the blast, now amemorial called the Atomic Bomb Dome, symbolizes the horrors of war and the price of peace.

Madman Shako Asahara, leader of the Japanese apocalyptic religious cult, Aum Shinrikyo, is arrested on May 16 and charged with the Tokyo subway nerve-gas attack that lett 12 people dead and injured 5,500 more in March.

~ T he fi~st U.S.president to v1sit Northern Ireland. Pres1dent Clinton receives a warm Chnstmas welcome for his show of support for peace between Irish Protestants and Catholics. H urricane Marilyn inflicts millions of dollars of damage in theVirgin Islands in September. Winds upto 127 miles per hour severely damage half the homes on St. Thomas.

A n earthquake kills 51people on the resort-studded PacifiC coast of Mexico. The quake measures 7.5 on the Richter scale and is felt 330miles away in MexicoCity.

flash "' In November, the Republic of Ireland narrowly passes a referendum calling lor an end to the country's 1937 constitutional ban on divorce. September, two hot air J balloonists, one English and ~ one American, are shot down l when their balloon floats off "' course over Belarus. The Belarussian army sees the balloon as a security threat and fires without warning. The balloonists fall to their death. More than four years after Desert Storm, Iraq's President Saddam Hussein remains in power, though two of his sons-in-law defect to Jordan on August 8 and call for Hussein's overthrow. While competing in an international llalloon race in

H ope blooms for peace in Bosnia when Bosnia's President lzetbegovic (left) shakes hands with Serbia's President Milosevic on the?penin9 day of the November cease-firetalks in Dayton, Ohio. Croat1as Pres1dent Tudjman looks on. The ensuing Paris peace agreement of December sends 60,000 NATOpeacekeeping troops to the war-torn country.

AP!W1de World

Great Britain's Princess Diana shocks Buckingham Palace with atell-all BBCinterview. Defying royal protocol, she discusses her marriage to unfaithful husband, Prince Charles, her strugglewith depression and bulimia, andan extramarital affair. Themajority of English people express their support and sympathy.

InJuly, without public explanations, Burma's military rulers free thecountry's most famous political prisoner, Daw Aung San SuuKyi. leader of the pro-democracy movement and Nobel peace laureate, after six years of house arrest.

Securities trader Nicholas Leeson is arrested in Germany in March 1995 for fraud, forgery, and breach-of-trust. Leeson racked up a$1 .32 billion loss that caused the collapse of Barings PLC, the 233-year-old British bank.

Russian figureskater Sergei Grinkov, 28, collapses anddies from a heart attack during practice with his wife-partner Ekaterina Gordeeva on November 20. The pair won two Olympic gold medalsand four world pairs titles.

Quebec, Canada's largely French– speaking province, defeats an October referendum on Quebec independence by amargin of less than one percent.

ltti1mim– ~· I


T hree days of drenching rains in the Pacific Northwest swell rivers to overflowing, caus– ing severe flooding in Washington in December. In the town of Carnation, apastor conveys a woman to dry land with awheelbarrow.

A San Francisco sewer line bursts under pressure from battering rainstorms, creating amonster sinkhole that swallows a$2-million house in the Sea Cliff district. One-hundred-mile-per-hour winds knock out power to tens of thousands of homes and nearly blow atruck off the Bay Bridge.

The federal government repeals the national 55-mile-per-hour highway speed limit, enacted in 1974 during the oil embargo. The legislation allows states to set their own limits. On Montana highways, speed limits are eliminated completely. A ir Force Captain Scott O'Grady (right) is rescued from pursuing Bosnian Serb forces by U.S. Marines on June 8, six days after his plane is shot down over Bosnia. O'Grady survived on insects, plants, and rainwater.

A frican-American men from across the country converge on Washington, D.C., for the Million Man March on October 16. The march, led by Nation-of– Islam minister Louis Farrakhan, promotes African-American unity, dignity, and family values.

The nation comes to astandstill on October 3as more than 150 million people watch live TV coverage of the outcome of the nine-month-long trial of the century. After less than four hours of deliberation, the jury finds former football star O.J. Simpson not guilty of the murders of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman.

U.S. Senator Bob Packwood of Oregon resigns on September 7, the day after the SenateEthics Committee voted unanimously to expel him for sexual misconduct, embarrassingly detailed in his diaries, which were made public.

