SHOWTHEWORLD IT CAN BE DONE
In future, the Asian market and the world will look upon our system with admiration. We take great pride in the fact that our system can deliver all this with zero CO2 emission commitments whilst creating a cutting-edge, stable infrastructure for supplying more electricity production for the people with NO taxpayer’s money being spent anywhere anytime. Furthermore, our system utilizes a collection of rainwater and condensation water as supply source to our storage area; it cleans the water to drinking standard and delivers clean water directly to our consumer.
It all comes down to one thing and one thing only – to help other people.
FOCUS ON MONEY IN A TWO-WAY STREET
To generate & supply sustainable electricity (SEP)* To treat & supply cleanwater consumption (UWS)* To set up a waste managementsystem To develop&manage the projectfrom initial feasibility studies, projectbudgeting, masterplanning, fund sourcing, construction& ultimatelyopening& operation To providemaintenance & services To ensure 98% manpowerwill be recruited locally To allocate 8% of our gross income to CSR: education/scholarship green infrastructures/initiatives * SEP – Sustainable Energy Plant UWS – UndergroundWaterSystem
To identifyasuitable location fordevelopment To provide 30 acres of land (lease orsell) To provide IPP licensed capacity/permits To pay electricity consumed basedon agreed prices/rates set by TNB/Energy Regulator To establish a long termcontract on energy supply, land acquisition&necessary licenses To provide access to local universities/schools/local institutions fortechnology transfer To identify&source local talent supply To establish aframe work formonitoring utilization of trust fund& CSR initiatives
S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y P L A N T
The Sustainable Energy Plant is an interdisciplinary initiative of the ElQuator Group to solve a pressing need for electricity and water ʹ delivering the most reliable, safe and best performing storage solution for the utility industry. This technology is a vital step in reducing the impact of climate change and providing a more secure future for the environment, public health and the wellbeing of the future generations
100% CO 2 FREE SUN + WATER + WIND = SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
NO NUCLEAR PLANT NO NEW HYDRO DAMS
The SEP can deliver up to 3.0MW per hour per line. Each system contains 16 lines + backup units. On 24 hour basis, the plant deliver 1.4GW per day per system. More than one system can be established per area if required
Our virtual designs shows how the future supply of water & electricity can be like
We take great pride in the fact that our system can deliver all this with zero CO 2 emission commitments whilst creating a cutting- edge, stable infrastructure for supplying more electricity production for the people with NO ƚĂǆƉĂǇĞƌ͛Ɛ money being spent anywhere anytime. Furthermore, our system utilizes a collection of rainwater and condensation water as supply source to our storage area; it cleans the water to drinking standard and delivers clean water directly to our consumer. It all comes down to one thing and one thing only ʹ to help other people.
S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y P L A N H O W D O E S T H E S Y S T E M W O R K S
1 st System VERTICAL WINDMILL
2 nd System AR18
5 th System HYDRAULIC
3 rd System O8
4 th System H 2 O
We have five (5) independent systems that work separately and supporting each other; therefore NO system is running on maximum capacity. In the event of any failure, the other systems will automatically increase their power production. The whole system operates as an integrated unit, not as separated components.
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY PLANT Hydro dams are widely used and extremely effective and their success is well documented. But in this system we use our own energy to recycle the water, the spinning shafts move the water back to its own reservoir. By using a siphoning principle, power is generated twice in the process. Our hydro system is 100% dependable and relatively small. One MWh system only requires 1000m2 of land area. Advantages of Sustainable Energy Plant: ü Able to produce any amount of megawatt power of electricity per hour ü Not utilizing big area of land and not jeopardizing surrounding ecosystem ü Does not require continuous cost to produce electricity ü Can easily connected to the grid or micro-grid for localize power distribution
Micro Hydro System is also known as a stand-alone hydro system. The unit can stand on its own and able to produce any amount of energy as it designed for, but it is not wise to run any system on 100% full performance. It will only be run on 75% performance 24 hours a day but will be put full 100% performance when needed. The Micro Hydro System is simple as described in Wikipedia as pump hydro. There is mathematics in this that needs to be abided. Power in and power out minus lost in transmission is the well-known factor. Also, to use small power to gain larger power. To make it simple in this resume, we use from 22% to 28% of the total power produced to have the 100% outcome from the main generator. We drop the water from a minimum height of 15 meters and at an angle of 32 degrees. The water run along a pipe size dimensioned to the specifications for the outcome. The pipes have small impellers along with it to produce DC power to storage. When the water hits the main Pelton turbine, the turbine will rotate. The rotations go to the generator that produces AC power into either a synchronizer or controller, transformer and then to the grid. The synchronizer or controller use to make sure the HZ, AMP, and voltage are the required specifications. The water reaches in the upper reservoir after leaving the main turbine Pelton. From here it will be guided to the 4 + 2 meter Kaplan gate system, before sending it back to the reservoir at 15 meters up. The Kaplan gate system is only for the power to return to the pump systems. It is when 22% to 28% of the power produced is used back to push the water back into the reservoir for the next cycle. It also acts as the backup system when needed if there is a break down to the system. Micro Hydro system, on the other hand, has a lot of components. The main parts of the system are the AC generators and AC pumps, metal pipes in a various dimension and length; Pelton, Francis and Kaplan Turbine are all known in the hydro system. Size of the pipes matches the head and water speed. Control unit is custom made depends to project. H beam and ankle iron are 80% of the system's structure.
