موقع المياه في الصراع العربي الإسرائيلي من منظور مستقبلي

    11

   1430  

2009 

978-9953-87-806-5

         

    : 4930181  4930183  4930218 ) 974 (+  : 4831346 ) 974 (+ 

   : E-mail: jcforstudies@aljazeera.net

         !  : (+961-1) 785107 - 785108 - 786233 " .# : 13-5574   $ 1102-2050    : (+961-1) 786230  $   %&! '  : http: //www.asp.com.lb

   : asp@asp.com.lb

                        ! "  #$ % &    '( )*   +( $  '#, - .  /&  01  2*3 /(  4, $    .

                     . .

     :       

(+9611) 785107

  :          

(+9611) 786233

 ................................ ................................ ................................ ..7

  :        ............................... 11

  :       ................................ ........... 23           ................................ ......... 23                 !" ................................ 25          #! $ %          ........ 28 !   :  " #$  %    &'() ................. 37     & ' %    ( ................................ ................. 37       )   * +  (,  - & "    1948 1967 ......... 44 $   : *  +, -    '. ...................... 49      .  +/  %    !  ................................ ......... 49      *01  2 %    !  ................................ ............. 53      03  ( +/  % 4    ........................... 55     *01  2 % 4    03  ( ....................... 57 5 ,    :   -+  6    & ' %    ( .................... 58 5!     #  (. %  - & " 7    .......................... 59 /  : $#     ................................ ................ 67     )!  8 ................................ ............................... 67      )9  / ................................ .............................. 69        -     ................................ ................................ 76         %  ; ................................ ....................... 80 5 ,    7 +    %  - & "   ................................ .. 84

5

/  :   ...  1  ................................ ........ 89                 ................................ 89      -   < %  &      =; :  )   * 2 7   ................................ ................................ .......................... 93         < )  - & " #   ................................ . 95

$  :  2,   $ 3 ................................ .......... 101

 ................................ ................................ ............................. 113

6

             !"# $% & '( ")  . *+ ,#- /# ") 012( . 3  "45 6 / 5 78) 9: ; 9: <=)> ?@  A)B    T#5 UI V"E F@M: 3 /" &I ?P)E 3D . % 9: 0"2W 2 A"2M" H)-  >X )(  EO A  F2 Y2/ [ $ > Q\ FY3D #4)  ]>- $\ & \ $   @ L "^ .  _I $ E EO 2  32D A2H8 - Y3: _"?P & [X` Ya Fb( $ 2E )42P $ /" ,I '42 2 . YM & $3: c;d P  YMC <) c")` & ,#5  i: FE  " ck J3)l ." 3D S5-D B)I J2aC 2\C $ 25 2@ ) %e > O )  >/- .( _I MP 01g@ 1999 V+d6 " k o3 Y3D Y"# & op ,BC F

7

q@E V2E /"2?>C " >"- $r  s)4P t  t>u"5 P    / - '/: ,I #@ #@"2 2H3 1( 45 >"8 #-d \ 2>v  E2  ,I $3: K L  & E  w"P  3 @"L  /2 E  P   ." auEC H & 74)5 3D S5-D 2B)I <: 3 /" / ,I 3D '/ [#E *H- . )a & - e &@ Fx`P y58  z{ $# EO Y3+  Y2 0 F[+  &|5 a\  < Fy-E /? c#>  /"-25 <} E2O 40 % ~O /"->  $Hp & 3+  S-) & Q . EO Y3 & " \C /# \ F#4)  #-e _I 5"- cC JaC _O ‚Pƒe \- 3 /"H ) ') $r  B( ,I *+ F"L Y3 <Xg c" d 4 H  FEO v tE)„ H ;- "L 0/ & /I…%" P( $3: †2>W .  +a  ‡ '"B ˆ1 S-5  &8"  #-e 2IH-`e >/2-%e '2k /2‰ EO Y2. EO ~O $ #4)2 Y2P@ Y2 >/^ & †C " 5 F yI Š"-> [ c" $ F23 /"2 4P s)8" \C > & yIX-d J-2 F<"32D C s) s42P &>2‹ c2O . 3 /" J#-E 7O-> e @ cO s)4P T>C   ,I $3: [1-E $E F 23@

8

'/^ 3 /"2 &2 . )"> Œ\ H3% u  /O +a &X t †H%P5 '\ //X5 v: $E FMk . C sE  2 <:  : _% 73#kE w45 F)>> Y2EO A 4O &HM  A"2M" Ž H FY3D EO   3D t4 ˆ P5 .

9

10

 א  א

        

Fs4@  Y3 <E sH-? s2\ d ,I 0"k { H2@ 2‘ ’I2 <"2?` & EO 3\D "O  'd V)a Q\ F3\D [\D 9: 0"B" E"OB !(C 2\d &2 F2\d '/" "O c 5 9: @M: FEO <  d"?  t $O- 9: d"I> T+ 2 F?2@ 4\ +“ _% .  $3: / _% <1I: $%  s4@  23 2>#- ?% OE  >#- t q%)-5 . ”: Fd=d ?` & /"# YH% q%)- +2a  -e 0 A)%D d"?B ^ < s4@ HO /IC cO- ,I /% E ?O• € F3 /" 2@ 2E +( #@ $3: / _% OE C F)>? &>`? & '2 >/-%e t> sE )>?   /" sE F\d & d2HO !(C \d & '@"- 3 .  H %)5 8– & J‰dO…B  <" > _" Ja ,I ‚ #de JK ˆ-5  ["` ?- #H JK \-2 JK \- $3" $ E EO 0  .

