100. Name: Michael Dale Bruce Title: Visual Framing on Arab Satellite TV: Comparing the Content and Structure of Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera English, Al Arabiya, Al-
Hurra, and BBC Arabic Newscasts Institution: University of Oklahoma Country: United States Date: 2012 Language: English Abstract:
Guided by framing theory and media categorization based in press theory and political economy models, a quantitative content analysis was conducted on news programming from five networks: Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera English, Al Arabiya, Al-Hurra and BBC Arabic. This thesis aims to determine the similarities and differences between these networks and how content and sensational structural features are framed. The data from 6,595 shots and 438 stories reveal both similarities and differences in how the networks visually framed their daily newscasts in covering the Arab Spring. Al-Hurra presented more Amerocentric visuals than the other networks. The study shows different applications of sensational production techniques among the networks. Al Arabiya utilized more sensational presentation features than the other networks. The western networks presented more non-violent visuals, while other networks presented a more violent view of the uprisings. Al Jazeera’s coverage was the most explicitly violent. No difference was found in the application of the human-interest frame between the networks. However, Al-Hurra invoked the political frame more than other networks, and the use of sensational production techniques in Arab Spring coverage mirrored routine news coverage.
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