Strait_v1n11_1972-03

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CONTENTS

STATE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE AT llUFFALO VOLUME ONE NUNllER ELEVEN 23 MARCH - 20 APRIL 1972

EDITORIAL

The Walls Around Attica Letters to the Editor

4

5

COLUMNS

Editor-In-Chief ANDREW ELSTON Business Manager H.EDDA GORDON Advertising Manager C::HARLES KAPLAN News Editor BEVERLEY CONRAD Arts Editor CAROL EDMONDSON Graphics Editor NANCY DICK Contributing Editor LARRY FRITZ

. 6 .18

The Owl 's Corner - Joseph H. Bunzel Mind's Eye - Jan Nuzzo

NEWS

. 10 .12 .13 .14 .16 .17

News Briefs Socialist Worker's Party: Jenness & Pulley Notes Selective Service: Final Changes Greenhaven Inmates Form Union Election 1972

FEATURE

. 7 . 19

Attica: A Sleeping Tragedy Peanuts, Popcorn, and People

THE REAL WORLD

STAFF: Barry Cohen, Eric Chaffee, Linda De Tine, George Howell, Michael Sajecki, Steve Mackey, Dick Manning, Marcia Rybcznski, Jo .Ann Pizzo, Heather Ingram, Mike Kaiser, Dave Schwab, Mary Sullivan, Bill Mallowitz, Jan Nuzzo, Peggy Burke, Pat Bumstead, Jackie Michelin, Pauline Landau, Eric Daughtry, Helene Heit. STRAIT magazine is published fortnightly by the students of the New York State University College at Buffalo, 1300 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo. New York 14222. Offices are in the Student Union, room 421; telephone (716) 862-5326 & 5327. · Publishing and operating funds allocated through the United Students' Governmenl under the auspices of Publications Board and through the advertising income. STRAIT is represented for national adverlising income by National Educational Adverlising Services, 360 Lexington Avenue, New York, N. Y. STRAIT is distributed free to all members of the Buffalo State Community and to other students on campuses of the Niagara Frontier. Price for all others: 25 cents per copy; $4.50 per year (14 issues). Unsoliciled manuscripts will be considered for publication but STRAIT will not be responsible for their return; perso11s not associated with SUCB will not be discriminated against in the terms of manuscript publication. Editorial policy is determined by the editorial board. STRAIT subscribes to College Press Servi9e (CPS) Denver, Colorado; and Dispatch News Service International (DNSI). Coplrigh_t 1972; a!I righ_ts reserved: no portion o this magazine, its pictorial or verbal content may be reprinted in any manner without the express consent of the Editor-In-Chief. Printed in the United States of America by RecordPress.

The Boreshwazae and the Arts The Trials of Lenny Bruce Syed Igbal Geoffrey Records

. 23 . 26 . 28 . 32 . 35 . 36

Woman in the Arts CIRCUM LOCUM

In This Issue

ELEMENTS OF COMEDY AND TRAGEDY, that is what this issue is all about. We have an interview with two guardsmen who were at Attica when it all happened six mohths ago - the frenzy is over, but the tragedy remains unsolved. From there we go to the comic-tragic life of Lenny Bruce as portrayed by Frank Speiser last week. Our photo essay on the circus is in a somewhat lighter vein or, is it really? Follow your feelings on the whole thing. Laugh when it seems there's nothing left to do. . Our very dress make us grotesques. We are the zanies of sorrow. We are clowns whose hearts are broken. We are specially designed to appeal to the sense of humor. On November 13, 1895 I was brought down here from London. From two o'clock till half past two on that day I had to stand on the centre platform of Clapham Junction in convict dress and handcuffed, for the world to look at ... Of all possible objects I was the most grotesque. When people saw me they laughed. Each train as it came up swelled the audience. Nothing could exceed their amusement. That was of coune before they knew who I was. As soon as they had been informed, they laughed still more. For half an hour I stood there in the grey November rain surrounded by a jeering mob. For a year after that was done to me I wept every day at the same hour and for the same space of time. That is not such a tragic thing as possibly it sounds to you. To those who are in prison, tears .are part of everyday's experience. A day in prison on which one does not weep is a day on which one's heart is hard, not a day en which one's heart is happy. DE PROFUNDIS Oscar Wilde

GRAFICS CREDITS: Barry Cohen - 26, 27; Mark Kozlowski - 28, 30, 31; Mike Markowitz - 19-B, 25; Marcia Yules - 19-A; Wendy Hughes - 29; Cat Conrad - 10, 11; Daniel Chesbro - Attica Logo - 7.

