2022-04-01_BSTR_V11

Basic Safety Training

Refresher Standard (BSTR)

V11

Publication date: April 1, 2022

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

1 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................. 4 2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................ 5 3 CHANGE LOG – REVISION 11 ....................................................................................................... 6 4 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 8 5 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GWO BST REFRESHER ............................................................... 9 5.1 Overview............................................................................................................................................................9 5.2 Target group......................................................................................................................................................9 5.3 Aims and objectives.........................................................................................................................................10 5.4 Duration of BSTR Modules...............................................................................................................................10 5.5 Validity period..................................................................................................................................................11 5.6 Course codes: ..................................................................................................................................................11 5.7 Participant prerequisites for the BSTR .............................................................................................................12 5.8 Physical demands ............................................................................................................................................12 5.9 Training equipment .........................................................................................................................................12 6 UNDERSTAND GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND TAXONOMY............................................... 13 6.1 Learning objectives ..........................................................................................................................................13 6.2 Learning activities ............................................................................................................................................13 6.3 Participants Assessment and evaluation ..........................................................................................................14 6.4 The GWO Taxonomy Framework ....................................................................................................................15 7 MODULE 1 – FIRST AID REFRESHER............................................................................................ 18 7.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR First Aid Module..........................................................................................18 7.2 Duration of the BSTR First Aid Module............................................................................................................18 7.3 First aid instructor to participant ratio..............................................................................................................19 7.4 Equipment .......................................................................................................................................................19 7.5 First Aid Module timetable ..............................................................................................................................19 7.6 Detailed description of the First Aid Module...................................................................................................20 Introduction to the training .................................................................................................... 20 Practical application of the primary survey............................................................................. 23 Scenario-based training.......................................................................................................... 27 Training Review....................................................................................................................... 29 8 MODULE 2 – MANUAL HANDLING REFRESHER .......................................................................... 32 9 MODULE 3 – FIRE AWARENESS REFRESHER ............................................................................... 34 10 MODULE 4 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS REFRESHER ...................................................................... 36 10.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR Working at Heights Module ........................................................................36 10.2 Duration of the BSTR Working at Heights Module ..........................................................................................36 10.3 Working at heights instructor to participant ratio ............................................................................................36 10.4 Equipment for Working at Heights Module.....................................................................................................37 10.5 BSTR Working at Heights Module timetable ...................................................................................................38 10.6 Detailed description of the BSTR Working at Heights Module........................................................................40 Introduction to the training .................................................................................................... 40 Knowledge review .................................................................................................................. 44 PPE review exercises............................................................................................................... 46 Theory..................................................................................................................................... 47 Measures to prevent injury during training ............................................................................ 50 Individual practical review exercises....................................................................................... 51 Practical exercises - group...................................................................................................... 54 Training review ....................................................................................................................... 57 10.7 Participant performance assessment ...............................................................................................................57

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

2 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

11 MODULE 5 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS WITH MANUAL HANDLING REFRESHER .......................... 60

11.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module ....................................60 11.2 Duration of the BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module ......................................................60 11.3 Working at heights with manual handling instructor to participant ratio .........................................................61 11.4 Equipment for BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module ........................................................61 11.5 BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module timetable.................................................................62 11.6 Detailed description of the BSTR Working at Heights with Manual Handling Module ....................................64 Introduction to the training .................................................................................................... 64 Knowledge review .................................................................................................................. 68 PPE review exercises............................................................................................................... 71 Theory..................................................................................................................................... 72 Measures to prevent injury during training ............................................................................ 76 Individual practical review exercises....................................................................................... 77 Practical exercises - group...................................................................................................... 80 Training review ....................................................................................................................... 83 11.7 Participant performance assessment ...............................................................................................................84 12 MODULE 6 - SEA SURVIVAL REFRESHER ..................................................................................... 87 EQUIPMENT LISTS ............................................................................................................ 89 GUIDELINE FOR WARM-UP EXERCISES ............................................................................ 96 MANUAL HANDLING RISK ASSESSMENT ....................................................................... 104 VERSION HISTORY.......................................................................................................... 114

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

3 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

1 L IST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AED

Automatic External Defibrillator

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AS/NZS

Australia and New Zealand Standard

BST

Basic Safety Training

BSTR

Basic Safety Training Refresher

BWH

Basic Working at Height

CO 2

Carbon Dioxide

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

EN

European Standards

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

ERC

European Resuscitation Council

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

H.E.L.P.

