Hip, Knee & Leg EBook - US

Step 3: Improve Your Joint Stability

Knee instability is a big problem for many people, especially after an injury or surgery. The knee is one of the most complex joints in the body. This requires a complicated ballet of precision balance andmovement of the muscles in the leg and pelvis. With injury, or if you have a sedentary lifestyle, the coordination of the muscles surrounding the joints can become unbalanced. This places an enormous amount of pressure on key spots in the knee and hip joints, increasing inflammation and pain. A large area of instability in the knee is found on the inside aspect of the joint. This is due to the angle of the femur bone and dependent on how strong your hips are. In some people, this angle is excessive causing a large amount of force to be placed on the inside aspect of the knee. If left unchecked for years, this can actually cause ligament and cartilage damage leading to severe instability of the joint and cartilage damage increasing the likelihood of arthritis. The hip and knee joints also depend on the strength and stability of the gluteal muscles. They maintain the correct alignment and stability of the pelvis and hips. With injury and inactivity, thesemuscles weaken, causing a sagging of the pelvis when walking. This is especially noted when a person is tired, or standing for a prolonged period. After injury to the knee or hip areas, muscles weaken dramatically, and if not properly rehabilitated, may not fully recover their strength. This can cause long-term strain. Seeing a physical therapist after a sports or other type of injury is essential to long-term health of your hip and knee joints.

Made with FlippingBook - Online catalogs