Editorial•

The walls around Attica It has now been six months

since angry inmates at the Attica Prison revolted and were subse- quently beaten down and killed by troopers and prison guards. Six months is a lot of time, regardless of what side of the iron bars one might be standing. At this time we should all ask: "What is happening to prevent fur- ther Atticas; What is being done to meet the demands that were made by the inmates six months ago - just prior to the siege; What has been the result of the numerous investigative teams which were formed to probe the circumstances surrounding the tragedy; and fi. nally Why have the people of A- merica not been kept informed to these things?" One should ask these questions but unfortunately it is doubtful that any satisfactory answers will result. The walls around Attica have grown thicker since 13 September, 1971. And there is pit- ifully little the average American can do to storm those walls him- self. Hounding state officials, sena- tors and assemblymen does not al- ways prove successful or en- lightening. It seems that all one . can do is donate books to help re- store the prison library. And the kinds of books that are sorely needed will not pass through the walls. One might question the media. We live in an age when things happen swiftly. Just , as the a cbl- escent is programmed by the tele- vision commercials to have an attention span of no more than a dozen minutes, so are we pro- grammed by government and newspapers to have an attention span of no more than a few weeks.

Three weeks after the Attica uprising there was scarcly a filler article on a front page or a retro- spective thought on an editorial page in any above-ground paper in the country: Out of sight, out of mind. Few people today realize that there is a grand jury convening in Warsaw, N.Y. to deliberate on the events leading up to and including the ma~cre. And fewer people are allowed the findings. No one has been permitted the informa- 4

tion resulting from Assistant Attorney General Fisher's official state investigation of the rebellion and siege. No one knows how - or even if • the inmates' demands have been met by State and prison officials. There are two conclusions we come to after six months of si- lence: Attica has been put to sleep by justice so that, in the eye of a justice, justice might be done; TheW people of America are behind bars · too - the bars of the media.

STRAIT 23 MARCH 1972

[I Letters to the Editor

II

Strait staff: I'm writing about "Kollege Komix. " I have sat back and smoldered long enough over this disgusting piece of shit. It would be easy to dismiss it as meaningless drivel, but it is not harmless, it is down- right degrading. To say this feature insults "a few delicate egos" (as Dick Manning so cheerfully says in Strait) is to ignore the fact that this feature in- sults all women . You say I have no sense of humor , Andy Elston, and about this kind of junk you are abso- lutely right. I don't think it's at all funny to see the women's movement treated as a trivial matter con- sisting only of "bra-burnings." I don't think there's a thing to laugh at when I see a frame in the "komix" showing two tits (that is not my word of choice, but it is the work conveyed by the picture) and no head. That is supposed to represent WOMEN? Hardly! The women who appear in the "komix" are not allowed to express them- selves--their worth lies only in their bodies . Well, the fact is that women are getting sick of this attitude and a lot of us are struggling to break out of these bonds . The only way Dick Manning can relate to the women 's movement is to poke fun at com- pletely trivial aspects of it.

It 's so easy for you to condemn oppression ·of people in Pakistan, or oppression of prisoners, blacks, and Indians in this country. You white, middle class student editors don't need to confront these issues because these problems are not a central part of your lives. But the degradation and op- pression (both obvious and subtle) of women goes on all around you, and as a result of you . And that fact you will not deal with or even admit. The entire comic strip is not only totally with- out humor, it is also insulting to women . And not all of us who are ipsulted are involved in the women's movement, either. Publishing this so-called "comic" shows that the editors of Strait are willing to let this destructive viewpoint appear, and also shows their absolute refusal to deal with the issues involved. I, for one, am disgusted. By the way, the prevalent idea of the "cas- trating bitch" is something I can manage to laugh at . A man 's cock and balls are hardly at fault. Lo- botomy would be more to the point, but even l would not go that far.

Katen Anderson

MAL..ICIOUS RJJMOR61 ALF-TRl.11l4S PE~ · BY 'KNEE-JERK BLE ~E.AR:T r ---- .

, W~D~ A'Re CONDITIONS IN YOUR 1-'l

' PU~\SHMEWT?

' Is; ·x \ "'

STRAIT Z3 MARCH 1972

The

* * * In the area of education--which is what our students have asked us to hear about--and write about--some of the old repetitive verities are coming to the fore: the issues of FREEDOM OF CHOICE and the issue of QUOTAS. It has become common place to form interest groups and to demand from faculty and administra- tion that a certain course be given in the name of freedom of choice . It has also become common place to attend a course for a while and then, after the first test or when the going gets rough, to aban- don the course . We are opposed to both options for a variety of reasons : (Undergraduate) education ought to be properly speaking "educating the whole man''. If one can replace in High School the history of the French Revolution by a course in sewing (this is a true story!) what kind of student receives the col- lege; what average standard can the university de- pend on. The student then learns what he knows already, and rare indeed is the student who, know- ing himself weak in the sciences, for instance takes courses that test his mettle in that area. Moreover, the choice of required courses is s~ large and their focus so small, usually misleadingly and euphemistically titled and described in the cata- logue, that the student is wholly unable to make any intelligent use of his freedom. Regarding the early abandonment of courses, there are, of course, some of us who wish to create a group feeling of cooperative study, rather than a wild competitive struggle; but even for those teach- ers who do not care about group morale in class, the tempatation is great to abandon standards and adjust downwards the next time. Administrators tend to throw the thermometer out of the window rather than to pay the physician. Finally, just as we always were unalterably op- posed to all kinds of segregation, by sex, age, color, occupation, or what have you, so we always were weary of quotas. Having lived in countries with one numerus clausus or another, any quota, even it if appears in benevolent form, is an unntaural manipu- lation; it should be clear that any dicision made in favor of something or someone is at the same time automatically a decision against something or some- one . Thus, in every quota system catastrophic consequential reactions are unavoidable. As one hasidic just man paraphrases our text • for are these not my thoughts to give You what in Your thoughts? Why then are not Your ways as my ways?

