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Advance Physical & Aquatic Therapy

The Advance Bulletin The Newsletter About Your Health And Caring For Your Body

You don’t have to be a professional or even an amateur athlete to suffer a sports injury. In fact, many times, those most susceptible to sports injuries are people who have just started exercising or participate on a recreational level. Sports injuries in this article will be defined as injuries to the musculoskeletal system, including muscles, bones and tissues such as cartilage. The most common sports injuries include: SHIN SPLINTS: Shinsplintsoccurwhen there isapain along the largebone in the frontof the lower leg, known as the tibia or shin bone. Shin splints most commonly occur in runners,especially thosewho are just starting a running program. This is usually due to poor alignment of the body, or weakness in the leg muscles. How to Avoid Injury In Sports

SPRAINS: Asprain occurswhen theconnective tissue that joins the end of the bone with another is stretched or torn. Those connective tissues are known as ligaments. Sprains are caused by trauma such as a fall or blow to the body that knocks a joint out of position.Ankles,kneesandwristsare mostvulnerable tosprains.However, back, neck and shoulder sprains are very common too. STRAINS: A strain occurs when a muscle or tendon is pulled, torn or twisted. Strains are non-contact injuries, such as those that occur from over-

stretching. A common example of a strain is a muscle spasm. A back or neck strain is a very common injury treated in physical therapy. KNEE INJURIES: According to the U.S. Department of HealthandHumanServices, theknee is the most commonly injured joint. Orthopedic surgeons see more than 5.5 million people annually for knee injuries, which can include runner’s knee (pain or tenderness close to the knee cap at the front side of the knee), tendonitis and iliotibial band syndrome (pain on the outer side of theknee). Severeknee injuries often includebonebruisesordamage to the cartilage or ligaments.

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