Heat Escape Lessening Posture

ILCOR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation

LSA

Life Saving Appliances

PLB

Personal Locating Beacon

MES

Marine Evacuation Systems

MOB

Man Overboard

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

SAR

Search and Rescue

SART

Search and Rescue Transponder

SRL

Self-Retractable Lifeline

T.I.L.E.

Task Individual Load Environment Manual handling Assessment Chart

MAC

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

4 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

2 T ERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Term

Definition

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted For clarity where the word must is used in this standard it shall have the same meaning as shall Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from colliding with the ground, structure, or any other obstacle during a free fall. Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from going into a free fall Assembly of components intended to protect the user against falls from height, including a body holding device and an attachment system, which can be connected to a reliable anchorage point Personal fall protection system which prevents the user from reaching zones where the risk of a fall from height exists Personal fall protection system which enables the user to work in tension or suspension in such a way that free fall is prevented Personal fall protection system which limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest Personal fall protection system by which a person can rescue themselves or others, in such a way that a free fall is prevented

Must

Should

Fall arrest

Fall prevention

Personal fall protection system

Restraint system

Work positioning system

Fall arrest system

Rescue system

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

5 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

3 C HANGE L OG – R EVISION 11

Amendment date

April 2022

Approved by & date

GWO TC APRIL 2022

Version

11

Description of changes

Module 1, First Aid Refresher reviewed, including updated duration of total contact time from 7 hours to 4 hours Substantial Changes to the Module:

The module is decreased from 7 lessons to 4 lessons. The total contact time of the module is decreased from 7 hours to 4 hours.

Lesson 2 is updated to focus on the practical application of the Primary Survey. Here, key learning objectives in the BST First Aid have been extracted to refresh the participants key prior experiences, knowledge, skills and abilities with an emphasis on practical application activities for the participants and feedback throughout to the participants´ performance. Lesson 3 is updated with a new split between mandatory and additional scenarios, which can be combined at will during the scenario-based training as long as all the mandatory scenarios are covered. The mandatory scenarios are: a. One electrical incident b. One incident with either a stroke (circulatory, respiratory, central nervous system) or a heart attack c. two scenarios must include a “head-to-toe” examination of the casualty d. CPR using an AED All the above updates are based on a training need analysis of what a wind technician needs to be able to do as a first aider. This analysis included a review of general injury and illness statistics from the GWO members among others origin from ON and OFF erection, service, lifting and transfer operations. In addition, the updates are also a consequence of the project scope given by the GWO Training Committee to increase the competitiveness of BST and BSTR First Aid modules e.g. by reducing the contact time, where working group has focused on combing instructional valid principles such as reducing the amount of (presented) information with a thorough analysis of training need to achieve the best possible outcome. Learning objectives for lessons 1 & 2 amended to singular participant in possible misalignment to gender neutral (plural) pronouns Module 2, Manual Handling Refresher reviewed, including reviewed annexes for Warm-up and Manual Handling Risk Assessment Substantial Changes to the Module: The module is decreased from 7 lessons to 5 lessons. Technical theory has been deleted and necessary theory has been transferred to be applied during the practical training.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

6 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

Warm-up. The warm-up lesson 3 focuses on building culture, and Annex 2 now offers an inspiring warm-up program that is possible to conduct on the pier and on larger vessels prior to transfer. Warm- up should not just be conducted in relation to the training. Warm-up is essential for mitigating musculoskeletal injuries, and a culture of always to warm-up prior to manual handling and other physically demanding tasks must be always supported by training providers. The elements in the practical training and exercises are structured in work related physical postures: kneeling, lifting, pushing/pulling, carrying and so on. The 7 elements are inspired from G+ reports, Equinor study on Manual Handling (2018) and work group participants studies and experiences. Applying TILE principle is now part of all practical elements. Annex 3 – Manual Handling risk assessment – the guiding tools are unfolded to be more user-friendly for the instructor. Taxonomy alignment throughout - The section Understanding GWO learning objectives has been updated to reflect the reviewed GWO Taxonomy Framework - Few learning objectives have been updated with action verbs that reflect the taxonomic levels (basic, intermediate, and advanced level) without changing the content of the element - Action verb ‘demonstrate’ in learning objectives is changed to relevant action verb level/domain - Learning activity “demonstrate” was changed to ‘practice’ because during training activities, the participants are in a learning process and abilities should be trained, not evaluated - Learning activities have been aligned to match the updated learning objectives with a focus on participant engagement - The instructor’s perspective has been changed to a generic perspective accommodating different types of training - All instructor guidelines have been compiled in one section under the individual elements - More guidelines on the use of feedback have been added to emphasize its importance and ensure its effective use by involving the participants - All learning objectives have been numbered throughout the standard - New learning objectives have been created for all lessons that describe the overall ability the participants should acquire during the specific lesson. This focuses the attention on how knowledge and skills support the responsible performance of the employee in the context of the job and the deeper involvement enables participants to learn and remember more deeply - The Introduction lesson for all standards has been updated to ensure alignment between all GWO training standards for generic lessons - The Training Review lesson for all standards has been updated to ensure alignment between all GWO training standards for generic lessons - For all modules, the title of lesson Learning outcomes of the BSTR Module changed to Detailed description of the BSTR Module There are no changes to the technical content and the time duration of the standard. The typo in the overall time duration has been amended