Corner

ISAIAH 55:8

• JOSEPH H . BUNZEL

The Talmud speaks of thirty-six just men who welcome the presence of God every day; in later legends they are described as lowly and humble men, peasants and cobblers, carpenters and artisans; they live unrecognized among the people and con- stitute the true foundation of the world. It is told: One of these just men came to Sodom, determined to save its inhabitants from sin and punishment. He walked the streets days and nights, preaching and shouting against greed and sin, against falsehood and indifference. At first people smiled ironically, then they went their sinful ways without care. One day a compassionate child asked the man: you shout and give of yourself unstinting- ly, yet no one responds; do you not see, that it is hopeless? Yes my child, I see, said the man . Why do you go on then? Because, you see, in the beginning I thought I could change men by shouting and preaching; when I shout today it is to prevent man from changing me. (Paraphrased from Hasidic Tales, retold in E. Silberman's Book review of Elie Wiesel's Souls on Fire, New York Times March 5, 1972) . Such is the position of all true believers from the Berrigam and the Angela Davises to teachers who wish to keep up what they conceive to be i;tan- dards, artists who can not change from what they ,:, feel is true art. The just man, even after giving up to change s9ciety and the others, continues the cry, in order not to change, not to have to change, him- r self. r Sometimes this holy wrath can be taken for un- r ea so nable stubbornness, and sometimes it un- doubtedly is; sometimes it is considered outright psychotic by the standards of that Sodom. But the • actor looks at his act as pure, even if the audience may at times consider it dangerous, ugly, wrong or • consummately boring. The True, the Just and the Beautiful are always their own measure, they form • their own, eternally repetitive waves of tension and solution.

6

STRAIT 23 MARCH 1972

A Sleeping

Tragedy As the inmates at Attica began their revolt, reserve staffs of military ,medical and assistance personnel from across the state were called upon to stand by for possible emergency service. Among these were National Guardsmen in Buffalo units, including several students at Buffalo State . John and Bill - assumed names to protect them from legal or extra-legal harrassment - are medics who were dispatched to Attica on 13 September at different times. They were witness to many of the incidents which were reported at the time and to others which never hit the papers. Their comments are both frightening and en- lightening. . The photos which accompany the interview were taken by a fellow Guardsman with a contraband Instamatic camera .

sTRAIT : When did you get to Attica and what did you see as you arrived? JOHN ; My unit left the armory around 4:00 in the morning and went down to a place down around Attica, about twelve or fifteen miles away. The whole thing was planned so that when they stormed the place we left from where we were, driving about three miles per hour all the way. It was all perfectly timed so that we would get there just at the last few nin- utes of the shooting. At one point right outside the gates, we sped up real quick - there was a trooper car at the

7

STRA IT 23 MARCH 1972

The thing that got me was the whole attitude of the troopers . They didn't give a shit about the inmates.

front of the line that was leading the convoy in . I assumed that he was in radio contact with everyone. At the last possible moment we came racing in. , You could still hear shots and the helicopter was going over telling the prisoners to drop their weapons and lay down on the ground. Then we started going in two at a time with stretchers to pull people out. The first we took out were the hostages. There were, I think, eight of them. Then we went in for the prisoners. The first five minutes in there were total confusion. For me, the experience was...well, I can 't even explain it. I've never had any- thing to compare with the experience of A that. There was a lot of gas and every- • • one had masks on. For me the mask was like a shield that kept me away from everything that was going on. It was like a detachment. I can't understand how I did things. The thing that got me was the whole attitude of the troopers. There was so much hate there, just so much racism and they didn't give a shit about the inmates. There would be guys really shot up bad and they'd go over to them and kick them and say,"Here, take this," or "Here, leave that fucker, let him die." They made the prisoners crawl along in the mud. They were all stripped and lying face-down in the mud.They kept having them move up real close to each other so that one guy's head was up tight between the next guy's legs and they kept them inoving like this sliding along in the mud. We spent most of the morning taking people out and then later went over to the hospital. From the door of the cell- block over to the hospital there was a solid line of guardsmen with their rifles in the air.Solitary and the ho~ital were right next door to each other and so a this gauntlet acted as a means of getting W people to solitary and the hospital. The - poeple we took to the hospital were

- •-- -------- STRAIT 23 MARCH 1 972

8

The few men who were able to speak were really scared. They said things like -

or (Don't shoot me.'

