THE IMPACT OF JULIUS CAESAR
The heart of the summer season has everyone racing to do all their favorite outdoor activities before fall arrives. However, my friends are history buffs who have told me everything about the person after whom July is named: Julius Caesar. Caesar is remembered for many things, one being the prominent impact he had on modern war tactics. He is well known as a Roman general and politician, and by conquering parts of Gaul and ending the Roman Republic, Caesar quickly rose as the dictator of the Roman Empire. His legacy is one of military innovation, but it’s his journey to success that makes his story even more fascinating. Caesar did not grow up in a wealthy family, and following his father’s death, Caesar became the head of his family at age 16. At the time, his uncle was leading a civil war against the Roman ruler Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix. After eventually being pardoned for his ties to the war, Caesar excelled in the military and earned the prestigious Civic Crown for his courage at the Siege of Mytilene in 81 B.C. He then began his political career as a military tribune — a stepping stone on the way to the senate — and a quaestor, handling the treasury. “By conquering parts of Gaul and ending the Roman Republic, Caesar quickly rose as the dictator of the Roman Empire. His legacy is one of military innovation, but it’s his journey to success that makes his story even more fascinating.”
In two years, Caesar gained the governorship of Spain. He was eventually elected as a senior Roman consul, acting as a chairman of the senate and commanding the
Roman army. He went on to form the First Triumvirate, which included himself, Crassus, and Pompey, and they quickly took over Rome.
As Caesar rose to power, he was appointed governor of the region of Gaul in 58 B.C. Using his military brilliance, he developed unique tactics to conquer the area. For example, he evaluated all the crucial bridges and landmarks the Helvetii tribe would use in their fight against Rome, and he destroyed the Rhone River bridge to hinder them. Moreover, he built trenches, large catapults, and 16-foot walls that he used to stop the Helvetii army in their tracks. In the Battle of Bibracte, Caesar showed extraordinary charisma, leading his army on foot and finally defeating the Helvetii defense line. The losing tribe begged for mercy, and Ceasar forgave them, ordering the rest of the soldiers to return to their homes. He gave them grain and seeds for farming, but he also took hostages to ensure their obedience and maintain support from the surrounding villages.
With his innovative military techniques and inspiring rise to power, it is no wonder Caesar has a month named after him!
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