• Below is the calculation to represent the 1MW power requires. It shows 1.3MW produced whereby 22% to 28% is used for the pumps to function in pumping the water back to the top reservoirs.
Micro Hydro System Calculation
Water consumption Water consumption
Total water consumption
Calculation of Pipe Cross Section
POWER PRODUCED CALCULATION
P = η ∙ ρ ∙ Q ∙ g h, where • P is the power in watts • η is the turbine efficiency coefficient (dimensionless) • ρ is the water density in kg / m3 • Q is the flow in m3 / s • g is the acceleration of gravity • h is the difference in height between inlet and outlet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydropower Flow in a Tube (Manning) • Q = 1 / n ∙ ∙ A (r / 2) ^ (2/3) ∙ √S • Q = Water flow - m³ / s • A = The cross-sectional area - m² • n is coefficient of friction (eg 0.009 for plastic) • S slope of the pipe Q = 1 / n ∙ A ∙ (r / 2) ^ (2/3) ∙ √S With plastic pipes and a pipe diameter of 20 cm = 0.02 meters Area of pipe "A" = πr² = π (0.1 meter) ² S = 35ᵒ / 90ᵒ
Q = 1 / n ∙ ∙ A (r / 2) ^ (2/3) ∙ √S = 1 / 0.009 x π (0.1x0.1) x (0.1 / 2) ^ (1/3) x √ (35/90) = 1 / 0.009 x π (0.1x0.1) x (0.0025) ((1/3) x √0.38 = 1 / 0.009 x π (0.01) x (2.5) ((1/3) / 10 x0.615 = 1 / 0.009 x π 0.01 x 1.36 / 10 x 0.6 = 0, 3 m³ / s
STAND-ALONE MICRO-HYDRO SYSTEM
CROSS SECTIONMICRO-HYDRO SYSTEM
CROSS SECTIONMICRO-HYDRO SYSTEM
CROSS SECTIONMICRO-HYDRO SYSTEM
All our system can be monitored through our control room or from any smartphone. The system will allow us to monitor our System's performance.
It will show all the data including the system's status, wind movement reading, energy generated and usage and also carbon footprint saved
The monitoring system is designed according to the system used by our in- house programmer. It can be customised to suits the needs of our client
The system's intelligent will notify us if the system seized, or having difficulties in any part of its components. The technical team will be despatch immediately. The technical team will be despatch immediately to check the situation to avoid power disruption As part of our client, top management will get access to the monitoring system. Access to the system is only in your palm. Simple and efficiently monitored
____________________________ MAIN EQUIPMENTS IN MICRO HYDRO SYSTEM
for the environment
CARBON CREDITSANDTHE ENVIRONMENT
A carbon price is a cost applied to carbon pollution to encourage polluters to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas they emit into the atmosphere. Economists widely agree that introducing a carbon price is the single most effective way for countries to reduce their emissions. A carbon credit is a permit or certificate allowing the holder, such as a company, to emit carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases. The credit limits the emission to a mass equal to one ton of carbon dioxide. The ultimate goal of carbon credits is to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere So, in a nutshell, carbon credit (often called carbon offset) is a credit for greenhouse emissions reduced or removed from the atmosphere from an emission reduction project, which can be used, by governments, industry or private individuals to compensate for the emissions they are generating. The social cost of carbon is a measure of the economic harm from those impacts, expressed as the dollar value of the total damages from emitting one ton of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. A carbon price is a cost applied to carbon pollution to encourage polluters to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas they emit into the atmosphere. Economists widely agree that introducing a carbon price is the single most effective way for countries to reduce their emissions. CARBONVALUES
1 kilowatt of energy = 450 grams of CO2
The current central estimate of the social cost of carbon is USD40 per tonPage 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22
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