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

7 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

4 S COPE

This Standard describes the requirements for Basic Safety Training Refresher courses that are recommended by the members of GWO. The full standard covers six modules: 1) First aid 2) Manual handling 3) Fire awareness 4) Working at height 5) Working at height & manual handling combined 6) Sea survival The members of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) recognise trained persons as competent within basic safety in the wind industry and accept the trained person as possessing the required knowledge to stop an unsafe work situation where they as duty-holders are accountable for safety.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

8 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

5 G ENERAL R EQUIREMENTS FOR GWO BST R EFRESHER

Upon completion of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) Basic Safety Training Refresher (BSTR) participants will possess an awareness of the hazards encountered when working within the wind industry and how to control and mitigate these hazards. The BSTR will also equip participants with the knowledge, skills, and confidence to appropriately respond in the event of an emergency and to increase their safety through proper use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), emergency equipment and procedures. The approved GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher (BSTR) refreshes, reviews and builds on participants existing skills and tools obtained during BST Module courses, which include Fire Awareness, First Aid, Working at Heights, and Manual Handling Modules. To enable participants to work in the offshore environment, an additional GWO Sea Survival Module training shall be completed.

5.1 Overview

The GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher is divided into the following six modules:

1) First Aid Refresher 2) Manual Handling Refresher 3) Fire Awareness Refresher 4) Working at Heights Refresher 5) Working at Heights and manual handling combined refresher 6) Sea Survival Refresher

Note: Module five, Working at Heights & Manual Handling combined refresher is a combined module comprising the lessons and elements from both the Working at Heights Module and the Manual Handling Module and is intended to be delivered in one day. The combined Working at Height & Manual Handling Module can be delivered instead of the two standalone modules. Where the combined module is delivered then the participants shall receive two training records one for working at height and one for manual handling.

5.2 Target group

Personnel who will be working in the wind industry or related fields and will have their duties in a wind turbine environment, usually in physical contact with a wind turbine or an offshore wind structure. Personnel that perform job functions that has been risk assessed by their employer or their workplace duty holder as a function, where training according to one or more modules of the BST standard may mitigate of the identified risks.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

9 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11 5.3 Aims and objectives

The aim of BSTR is to review and build on previously gained knowledge and skills from BST through theoretical and practical training. This BSTR training shall enable participants to support and care for themselves and others working in the industry by possessing the knowledge and skills of first aid, working at heights, manual handling, fire awareness, sea survival and in case of an emergency, to be able to evacuate, rescue and provide appropriate first aid to casualties.

5.4 Duration of BSTR Modules

The total contact time for completing the modules in this basic safety training standard is estimated to be 25 hours and 25 minutes . This is based on the time estimates given in the module timetables and summarised in table 5-4.1 below. The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 5-4.2 below. The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to the modules of the basic training standard in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Modules

Duration

First Aid Refresher

4 hours 00 minutes

Manual Handling Refresher

3 hours 35 minutes

Fire Awareness Refresher

3 hours 20 minutes

Working at Heights Refresher

8 hours 00 minutes

Working at Heights & Manual handling Refresher

8 hours 00 minutes

Sea Survival Refresher

6 hours 30 minutes

Table 5-4.1- GWO BSTR Module durations

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 5-4.2 - Maximum durations for training days