11

      : H s4@   / A")-5 9: <  & P-5 ‰   / J 5 !( ) & (6 9: $@ & 2(6 —} s4@ ) 1 ( :  : ,I $4‰  !( e"4K 24 2H 2#5 Š"“ )4P ‚ 6 H <™@ †"HI F’O  -  ) & E+E+- s4@ ,I 4% 24 !( . "a 4 "L <Xg T+  "?@ s4@  2H Y23 2 P-g 3 T2‹ : vC &  /k GI '/  sE  #5 0"2 3 . 9 9: 4 P->  sE  $ > Y% 2 60 Ž 70 %  C "- ; 9: C ˆ-) g- 7>8 &I ’a+> .       : & `""L $"OE tE) 3 <"O "?r 52> 5 !(C ?` & `""@""L @l"4 $"O ?` Au"- & C a/I š tE) <"2O 970 <…-– ,I Od )42P . sO ›C < v tE)> I"Hp tE) ?2 C tE)> I"Hp œ @> )> Y% h4P $\ ,I O%"2 <E tE)> I"Hp  I  c")` d/  sI td œ #E4  C cl 0ž `"O tE)> œ k

12

+a …-Ÿ  I )>  02ž T2E  t2d œ ?-\" `/  tE) & I"H‹ .   : ? C ¡- - 3¢ s4@ vC t2‘ V-25 18D ,I : L I  & T") ?P>5 ?a 'Xl  5 <> \ 78) Œ2\ . v _"?P W $(>  t‘ <: Q\ vE d"%  ”: ' B 3 0` &I 'I "a s4@  ~O  !G2  . s4@  >?)   ‚I +a . V)a Ya s4@  >?) T‹ & s-C s-  :         : C. <# T/ v : y-\ 137 J 2 - & † †[X` ,4 5 y"8 $2L 02` 42 #„ ;)> J 50 : 1 9: qPg)> 150 : 1  I $?  _ . c. £"2P T/ : y"28 22 F; 5 'E c% & C> J OE ,I >v 'HO- 2-{ 15 )4P /k & J d) . ¤. yM"\ \ š5 sO) v 322 J 2 y"8 9  t#> FJ ?) T?)…>- "-  I $? & Y2E")L [XL 45 <" _ 3 . /. t4# v : y"\ \ Y4 5 <>L J3/ 1069 J 2 Y4 5 F - s)` $` I &E ¤ $? ¥/ $L & [X`C  [XL J;P _C Š"\ y"8 š> F I $? Y2E")L 56 J.

13

2a2. [%X v : y"\ \ Y4 5 181 FJ F$  $` cl c")` -R ' ¦ 'E 0ž y t#> 2E ># 'E 0ž ’2> 4 yP>5 "- š> FJ 115 <" ’O  - . . ' ¦ T/ v ) XSO :( "8 y 66 yP>5 "- š> J sE 10 Ž 15 <" ’O  - . u. d) : 2v : yM"\ \ š5 561 J 2 y"8 F 37 J 3D d5d 'E 0ž ’> . w. 7P v : y"8 š>  B v 13 . 5 yM"\ \ FJ 113 J 2 @ <>L J3/ F 3 _k >% 0ž ’> FJ 8 FJ 26 . 1 @>  0ž J . §. `"2O 2v : Q\ & 5 220 <" ’O  - .          : F18D ,I v JaC "a 320 J2 ; 9: d) )4P /k ,I UBk v &2 <>L J3/ "a  . 3 I"Hp ¨1‡ & yOE)…-5 Ya : UBk tE)> Ž < Ž ›dE : Ž sE yP>5 "- UBk v tE)> I"Hp 153 Ž 162 <" ’O  - . Ž  v tE)> I"2Hp š> T") yP>5 "-H@ F< 240 <" ’O  - . J 2 y"8 F 25

14

Ž š> T") yP>5 "-H@ F›dE v tE)> I"2Hp 120 <" ’O  - . T? yP>5 "- š@  >E 2v 2C 5 <" - Ya  FV" v T") yP>25 2"- 460 <" IP T/ ’O  -

v @5  >/ & I"Hp 9: @2MDE 2# `"2O v…>5 "- š> F E †1 +(5 Ya F 21 . 5 ‚I J 9: $> ,2%C 12 . 3 ?-\ J 162 E+I  / & F-@ C '-@ 01( Y3 : T/ >G8 '“  Y?-) $L  /"HI T/ Fs)` #4)  «E"  ;  Y?-)5 !(C >/C F/C V)2a : T/ F'Xl T/ ’#) >/C GC ` T/ c")L  F,k . H…-Ÿ 4 H  †O5 F>/   .

15

     : 7>8 &I ¤g-5 Fs4@  H Y3 /" Y2a & A"dC ‡1‡ V)a E} E} : Ž   : H k #4 t O8#- E6 Y2a @"L . Ž   : 4  tH¬ ‚ E '"Pf E} Ya . Ž   . C ?4 s4@ 0ž  U 0 A")2 2-)> s4@ [©C…-–  †O †-d -) "?@ Q . /…-– <™@ F0"\ 74  F7  $ ,I [)E Fa/ E )  l "- <E & s4@ G-O5 _"2 0O #> F?@ Y3  JaC 4  $ 25 Q2\  FPB  J…C s4@ Šž 4 0"24K Y42" /2“ c")2L 200  J Š"\Ft E 30 F1>:  J XhO> T+ 2 85 % & ŠH J#   / &  s4@ 15 % Y2E")L ?H%  #@ . s4@  \- >")  H ") ’O  -  2 2 s4@  ’O  -  1948  1 . 142  ’O  -  sE  E  P  80 Ž 90 <" 'Xl A4%  ’O  - . H )OE $3C  % % "d sd4>G [G¦ & †/2I  % % )4P I"" ") \-  2H 10 - 

16

?) F’2O  6  c-> H  +a Š‘: & F;4  &I 'I ’O  - yO  2g-> ‚ &82E 9: 8  †>") ’O  -  sE  †>") s4@ $  \-  H ˆ2- 1 . 4 Ž 1 . 8 †>") ’O  - 2 ) 3 ( . / qO )E J% +a G-O> -f s4@  \-  $H> y2dE 32\D 1948 F #@ +2a Fs42@ $2  o2 k / |5  " H 3D IX 'u % ”: F3D  \-  _I -f )4P YM 1948 ";)E 1 , 8 _  3 >") ) 4 ( .        1948 '@"- 3\D / q2OE |25 ) F0 $ ,I oH` Y > ¦ 2>#5 oa (  \-  H <E _I -2f s42@ 1948 š5 F 2 . 310 †>") ’O  -  Š- ";) ,I Iu" ) 5 ( : Ž 580 <" >G8 '“  & ’O  - . Ž 1 . 370 Š"\ ?) F@"L  & †>") ’O  - 2 500 <" @"L  & ’O  - E  P  . Ž 170 <" ;4  & †>") ’O  - . Ž 190 <" /O  & †>") ’O  - . _I  '/B 3: >#5  C 2% 1988 ") 3 /" J2S\ 1948 Š- ";) ,I Au"-5 ) 6 ( : 1 . @"`  1340 <" _ 3 .  4C &I 'I ’O  -  4

17

+2 a 2110 <" _ 3 . <" _ 3 . <" _ 3

2 .