(Don't hurt me,'

almost all unconscious or bleeding pro- fusely . The troopers used deer slugs and they used sub-machine guns and high- powered rifles. Bl LL: When I was in the armory before going out there, there was no radio communication at all with the prison, except what we heard over civilian radio. The first report we heard - about 9: 30 was over civilian radio and the an- nouncer said that alot of people were dead in there : troopers, guardsmen .. .. When he said guardsmen, man I really didn't know...I was just ... I didn't know .. .my reaction was that I wanted to get out there and see for myself if guards- men were really wounded . When I got there I really expected to see guards- men, my friends, wounded and being treated. That wasn't the case. About 10 or 10:30 in the morning I got a call from one of the people out there saying they needed more medical supplies so I loaded up and went out there with another medic . I got there somewhere around 10:30 or 11:00. That was Monday morning the 13th. I was immediately taken by the number of en- forcement agencies that were there; the county sheriffs, Buffalo Police, other county and community law enforcement agencies. All of them had 30.06 rifles and other high-powered rifles and shot guns and they were waiting by the side of the road. When I approached the prison itself, I could smell the remnants of gas, tear gas. When I got into the prison, there were a lot of guardsmen in the periph- ery of the cellblocks, just milling. They looked strange to me, because they were just standing there or sitting down by trucks, like guardsmen usually do, not doing much. By the time I pulled up to the prison hospital, I then saw what really happened. There was a certain degree of shock involved. When I walked in to the hospital, the first thing I saw were a lot of patients

lying on stretchers. There were so many that there was no other place to put them but along the floors in the halls. There were prison guards and troopers - the prison guards all had shot- guns at a port or ready positon, walking around watching these injured prisoners on stretchers. The first thing that I did was just walk through the hospital to get a feel for the place. There was emergency sur- gery going on in some of the rooms by prison doctors and doctors from a civ- ilian in Buffalo had been summoned out . There were about a dozen of these . At one point I came to the corridors that lead to the cellblocks. In one on the right lay five prisoners. They all had interveinous bottles on them so they were either unconscious or loosing blood badly so that the treatment they were under was certainly life-saving effort. Opposite them were guards with bay- onets fixed , standing against the the walls. It looked really impressive. Mostly because the guys on the stretchers weren't going to move, there was no way they could physically. I walked down the line and looked at these five prisoners. One was dead, he had just died in the half hour. There was a doctor and some official in a suit and a prison guard in one spot and I heard the doctor saying to the other two, "He's going to die if I don't do something.. " and the guy with the suit said "Leave them alone, we'll get to them later." I learned later that those five people were the suspected leaders of the insurgency, and that if any treat- ment were to be given to them it would have to come after everyone else had been taken care of. STRAIT:During the time of the up- rising, the papers carried accounts of mistreatment of the inmates_ Did you see any of this sort of thing at Attica while you were there?

JOHN :I didn't see it, but when I got there there were stories floating around about a guy who was made to sit with shot-gun shells on his knees. The guard told him that if they fell, they were going to shoot him.The kind of stuff I saw was just plain old beating. A lot of beating. In the corridor in the hospital that leads to the D cellblock I heard some commotion going on and I looked down there and saw five prison guards and a black prisoner. They were pushing him around so I got a little closer to the bars of that cellblock so that I was about 15 feet from what was happening. The black guy was screaming, "Don't kill me, I didn't kill no cop," and one of the guards said," Fuck you, I'll kill you, you bastard. Say one more word and you're dead." All of a sudden, a scuffle started and about ten more guards appeared and everyone was swinging at him, so I got right up to the bars now and I saw the prisoner. He wasn 't bleeding when I first saw him and the next time I caught a glimpse of him he was on the floor and he had a huge gap in his forehead. But he was still quite conscious and still ueaming, "Don't shoot me." While I was working in the hospital, there was one prison guard about my size but he had a look in his eyes which was just frightening. He was wlaking around with a double barrel shotgun and I got the impression that he was some kind of supervisor for the prison guards, because the other guards seemed to take orders from him. So while I was watch- ing this scuffle with the black prisoner, this guard walked up and the bars swung open and he walked right in and directly up to this prisoner who was now lying on the floor bleeding. He pointed the double barrel shotgun right inot his face and said, "Say one more fucking word and you're dead." ( . d 73,, contmue on page Bl LL :

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STRAIT 23 MARCH 1972

Grass Poll The Natioal Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) has issued a survey to the presidential candidates requesting their views obn the marijuana laws. Only Governor George Wallace , Representative Wilbur Mills , and Senator Henry Jackson refused to respond to the poll. Keith Stroup, the organization's Executive Director explained : "The candidates now appear to be willing to discuss the issue perhaps influenced by the knowlege that 24,000,000 Americans have now smoked marijuana . In addition , there are 25,675,000 new voters between the ages of 18 and 24, 40% of whom have used marijuana .. ." The position recently taken by John Finlator former number two man in the Bureau of Narcotics is that of decriminalization. It is speculated that the President 's Commission on Marijuana will recommend legal private use by adults in its March 22nd report. The results of the survay are as follows :

NEWS

Paw Power

1) Do you favor the elimination . of all criminal penalties for simple possession of marijuana for personal use by those 18 years or older? (Decriminalization) Chisholm yes Hartke yes Humphrey favorable Lindsay yes McCarthy yes McCloskey, favorable McGovern yes Muskie favorable Spock yes Yorty no