Note: Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

10 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

5.5 Validity period

The Basic Safety Training Refresher Modules are valid for the period stated in the table below. Certificates and training records shall be renewed before the end of a given validity period. A certificate or training record can be renewed up to two months prior to expiry and maintain the original certification date by uploading the previous certificate’s valid until date in WINDA. If a certificate or training record is renewed outside of two months of expiry, it must carry the new date of certification. A participant is only allowed to attend a refresher course in the specific training module prior to the date of expiry on the current certificate or training records. If a certificate or training record is expired, the participant must attend the full Basic Safety Training module(s) to obtain a new training record. The validity period is automatically calculated in WINDA by entering the course completion date. Modules Certificate Validity Period First Aid Refresher 24 months Manual Handling Refresher 24 months Fire Awareness Refresher 24 months Working at Heights Refresher 24 months Working at Heights & Manual handling Refresher 24 months Sea Survival Refresher 24 months

Table 5-5 - GWO BSTR modules certificate validity periods

5.6 Course codes:

Module

Course code

First Aid Refresher

FAR

Manual Handling

MHR

Fire Awareness

FAWR

Working at Heights

WAHR

Sea Survival

SSR

Table 5-6 - GWO BSTR module course codes

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

11 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

5.7 Participant prerequisites for the BSTR

All personnel participating in refresher training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Training providers shall have a procedure that requires participants to sign a statement (see Requirements for Training Providers Annex 2, medical self-assessment form) stating that they are medically fit to participate in the safety training and that they do not suffer from any medical illness or are under influence of any narcotic substance or alcohol. Participants’ signatures shall be collected prior to the start of the safety training course. Furthermore, participants shall possess valid BST/ BSTR certificates or training records in WINDA for the relevant modules prior to attending BSTR training. The participants shall also have a personal participant profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the BST training.

5.8 Physical demands

BSTR modules may potentially be physically demanding. If there is any doubt regarding the medical fitness of any participant, the training provider shall stop training the participant and seek a physician’s advice. Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the participants other than those required to meet this standard.

5.9 Training equipment

The equipment required for the delivery of the BSTR modules is shown in Annex 1.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

12 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

6 U NDERSTAND GWO L EARNING O BJECTIVES AND T AXONOMY

6.1 Learning objectives

Learning objectives describe what the participant should know and be able to do when the training is completed. The learning objectives in a training standard are based on the mitigating precautions analysed in the risk assessment. They are the foundation of the learning activities, the course contents and what the participant performance assessment must be based upon.

Coherence between the learning objectives, the learning activities and the assessment is essential.

The purpose of this alignment is twofold:

1. To conduct learning activities that are directly focused on reaching the learning objectives. 2. That assessment of how well the learning objectives are met is done in close coherence with what the participant is practising during the learning activities and in a comparable environment.

Figure 6-1 Alignment Triangle

Defining learning objectives in relation to all training elements ensures the alignment between objectives, activities, and the on-going participant assessment. More guidance about learning activities and evaluation can be found in the GWO Taxonomy Framework, annex to Requirements for Training Providers. To be able to focus training on building up the necessary abilities, the learning objectives are described according to the GWO taxonomy in the three domains: Knowledge, Skills, and Ability. Ability is what is performed and demonstrated during real-life exercises as well as in the real work situation and is the sum of personal experiences, knowledge, skills, and attitudes. 6.2 Learning activities Learning activities are planned, and systematic activities designed to create learning and enable the participants to reach the learning objectives. An important part of learning activities in GWO’s approach is that participants must be actively taking part, for example in verbal discussions and practical training. Hearing or seeing a presentation without any subsequent reflection or critical thinking can only create learning on a very low level and such one-way activity should be avoided. While the participants are practising, the instructor can assess whether they demonstrate that they have reached the actual learning objective.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

13 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

Furthermore, when participants succeed through trying things out on their own, when they bring their relevant experience into play and when they use learning points from feedback; they develop a positive attitude towards the subject and a desire to improve their abilities in the work situation.

Reflection and experiential learning

Reflection is an essential part of the learning process and must be facilitated in all learning activities. We learn from experience, and we create experiences when we do something and afterwards reflect on and think about what just happened or what we just did and how it worked. Learning activities are what the participants must do to create the necessary experiences and learn and thereby reach the learning objectives – facilitated by the instructor. This process is illustrated in the Experiential Learning Cycle to the left.

Figure 6-2 Learning Cycle, by David Kolb

Reflection is more than just thinking about something. Reflection is critical and constructive thinking, that must be initiated by the instructor’s feedback, questions, and challenges.