3 .

4 .

>") ) ?)

<" _ 3

145

<" _ 3 k  .( )  3D IX 'u 2d 1956 -  Š- ";) ,I -f YM  '@" :

H %

%   

%   



     3

     3

 

22.1 %

26.5 %

750

700



7.4 %

9.1 %

250

240

 

7.9 %

8.3 %

270

220

  

35.3 %

34.1 %

1200

900

          

10.0 %

7.2 %

340

190

3.5 %

3.0 %

120

80

    !         " #$%   

3.5 %

2.3 %

120

60

10.3 %

9.5 %

350

250

& '( % )*

100 %

100 %

3400

2640

11.8 %

9.1 %

400

240

$+ ! ,

88.2 %

90.9 %

3000

2400

 :        

18

 \- S-)  H #@ >GO O '3/ C _I -f )42P Y2M 1948 _I  *” 1967 ,I Š- ";) :      !"  3 #$%    3 

 -. !  / 01 2 31 -. !  / 01

214

350

601

518

 4 1

482

319

5 6  

82

23

# 7    

141

3

8 *.  ,

45

2

& '(

1565

1215

 :        

H >#5  P ¯\1d #E [2\D &2  & 4a Q\ s4@  \-2 3000 <" _ 3 _I 1956 9: F 1565 <" _ 3 _I 1967 . +a ˆM"5 & >X *E q%)- +a _I -f )4P YM  3 >#- JaC /") Fq%)- 1948 _I  >GO O '3/ / ’\ F 1957 ) 7 ( : 1 . v V"

19

 H #5 & ¯2\1d \-2 & ") I  4a % -f )4P YM® 2100 Ž 3000 <"2 _I ’O  - 1957 9: F 1565 <" - _I ’O  1967 . _I d"? ’L -  >GO I"" /2\ 2H 1973 ";)E !"#  2H 1650 <" _ 3 ’\ Iu" Š- ";) ,I a/ :

     3



%

29:  2 " $   ) 5 ; "  < =>)  ?   " @  A< A06. A1 ) !  <  ?   0 

37 %

600

9 %

150

29,5 %

500

 )  CD ( F 2

14 %

230

 0   G31   'H)?  ? 2 7

5,5 %

90

5 %

80

& '(

100 %

1650

yS-)5  $H5 e _% +a  2E ?-H #5  Fk t2E) 310 <" _ 3 ?) c-> F 145 <" _ 3  ; 9: . \D t c#-5 >" ’) _2% +2a <: e: [ _I 01( $3:   V1?- 0"\ 32D 1983  2E % 1759 <" _ 3 ) 8 ( .

20

9: /> % F>#-  ‚Pƒe q%)-  H >#5  g-  %/  HO ’ L  "45 9: @M: F'2@"-  `"K `""  P¦ ' E Y > e F0H-\e +a G5 K1( & $3: 0W   2>C '‹ EO . J%  3D 3 _I -f )4P YM  \- 1948 . _I -f s4@ ¤( & $3: $W H 1948 ,I F 28 %  F<) ] $` & Y3 ?1?- Š‘: & 25 % &  FE  P  15 % 'Xl A4% & ) 9 ( .

21

   

1 . "222OH h4222P h8"222 *)222 : www.palestinedatabank.net/arabic/index.html X2 d-dD t%" F"O 7‡"- h4P www.malaf.info /O F/ ) F>" F7/ F/ "O 2p 56 F tE 1998 2 . F# SP P;B 15 / 10 / 1990 ;B F ->"  o# P 3 / 9 / 199 3 . / . F)4P I"" Fs4@   F_1 I 0/2I U J# 4 .  "OH h4P h8" *) 5 . F# ›# P;B 21 / 7 / 1989 6 . FHH?I 30 / 5 / 1983 7 . E F$3:  3   F; Y;B 1980 F 9 8 .  /O F)4@ <| FP    /2 Fˆ2 u 106 F 17 9 . ‡1‡  )„ F$HI   C F)4P  42 F)4P MP-de ,I _"IC 22 / 3 / 2005

22

 א   א

       

          _I ›#  K )% w--@ +) Fd4>E HI 1839 F ?O> ( Fs4@ 9: EC & >/"? SK JI/ ,I HO OHL HI Q\ F#4) s42@  >HO-2e _I  d4>G2 1872 s4@ 9: ?3 IC & >O /P>: ,I  ’#) [;2B  ( F"4 / BC œ F[) @"5 ”: s4@ c")` YMC T < DE ydC 9:  2>v ‚  +K Kž &  . sO  d4>E 2d 1865  1866 ±)B dC F _O Œ\ Fs4@ 2 - 1880 tEC F) +a $C s4@ 9: @ - OE ) 1 ( .   I5 T+ ) < A  C !L P5 / [`: 9: ?> >"-2 @ F‡} [G( & >O ,I /H-IeE s4@  /"?2 s8"25 £) `""L F@ L F]>-2 . +a  -de ,I-  E s\ [e|a _H-a 0‹ ,I X- Fs4@ @ `  ?@  / . d4>G HO )S o3 < X5 0)L C 2H _O  s4@ YM y-/ 01( &2 1875 F" < DE ydC < 2: 5 $#d & C ”: B( Fs4@ YMC  Hd s>1