2) Do you favor a system of go ·, ernmental control over the distribution of marijuana similar to the licensing systme used for alcohol (Legalization) Chisholm yes Hartke no Humphrey no Lindsay no McCarthy yes McKloskey no McGovern favorable Muskie no Spock yes Yorty no

Dog owners won a n.,.nor victory last month when the dog catcher was driven from Cheeseman Park by an angry crowd of park visitors. The dog catchers have been causing a lot of grief in recent months by handing out tickets in the parks to people who permit their dogs to run around without a leash . Last month , however, on a warm Sunday afternoon, when the dog catchers drove their van into the middle of a football game and began handing out tickets, a crowd of about eighty-five people gathered and began shouting. "Dogs need exercise too' " "Yeah, what are parks for if you can't let your dog run around? " The dog catchers were silent. They just kept writing tickets and radioed for help. In no time at all two park police- men parked their car next to the white van. The footbal game had long ceased. The crowd grew restless, and the cops got scared . They called for more help and two Denver city policemen arrived.

SOS Denied Recognition The California State Board of Trustees have voted to offer legal aid to Connecticut college whose president has barred the Students for a Democratic Society [SDS] from campus. The trustees offered their general counsel to file a brief with the U.S. Supreme Court, wnich has agreed to hear an appeal from students who demand recognition of the SDS. "We have had a number of cases in which our college administrators refused to grant recognition to certain student groups . . . We are interested in what the Supreme Court has to say about a college president's discretion in this field," stated General Counsel Norman L. Epstein. F. Don James, president of Central Connecticut State College, has denied campus recognition of the SDS group, overturning the decision of a faculty-student committee. The Conneceticut students have won the support of the American Civil Liberties Union. The ACLU has a similiar case before the California Supreme Court involving barring an SDS chapter from the campus of the Orange Coast Junior College in O Orange County, California. Students in the California State College system were generally angered at the decision and complained that they were not given enough advance notice to protest the ~ction.

4 - _:{ The Denver cops were the only ones who would talk to the crowd, and for about an half hour they argued the relative merits and demerits of Denver's leash law. But the crowd wouldn't be mollified, and sensing the potential trouble , the city police told the park policemen to stop handing out tickets and leave. Which they did.

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STRAIT 23 MARCH 1972

e Words of Wisdumb President Nixon may well take a more relaxed , tolerant position on marijuana this year in order to woo the youth vote . In that case, it is worth recalling the words of Richard Kliendienst, former deputy Attorney General. Kliendienst has modestly declared his own views to be closer to the President's than any living person. Here is what he said to a group of Georgetown University students in April, 1971. "Our job is to enforce the law, and only that. Marijuana is destruc- tive to the fabric of ·America, and must be treated as such . "No civilized country in the world has legalized marijuana . "You know, if you lived in Russia and were caught smoking you would be killed--you know shot. "If we permit our citizens to smoke legally, don't you think the Russians would begin to see the opportunity to take us over? "After all, we all know that the reason the Arabs are losing the war to the Jews is because they smoke so much. " Former ROTC Schools'Blacklisted' The U.S. Navy has ruled that

I

\ .. -·-~ \

Catholic Con-Conspirator Boyd F . Douglas Jr., the government informer in the Harrisburg conspiracy case received a " reward " for his work from the FBI that enabled him to buy a new car. He then asked for $50,000 more . Douglas ' " reward " was revealed in a mysterious letter that was among material turned over to the Harrisburg defense by the government this week in accordance with court rules. In the letter Douglas thanked the Bureau for the reward and requested a minimum sum of $50,000 asking them to consider " ... what I will go through befor and after the trial or trials." His 10 tter continued by saying "l know these i->~ople may not bother me but the only way I will be able to feel comfortable is to take some precautions as they are the cream of the Catholic left." · He further justified his request of this sum by explaining he could have no ties with his family for at least a year before he could feel safe. Doug las testified that he turned against Berrigan and his colleagues be- cause he was "concerned" about "the threat of these people to the United ( States government." He was also con- cerned to see priests and nuns involved in the antiwar movement he said, because he was raised a "strict Catholic." It was not clear as to why the govem-

from graduate schools was stated in a committee report last year on 13 July. The report asserted that , "It is morally wrong for the military to spend dollars sending students to a particular college or university which has chosen not to cooperate with the military services. Despite the report , there was never any Congressional sanction of the Committee's position. Much opposition to the action has already arisen . Repre- sentative William Ryan (D., N.Y .) has intimated that he will press the House , terming the Navy decision as "nothing less than a blacklist. "

navel officers will no longer be allowed to take graduate courses at a total of fifteen universities throughout the nation . Theschools have been 'blacklisted ' because they have phased out their Reserve Officers Training Corps [ROTC] programs. Among the schools listed were Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Dartmouth, Stanford, and Columbia. The action was taken under pressure from House Armed Services Committee Secretary of the Navy John H. Chafee who said that the prohibition of officers

L

ment released the letter which ._ demoli~~es Douglas' facade of 1 patriotic and rehgious concerns. The defense said it ~/ thought the letter was released to undercut any future blackmail attempts

-.........._

by Douglas.