After ayear of fame as a conservative revolutionary, Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich slumps in popularity, tainted by the government shutdown, his stalled Contract With America, and investigations into his political action com– mittee and his financial affairs.

Two-thousand volunteer firefighters battlea raging wildfire in eastern Long Island, New York, for three days in August. The fire, following a 21-day drought, consumes 5,500 acres of pine barrens and damages adozen homes. There are no injuries or fatalities.

Illinois suffers arecord heat wave in July, with temperatures as high as 104•. The heat takes the lives of 457 people statewide. At Wrigley Stadium, Jaime Navarro helps faithful Chicago Cubs fans stay cool.

T he image of firefighter Chris Fields holding As more Americans invest, Wall Street enjoys abull market. In November. the Dow-Jones Industrial one-year-old Baylee Almon, who later dies, comes to symbolize the horror of the April19 Average hits 5000, amilestone tndicating healthy corporate profits and low interest rates. bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Buildingthat killed 150 adults and 19children.

flash DespiteAmericans' doubts and fears, U.S. troQPs head lor Bosnia in December. The 20,000 U.S. forces, serving under NATO command beside 40,000 European allies, face the task of keeping peace among the country's warring Serbs, Croats and Muslims. The State of South Carolina sentences Susan Smith to life in prison lor the drowning murder of her twoyoung sons in1994. An anonymous donor sends St. Jude'sChildren's Research Hospital in Memphis $1 million in the form of a winning ticket from McDonald's November "Monopoly" sweepstakes game. In the wake of a growing number of random attacks from assailants with knives and guns, White House security is forced to close Pennsylvania Avenue to traffic. After allegedly ignoring federal pollution regulations lor years, General Motors agrees under threat of an $11-million fine to recall 500,000 Cadillacs at a cost of $45 million.

O nApril30, the adoptive parents of four-year-old "Baby Richard" comply withan Illinois court order to turn thechild over to his biological parents.

Area Closed

Area cl

o~ed c:Jue appJ opnations.

to lack of

T he government shuts down for six days in November after the President and Congress fail to agree on how to balance the federal budget. Theshutdown affects non-essential federal services, including the National ParkService. A longer shutdown follows inDecember.

American women celebrate the 75th anniversary of the19th amendment totheU.S. Constitution, which granted womenthe right to vote. Women's suffrage leader Susan B. Anthony (1820-1 906) first organized the fight for suffrage in 1848.

The Washington Post publishes amanifesto writtenby the unidentified killer known as "The Unabomber," at large since1978 andwanted for 16 mail bombs that have killed 3 and injured 23. FBI agents scrutinize the articlefor clues to the bomber's identity.

Warren E. Burger, Chief Justice of theU.S. Supreme Court from 1969 to 1986, dies inJune at age 87.Though appointed by President Richard Nixon, he ordered Nixon to turn over tapes in the Watergate hearings that effectively ended the president's career.

A recordsnowfall paralyzes the East Coast in January 1996, stranding travelers andkilling 100 people. Seven states, from Virginiato Massachusetts, declare emergencies. Philadelphia gets 30.7 inches of snow.

AChicago commuter train slams into the back end of a loaded school bus.The accident, allegedly caused by apoorly timed stoplight placedtoo near the tracks, kills 7students and injures 28 on October 25.


Wubbo DeJong H

A sthe result of an improperly cleaned test tube at afertility clinic, awoman in the Netherlands gives birth to twin boys, each from adifferent father.

In March.the Federal Drug Administration approves achicken– pox vaccine. Rarely fatal, chicken-pox affects 3.7 million Americans annually. A rchaeologists discover a 3,000-year-old tomb in May that is believed to hold the remains of 52 sons of Ramses II. Pharaoh of Egypt R esearchers announce that they haveisolated a gene in mice linked to obesity. Mice with amutated OBgene are injected with the hormone leptin, resulting in dramatic weight oss. The public is tantalized at the prospect of leptin as aslimming treatment for use in humans.

NASA A stunning photograph from the Hubble Space Telescope captures a moment in thebirth of astar in the Eagle Nebula, 7,000 light years from Earth. Light from the young star's nuclear furnace liftstowering pillars of hydrogen gas and interstellar dust.