Feedback

The aim of feedback is to reduce the gap between the participant´s current performance and a desired goal. Feedback is by far the most effective way to generate reflection and so learning. At the basic taxonomic learning level, feedback must be provided to correct faults and encourage the participants to engage further. At the higher levels, feedback is more about coaching participants to find their own solutions. Suggestions help participants to figure out how they can do better, modify, and develop their knowledge and understanding relative to the learning objective. By posing challenging questions related to the given feedback the instructor initiates the necessary reflection within the participants. At the advanced level, feedback must be conducted in a dialogue where exploratory questions are the generator for the participants’ reflections. 6.3 Participants Assessment and evaluation The instructor can observe and evaluate the participants’ knowledge, skills, and abilities as well as the participants’ on-going development, when the participants are active. To support their observation the instructor may engage in dialogue with the participants to understand why the participants chose to solve the task the way they did, and to clarify their attitude towards the task or topic. The instructor must be attentive to the participants’ use of relevant terminology and correct facts in their group discussions within the domain of knowledge and when they answer more or less

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

14 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

complex questions. When the participants are engaged in practical training, the instructor can investigate their understanding of the task and the relevant theory by questioning and clarifying dialogue. On the basic level of ability, assessment by observation alone may be difficult, and the instructor must explore the attitude of the participants by inquiry and dialogue while they are training. For example, to find out if the participants show interest in a topic or take responsibility in the situation (which could be problematic to observe) the instructor must go into a dialogue addressing the participants level of interest or awareness of the task or topic. Assessment of ability on the more complex levels calls for even more focused observation and dialogue. 6.4 The GWO Taxonomy Framework Taxonomy is a way of describing that there are different levels of learning; some may be quite easy to reach, and some are more complicated and demanding. The aim of the GWO Taxonomy Framework is to ensure coherence and conformity between learning objectives and their related learning activities delivered in a formal learning setting. The structure of the GWO Taxonomy is based on the three learning domains: Knowledge, Skills, and Ability. Learning objectives are also defined at three taxonomic levels: 1) Basic, 2) Intermediate, and 3) Advanced level.

Ability

“When we do our job, we apply our abilities.”

Ability covers the capacity to act responsibly, safely, and independently or in cooperation with others to meet a challenge or to get the job done. Ability can be thought of as everything we carry in the rucksack: our knowledge and skills, our accountability and ability to evaluate situations, make decisions, take responsibility, our caring for others and our social resources as well as our attitudes. In this definition, ability is what we apply in the reality of our workplaces and in life in general. Therefore, learning objectives within the Ability domain must challenge the participants initiative and individual reactions, and the degree of fidelity must be considered to enhance a realistic learning environment. In the field of Ability, the human factor plays a key role in the personal decision on responsibility and initiative and in the execution of “good habits “.

Action verbs

The taxonomy levels in the learning objectives are defined by a reasonable number of precise and explained action verbs (highlighted below). They are presented in a progression of increasing complexity – beginning on the Basic Level, where the participant can name, recognise or describe a tool or a procedure, and ending at the Advanced Level, where the participant can act responsibly, evaluate performance, assess decisions and supervise fellow workers.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

15 / 123

GWO Basic Safety Training Refresher V11

2022-04-01_TSR_BSTR_V11

Learning objectives in this standard are also tagged with an indication of the domain and taxonomy level in brackets (e.g., Skills, intermediate level). This is done to emphasise the importance of the alignment between objectives and learning activities: at a Basic Level, the instructor may facilitate simple learning activities, and to reach more complex learning objectives, the complexity in activities must be raised accordingly. The taxonomic domains and levels are presented in the figure below.

Figure 6-4, The GWO Taxonomy – condensed (From the GWO Taxonomy, annex to Requirements for Training Providers)

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

16 / 123

First Aid Refresher Module (FAR)

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

17 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

7 M ODULE 1 – F IRST A ID R EFRESHER

7.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR First Aid Module

The aim of this BSTR First Aid Module is to refresh the participants prior experiences, knowledge, skills, and abilities to enable participants to recognise signs and symptoms of life threating situations and administer safe and effective first aid in the wind turbine industry/WTG environment in order to save lives, preventing further illness or injury, until the casualty can be handed over to the next level of care in case of an incident in the wind turbine industry/WTG environment Overall learning objectives: After successfully having completed this BSTR First Aid Module, the participants can: Act independently in recognising, assessing, and prioritising the need for basic first aid and providing lifesaving first aid until the casualty can be handed over to the next level of care in case of an incident in the wind turbine industry/WTG environment (Ability, intermediate level) Take responsibility for recognising their limitations as a basic first aider, calling for help and enable evacuation off the casualty in case of an incident in the wind turbine industry/WTG environment (Ability, intermediate level)

7.2 Duration of the BSTR First Aid Module

The total contact time for completing this first aid refresher module is estimated to be four hours. This is based on the time estimate given in the module timetable.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 7-2 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to first aid in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

18 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours 10 hours

Total training day

Table 7-2 - Maximum durations for training days

Note: Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable)

7.3 First aid instructor to participant ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of participants that can attend the course. The ratio shown for practical sessions indicates the maximum number of participants to be supervised by one instructor during each activity.