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STRAIT 23 MARCH 1972

the lives of 50,000 Gis and billions of dollars and has cost the Vietnamese hundreds of thousands of lives and the destruction of their country. Both parties are responsible for the deaths of thousands of women by back-street abortionists because abortions are re- stricted or illegal in every state . Neither of the two parties has done or intends to do anything that would allow Blacks, Chicanos , Puerto Ricans or Native Americans to really have some control over their lives and their communities. All the announced presidential candidates from the Democratic and Republican parties support the status quo, although a few modifications may be necessary. All of them, Muskie, Nixon , Humphrey, McCloskey , McGovern , Jackson , Yorty, Chisolm, Dell urns, McCarthy and Lindsay ask young people to give the system "just one more chance." This system, which is based on the interests of a small group of business- mm, industrialists, financiers , and generals, has used up all its chances throughout its 200 year history of exploitation and oppression. It used up its last chances when it rained napalm on Vietnamese children, when it mur- dered four students at Kent State and six at Jackson State and Augusta, when it shot down George Jackson and Malcolm X, and when it massacred the inmates of Attica for standing up and saying "We are men .. . not beasts of burden. " The Young Socialists for Jenness and Pulley are organizing support for the only campaign that says "NO!" to this systme of war, racism, sexism, and exploitation. The Young Socialists for Jenness and Pulley will also help build the antiwar movement, the women's movement and the Black movement to help keep them independent of the two-party system and in the streets. By building these mass . movements, by getting large numbers of students, women, gays, Blacks, Chicanos, prison- ers, Puerto Ricans, Native Americans, working people and GI's actively involved, by helping them to organize around their own strength, we are chal- lenging the monopoly of those who run this country to make all the decisions. All those interested in more infor- mation on the campaign, supporting it or helping to build the mass movements, should contact Jon Berger, 862-5881 at SUCB or the Socialist Workers '72 Campaign Committee, 706 Broadway, 8th Fl., New York, New York 10003. (212) 260-4150

Socialist Workers Party

Jenness & Pulley

that calls for complete and immediate withdrawal of all U.S. forces from Southeast Asia, that calls for the repeal of all anti-abortion laws, in order to allow women the right to choose for themselves whether they want to bear a child, that calls for Black and Puerto Rican control of the Black and Puerto Rican communities, that supports the rights of Gis, prisoners and Gays, and that campaigns in the interests of working people. Speaking to the vital issues of today and offering a clear alternative to the stale politics of the two-party system, it is no wonder that young people in larger and larger numbers are turning toward the campaign of Linda Jenness and Andrew Pulley. The Democratic and Republican Parties are going to spend over $100 . million this year to convince people that they really do have a choice if they vote for a Democrat or a Republican . Such a choice is superficial. Both the Democratic and Republican parties, who get 80% of their money from corpor- ations, businessmen and lawyers, are responsible for the war in Southeast Asia that has cost the American people

Supporters of the Socialist Workers Party campaign of Linda Jenness for President and Andrew Pulley for Vice President are forming a chapter of the Young Socialists for Jenness and Pulley at SUCB. This will be only one of the more than one hundred YSJP's ' across the country, that have sprung up in every major city and on many campuses and high schools. The response by young people all across the country, many of whom have just won the right to vote, to the campaign of Linda Jenness and Andrew Pulley indicates the depth of the radical- ization in this country and the level of disaffection with "traditional " politics. The Socialist Workers Party Campaign represents a sharp break with such "traditional" two-party politics, with the backroom manuevering, with the lies and w ill-rehersed promises, with the Madison Avenue type campaigns. The Socialist Workers Party Campaign doesn 't try to sell a phony bill of goods. It's the only campaign

12

STRAIT 23 MARCH 1972

College ProficiencyExam College Proficiency Examina- tions in over 25 different subjects will be administered at 17. loca- tions across the State on May 4 and 5, the State Education Depart- ment announced recently . The ap- plication deadline date is April 3. Examinations are offered in history, foreign languages, nursing sciences, literature, education, freshman English, accounting, applied music, health education sciences, and natural sciences. A new test will be offered in African . and Afro-American history. College Proficiency Exam- inations make it possible for individuals to earn college credit and meet teacher certification requirements, according to Donald Nolan, director of the Division of Independent Study. Now, for the first time, CPE's may also be applied directly toward meeting general ed- ucation requirements of the new' Regents External Degrees, the associate in arts and bachelor of science in business administration, he added. Anyone may take a CPE, regardless of how he obtained his college-level knowledge. Individuals prepare for the tests through college courses, indepen- dent reading, on-the-job experience, adult study or correspondence courses, and in many other ways, Nolan said. Over 17,000 College Proficiency Exam- • inations have been administered since the Program's inception inl963, and 25,000 college credits have been · awarded on the basis of CPE results, · Most colleges in New York State, and many out-of-State, grant course credit · for acceptable CPE grades. There are no prerequisites for taking a proficiency • exam. CPE's are developed and graded by · outstanding faculty memhers from New . York colleges and universities, under the guidance of staff in the Department's Division of Independent Study. The ; tests usually correspond to material • covered in one or more semesters of a . regular college course. For information on CPE's and how they may be used for college credit, teacher certification requirements, and to · meet Regents External Degree require- ments, and for application forms, write to the College Proficiency Examination Pro- gram, New York State Education Depart- ment, 99 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12210.

