PoSH Behavioural Aspects V14

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(PoSH) at Workplace’ is designed and laid out exclusively for

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PREVENTION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT

PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS

INTERNATIONAL

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Source: http://brandongaille.com/23-statistics-on-sexual-harassment-the-workplace/

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF THE US 2017

11,364

Total claims filed

16.3%

Percentage of charges filed by males

1,367/10.9%

Settlements made

1,150/9.1%

Withdrawals with benefits

Administrative closures

2,635/21%

6,658/53%

No reasonable cause

761/6.1%

Reasonable cause

288/2.3%

Successful conciliations

473/3.8%

Unsuccessful conciliations

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF THE US 2017

64%

Americans see sexual harassment as a problem

88%

Women have been harassed

Victims are women

79%

Victims are men

21%

Experienced harassment from a colleague

27%

Experienced harassment from a superior

17%

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF THE US 2017

Received threats of termination

12%

Victims were not aware of the workplace policies

67%

Unaware of what department/person to contact

50%

Women experienced harassment in verbal form

81%

01 in 03 women in the age group of 18 - 34 have been

sexually harassed at work

TOP SECTORS WITH HIGHEST SEXUAL HARASSMENT INCIDENTS in the US

Business, Trade,

Banking and Finance

Sales and

Marketing

Civil Service

Education, Lecturing

and Teaching

Hospitality

INCIDENTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN in the US

31%

Claimed to have been harassed at work

51%

Harassed by supervisor

27%

Harassed by senior employee

19%

Harassed by co-worker

08%

Harassed by junior employee

No action taken

62%

100%

Claimed the harasser was a man

INCIDENTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF MEN in the US

Claimed to have been harassed at work

07%

Claimed the harasser was a woman

62%

Claimed the harasser was another man

41%

JAPAN

Source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/02/japan-women-sexually-harassed- at-work-report-finds

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF JAPAN 2015

Almost a third of Japanese women have

been sexually harassed at work

Japan performs poorly in

international gender equality

comparisons

Ranked 101 st out of 145 countries in the

World Economic Forum’s 2015

global gender gap index

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF JAPAN 2015

Touched in an unpleasant way

40%

Asked or pressed to have sexual relations

17%

Women suffer in silence

63%

Women get harassed during full and part

30%

time work

Are full time workers

35%

Suffer through casual comments on their

50%

appearance, age and physical features

EUROPE

Source: https://www.tuc.org.uk/equality-issues/sexual-harassment/gender-equality/nearly-two-three- young-women-have-experienced

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF EUROPE 2016

52%

Women experienced sexual harassment at work

63%

Women aged 18 - 24 years old get harassed

sexually

88%

Perpetrator of the sexual harassment was male

17%

Victims to be line manager/superior

79%

Did not report

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF EUROPE 2016

Subject to unwelcome jokes of sexual nature

32%

28%

Comments of sexual nature on body or clothes

Unwanted touching

23%

Verbal sexual advances at work

20%

Attempt to kiss

12%

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF EUROPE 2016

Percentage and reasons for not reporting

the case

Impact negatively on their relationships at

28%

work

15%

On their career prospects

20%

Embarrassed to talk about the act

Felt they would not be believed or taken

24%

seriously

PREVENTION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT

PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS - INDIA

Source: http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/bGLANRbxR0RUYxaeDk4xRP/How-do-Indias-top-100- companies-fare-in-terms-of-sexual-har.html

STATISTICAL INSIGHTS OF INDIA 2012-15

IT sector have more number of sexual harassment cases

than other industrial sector

60% - 70% of blue collared women employees face

harassment

Only 5% of harassed women have revealed their experience

In 2012-13, there was just over one sexual harassment

complaint per company which has increased to over five in

2014-15

PREVENTION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT

PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL

BEHAVIOURAL DIMENSIONS

SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Perceived as annoying, offensive, upsetting,

embarrassing, stressful and frightening

Women blame themselves, believing something in

their dress or behaviour might have brought the

unwanted attention

Results in emotional and physical stress and stress-

related mental and physical illnesses/disorders

Increases absenteeism, job turnover, transfer requests

and decreases work motivation and productivity

Risk is high when women are in minority

PSYCHOLOGICAL ABERRATIONS IN SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Misinterpret harmless, reasonable behaviour as malicious and

specifically directed at themselves “ Ideas of Reference”

For personnel issues such as poor performance, reprimands

and warnings, or fear of termination, sexual harassment

claim serves as a convenient solution

Personality disorders of one or both – “Repetition

Compulsion”; “Defence of Welcome-ness”

