126. Name: Ian Kivelin Davis Title:InternationalNewsContraflowintheUnitedStatesandCanada: Struggles over North American Media Markets and Regulation of Al Jazeera and China Central Television Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Country: United States Date: 2015 Language: English Abstract: Al Jazeera is one of the most visible examples of contraflow in global media. The network’s news vision, with its non-Western identity and the challenges it presented to the Bush administration’s framing of US military intervention in Afghanistan and Iraq, highlighted Al Jazeera’s maverick role in global news flows. As a news organization, Al Jazeera’s growth into Western news markets alongside the developments in its English-language channel in 2006 mark a significant departure from Anglo-American hegemony in global news flows. This dissertation assesses North American governance of news media flows in light of increased availability of non-Western news organizations. It examines the cases of the Al Jazeera Network and China Central Television (CCTV) to account for transformations in the gatekeeper roles of regulatory bodies, media distribution industries, and communication norms that govern North America’s engagement with these emergent news providers. The proliferation of foreign news broadcasters makes examining institutions of reception—state regulators, public activist groups, and distribution industries—increasingly important. Through case studies, the researcher looks to recent changes in the production of international news in the neoliberal landscape of global communication.
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