Or Jtlhey fpcd. Gamma/Ualson

Fossils of ajawbone (left) and leg bone (right) found in Kenya in August reveal apreviously unknown species of upright hominid that lived four million years ago, pushing the emergence of bipedalism back half amillion years. Walking upright is akey adaptation that separates humans from apes.

As a protective measure against counterfeiting in the era of digital publishing, the Treasury Department redesigns U.S. currency bills, to be issued over thenext five years, starting early 1996 with the new $100 bill.

Theworld's first test-tube gorilla is born at the Cincinnati Zoo in October as part of an effort to save the western lowland gorilla, an endangered species that numbers fewer than 450 animals.

Media attention focuses on melatonin, a naturally occurring hormone used to induce sleep and slow the effects of aging. Lauded as awonder drug, a kilogram of synthetic melatonin sells for as much as $10.000.

In aprocedure known as tissue engineering, scientists grow a human ear under the skin of a laboratory mouse. Researchers hope the procedure will play an important role in the future of transplant surgery.

F ormer rivals in space become comrades mspace after the historic docking of the U.S. space shuttle Atlantis and Russia's Mirspace station on June29. Astronaut Robert Gibson (in red) greets cosmonaut Vladimir Dezhurov.

I nJune, volcantc eruptions give birth to ababy island. Anewmember of the Tonga Islands emerges near NewZealand, 900 feet high and 140 feet wide.

After a decade-long search, scientists isolate what may be the most important cancer– related gene. The defective gene known as ATM is associated with cancers of the breast, colon, lung, stomach, pancreas and skin, and may be carried by two million Americans. Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope observe new moons orbiting the planet Saturn, adding at least 2 moons and possibly 4 to Saturn's previously known total of 18. Ateam of French and British explorers believe they have found an ancient breed of horse previously unknown to scientists. In November, the four-foot high horse with a triangular head, which resembles the vanished horses of European Stone Age drawings, is named Riwoche for its home region in Tibet. October satellite photographs show the recent rapid deterioration of the earth's ozone layer above Antarctica. Pollutants produced mostly by the U.S. cause the hole in the atmosphere's protective layer to increase to the size of Europe.

B uyers rush to stores for the newcomputer operating system Windows 95, spurred by Microsoft Corp.'s 5700-million publicity barrage and the promise of afriendlier interface.

T he movie Apollo 13opens in the summer after filming many of its scenes inside NASA's "zero gravity" plane, which mimics theweightlessness astronauts experience inspace by diving into a23-second freefall.

Now virtual reality comes in a handy travel size with Nintendo's latest, Virtual Boy, a portable3-D video-game system with stereophonic sound.

In November, Visa introduces a cash-storage card that eliminates a pocketful of loose change. Achip in the plastic card tracks theamount of available cash, which is accessed with a reader at the place of purchase. The card can be taken to the bank and reloaded.

New research shows that the meat-eating Tyrannosaurus rex did not loom upright, but stalked along lower to the ground. The discovery is reflected inthe reopened exhibits of the famed dinosaur halls of NewYork's American Museum of Natural History after three years of redesign.

in the news

W ith $150,000 saved during her 75 hardworking years as awasherwoman, Oseola McCarty establishes a scholarshipfund for African– American students at the University of Southern Mississippi. For her self– lessness, she is awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal.

P amela Lee of "Baywatch" fame and husband Tommy Lee, Motley Crue drummer, are the life oftheparty this year, frequently caught by the press engaging in public displays of affection. T railblazer Shannon Faulkner (hand to head) withdraws from the Citadel after collapsing during "hell week." Faulkner singlehandedly attempted to bust thegender barrier at the all-male South Carolina military institution.

A lready well known for her appearances in Aerosmith music videos, 19-year-old Alicia Silverstone achieves stardom with the1995 summer movie hit Clueless.

Millions of Americans tune in to MarthaStewart's TV show, subscribe to her magazine, and read her books. Thepopular cooking and home-decorating entrepreneur builds an empire by packaging adistinctive American nostalgic style.

Bill Gates, founder and chairman of thecomputer giant Microsoft, becomes the wealthiest man in the world onthe success of his company's software. His book The RoadAhead hits The New York Times best-seller list.

