In these facilities, management actively oversees 365,549 slot machines, 6,320 table games, 1,535 poker tables, 61,714 bingo seats, 50,169 hotel rooms, 1,461 restaurants, 420 entertainment venues, 4.4 million square feet of convention space and 396,195 parking spaces. This all contributed to help Indian gaming grow to $33.8 billion in gambling revenues and $5.3 billion in ancillary revenues for a total of $39.1 billion in total revenues. The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC) reported $32.4 billion in gambling revenues in 2017. This represents a 4.28% increase from the previous year, when compared to what Dupris Consulting Group, LLC has estimated for the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) in 2018. Special Note: In the Indian Gaming Industry State- by-State Key Economic Impact Numbers Summary on page 43 the total number of Tribes operating casinos at the state level is 258. When calculating the grand total of Tribes operating 488 casinos in the United States, the number is 252. Tribal Governments: Omaha Tribe of Nebraska (IA, NE), Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska (IA, NE), Quechan Indian Tribe (AZ, CA), Sisseton- Wahpeton Sioux Tribe (ND, SD), Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (ND, SD) and Fort Mojave Indian Tribe (AZ, NV) have casino businesses in two different states. Introduction Tribal Nations in the United States have a unique governmental status. They are classified as sovereign nations, but in terms of jurisdictions, they closely resemble local and state government entities. In most tribal governments, you will find: Tribal courts, police departments, housing departments, planning departments, hospitals and school systems, as well as cultural and social programs for the youth and elders. Consequently, tribal nations have significant economic and social impacts on their tribal reservations and the regions surrounding those reservations. With the passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act
in 1988, Tribal governments in 28 States, have had the opportunity to grow their contribution to the people and communities surrounding their Tribal lands, with a dynamic and growing business in casino entertainment. In the past six years, Indian Gaming has paid $90,418,488,804 in taxes to the Federal and State governments, of which $9,855,272,959 has been in the form of revenue sharing, through existing agreements. This report seeks to quantify the annual production, employment, and payroll impacts of Indian Gaming in the states they are located in. The study methodology is discussed in the next few sections, followed by a detailed account of the direct and multiplier impacts from Indian Gaming Operations, Capital spending and Transfer Payments made to Tribal Governments in 2018. Economic Impact Modeling METHODOLOGY Economic impact assessments are meant to measure the effects of businesses or industries or other economic events within the bounds of geographies or other entities with identifiable boundaries. Economic impacts can be positive, negative or they can mitigate other impacts be they positive or negative. Economic impact analysis is an important tool that is used by both business and government to make decisions about new projects, capital investments, the historical effects of past development and the potential effects of a new line of business or government project. For this project, the goal was to identify employment outcomes, spending effects and fiscal effects relative to government-based taxes and government expenses incurred or avoided.
26 INDIAN GAMING - ANNUAL REPORT 2019
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