23

0ž  '"@"  H qOE ’#) 9: s4@ " ) 2 ( .  +a s4@ ˆ HI /% T+ d" TX°D ²E  yI 2C <")I $HW  y-/  02#@ FE2  " s4@ $#- "  _2I a2BC 1892 : < ”: s4@  d u "a H ?#- -d sI 'a/X )8"- ) 3 ( y-H? O8 ;M" d"… > :» # ,I ["M [#: \" y@a yHI s4@  - )B CE *C 'I 3 '/C ˆBC #@ *” t F'"-  [`  73#k ,I 0"k  $#-  /1 <  <"d"  &>+2  /1 d : %8 &I -E ) 4 ( . _I <" >C <"d@ [G( _% y25” 2  1850 F d : ! Fs4@  3 /" 0"\ 2/ /2I™E ‚Pƒ ’E 3E?  %4 "- 5 " d"? £| { )dH  s4@ HO- 0"\ 1@…"" _"\d 0 s4@  - )B ¢ @-O FYM $% <# & 0"#2@ : ?>"W & R ‚ *5 ™E %  %E a‡6 u e  H2=O +E <  a\: s-4>2(  d % _I  9 1880 . [³ 4>¦ +a ´ %

24

 / t () ?-O8 /1 o> 5 FR# >k ?O>u"5 . _O  1889 )H 5 s4P d 4>¦ B #4)  ?H=O X5 / dE 0C ) +a [G( _% F0X25a   E )- /" Fod" "? g-e $` -   C 9: )>? y)5 Fs4PE T/"? _H-ae '‡: -2e 2`\ T/"? <  [dD T  Y2IX <4 w-# .                 !" : t- <# )dµ  d"? k "?r >E +)2 I F _I  >"E 0uE | OE a @C "5 1887 CE /•: ,I $2HO  " Y"% &8 " X@k  - s4@  /"? /?4Me r & 'P- Fs4@ 9: /"? S?- h>2 & 'P- !(C \d & F\d & EC  /"? T)O #4) J#5  >HO-e t> t d"? ¶ t28#5 ?-3X¬ . )>? &>`? t318 B _I  s4@ 9: 1882 d"?B )8"- 0C H%C Q\ " <"- <"> " @> Y2E")` YMC ,I )  )8"-  <-)8"- yPd _O  ?O25 >% YMC ,I c"#O> <(u )8"- EO d"IL >2% &>u .

25

 '/# "5  C    %  2 )>? Q\ Fs4@ ‚ ,I ?-%D "O  >/"?  /k —+ [P-e ,I '/#  ·"2#„ t·-2H-5    / O" ‚ a/\ J - FT/-%e I) IX . 8) J E 4 ,I ?% +) d"? 2HI )  7 & [X` vC JIX5  ‚ O% 9: 2E " 5"- $3: " F s5 T/"? <4-e cO- 2 E " T"k 0‹ " 8) #-2 s)8"-2 . d"? E-  73‡" / &   I t- <# )dµ  '/2 d  E 7O-> H@ o d"? IX "5 ,I '·"#E ,2 45 O5 i: F’\ h4P 0H >/k 78)  E2O ¸O "l &E ’- % '2d  †e2# " s4@ ) " >/"? H=)H OE- ( _I '/ 1918 d"?  /k ·"5 &I y@ 2·I F ..." : ’#) J 5 '2 /"2?> Fy-2E ) E  P  ( <"\ 7S) $L V  7S)2 ) #O <O (  †[X` J > T+ F7/ 7S) & <)  B\ S)I T/ F'4)#  %C ". ) 8 (

26

t <O-E O d"? H=) ?-O@ ³ '¹+  >G@  Fd4>G 2`¦ 'u / § 1919 ,I o‹ 9: <")OE o>E ˆ | " O d"? H=) ˆ>5 /E  s42@ " | & ³ d"? ’4 '+ )H 25 ";) ,I s4@  U"? HO-1 '/") /k 2%™E —} " : ) ·O §"4g †#@ 5  "2º $BP ¦ O·- ' 9: yS--@ F<"I# ` 9: $5 Œ2\ Y2E")` (  5 œ FJ- T/ <"I# T/ ‚"\ s2E <"\ $L E  % ;) sE $BP ¦ O2- ) ]2 ( "` Œ\  P '”;„ †% y) yS-5 F&` E c  9: uSk >\   & c-#5 Œ\ )  ?) H2 y)2 ... 9: uSk >\   '”;„ > ( †% a·2 #O ¼(  Y?-)> Œ\ y) c  .. P5e T• /\ †E")` > " k t ?I .. l "- qE ; †E " ) 9 ( . ›® †>a"` C " /2k H=)2 G2-I ,I O4 a+@) K <" > /2-%e .. ¼>W '/I: 9: #@ ¤- e ] $` <"  †1a| ˆ> C $2E FS25 &>+ *C '4 † t {

27

l Ja2W y5d : 01 -e @  '# <" R '> /k ,2%C Œ2\ . y`"„ YHW Š/ P5 9: $·B"- ’• U4 v Y2E")` &8# ’O  "2#\ Ž  /"? TC ) !G  s4@ ( Ž 5 >´ " ) 10 ( . _2O  1919 2E ’# FsE "‡6 2BC " Y2EC -2e U"? <4 " <")OE / " $3: ‚C [)E " ?@ J " 2{- /2k " 7O->   F /„ /k *5 E /-%e c ;BC Œ e: ·J-> ) 11 ( .