Sandra Bullock follows up her star-making role in Speed with the gentleromance While You Were Sleeping. Bullock's fresh, wholesome image earns her an "Entertainer of theYear" nomination from Entertainment Week(V magazine.

Hot actor Antonio Banderas falls in love with another screen sex– symbol Melanie Griffith during the filming of Two Much. Banderas will co-star with Madonna in the film version of Evita and will star in Steven Spielberg-produced Zarro.

Seventies superstar John Travolta's motion-picture comeback in the1994 hit Pulp Fiction continues with starring roles in Get Shorty and

Broken Arrow.

A merica is disappointed in its high hopes for ColinPowell's 1996 presidential candidacy. At the close of his whirlwind book tour for My American Journey, the General and his wifeAlmaannounce 1n November that he will not seek the Republican nomination.

S tand-up comic and sitcom star Ellen DeGeneres makes thebest-seller list with her book My Point...And I Do Have One.

Calvin Klein's provocative CK Jeans campaign causes an uproar in August, bringing nasty headlines, threats of retailer boycotts and an FBI investigation. The scandal only seems to help sales. Michael Jackson and lisa Marie Presley announce their divorce almost a year after their surprise marriage. The tabloids have afield day speculating about the reasons for the marriage (was it a cold– hearted career move?) as well as the causes for the break-up (was he after Elvis' fortune?). Louganis, former U.S. Olympic gold-medal diver who revealed earlier that he has AIDS, debuts at No . 2 on the best-seller list. Popcorn magnate Orvi lle Redenbacher, who transformed popping corn into a gourmet item, dies on September 19 from heart failure. Two Chinese women set a new Guiness world record in November by living in a room for 12 days with 888 poisonous snakes. The previous world record, set in Singapore in 1987, was 10 days with 200 snakes. Breaking the Surface, the autobiography of Greg

C hristopher Reeve, in a wheelchair and hooked up to aportablerespirator, appears with his wife, Dana, at the American Paralysis Association's annual gala on November 9, less than five months after afall from a horse left him almost totally paralyzed.

A j 0-year-oldSt. Louis schoolboy, i..arry Champagne Ill, becomes a hero by taking control of his school busafter the driver suffered astroke. Champagne is later awarded a$10,000 scholarship by the bus company.

John F. Kennedy, Jr., is cofounder and editor-in-chief of George, aglossy new magazine covering American politics. Hounded all his life by the press, Kennedy joins their ranks, contributing afeature interview to each issue.

Favorite of America's heartland for his You Might Be ARedneck If... jokes, Georgia-born stand-up comic and author Jeff Foxworthy gets his own ABC sitcom in which he plays himself.

Actress Demi Moore becomes the highest paid woman in Hollywood,able to command $12.5 million per movie, even after this year's flop at the box office The Scarlet Letter, loosely based on Hawthorne's classic.

Model Beckford Tyson, singled out by Ralph Lauren for his all– American looks, signs an exclusive contract with the fashion designer in 1995.

Miss Oklahoma Shawntel Smith is crowned Miss America on September 16. During the broadcast of the 75th pageant, viewers phone in their votes to retain the swimsuit competition.


T he fifth actor to play 007 in the enduring film series begun in the 1960s, Pierce Brosnan abandons his Aston Martin for a BMW Z3 Roadster in Goldeneye, the latest and, some say, best James Bond movie. T hree 1995 movies bring Jane Austen classics to the silver screen: Clueless, based on Austen's novel Emma. and Sense and Sensibility and Persuasion.

D isney Pictures continues its line of animated blockbusters with the Native American legend Pocahontas. The picture previews in New York's Central Park to an outdoor audience of 200,000.

B atman Forever, with Val Kilmer in the title role and Chris O'Donnell as Robin, becomes the third Batman movieand the summer's top– grossing film.

Denzel Washington, critically acclaimed for his performances in films Crimson Tide and Devil in a Blue Dress. receives highest praise from theCity of Los Angeles, which honors him with theMartin Luther King, Jr., Award for his philanthropicwork on behalf of children.

Although ABC cancels her TV series "My So-Called Life," 17-year-old Claire Danes hits the big screen in How to Make an American Quilt, To Gillian on Her 37th Birthday, and Romeo and Juliet with Leonardo DiCaprio

Whitney Houston stars in the December film release. Waiting to Exhale, adapted from Terry McMillan's best-selling novel about the lives of four middle– class African-American women. Houston sings the title songfor the movie soundtrack, which enjoys brisk sales.

