Keystone Law Firm - July 2021

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Trust Matters JULY 2021


is as your assets grow and change. For those who would be severely impacted — say if you have over $3 million in your estate — it’s important that we meet to discuss your options to update your estate plan sooner rather than later. A Change to ‘Step Up in Basis’ When parents pass, they typically leave property to their children. If the children choose to sell the property, it receives a “step up in basis,” meaning it’s re-evaluated for the current fair market value, rather than the value of the home at the time of the original purchase. This protects those who inherit the home from having to pay high capital gains taxes from its original valuation to today’s sale. Instead, they would only pay taxes on the profit earned from the “stepped up basis’ to the time of the sale. That may be changing. In recent proposals, a “step up in basis” wouldn’t exist, so taxes would be owed on the profit made from the original valuation of the house compared to the new sales price. This affects everyone. Anyone who inherits property, no matter its value will feel the sting of this proposal. That could be an intimidating factor. If I could offer one piece of calming advice during this time, it would be to not stress. We can’t control what changes are made, but we can control how we respond and make your estate plan as tax-free as possible. Our job is to help you through that process. 2 Proposed Estate Tax Changes You Need to Know About

O ne of the most important aspects of estate planning is understanding that the plan you create today will evolve and change as time passes. I preach this all the time. The plan you create in July 2021 should be done with your reality for July 2021 in mind — not the subsequent other Julys you will live to see. As those occur, that’s when we adapt your plans. I say all of this as we approach the potential for some big estate tax law changes — and we will subsequently need to update our clients’ estate plans. At the time of writing this cover article in mid-May 2021, there was still so much that was unknown, but it’s a situation we are actively following at Keystone Law Firm. I understand change can be scary, so I want you to know that we are following this closely and developing options to best protect our clients. This month, I want to break down two of the largest components of the proposed plan. These are elements that may change once the bill is passed, but it’s vital you understand what each regulation could mean for you and your family, so you can make the appropriate decisions you need to make. A Reduction to the Threshold on the Estate Tax Under current legislation, an individual can leave up to $11.7 million for distribution to their heirs with zero estate tax. So, if you have $15 million in your estate, about $3.3 million can be taxed up to 40%. That’s still a lot of money to lose, but it’s much less than the current proposed threshold. This newest round of tax law changes would see that threshold drop to $3.5 million. That means the same estate that has $15 million would have $11.5 million taxed, rather than just $3.3 million. (This includes your term life insurance policy. That eats up a large chunk of this threshold!)

As always, if you have questions about these proposals or would like to begin the process of updating your plan to reflect these

changes, please contact my team today. As is the case with many of these changes, the law may not go into effect until next year, meaning we may have an opportunity to “grandfather” in your tax savings if you do it this year! We want to guarantee we have enough time to help you properly prepare, so please call us today!

Now, for a number of our clients, this reduction will have very little impact, but it’s important that you understand where that threshold

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Business Tricks That Will Improve Your Personal Life 3

When you’re constantly in the “zone” at work, you’re not always thinking about what’s best for your personal life. While many business owners prioritize balance, what will truly benefit both your home and work life? Check out these three tricks. 1: Start your day with a plan. We know what you’re thinking: Writing out your plan is more work than just doing it. The key is to plan whenever you can. If you jot down things you want to accomplish the following day as they come up, all you’ll need to do is spend a few minutes organizing your list the next morning.

Whether your reminder is an alarm at the same time every day or even another habit (“I’ll exercise before I take my morning shower”), make sure it’s part of any new process you implement. 3: Remember, work is flexible — your personal life isn’t. Bryan G. Dyson, CEO of The Coca-Cola Company, once told his staff, “Imagine life as a game in which you are juggling some five balls in the air. You name them — work, family, health, friends, and spirit — and you are keeping all of these in the air.” In his metaphor, work is a rubber ball. “If you drop it, it will bounce back. But the other four balls are made of glass. If you drop one of these, they will be irrevocably scuffed, marked, nicked, damaged, or even shattered. They will never be the same.”

Pro Tip: Remember to include time to unwind and relax!

2: Develop new and improved processes. While certain activities can’t be replaced with shortcuts (like spending time with family), consider ways to make your current processes more efficient and beneficial. For example, you can’t lose weight if you don’t change your diet and exercise. Adjusting your habits might seem difficult, but there’s actually a straightforward method. According to “Atomic Habits” by James Clear, every new habit has a simple formula behind it: motivation, ability, and prompt.

We hope these tips help you protect the “glass balls” in your life!

an employee, was working for them in the early 1900s. The company used enamel to line the inside of its refrigerators in a process that involved introducing molten enamel to water, a hardening reaction that had a high potential for disaster. And disaster struck in November 1906 when, in the course of Adams’ normal duties, the holding tank full of molten enamel exploded while he operated it at close distance — at the instruction of his foreman who was overseeing the operation. It’s a miracle that Adams wasn’t killed, although he lived in severe pain for the rest of his life. His employer attempted to dodge all responsibility, and Adams was forced into the courts to get some kind of justice. As you can imagine, the judicial system took note of the incident and, after examining everything in detail, came to some groundbreaking conclusions, at least for the day. The chief one was that Adams’ injury could not have been foreseen by an average person, because although he had experience, he lacked understanding of the materials he was working with — an understanding that his employer had not provided. Molten enamel has similar properties to lava, and an exploding tank full of the stuff is not a hazard anyone should have to deal with in the workplace. The shockwaves of Adams’ near-fatal injury have reverberated for over a century now and provide valuable precedence when it comes to the duty employers have to their employees, whether that person has experience or not, which is why even today, when we attend ongoing, yearly safety training, we benefit from the hard lessons learned in Adams v. Grand Rapids Refrigerator .