 +) d"? H=)2 O2M 2# & ¥/ ·k [ FT/"? Y"# &8" 7#;-  ’24 ..." YI/ e o > ¹ ( r >C W "#> & sd"?2 ¹<: 0"2# Ž s4@ J#> e ¦ +a ¹< F‚P- ›2 Œ2\ " 2E F’;@ U4  {- $E qOE T/"? Y"# &8" _ yd: F *” & C $OP> 9: ?I H-O>  <"\  "l &E ¡ QOE % < 8D +¡   " /W U"?2 02HO " $>EC  / _I <d 1920 : 0·HO cX\ 9 ?@ [` FU4>G2 " :   / <" 5 eC T  & ¹<:

28

 T/"? Y"# &8" /\ ¤( /1 $#- ?I H-O> $#-2 .. eC ’• /1 & [X` ·7“ Ya  <"\ 0"?2@ ‚C $H5 +a ‚C vC " $3: " V" U4 E +) d4>E EC ? IHL & t@E s4@  HI OE 0: ½ /" JE @I » $> OE « s4@  Y3 t%"  . ’55 % c-de $ #@ yI F'>I t> %: O 2>#5 ,2I u-e 3 t>  JI s- ›2 U4>G2  01 -e \8  d"? 3 I Q\ Fs4@  t> +a JaC & Fa+P)5 ,I c-de " \ ) 13 ( :   : _I  A +2a w2-% 1939 & I"Hp  $H-> F & >O Y 74) ˆ- ?-d \-# 2B"- $ ¼G :                   #! $ % : 1

29

Ž % 4"E V" v  & [X2` $>"2W YM GO5 ') T ¡ *” FcO c1%u >/C  tHS- 2d/ 45300 Y% "   ¿/ . Ž >G8 '“  V" v  q32@ &>X2Ÿ . A @"> 742 <" >") ’O  - . Ž ’EC $5 @> ›# )> 9: sO ›C  $#d ) 1935 .( Ž >E [24I:  V" /"? ÀG)5 . Ž t4# y`"O sO) vC H- u- d4>2E [24I: 3D )8"- ¶ KHO-e 3D  .     : 4P @"> yd ›d">C A2 /"?2 q2@ s) c-  T/"? q@ ?r % F & \ s2d/ " /O ‚C ) " ) d 1944 ( * /e T1 - y- . OE H@ "W FB"- \-# & >O c-  $ž * /e A 9: .  H- 9: A +a ?> #5 2

30

   ')% 4"E ya $#d <)  UBk v ,I  [)2E E6  ¤g-e u1 [E?  ¤-dD s42@ 9: 2#  $\ .     Bk v &  3P  '/2>u ›dE Tv  $#)E U $L "k YMC T ¡ F@"  ')% GI y: < 2v "4 $?  q3P &>XŸ œ I &E ¤ ¥/ .     0/O>  +( >G8 '“ 9: V" v  $2#d 50 % & F"O- "- ;  & [X2` $2#d  .      / [)E 4"E >"- 0" d P  &>XŸ "4 $? .     M T "k $? O#)-2 w12- FIX Y $>"2W 45 <"2 0"? C "l YMC T ’O  - E")L .

31

    [-E /" 0" f tE)  01 - C "l Œ\ ' "EC & .     a/I  dX( / %: 23  01 -e dX(  #5 FE  w"P 0" "- qE ; vC >/ 2E \ +a  320 <" ’O  - .

!  :          )   

3

3 (



  

   

45

774

394    

3 (

   !"# $%&' (# )  *



  

,

35

   

132

975

287

[;B 9: "W t)R % & op BC >" Ya )O 0 9: <"-d"` @" $C F’#) <) $32:  3D / 9: F'"+ 0  s)4P s`1 s8"5 IX 2H)5 <)

32

<"d"` A  ?H#5 #  H $25 Ž 7@ 3D >#- Ž 9: 1213 <" s\  F†>") ’O  - 9: EO >#- $25 1429 <" ’O  - \ ?@ „ <)2 . v tE) $3: 01-\ ’E H-> ~ A &2  <I 2‡: " _I  '\" 2 A2 1987 p /C H "   " H¦ ›/ a/I  s.

4 "  : A Y2EO q@ OE A2 '2 @ 2?r <"-d"` . Á5 %  3D =) ?` >L A   U4 v  J 2 24Ÿ 700 <" ’O  - . <"5" A & O%"-  H 2 E 2345 <" - ’O  .     !  "   #  - .% ) /# 01 (    )  * 3 ( , 350 300   30 45  430 710  2600 1290

33

$ %   $  &'

  : #  

 1954 :

    #!  $  % & ' * +,-./  #  - .%    )  * 3 (   68 /# 01 90  2# 3 2 451 330 EO "#k ,I ¯@; A _% ) " (  @"5 9: ,O> F F#4)  '/"`" E} <>/" >G8 '“ 0ž XŸ Y2EO A q@ !(C \d & '/>u 1- 3D 78)  ?8" A"%" >G8 '2“  G8 '“  ; ˆ4 W -C . Ž $2#d 173 <" 1 t%"  <X( 9:  & ’O  - ) <"5 ( c") 9: ?O@ GI 42 ; ˆ4 "@ - . Ž   "4 <X( 9: ]M 4^ 4"E "f 2 $2#d ) ’O  -  ’I"-> .( Ž ')% GI ’EC $5 Y\"M 9:   "4 <X(  $2#d 4% š> #  a 275 -H-) .

34

#    

1 . F  I JaE: " U"? A  " /  J% 9 7/ FY2EXk /ID @# ’-  F 2 . /|@ /"H^ $2d 2H^ " :   _1 MP  2 ) " FQ T") | " >W EO  <# &>2O T/2k (" F 24 Ž 26 GH@"d / U &>5 1998 F§"C 287 3 . T ¤"2` " : EO   3D AH8 " X F Y2EO  Ž FY2E 1996 F 34 4 . Fo>` TG2B " d"? ]>5 " ¨“ X FE F ) 1977 (¤ F 1 5 . T/"O2 A"%2 $2@ " : A 3 S5-2D Y22EO Ž Y3D ) " FQ T") | " EO  &>O T/k <# >W ("F 333 6 . <\  Ž  >"I _E " : tE J  F… " P;B F›# 24 / 6 / 2000 F 10 7 . Dr. Rupin. syrian ALS wirtschafs gebiet, 1916, traduit en Français par Gorges Sahib, Beyrout 108 8 . http://www.nokarabat.com 9 .  <4-e  ¬ 3D  FY2k 2\ $-f

35

12 . 2C F/"H^ Ã 2I s " _% +) T/"? <4-e t> dP '" " /O F@O ~I  F 74 >"  F 1988 F 9 13 . "222OH h4222P h8"222 *)222 . www.palestinedatabank.net/arabic/index.html