After an unpromising start, Conan O'Brien quietly gains popularity as host of NBC's "Late Night," aslot previously filled by David Letterman. Letterman's current show on CBS slowly loses viewers.

In the suspense-thriller Seven, heartthrob Brad Pitt attracts a wide maleaudience with his performance as adetective on thetrail of aserial killer whose murders are based ontheseven deadly sins.

as her co-star.

N BC's hospital drama "E.R." continues to draw high ratmgs throughout1995 thanks to its dramatic realism and the appeal of handsome G~orge Clooney (middle right), supermodel Cmdy Crawford's latest date.

Disney Enterta1o ment 1peros $19 billion to purcha1e tre ABC telev1s1or ~etwork 10 July

flash MTV introduces "Singled Out," an over-the-top dating game show where contestants ask random, pointless questions of acrowd of suitors, sight unseen, until the zany answers have eliminated all but that one perfect love match. ~ According to a Roper Youth ~ Poll, the two hottest TV shows among teens this season are the daytime soap "Days of Our lives" and the evening soap "Melrose Place. " "The Jon Stewart Show "a late-night talk show ai~ed at Generation X, fails to catch on. During the final taping, host Stewart says, "To all those people who said my show wouldn't last, I have only one thing to say. Good call."

T oyStory is the world's first entirely computer-animated film. Released by Disney during the Christmas season. it features the voices of Tom Hanks,Tim Allen. and Don Rickles.

J imCarrey earns $20 million for the starring role in the comedy Ace Ventura: When Nature Ca/ls, asequel to the extraordinarily popular Ace Ventura: Pet Detective. T he popular NBC TV series "Friends" returns for asecond highly rated season. Its runaway success inspires less successful imitations by other networks.

Sam Jones. Gammafl..m1son

Devoted fans will not be denied another season of NBC's sitcom "Seinfeld" after all. Creator Jerry Seinfeld decides to keep his "show about nothing" going for an eighth season.

Fox TV's "The XFiles" stars David Duchovny as an FBI agent who investigates supernatural phenomena. The show becomes asurprise hit, giving millions of viewers reason to look forward to staying home on aFriday night.

Horror-fiction author Stephen King signs adeal with Signet books to release his upcoming story, The Green Mile, as a paperback series.

Ten years after creating the popular comic strip "Calvin and Hobbes," cartoonist Bill Watterson retires in December.

• I

B lues Traveler emerge from the underground scene to widespread popularity with their album Four and the single "Run-Around."

C leveland-based rap group to the top of the charts with some old-fashioned harmonizing on thealbum E. 1999Eternal. Y oko Ono and Little Richard join ahost of celebrities at theopening of theglitzy Rock– Bone Thugs-n-Harmony vault

T heir down-to-earth style and soulful pop songs make Hootie and the Blowfish popular favorites. Their debut album Cracked Rear View sells over 5 million, and the group is named Best New Artist at the MTV Music Awards in September.

and-Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Cleveland on September 1.

R ocker Melissa Etheridge follows top– selling Yes, I Am with her fifth album, Your Little Secret.

Sixties icon Jerry Garcia, guitarist of The Grateful Dead. dies of aheart attack on August 9at age 53. Garcia's musical roots in blues, country and folk are apparent in hits like "Truckin'." Legions of Deadheads mourn his passing.

Brandy, whose self-titled platinum album and single "I Wanna Be Down" hit high on the R&B charts, sweeps the first Soul Train Music Awards in August. The 16-year-old singer wins Best New Artist, among other awards.

The chart-topping movie soundtrack Dangerous Minds features Coolio's rap anthem "Gangsta's Paradise," the number-one single of the year according to Billboard magazine.

Beatlemania returns in 1995 with ABC's six-hour documentary The Beatles Anthology, the video releases of AHard Day's Night and Help! and the album collection Anthology, featuring previously unreleased material.

Twenty-year-old Canadian newcomer Alanis Morissette raises some eyebrows with her up-front, aggressive lyrics and attitudes. Nevertheless, her album Jagged Little Pill goes double platinum.

T heChicago-based rock band Smashing Pumpkins release their epic double album Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness to critical and publicacclaim.

