101. Name: Mokhtar Hassan Elareshi Title: The Role of Satellite TV Channels as News Sources in Libya (Al Jamahiriya, Al-Libiya, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya): A Study of University Students Institution: University of Leicester Country: United Kingdom Date: 2012 Language: English Abstract: This thesis investigates two elements – patterns of news media consumption and news credibility in Libya. It examines news consumption habits of young people, with special attention to their consumption of pan-Arab news services broadcast via satellite television. The study focuses on two local, Al Jamahiriya and Al- Libiya TV, and two pan-Arab, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya. A survey was administered to a sample of 400 undergraduate students at Al-Fateh University using a stratified random sampling approach. The study found that the new TV news services played an important role in attracting young Libyans. Statistical analyses indicated that there are distinct news consumption demographic differences defined in part by news platform (TV versus radio versus print) and in part by the type of news provider (local versus non-local TV news services). With regard to news credibility, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya were given higher credibility scores than Al Jamahiriya and Al Libiya. Higher credibility ratings, however, were significantly correlated with an increased likelihood of reported watching of both local TV news services, but only one of the pan-Arab TV news services (Al Jazeera).
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