Adaptive Reuse Report

The Cost of Not Reusing

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Most construction and demolition waste (CDW) ends up in landfills, which levies heavy costs on both the business and the environment. From a business perspective, there can be expensive tipping fees, which are the expenses paid for disposing of waste in a landfill. According to EREF, the current average national tipping fee is $55 per ton. Combine that with the fact that 145 million tons of C&D debris ended up in landfills in 2018, tipping fees alone are costing businesses $8 billion annually. From an environmental perspective, CDW that is sent to landfill has generated about 6.6% of total GHG emissions since 2010 and is expected to increase as industrialization and urbanization grows. Aside from the waste generated in landfills, there are also high costs associated with material extraction. According to the World Green Building Council , 11% of global energy-related carbon emissions come

from building construction and the production of building materials. Plus, cement manufacturing alone produces 2.2 billion tons of CO2 every year, which is 8% of all CO2 emissions. In addition to these devastating costs to the environment, extracting raw materials for building construction tallies up quickly. During 2020’s COVID-19 pandemic, several materials were in short supply due to shutdowns. Plastic and lumber were particularly impacted with prices rising by as much as triple the typical cost. Between material extraction at the beginning of a building’s life cycle and landfilling waste at the end of life, there are hefty costs that C&D businesses are incurring internally and levying on the health of the planet. To reduce the waste associated with the C&D industry, organizations need to be more resourceful. Adaptive reuse can be the saving grace to a business’ bottom line and help reduce their carbon footprint.

Each year, tipp fees alone are costing busine sses $ 8 BILLION.

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