L ive dedicatetheir single "Lightning Crashes" to victims of the OklahomaCity bombing. The rock band's Throwing Copper album yields three hit singles; Billboard Music Awards names them Rock Artist of the Year.

M ariah Carey's Daydream sells over 5 million copies, taking number-one spot on the Billboard album chart. Carey performs with Boyz II Men on the hit single "One Sweet Day."

flash R.E.M.'ssummer tour is interrupted by medical



~ emergencies for three of the £ band's four members. The tour, ,; :c their first in five years, is 8 eventually completed with all i members in good health. In October, David Bowie and Nine Inch Nails wrap up the U.S. portion of Bowie's world tour. At each show, Bowie and Trent Reznor's band play aset together. In December, Bowie tours Europe with Morrissey as his opening act. The Red Hot Chili Peppers tone down their trademark bawdiness in their newest album, One Hot Minute.

F ormer Nirvana drummer Dave Grahl plays anew sound as guitarist and lead singer in the Foo Fighters, analternative rock band that enjoys three singles off their self-titled debut album in 1995.

A tlanta's TLCis honored at the Billboard Music Awards for providing two of the year's biggest hits. "Creep" and "Waterfalls" both lead the Hot 1DOsingles charts

for weeks.

Jeffrey Scales, LGI

Ahard-luck story turns into overnight success in thecase of Canadian Shania Twain, born in poverty to an Irishmother and anOjibway Indian father. Twain's 1995 hits include "Whose Bed Have Your Boots Been Under?," "Any Man of Mine" and thetitle tuneto her 3-million-selling album The Woman In Me.

Selena, the23-year-old Tejano music queen, is gunned down in Corpus Christi in March 1995 by Yolanda Saldivar, former president of her fan club. The July release of a collection of Selena's hits, Dreaming of You, sees someof thefastest sales in music history.

Seal's hit off the Batman Forever moviesoundtrack, "Kiss Froma Rose," is all over thesummer p/ay/ists. The singlepropels the artist's self-titled album to the double-platinum mark.

Success doesn't mellow thestyle of alternative rock band Green Day, who release their anxiously awaited fourth album Insomniac, their fastest and darkest album to date.

With the record-setting sales of hisalbum Fresh Horses, only three musical acts in U.S. history outsell country music iconGarth Brooks: the Beat/es, the Eagles, and BillyJoel.


~~ ~

T he New Jersey Devils win theNational Hockey League's Stanley Cup, beating the heavily favored Detroit Red Wings in four straight games.

The most controversial moves are off the field this season as the Cleveland Browns NFL franchise announces its move to Baltimore and the Houston Oilers announce their move to Nashville. I nMay 1995, Peter Blake's Team New Zealand in "Black Magic 1" defeats Dennis Conner's team in "Young America" in the first 5-0 sweep in the144-year history of the America's Cup.

I nternational soccer star MichelleAkers, world's top woman player, leads the U.S. women's soccer team to a 2-1 sudden-death victory over Norway in theU.S. Cup title game in August.

Clark Campbell Sopa Press

I n Super Bowl XXX, theheavily favored Dallas Cowboys beat the Pittsburgh Steelers 27-17. Dallas cornerback Larry Brown ices the game for theCowboys with the second of his two interceptions, and is namedMVP for his heroics.


TheUniversity of Nebraska demolishes theUniversity of Florida, 62-24, in the1996 Fiesta Bowl to win their second consecutive national college football titleand cap

Hall-of-Famer Mickey Mantle, a switch-hitter and one of thegreat sluggers in baseball history, dies of cancer on August 13. Mantle hit 536 home runs inhis 18-year career and compiled a lifetime batting average of .298.

Jeft Gordon, 24, dominates the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing's Winston Cup, winning 7 of NASCAR's 31 races and earning$4.3 million in 1995, a record for the sport.

Twenty-one-year-oldtennis champ Monica Seles, returning to competitive play two years after being stabbed at a tournament inGermany, wins the1995 Australian Open.

TheHouston Rockets, led by center Hakeem Olajuwon, win their second consecutive National Basketball Association championship inJune, sweeping theseries with theOrlando Magic in four games.

Cornhuskers coach Tom Osborne's23rd season.

