The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Michael Noonan (2003). Motion Events in Chantyal.

URL: http://www.uwm.edu/~noonan/Motion-Events.paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1537&langcode=chx (2021-10-22).

Example #1:

na-s¼ marak-ra latti-s¼ lâi-si-r¼ b¼n la-si pin-ji I-erg door-dat kick-inst kick-ant-seq closed do-ant give-perf `I kicked the door shut'Example #2:

(10) na-s¼ phurbal latti-s¼ lâi-si-r¼ bak¼s-nâari wÚ-i I-erg ball kick-inst hit-ant-seq box-ines enter-perf `I kicked the ball into the box'Example #3:

(11) bâalu n¼ dâ¼¤ dâ¼¤ la-g¼y ni ca-¤ kha-i bear topic staggering do-prog little this.place-loc come-perf `Bear staggered a little ways over here'Example #4:

(12) phutt¼ phutt¼ la-g¼y day-muwari âya-i hopping do-prog elder.brother-ades go-perf `He hopped toward his elder brother'Example #5:

(15) kyeti chana-pâyara¤ pâara-i girl roof-super walk-perf `the girl walked on the roof'Example #6:

(16) kyata kâyam-¼¤ pâara-i boy path-loc walk-perf `the boy walked on/along the path'Example #7:

(17) na kadmandu-ri pâar-g¼y âya-i I Kathmandu-loc walk-prog go-perf `I walked to Kathmandu'Example #8:

(18) gâwara g½w-g¼ms¼ dugri-g¼y gâya¤-ri âya-i horse village-abl run-prog forest-loc go-perf `the horse ran from the village to the forest'Example #9:

(19) na kadmandu-ri pâara-i I Kathmandu-loc walk-perf `I walked in/toward Kathmandu' [-ri has a static or route sense]Example #10:

(20) na kadmandu-ri pâar-g¼y âya-i I Kathmandu-loc walk-prog go-perf `I walked to Kathmandu' [i.e. `I reached Kathmandu': -ri has a goal sense]Example #11:

naku c½y dâ¼li-si-wa dâu¤-phy½ra¤ c¼ri-si-m dog afformentioned fall-ant-nom tree-super climb-ant-npst `That dog has climbed on top of the fallen tree.'[X124]4Example #12:

bura-s¼ naku-ra teb¼l-phy½ra¤ kar-si-m old.man-erg dog-dat table-super put-ant-npst `the old man has put the dog on the table'Example #13:

(23) tâem-¼¤ sa-ye gâ¼ri-ye bâari na-i kâa-i house-loc earth-gen jar-gen load carry-ant bring-perf `[He] carried the load of earthenware jars home'Example #14:

(24) #cakl¼t bak¼s-nâari-g¼ms¼ p¼gli-i chocolate box-ines-abl melt-perf `the chocolate melted out of the box'Example #15:

(25) cakl¼t p¼gli-g¼y bak¼s-nâari-g¼ms¼ tâÚ-i chocolate melt-prog box-ines-abl go.out-perf `the chocolate melted out of the box'Example #16:

(29) ma-r kâa-i t¼ down-loc bring-perf fact `[She] brought it down'Example #17:

(30) t¼yla na tu-¤ âya-wa-khi n¼ kâi âare-Ú yesterday I up-loc go-nom-cotemp topic you be.neg-impf `When I went up yesterday, you weren't there'Example #18:

(31) te-jam âya-si-m tane that-side.of.gorge go-ant-npst affirmation `[He] has gone to that side of the gorge, right?'Example #19:

(32) tâokhor n¼ c¼ naku jâyal-g¼m ma-r t¼y-g¼y mu now topic that dog window-abl down-loc fall-prog be.npst `Now the dog is falling down from the window.' [Y35]Example #20:

(33) c¼ bâyakuta n¼ b¼t¼l-g¼ms¼ phiri tâÚ-wa la-si-m that toad topic bottle-abl outside exit-nom do-ant-npst `the toad has begun to get out of the bottle.' [Y8]Example #21:

sâya-g¼y mu look.at-prog be.npst `The dog, running in front of the deer, is looking up at the boy.' [Y108]Example #22:

(35) c¼ naku-s¼ aj¼y p¼ni tu-¤ dâu¤-ra pâale tharo la-si-r¼ that dog-erg still also up-loc tree-loc leg erect do-ant-seq `That dog is still also standing erect, legs up on the tree, and' [X52]Example #23:

(37) tâim-nâari-g¼ms¼ tâÚ-i house-ines-abl exit-perf `[She] exited the house'Example #24:

p¼ri-m happen-npst `Even all those clothes we wear have to be brought from down below.' [S61]Example #25:

(39) wu-te-jam-mar-g¼ms¼ kha-i yonder-that-side.of.gorge-circ-abl come-perf `[It] came from around that side of the gorge yonder'Example #26:

110. c¼ kyata n¼ c¼ r¼ttuwa-ye k¼pal-gams¼ phwatt¼ phutki-si-r¼ that boy topic that deer-gen head-abl slipping escape-ant-seq `the boy slips from the deer's head, and'Example #27:

111. wucch¼tti-si-r¼ be.ejected.away-ant-seq `is ejected away, and'Example #28:

112. ma-r t¼y-g¼y mu down-loc fall-prog be.npst `is falling downward.' [Y110-2]Example #29:

106. dugri-wa durgri-wa n¼ la-si-r¼ run-nom run-nom topic do-ant-seq `It [the deer] began to run and run, and'Example #30:

107. y¼wta cy½ji pâara-ye tawko-ri tâo kha-si-m one small cliff-gen edge-loc arrive come-ant-npst `has arrived at the edge of a small cliff.'Example #31:

th¼pp¼ rokki-wa-khir n¼ stopping.abruptly stop-nom-cotemp topic `Then when the deer now stops abruptly at the edge of the cliff,'Example #32:

110. c¼ kyata n¼ c¼ r¼ttuwa-ye k¼pal-gams¼ phwatt¼ phutki-si-r¼ that boy topic that deer-gen head-abl slipping escape-ant-seq `the boy slips from the deer's head, and'Example #33:

111. wucch¼tti-si-r¼ be.ejected.away-ant-seq `is ejected away, and'Example #34:

112. ma-r t¼y-g¼y mu down-loc fall-prog be.npst `is falling downward.' [Y106-12]Example #35:

2. ci-si-wa p¼cchim-g¼ms¼ p¼cchim-g¼m chyantu-ri kha-i stay-ant-nom west-abl west-abl Chhyantung-loc come-ant `From the west where they had lived, having come to Chhyantung from the west,'Example #36:

3. ci-i stay-perf `they stayed.'Example #37:

4. chyantu-g¼ms¼ jâi¤khani jâi¤khani-ri kha-i Chhyantung-abl Jhing Khani jhing Khani-loc come-perf `From Chhyantung, Jhing Khani... we came to Jhing Khani.'Example #38:

5. nâi-i jâi¤khani-ri we-gen Jhing Khani-loc `To our Jhing Khani.'Example #39:

6. c¼-ra te-r jâi¤a-s¼ kâap-si-wa bulbari-ri ci-i that-temp that.place-loc fly-erg cover-ant-nom garden-loc stay-perf `After that, in that place, we stayed in a garden covered with flies.'Example #40:

7. bulbari-g¼m jâi¤khani-ri ¼yra ky½la-k¼y kha-wa-khiri garden-abl Jhing Khani-loc hunting play-prog come-nom-cotemp `When we came hunting from the garden to Jhing Khani,'Example #41:

8. jâi¤a-s¼ kâap-sy-Ú dâaw mara-i fly-erg cover-ant-nom ore see-perf `we saw the ore that the flies covered.' [V2-8]Example #42:

ma-r-s¼ dâara-mar l¼sk¼r lagi-g¼y to-r âya-wa mara-wa down-loc-abl hill-circ file happen-prog up-loc go-nom see-nom in a file from down below at the Sakho resting place.' [R72]Example #43:

to-r tâim-nas âya-wa mara-i-r¼ up-loc house-all go-nom see-ant-seq toward the house, and' [R87]