,wt;esnotes •BEVERLEY CONRAD

Dr. James Schlesinger, Chairmanof the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission says that the U.S. is planning to "phase out at Amchitka," the site of last November's controversial nuclear test. Schlesinger added that in ten years there could well be more advanced ABM systems - "and not those represented by the Safeguard system. However, these are all dependent upon the success of the SALT talks ." The AEC chairman discusses the possibility of the disposal of radioactive wastes and said that someday we may have to load these materials aboard a spacecraft and shoot them to the sun, where they woule disintegrate . "Some people have thought of placing them on the moon, " said Schlesinger, "but that's not fair to the moon. The sun can take it, I reckon." My only question is: I wonder if he really believes that the earth can take it. In New Haven, Connecticut, a student at Yale and his wife, who is not a student, tried to register to vote . Although they had lived off campus for more than six months and although the student's car was registered in Connecticut, he was told that he could not register until six months after he obtained a Connecti- cut driver's license. His application was denied on grounds of residency, but his wife, who is a non-student, was able to register. In Alabama, college students and their wives must com- plete a questionnaire listing their background, property holdings, and plans after leaving school. If any of the answers is unsatis- factory a strong presumption arises against allowing the studertt to register in the college aommunity. No other voter applicants are subjected to this type of questioning. It seems that all over the U.S. students are getting hassled when they try to register to vote. Some states have advanced arguments as to why students should not be permitted to vote in the areas where they go to school if their parents do not live in those areas. According to one argument, "irresponsible" students would be inclined to "take over" local governments. This years presidential candidates are trying especially hard to please the "younger generation" with their promises and atti- tudes - Vote for ME, and I'll get you THAT. A better way to please us might be for the candidates them- selves to push - to make sure that we·all get that chance to vote. They, as well as we, want our votes, but any failure to partici- pate will only be a result of the refusal from the 'other side' to allow us that

13

•TRAIT 23 MARCH 1872

Selective Service

Share with ~thers

FINAL CHANGES

The Selective Service System issued its last major group of Regulation changes last week, and thus ended more than two years of almost constant reform in draft policies and registrant rights . The Regulations issued concern pro- cedures for personal appearances and appeals, among other subj.ects. The 10 M.rch action by Selective Service Director Curtis W. Tarr removes the administrative hold on personal appearances and appeals which has been in effect since late 1971. Tarr had directed the 4,100 local draft boards to suspend action on most requests for personal appearances and appeals so that registrants would be af· forded the procedural rights incorporated in the 1971 amend- rrEl'ltsto the law. The Regulations, which became effective on 11 March, set a 15-day time limit following the mailing of a Notice of Classification card in which a regis- trant must request a local board personal appearance or an appeal. When he demonstrates that his failure to respond within the 15 days was due to reasons beyond his control, his local board may grant an extension of the 15-day period. The new Regulations also require local and appeal boards to give a registrant at least 15 days notice of his ' scheduled personal appearance before his local or appeal board. Another change announced gives a registrant who is under a long postponement of induction the right to receive consideration from his local board for a reopening of his classification to hear claims for exemp- tion, deferment or conscientious objector status. The new Regulations also allow a registrant to have up to three witnesses appear in his behalf at· his local board personal appearance, require that a quorum of the members of the local board be present, entitle him to 15 minutes for his presentation, and state that his local board must furnish him with the reasons should he receive an adverse decision on his classification request.

He is not allowed to have witnesses appear in his behalf before appeal boards. The Regulations issued were prepublished for public comment in early January in accordance with a 1971 amendment to the draft law which requires that all changes in Selective Service Regulations be "proposed" to the public by printing them in the Federal Register at least 30 days in advance of the effective date . During the 30 days, public comments were received and evaluated. The more than two-year period of major reform in draft policies began in late 1969 when President Nixon directed Selective Service to institute the lottery system for determining . who should be called into military service. Then, in April 1970, the President authorized the phasing -out of occupational and paternity deferments. At the same time, he asked Congress for authority to phase out undergraduate student deferments and to establish a Uniform National Call procedure for inducting men into the armed services. In the fall of 1971, Congress approved these requests and also authorized several new procedural rights for registrants. These 1971 amend- ments to the Military Selective Service Act required implementing Regulations, and these have been issued in two parts- -the first on 9 December. Commenting on the issuance of this last major package of Regulation changes, Draft Director Curtis W. Tarr said : "You can characterize the pre-1969 Selective Service as a state and local system with very little national uniformity. I believe that the draft today is rapidly being transformed into a national system and that one of the major goals of the President is being achieved by providing a draft system with universal equity as the guideline." A personal appearance before a quorum of his state appeal board and, when the vote of the state appeal board is less than unanimous, the Presidential appeal board, also are provided for by the new Regulations. These boards also must furnish the registrant with the reasons should he receive adverse decisions on his classification . request.