BEHAVIOURAL ASPECTS OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Unwanted sexual attention

Verbal and nonverbal

behaviours

Suggestive comments

 About a woman’s body

Insulting, hostile and

 As well as unsolicited and

degrading attitude towards

unreciprocated sexual advances

women

Sexual coercion

 Questioning women’s

competence for a particular job

Quid-pro-quo

 Displaying pornography, calling

 Requiring sex as a condition of

women “bitches” and

employment or job rewards

 Making obscene gestures

EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Hostile environment

In a perceived hostile environment, men often perceive

their behaviour as non-discriminatory

At times it is a way to keep women “in their place” by

making them vulnerable

Difference in perception exists between genders about what

is reasonable

Large number of workers find their romantic partners at

work

Large number of men and women find satisfactory long-term

and short-term relationships in their workplace

EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Quid–pro-quo

Seeking roots in biology rather than ideology

Manifestation of men’s greater desire for short-term casual

relationships – average of 20 in their life time

Whereas of women’s desire for short-term casual

relationships – average 05 in their life time

It has to do with power and sex

“Token resistance” by women leads to a skewed perception

by men to “try harder”

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Internally focussed

Detachment

Minimizing the situation

Treating it like a joke or deciding it was not really

important

Denial

Pretending nothing is happening Trying not to notice

Hoping it will stop Trying to forget about it

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Internally focussed

Relabelling

Offering excuses for the harasser or interpreting the

behaviour as flattering

Illusory control

Attributing harassment to one's behaviour or attire

Endurance

Suffering in silence, either through fear of retaliation Blame or embarrassment

Or in the belief no one will help

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Externally focussed

Avoidance

Quitting a job Dropping a class, etc.

Assertion/Confrontation

Confronting the harasser Making it clear the behaviour is unwelcome

Seeking institutional help

Reporting the incident

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Externally focussed

Social support

Seeking support Acknowledgement of the reality of the occurrence

Appeasement

Attempting to placate the harasser

Source: http://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/22/science/sexual-harassment-it-s-about-power- not-lust.html?pagewanted=all#h[SshWft,1

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Nip it in the bud

Learn to make statements viz.

 “You have obviously misread me completely”

 “I don’t like, that you said that”

 “I don’t think anyone would like, what you just

did”

Build your “sexual intelligence”

Give a simple reply “no thank you”

SEXUAL INTELLIGENCE

“The ability to create and maintain desire in a

situation that’s less than perfect or comfortable; the

capacity to adapt to your changing body; curiosity and

open-mindedness about the meaning of pleasure,

closeness, and satisfaction; and the ability to adjust

when things don’t go as expected.”

Source: http://thechart.blogs.cnn.com/2012/03/01/are-you-sexually-intelligent/

DEALING WITH CONSENSUAL RELATIONSHIPS

Formulate a Consensual Relationships policy

Have a Consensual Relationship agreement in place

Encourage couples in consensual relationship to sign the

agreement

Provide facility for counselling of couples in a consensual

relationship

Help couples handle the breakup, if it happens

ENDING AN EXTRA MARITAL AFFAIR

You admit you have a problem and need help

Fully commit to reclaiming your life from this skid row of

relationships

Set goals to stop all communication with your married

man and throw away everything that reminds you of him

Make a list of all the things you have given up to be with

your married man during the affair

ENDING AN EXTRA MARITAL AFFAIR

Make an inventory of all the lies he has told you and the

empty promises he has made to you

Make a list of all the family and friends you have lied to,

and come clean to them

Actively monitor your goals, empower yourself and work

hard to regain your personal power, self-respect and

self-esteem

Fully commit to never allowing yourself to being second

best again

ENDING AN EXTRA MARITAL AFFAIR

Stop feeling sorry for yourself and wallowing in misery

Have some time spent in reflection

Work on your marriage

Think about the future

Consider getting some outside help

Stick with your decision

Work on your sex life with your partner

ENDING AN EXTRA MARITAL AFFAIR

Saying goodbye heals rather than harms

Going halfway takes you nowhere

There are no winners, just survivors

No contact means no contact

Time and distance are the best healers

Let go!

Source: http://www.goasksuzie.com/how-to-permanently-and-gracefully-exit-the-affair#.WX8cPFHhXIV http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/entertainment/2012/06/13-steps-to-ending-an-extramarital-affair-ex- mistress-gives-advice/

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