Why the gap? Astrophysicist Rush Holt Jr., who served from 1999-2015 as a House representative from New Jersey, thinks he knows. “I have this very strong belief, based on 16 years in Congress and a long, intense public life, that the problem is not with science or the scientists,” said. “It has to do with the fact that the public just doesn’t pay attention to science. It never occurs them that they have any role in the matter.” But Holt, former chief executive of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, believes change is on the way. “It’s likely that the pandemic will affect people’s attitudes,” former congressman Holt said, “and lead them to think that they need more scientific thinking in policy-making and legislating.” Holt’s father was a U.S. senator from West Virginia, so he grew up with a political education. But how can sci- entists and medical professionals succeed if they have no background in the art of wooing voters? That’s where an organization called 314 Action comes in. Named after the first three digits of pi, 314 Action declares itself to be the “pro-science resistance” and says it’s trained more than 1,400 scientists to run for public office. In 2018, 9 out of 13 House and Senate candidates endorsed by the group won their races. In 2020, 314 Action is endorsing 12 candidates for the House (including an engineer), four for the Senate (including an astronaut) and one for governor (a mathematician in Kansas). It expects to spend $10 million-$20 million to support campaigns this year. “Physicians, scientists and engineers are problem- solvers,” said Shaughnessy Naughton, a Pennsylvania chemist who founded 314 Action after an unsuccessful bid for Congress. “They’re willing to dive into issues, and their skills would benefit policy decisions that extend way beyond their scientific fields of expertise.” Like many political organizations, 314 Action focuses on teaching potential candidate how to make it in politics, aiming to help them drop habits that fail to bridge the gap between scientists and civilians. “Their first impulse is not to tell a story,” public speak- ing coach Chris Jahnke told the public radio show “Marketplace” in 2018. “They would rather start with a stat.” In a training session, Jahnke aimed to teach them to do both effectively.
“It just comes down to being able to speak about gen- eral principles in regular English, and to always have the science intertwined with basic human values,” said Rep. Kim Schrier, a Washington state pediatrician who won election to Congress in 2018. She believes her experience on the job has helped her make connections with voters. In a chat with parents about vaccines for their child, for example, she knows not to directly jump into an arcane discussion of case-control studies. The best alternative, she said, is to “talk about how hard it is to be a parent making these decisions, feeling scared and worried. Then say that you’ve looked at the data and the research, and point out that pediatricians would never do anything to hurt children because we want to do everything that is good for them. When you speak heart to heart, it gets across the message and the credibility of medicine and science.” Communication skills will be especially important if the pandemic spurs more Americans to focus on politics and the records of incumbents in regard to matters like public health and climate change. Thousands of candidates will have to address the nation’s coronavirus response, and a survey com- missioned by 314 Action suggests that voters may be receptive to those with STEM backgrounds. The poll, of 1,002 likely voters in early April 2020, found that 41%-46% of those surveyed said they’d be “much more favorable” toward candidates who were doctors, nurses, scientists and public health professionals. Those numbers were the highest in the survey com- pared to just 9% for lawyers. The pandemic “will hopefully awaken people and trigger a change that puts science, medicine and public health on a pedestal where science is revered and not dismissed as elitist,” Dr. Schrier said. “It will come from a recognition that what’s going to get us out of this bind are scientists, vaccine development and the hard work of the people in public health on the ground.”
Randy Dotinga is a freelance journalist based in San Diego and former president of the American Society of Journalists & Authors.
Will the Pandemic Propel STEM Experts to Political Power?
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