36

 א   א

           

            H- >X- d/C '/" _% 01( & ¯\1d " [XL ’a+>  FY3D <   †>")  ?-  H IX2 ?)2 J2=I . H \  X 5 & tEd +a "?2 2`"">> YIX <4-eE 7O-> H@ †>W Fd 2 Š-2E .   V1?- "45 E [ $% &  t +“ $O- 'M 9: !(C ' ' D ’2• F$32: …-5 e 3: / & _2%C v"2 '/"2 _2% K Y2EI YH% $E# e I"M"E . _I -f s4@   ?-  2H 2% 1948 F Š"2“ 230 <"2 _I ’2O  2- 1948 / 1949 ?) F 180 <"2  FYIX V1?-1 ’O  - 50 <" _ 3 V1?-1 _2O  FT 2k 1958 Ž 1959 Y3 V1?-e Š‘: šE F 1274 <"2 _ 3 F 1032 <"2 _ 3 1?-21 FYIX V 196 <" _ 3 FT k V1?-1 46 <" _ 3 FYI) V1?-1 _O  & $3: V1?- šE 2% 1963 / 1964 Š"\ 1288 <"2 _ 3 ?) _g- F 1056 <" _ 3 IX 175 <" _ 3

37

<" _I  tP5 FI) ’O  -

 > k ‚2l® 57

9: tP5 T k

Ž 83

_I F 82

<" _ 3

Š"2\ 9: 1565

1973 / 1974

<" _ 3

YIX V1?-1 F 1255

<"2 _ 3

1759

V1?-e +a tP5 F

<" _ 3

I) F 103

<"2 _ 3

401

_I  86

- 

9 F’O  - 

9:

Ž 87

1

750

1

560

.

.

_I ’O  1990

  IX ’O  - 

?) _g-

1

295

.

<" ’O  -

<"  X2) ‚l® ’O  - 123

332

I)2 ) 1 ( _I  1994

_I 

_  3

9 V1?-e $B F 2

%

_I  F 2006

<" _ 3

9 V1?-e $2B F 2100

2000

V1?-e 220 .  V1?- "45 s> Š- 02L ) +) $3:   48 Ž 49 _I Œ\ 1990 FV1?-e I4% ’\ Iu" '# O  - s>1„ ) 2 ( : <" _ 3

01 2345

234 +* 

234 +*67

234 89!

6/



48  49

230

180

50



53  54

850

660

190

58  59

1274

1032

46

196

63  64

1288

1056

57

175

68  69

1537

1236

70

231

73  74

1563

1180

97

288

79  80

1700

1235

90

375

80  81

1679

1212

100

367

81  82

1770

1282

103

385

38

82  83

1759

1255

103

401

1989  1990

1750

1295

123

332

2000 *

1994

2100 **

2000

2200 ***

2007

* Alwyn R. Rouyer ,The Water Issue in The Palestinian - Israeli Peace Process, Survival, Vol. 39 , No.2, Summer, 1997 . **   "            "    ***     "    !#$ "   / % ) 2008 ( &'$+ ,$& - %   . _O   V1?- H XE TC 269 . 5 % _O  ?)I 48 Ž 49 *” §5 s4@ 9: >/"? SK '/>u ,I 2 | +2a  Y3 V1?-e ‡  >C ¯\1d H Ft ") 4¢  >C YI sE '-H '-P 01( $32: 1980 Ž 1990 ,I $/ +a F M _% %/ _2I q%)-> *”  2>C 1980 F 0/O>  *?-5 95 % )#P5  \- 3 /" & a>#5 ,I  22E 1850 <" 3\D /…-– A‘: ’\ ’O  - 3D AH8 JSk o|> 4( 2 | +2a F32D EO )4P   #-2 . C !d H /P ’d sE w-> T") Y3D 440 Ž 573 _ 3 ) ) sE 75 Ž 83 ( F $E# 142 _ 3 _I -f )4P YM  /P 1967 .

39

*?-5 IX C 80 A"Hp & IX YM \ //u Q\ F ?-  2H & >2 292 9: ¿/…C 1 . 230 . 00 O%" '-P 01( i/ YI s2E 2 1948 Ž 1959 .  YI sE ") 1958 Ž 1970 Š"\  V1?-  '/>X d 20 % T+ %"  F '-P 01( > ‚ \2 y2@ /u 1958 Ž 1970 & F 1 . 230 . 000 9: ¿/ 1 . 724 . 000 ‚Pƒ 9: 23I +2a F¿/ &  Pƒ Q\  & ¿ V1?-2 02O » 805 « - 2O  _2I ’ 54 9: F " 698 " _I ’O  - 65 ) O '3/ )2 32D 1974 (  & ¿ V1?- 0O ") 4%- 4 2H E 52> _g-  "4- 9: @M: F'X  ")  qPg) PL )- C «E T `"") 5 # . & '-P 01( ydC ¯\1d H _I 1948 _I 9: 1983 & F & IX V1?- //u F 180 <"2 9: ’O  - 1255 <" a% '/>XE TC F’O  - 507 . 2 %  ‘ & IX ’d ‚Pƒ & Jl2 ,2I F &2  ?-2 78 . 2 % 9: 71 . 3 % '-P 01( 1948 Ž 1983 . V1?-e '/>u Jl > YM \  '/>X ‚2Pƒ Iu 9: '-P +a 01( ¬e / YIX A4#  Y23 ' †a ’4-5 Iu Ya   ’% &4# . V1?-e d <™@ $3: $(/ I) < { H@ X5 % T") Y23 YI sE '-P 01( > 1958 Ž 1983 ”: F '/>X 2d 2 E 123 . 9 % )  1984 )  ?)I 1958 &  & V1?-e ‘  A4# +a   d OP5 Ž 85 %