T he National Basketball Association fines the Chicago Bulls $25.000when Michael Jordan wears his previously retired number 23 jersey for luck during championship playoffs against the Orlando Magic in May 1995.


i ~ __,

! 11 Former L.A. Lakers point guard "' Earvin "Magic" Johnson announces a return to basketball in January 1996. Johnson retired in 1991 when he discovered he was HIV positive. The Northwestern University Wildcats-long a gridiron laughingstock-pile up ten victories in 1995 and go to the Rose Bowl for the first time since1949. In his first fight in four years, former world heavyweight champMike Tyson disposes of challenger Peter McNeeley in 89 seconds. Tyson, who in March finished a three-year jail term for a rape conviction, earns $25 million for the August boxing match. Pete Sampras, winner of the 1995 men's singles championships at Wimbledon and the U.S. Open, ends the professional tennis season with anumber-one world ranking.

T he Atlanta Braves edge the six to win the World Senes on October 28. Closing pitcher Mark Wohlers leaps for joy. Cleveland Indians 1-0 in game

G erman tennis star Steffi Graf, who won three of five Grand Slam titles in 1995, ends the professional tennis season ranked number one in the world. National Basketball Association referees strike against the league for much of the autumn. Fill-in officials spark complaints of substandard refereeing.

I n September, Baltimore Orioles shortstop. Cal Ripkin, Jr., achieves a record-settmg 2,131 consecutive games.

Master of the sinking fastball and still learning to speak

English, L.A. Dodgers pitcher Hideo Nomo, formerly with the Kintetsu Buffaloes in Japan, is named Rookie of the Year. Nomo is the

second Japanese-born player to join the U.S.

major leagues, and the first All-Star.

Betsy King wins her 30th tournament on June 25 and gains entry to the Ladies' Professional Golf Association's Hall of Fame, one of the most difficult attainments in sports.

For a record fifthstraight time, Miguellndurain of Spain wins the22-day, 2,270-mile Tour de France, the world's premier bicycle race. On the 15th day of the race, Italian road-race champ Fabio Casartelli is killed in a seven man crash.

Quarterback Dan Marino of the Miami Dolphins sets four life– time passing records during the 1995 football season: 47,003 yards, 342 touchdowns, 3,686 completions and 6,467 attempts.

Known for his temperamental personality, his many tattoos and his aggressive playing style, basketball center Dennis Rodman (91) debuts with the Chicago Bulls after his trade from the San Antonio Spurs.

U 'ke many other days at. Buffalo State College, you couldn't get a good parking space on Friday, May 17, 1996. However, May 17 was very much unlike other days at BSC. The good parkinp; spaces were laken by the parents, siblings, spouses and friends of the nearly 2 ,000 students who accepted diplomas at the 124th commence- ment ceremonies in the college's SportsArena.

For one student in particular - Ann K. O'Donnell Kelly- May 17 meant the end of a nearly 20-year-long road to a bachelor's degree. An artist, Kelly, 78, worked as a clerk and stenographer be– fore retiring 26 years ago. Her husband en– couraged her to attend

Ann Kelly

classes. Kelly enrolled in one or two courses a year while pursuing her fine arts degree. She told The Buffalo News her long road to a higher education has been a real challenge. It was "a real growing experience," she said.

(JCUf£ I 8 I

fJaq,e 183

Cornel West

B SC's seventh president, Dr. Muriel A. Moore, presented degrees to some 1,963 graduates in three separate ceremonies. Moore became president in April 1996. At the morning ceremony Moore presented Lawrence E. Wheeler, a mathematics major who graduated summa cum laude , with the President's Medal. Wheeler shed a tear while speaking to the crowd about his father, who passed away recently, and thanking friends and colleagues. Harvard University professor and author Dr. Cornel West addressed the class of 1996. "It is up to you .. . to exemplify the educational system you have just gone through," he said. "It is so important that you never forget those people and things in your life." West, who teaches philosophy and Afro-American Studies, impressed upon graduates the importance of cooperation. "We're all on one ship. We'll either sail on together or we'll sink together," he said. Student speakers included graduates Edward Jones, United Students' Government executive vice president, and Conlessa Pou, president of the organization Black Active Minds.

Edward Jones

Contessa Pou

BSC President. Mut·icl Moore

Ma rp;arcl Guthrie and Anne Guthrie

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