158. Name: Samia Kort Title: Metaphor in Media Discourse: Representations of ‘Arabs’ and ‘Americans’ in American and Arab News Media (the Cases of New York Times, Al Jazeera English and the Arab News) Institution: University of the West of England, Bristol Country: United Kingdom Date: 2017 Language: English Abstract: This study explores the representations of ‘Arabs’ and ‘Americans’ in American and in Arab media discourse between 2001 and 2011 through an evaluation of the metaphors used to describe each group. The research aims to find out what metaphors are used to represent Arabs and Americans in New York Times on the one hand and in Al Jazeera English and the Arab News (ANM) on the other hand. It looks at the similarities and differences between metaphors in each news media and the purposes underlying the choice of these metaphors. The corpus analyzed in the study consists of news articles about Arabs and Americans extracted from online editions of the selected media outlets between 2001 and 2011. Findings demonstrate that the use of metaphors describing Americans in NYT is noticeably but not always motivated by the ideological purpose of representing them as a unique and exceptional nation, supporting the myth of American Exceptionalism. Regarding the use of metaphors representing Arabs in the other media, the findings demonstrate that they are partially motivated by an underlying belief associating them with powerlessness, passivity and incapability.
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