40

3 . 6 % . 'M t =\1 5 F & I) < V1?- '/2>u 0u) V1?- &H  | '  k I) | V1?- . T") < V1?-  >") '/>X 0O < 2% 2 . 8  '2-P 48 Ž 58 /I  O4 '/>X >#5 0/O5 '/>u Y2a F sE '-P +a 01( \5  <  2 . 8 Ž % . OE H@ _O 1958 V1?-e qPƒ " \ E"M [`: 01( &2  ?-  H e F ?-  H  _O /P V1?- 80 >") O  - ) 3 ( . ?1?- >X>  >S- 2| I)2 2C &I T")2 5 T") ?1?- ’d š@ ’O  - e6 _O 0O & 5 % T") >X- 0O < % F 1 . 5 % '-P  YI sE 66 Ž 67 _I tP5 F 67 Ž 68 9: 10 % 9™@ 6 %  7 %  s-2- s-)2 ) 4 ( . I) "45 14d a/ '/>X +2a "d"> RXa OE 3D / _I <>X\ 1967 Hl)- [`  F -f YM V1?- 4 5 F> O | 4- t2 3  %" ;BC  3D t . _2I  y2dC 9: 2> 1986 $E# Yf V1?-e šE F YI) YIX V1?-e 423 <" _ 3 _I  F 2005 tP5 9: 715 _ _ 3 . '@"-  H

41

2000 F 0L y)> T+ ";) ,I d O  - s2>1„ Š- :

:;./ <%

= >/ <%

= >/ '?%

0@/ A

6/



1450

1450

1620

1970



1514

1587

1650

1975



1665

1825

1665

1980

150

1900

2100

1750

1985

300

2100

2300

1800

1990

350

2200

2500

1850

1995

550 2000 /  " :      0 1 2 :" .net www.watersexpert _I -f )4P YM® \- 3 /"2 <: 1948 F 0O„ %)-5 " 30 % H-  ”: c"4 "a HI $3:  I) `\ < F V1?-2 &2 2 +2a ,2I YI) "4- †=d I 5"E >X-5 ŠX22) V1?-2e ?2: &>2`? /2I '/>X2 . YI) V1?-e < ”: y)  1 > ~ ŠX22) 1974 & C 25 %  JS\ & 3:   ?- y)  tP5 J% +a <™@ F$ 1979 9: 30 % y)  1985 9: 35 % . & $3: V1?- s> Š- 0L Y2I  2I4#…-2–  2  1985  1990 2 # E2 <" ’O  - : 2400 2700 1850

42

B C6/

6 1990 B C6/

6 1985

>D/



5.6

107

5.3

105

 

68.4

1300

73.2

1450

  

26

495

21.5

425

100  /  :  $&   &$ $3:   & T") /P V1?- "- 9: /)- š 500 _ 3 _I [\: ’\ ‚l @  >") 1995 F  2H <2@ c#5 $3:   ?-  3 _  3 _I  1999 <  /I 1 <@ Fd  '/>X 7E @" /We & >/"? '2SK uS-> _"  & T") $32: V1?-2 5 . 3 _  3 . : T+ C +2K F$32D Y2"# YM  $ _I -f )4P 1967  % ,I $HO- F‰4 W >" O-5 <E MP  $3: *H-5 H  Fd) >G8 '“ C  ?%"#\ $ š5 ~  `-f 2 2?=„ †2H3/ 1902 100 1980

43

 t`- †d\C F_%   - +a Pd… e: MP OE ?I 7@5 % &>`? $ X> . 9: =) & R e F*” t  /?-5  ##k 8g 2>u &2 e: 24O +2a v FK ?= '/: & R e  8g +a FEO )4P #-  /% H)- [# t> $ 045 $ .             1948 1967 ) 7 ( : s4@   / ,I '4 J‰44– +P)5 /"? C2E k ?-)5 C ‰+Pd  t> 01( &2 '2  '2-@ +)2 G)5 u- $ Fd"? _I  À 1926 >/"?  ¶ .     : & )L &>" 5 ½ 17 4( A„ O>  9: ?-d †( ") t -2 2 Q2³ 1953 Ž 1960 . +K /\ % <3 <@a A : Ž 9:  H '/2>u 1730 <" _I ’O  - 1960 eE & 810 s>1 _I 1953 . Ž  Y3+  ¤-dD '/>u 75 % 3+  J‰`-\ & . Š- ";) ,I A & S-)  H /\ % : Ž 380 <"2 @"L  tE) & ¤g-5 ’O  2- -f s4@  ;4 .

44

Ž 540 <"   - 9: A +a J% Ya t> +a F$3: :       : _I A '2 @ 2?r 1914 E ?-OM 2 $%2O . +Pd % A2 Ž  'I…%"5 /"?  ?I  T/"? Y2"# )2 2 ™E " H < " " >/"? . $\ ¨1‡ GI A +P)5 ½ % :      ) 1951 1953 ( ”: FA +P)-E 3D yd"E $"2 2 2% @ -C OEC 5 ’d` 200 <" O#)- ';  & ’O  - - ")% ¨1‡ P\ 9: @M: F?)E .       ) 1955 1957 ( ‚ ,I #-  W ?@ ½ H 5 \2 Y2a  E  ';  Y2%E 12 <" K1( ½ H F’O  - & l % ')#E

45

    : Ž @M:…P¬ 60

¿/…C IX YM 9:

Ž >G8 '“ 9: ?S-  g5 & k Ž 5 cO & #4) <  [1`: 14 EI >% Ž <"-d"` A $  3 t> +P)5 tS5      : YM & ¿/…C 3 T  @"5 9: A ?> X I. !"  #   :  ¿/…C 3 TE yPd 7E A 2a $2H >G8 '“ ”: Y2E  $L A $H > "a ’#) [;B & Y% . !"  * +     : & )E ` [d: 9: ?> 2 3 4 5 6

46

)E ` & O> v  $#) \"-P ')% P\ Y>"W  "k '“ c")` c"#O> . ')# $#)5 435 <" & ’O  - †>")  .

47

   ,  ",

>X [\D '3/ c- F 3D

1 . P 15 / 9 / 2001

_O ) 1985 (

3D >X [\D c- & '3/ c- & >X [\D Ž 64

Ž 1959

) Œ\  1958

.