Poor Safety Meets Molten Enamel Nothing Cold About These Refrigerators

If you don’t know what enamel is, you’ve probably seen it around: It’s the colorful, protective coating that covers tiles and all kinds of fancy cookware. But how does it get on to things? For that, you need heat — enough to melt enamel into a workable, molten-hot liquid. It’s dangerous stuff to work with, which means facilities need to provide extensive training, personal protective equipment, and proper maintenance.

The Grand Rapids Refrigerator Company of Grand Rapids, Michigan, had not met its duty in any of those three areas when Harry Adams,

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After more than a year of working remotely, the initial excitement of being able to work in your sweats probably wore off long ago. But this stint of remote work has shown many upsides: Productivity has increased. Eliminating the daily commute has been good for the environment, and workers are spending more time with their families, pursuing hobbies, or exercising. Having a more flexible work schedule has also meant there’s a better work-life balance for many working parents. But for all the benefits, there are plenty of downsides, too. Many have struggled to set boundaries as the line between work and home has blurred, leading to overwork and burnout. Others complain about myriad distractions they face while working from home, especially those who don’t have a dedicated workspace and are also trying to help their children with virtual schooling. That’s not to mention potential tech issues, loneliness or alienation from coworkers, and increased barriers to effective collaboration. Yet, nearly half of those currently working remotely say they want to continue to do so 1–4 days per week even once it’s safe to fully return to the office. That’s led many employers to consider a hybrid model that incorporates remote and in- person work options. Publications like The New York Times and Forbes are touting a hybrid model as the way of the future. But what exactly would this look like?


Inspired by

Impress guests at your next barbecue with this perfectly smoked brisket. Plus, you’ll have plenty of leftovers!

• Wood chips • 1/4 cup paprika Ingredients

• 1/4 cup chili powder • 1/4 cup garlic powder • 1/4 cup onion powder • 1/4 cup salt • 1/4 cup pepper • 10 lbs brisket

A productive hybrid work model wouldn’t simply mean workers come into the office a few set days a week. The smart approach, says Forbes writer Anna Convery-Pelletier, is to have employees come into the office for collaborative tasks and stay at home to work independently on tasks that require sustained focus and deep thinking. In-person meetings are especially good for “brainstorming sessions, introducing new projects, or team-building exercises,” Convery-Pelletier says. This focus on in-person collaboration may also mean that the office will look different when you return. Some businesses are opting to redesign their physical space to accommodate this kind of collaborative in-person work and eliminate costly individual work spaces now replicated at home. Whatever the future of work holds, many workers will be happy to safely return to their workplaces and see their coworkers in person again, whether full time or just a handful of days a month.

• 1/4 cup white sugar • 1/4 cup ground cumin • 1/4 cup cayenne pepper • 1/4 cup brown sugar


4. Preheat smoker to 230 F. Drain wood chips and place them in the smoker. 5. Smoke brisket until it has an internal temperature of 165 F. 6. Remove brisket and wrap it in aluminum foil. 7. Smoke brisket further until it reaches an internal temperature of 185 F.

1. In a bowl, soak wood chips in water overnight. 2. In a large bowl, mix paprika, white sugar, cumin, cayenne pepper, brown sugar, chili powder, garlic powder, onion powder, salt, and pepper. 3. Rub spice mixture on the brisket and refrigerate for 24 hours. | 3



2701 W. QUEEN CREEK RD., #3 CHANDLER, AZ 85248


2 Proposed Estate Tax Changes You Need to Know About


Make Your Work-Life Balance Easy Poor Safety Meets Molten Enamel


The Best Texas-Style Smoked Brisket Is a Hybrid Model the Future of Work?


Jury Pools and Fair Trials


Are ‘Tainted’ Jury Pools a Historic Problem? How Do You Get a Fair Trial by Your Peers?

B ack in April, the largest legal case of the year wrapped up with a police officer receiving multiple convictions after his actions resulted in the death of a civilian. Heavily publicized from beginning to end, the trial highlighted the difficulties the internet era exacerbates with information, bias, and trial in the court of public opinion. Attorneys had trouble finding appropriate jurors in a pool tainted by media coverage and preconceived notions. But was this really a new dilemma or merely the newest spin on a very old tale? The American justice system is founded on the concept of offering people fair trials by their peers; this usually means the jury will consist of a reasonably diverse assortment of people representative of the community. Of course, that could mean different things,

Elizabeth Kelly of St. John’s University points out that the same men who drafted the Constitution also ran the largest newspapers at the time. Media bias has always been part of the mix. It became even more pronounced in the live-coverage TV era, as the murder trial of O.J. Simpson exemplified. Just as people had strong opinions going in, they had strong opinions coming out, and not much has changed in the 25 years since — including people’s opinions on the guilt or innocence of the party on trial. But one thing can change: the beliefs of a juror, even one who comes in with preconceived notions. It can be easy to think we know everything the jury does, but following a case in the headlines as we go about our week isn’t the same thing as being in court all day, day after day, going through the nitty-gritty details of a crime with professional, experienced attorneys. The general public just doesn’t have all the information despite what the media provides. Prejudiced or not, if jurors come in wanting to serve justice, then they can be up to the task if they are willing to focus on the facts and evidence at hand. That’s ultimately what Breheny and Kelly found back in 1995 — and despite the advent of the internet, there’s no reason to think jurors can’t do the same today.

and attorneys are given leeway in selecting jurors for that reason.

The media has often run antithetical to this principle, so we’ve never really had an American jury formed outside of media influence. After all, a 1995 examination of jury bias by sociologists Brian Breheny and

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