NIGA 2019 Annual Report Digital Final

Economic Impact Summary The following section presents a summary of the findings and conclusions from the study entitled, “The Nationwide Impacts of Indian Gaming,” An Economic Analysis Study for 2018, conducted and authored by Dupris Consulting Group, LLC. on behalf of the National Indian Gaming Association. DIRECT AND MULTIPLIER IMPACT • In 2018, the Indian Gaming Industry has generated significant economic activity which had an overall economic output of $87,023,847,012. This represents an economic output of $23,315,756,853 on the reservation, where all Tribal casinos are located and an economic output of $63,708,090,159 off the reservation. • The Indian Gaming Industry, in 2018 directly transferred $13,831,363,429 to their Tribal owners for governmental program spending and investments, helping to meet gaps in federal funding for Indian programs. Since government spending is largely wages and employee benefits, the majority of that spending stays in the region. • Tribal Gaming Operations and Ancillary Facilities supported 308,712 ongoing jobs in 2018 of which 75% or held my non-tribal citizens. • Total employment gains from the Indian Gaming Industry’s economic impact activities totaled 766,944 jobs. Of this total, 40.3% or 308,712 were direct jobs, and 59.7% or 458,232 representing indirect jobs. • Wages paid to employees of the Indian Gaming Industry amounted to $9,484,393,424 and employment resulting from Indian Gaming workers spending their disposable incomes, operations

purchasing activities and capital expansion projects generated another $24,662,973,771 in wages. In summary, Indian Gaming was responsible for generating $34,147,367,195 in direct and indirect wages throughout Indian Country, the States their casinos are in, and the United States. • The fiscal impacts to State and Federal Governments have been very strong. When including taxes paid and payments reduced, the Indian Gaming Industry has had a positive impact on governments in the amount of $17,243,917,654. Background Nationwide Indian Gaming continues to contribute tax revenues, purchasing power, expansion development and jobs throughout the United States where Indian casinos operate. It has become a powerful catalyst for many American Indian Nations, allowing tribes an opportunity for bringing significant economic growth and jobs into their communities, which was almost non-existent prior to the Supreme Court’s 1987 decision in the California v. Cabazon case, as well as the passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988. Furthermore, as was the intention of the federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act in 1988, Indian Gaming has saved federal, state and local taxpayers and governments from being required to fund of billions of dollars for unemployment and other income or food subsidies, for direct aid to tribal entities, and for education. This can be directly quantified in one monetary calculation as Indian Gaming’s 488 properties, in 2018, directly transferred $13.8 billion to Tribal governments for program spending and investments. In 2018, there were 252 Tribal Governments operating 488 gaming facilities with over 24.5 million square feet of gaming space in 28 states.


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