2

( & F 63

_O ) 1960

P & 15 / 9 / 2001

Ž 90

( _I & F 86

3D ) 1985

3 . F$H)2 "2EC s2\ " 3D I) " X FE F F¨“ ) 1979 ( F 33 4 . F$H) "EC " I) 3D  " F 35 ’-  &I >#5 F o3 › F›# FY3D [u" / ”6 ) 1968 ( F 378 Ž 392 5 . F¼¦ 24 / 7 / 2007 F&>5 P;B 7; OE- F 14 / 7 / 2004 6 . F&>5 P;B 7; OE- 14 / 7 / 2004 7 . Fh4P TX [\D ps. pcbsgov . www

48

 א  א   א

           

      ! "  #$ ) 1 ( : -. / -  $0 1   %  : w-> 4 %5 0O  P  sE E  700  100 J   F ; #4) sE 500 Ž 600  J ;) 2 FE2  s2E 100 Ž 450 J  % ;) . % w5 >") 4 H 0O  sE  s4@ 7 , 2 Ž 9 , 2 _  3 ") 01( & 1950 Ž 1992 . -   : sE  g- 2d w2-5 65 % Ž 70 % 4 H & >") . \5 H -P  Y;-) g- d ' 1963 Ž 1965 sE  1600 Ž 2400 †>") J . -   %  1  $0 $  !   : E  P   Y;4 <>L d 2 E 2 , 2 % 4 & _I 28K 1965 2E >L  H % F 64 , 60 <" _ 3  ) 1963 Ž 1964  1964 Ž 1965 . _I  1996 % <>L 0O 2E 4 0"4a 0O & Y;4 2 , 3 % 0/O>  C 71 <" _ 3 .

49

$2  3   : $„ Y% ‚"2k X2H-> C >O yE F$%C 4C H G tE) &2 . #% _ "8  Y;4 <>L d š5 8 , 0 Ž 5 , 4 % 9: $- $¦  >X5 F 7 Ž 14 % 7@ _I >#5 1963 . $ %  3   : "© y@ Y;4 <>L yS-> T+ Y2E  ‚"k X2H-> H ˆ 5 FÅ0I 0"4a 0O E $„ 2"- 2; ‚ "`  3 #4 9:  & ' . !"  * 4" : y->+ 5 \ š5 #4)  v JaC O> 8850 1 J 2 F Ya I"Hp ¨1‡ T+ < v I"2Hp T") yP>5 š2> F" & t)> T+ ›dE v I"Hp T") yP>5 125 <" _ 3 . Ž T") yP>5 F<) & t)> T+ UBk 2v I"2Hp 125 <" _ 3 . 0ž G8 140 <" _ 3 . !"  * 0 % :   OP

50

Ž " 37 % . Ž $3: 11 % . Ž s4@ ) E  P  ( 10 % . Ž <) 4 % . Ž

,I  <"-d"` %P5 7@ "  H 78)2 &2 t2)> T") y@B 0O š> F>" t2 a/2\ 450 <" _ 3 F @ d/ YM $(/ -2R 10  v @ J 9: G8 '“ & c")L . Ya V" ?) @ ¨1‡ V)a : >K <1O /% . %&     ! !' "  : F4  a s4@  H Y3 /" Ya )>" - 9: 4  & E- H  &I '2I Y2?@ `""L ‚ &8E   . Š"“ E- 4  d #5 30 % 4% 4 Š‘: &2 . @"L  & '/P-e J-> O4 tE) 7>8 &I C >u"5e E} 7>28 &2I . #5 Š"“ "L <X¦  '/S- E+O  2H 950 Ž 1000 <"2 _ 3 F 0/O>  "a 55 % s4@  E+O  & . & R 

51

‚"\C ‡1‡ 9: E  P   @"L  ‚"2\C J2#5 Ya 3 : H ‚"\ FY2E  ‚"k FY% ‚"k % : $2  3   :  %, 3 / 6  7 + " 89   : #5 & R  s3 sM"\ 9: yH : 0 Ž `"O ‚"2\ / wH- : y-\ š5 1300 J 2 F @"5  H-O5 yI FE  P   yH=O t2#> 20 % & 23 ‰`2-\ . Š"\ †>") ‚"k ] > 380 Ž 400 <"2 _ 3 &I >") >+ - d >X25 e s2\  F 370 <" _ 3 $> F 9: XSO 40 <" _ 3 )  . U2 Ž $¦ ‚"\ / t E : ‚"k +a \ š5 300 J2 2 sE  †>")2 y)2 /P-2> F 20 Ž 21 <" _ 3 F 9: †d\C >+ - eO qPg)5 6 , 16 <" _ 3 e s\  2a1IC !O-2> 21 <" _ 3 qOE  XSI /"` hO> € F ") .     : oEd ‚"\ JE O5 Fs)` sH% 9: J#)5 : 0 Ž <"` s)` oEd ‚"2\ : š5 \ ,I t#> 500 J 2 sE  †>") y) ] > F 92 Ž 104 _ s>1 3 s\  F sE  >") y->+ 5 w-5 80 Ž 95 <" _ 3 . U2 Ž <"` *)O5 ‚"\ : E ›# )>" 5 J > vC H F'\ 3 '\ $ 5 - Ya F$2¦ J2k 3D )8"- $% &  - .

52

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 60 Page 61 Page 62 Page 63 Page 64 Page 65 Page 66 Page 67 Page 68 Page 69 Page 70 Page 71 Page 72 Page 73 Page 74 Page 75 Page 76 Page 77 Page 78 Page 79 Page 80 Page 81 Page 82 Page 83 Page 84 Page 85 Page 86 Page 87 Page 88 Page 89 Page 90 Page 91 Page 92 Page 93 Page 94 Page 95 Page 96 Page 97 Page 98 Page 99 Page 100 Page 101 Page 102 Page 103 Page 104 Page 105 Page 106 Page 107 Page 108 Page 109 Page 110 Page 111 Page 112 Page 113 Page 114 Page 115 Page 116 Page 117 Page 118 Page 119 Page 120

Made with FlippingBook Online newsletter