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14

STRAIT 23 MARCH I 972

For the most part the Democratic Presidential contenders voted with the consumer, that is, when they were there to vote. EDMUND MUSKIE was only their to vote on two of the seven issues and followed suit , getting two R's for himself. HUBERT HUMPHREY had an even poorer attendance, casting a ballot only once • that meriting him an "R" for the bill on insurance rates. GEORGE MCGOVERN was around for five of the votes and voted each time

rulings should be told by the government that the courts might now consider them innocent. Deputy Assistant Attorney General Kevin Maroney, testifying before the Se- nate Subcommittee's amnesty hearings, argued it should be up to the young men 's lawyers to acquaint themselves with the two Court decisions. Senator Kennedy noted in reply that many of the men do not have lawyers and often cannot afford them. He inquired whether the Justice Department and Se- ~l lective Service System did not feel "any , 1 kind of responsibility " toward the men. The Justice Department says it has no " statistics on how many men in jail or .{ exile may unknowingly be affected by ,{ the Court rulings. A spokesman for the "l American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has urged that the government obtain sta- 1o tistics because of the large number of men involved. Marvin Karpatkin, General Counsel to the ACLU, has claimed that many of the men indicted or convicted for refusing in- duction would have their indictments dis- ,, missed or their convictions set aside if • their cases were re-examined. Karpatkin , 1 charged that the Justice Department's re- ,,. luctance to inform the imprisoned and ,• exiled men is "shameful and outrageous." ., " ; [DNSI] : l The Students for a Democratic ' ' - I Society [SDS] struck · national prominance a few years ago with their protest against U.S. involve- "~ ment in Southeast Asis. Since then, ...: h ,,, many ave pronounced the organ- :, ization dead. Despite these death notices, however, - , the SDS Boston office has predicted that - • one thousand will attend the SDS r; National Convention against Racism at ,., Harvard University 30 March to 2 April. , .- A reluctant Harvard administration i• initially denied facilities for the con- :1• vention, SDS reported, but relented after '.-, the organization launched a petition ·, campaign. •, SDS said that a key focus of the convention should be the launching of a ... national campaign on the scale of the anti-war movement to fight the upsurge ,,: of racism on campus, be it racist text- .:' books , professors, or administrators and ,,, their policies. ., The Society sees alliance of students ,.,, and working people in a struggle for , common interests as the most effective way to achieve progressive social change. -.1 SDS Conference

e'f cAfee Sons

"Not Welcome'

Recently, four sons of the rancher who posted bail for Angela Davis were turned away from their elementaryschool in Rasin City, California. Ms. Roger McAfee drove up to the small elementary school to drop her children off for the day. She was in - formed by principal Thomas Davis that her children were no longer welcome at the school. The four boys had previously been attending the school on a special inter-district permit which was required because they had taken up temporary residence in a neighboring school district. However, within twenty-four hours after McAfee announced that he was posting the $100,000 bail bond for Ms. Davis' release the inter-district privilege was suddenly revoked. Numerous death threats against McAfee and his family have forced the · family to go into hiding, blt a do~en volunteers from a largely conservative M'resno (California) area were staying on Whe ranch property acting as body guards in case trouble did arise. McAfee stated earlier that he guaranteed the bond for Ms. Davis be- cause of his belief in her innocence and his long time affiliation with the Communist Party. Consumer Federation Calls Roll Last month the Consumer Federation of America released a roll call of the number of Congress- men that voted on seven consumer bills during the first session of the current legislative session. The seven bills dealt with government meat and poultry inspection, legal aid, child care for low-income families, insurance rates, deceptive business practices, consumer protection and government inspection of fish. The CFA drew up its own rec commendations on how each of the Congressmen should have voted and rated aach of the lawmakers with an "R" for a wi,rrect vote, and a "W" for a wrong vote. Those absent or not voting at all were given zeros on the roll call.

with the consumer. HENRY JACKSON cast four votes for the consumer. EDWARD KENNEDY was present for all seven votes and cast each one for the consumer.

Delayed Decisions

Innocent young men remain in jail or in exile because the Justice Department and Selective Service System have failed to inform them of two Supreme Court decisions on draft opposition. This was the accusation leveled by Se- nator Edward Kennedy (D-Mass) during the recent amnesty hearings before Ken- nedy's Senate Sub-committee on Admin- istrative Practice and Procedure. The Supreme Court ruled in 1970 that it is unconstitutional to reclassify young men as punishment for their political acti- vities, and in the same year decreed that men can qualify as conscientious object- ors even if their . objections to war are based on non-religious beliefs. Federal district courts have judged both decisions retroactive, and Senator Kennedy suggested that men indicted or convicted prior to the Supreme Court

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STRAIT 23 MARCH I 972

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