Module

Session

Instructor to Participant Ratio

Theory

1:12

BSTR First Aid

Practical

1:6

Table 7-3 - GWO First Aid Refresher Module instructor to participant ratio

7.4 Equipment

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 1 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements as listed in table A1-1 in Annex 1 where applicable.

7.5 First Aid Module timetable

The order in which the elements of this BSTR Module training are delivered may vary. Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

19 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

Approx. Duration

Lesson

Element

1 Introduction to the training

1.1 Safety instructions and emergency procedures 1.2 Facilities 1.3 Introduction 1.4 Scope and main objectives 1.5 On-going assessments (participant assessment form) 1.6 Motivation TOTAL

20 min.

2 Practical application of the primary survey

2.1 Primary survey (“C” A - B - C) 2.2 “C” – catastrophic external bleeding 2.3 Unresponsive 2.4 CPR – unresponsive, not breathing 2.5 Calling for help 2.6 Head-to-toe examination TOTAL

80 min.

3 Scenario-based training

3.1 Practice first aid techniques TOTAL

130 min.

4 Training Review

4.1 Training review 4.2 Feedback session TOTAL

10 min. 240 min.

GRAND TOTAL

Table 7-5 - GWO First Aid Refresher module timetable

7.6 Detailed description of the First Aid Module

INTRODUCTION TO THE TRAINING

20 min. The aim of this lesson is for the participants to be motivated and to engage in the training safely at a training facility, while recognising what is expected of them during the training.

After having successfully completed this lesson, the participants can:

Recognise what is expected of them throughout the module (Knowledge, basic level) Name and point out local emergency procedures and facilities (Knowledge, basic level)

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

20 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

Discuss the relevant human factors and explain their implications (Knowledge, intermediate level)

ELEMENT 1.1 - SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Learning objective:

The participant shows interest or curiosity in the safety and emergency procedures at the training facility (Ability, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Explain and ask involving questions aiming at: a. safety instructions according to internal procedures b. emergency procedures and emergency exits in the areas where the participants can be expected to be located during the course

The participants shall:

Engage in answering questions on local safety and emergency procedures

ELEMENT 1.2 - FACILITES

Learning objective:

The participant can recognise the location of facilities at the training location (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Present a general description of the facilities at the training location (Administration, dining area, restrooms, toilets, etc.) Alternative activity: lead a tour and point out facilities

The participants shall:

Note relevant facilities and ask questions when in doubt

ELEMENT 1.3 - INTRODUCTION

Learning objective:

The participant show interest in fellow participants and the course content and design (Ability, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

21 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

Explain the timetable of the BST First Aid Module, including breaks and mealtimes Give a short introduction to themselves, including their backgrounds as instructors Ask for participants’ expectations of the training and their learning or development

The participants shall:

Give a short introduction to themselves, including job function and expected primary geographic work location and share expectations on the training

ELEMENT 1.4 - SCOPE AND MAIN LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Learning objective:

The participant can recognise the scope and main objectives of the BSTR First Aid Training Module (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Present the scope and main learning objectives of the BST First Aid Module through a scenario, a challenge or “your goal with the First Aid Module, should you choose to accept”- message Note: A suggested learning activity could be to share stories, present scenarios or personal experiences that show the importance of being able to do basic first aid in the wind industry (what is in it for the participants). Note: Where possible, ‘learning objectives – PowerPoint slide(s)’ as part of the introduction should be avoided. Instead use stories, examples or personal experiences that shows the importance of being able to provide basic first aid in the wind industry and the importance of the BST First Aid Refresher Module.

Involve participants with questions on understanding and individual experiences relevant to the BST First Aid Refresher module

The participants shall:

Engage in answering questions and share experiences relevant to the BST First Aid Refresher Module

ELEMENT 1.5 - ONGOING ASSESSMENTS (PARTICIPANT ASSESSMENT FORM)

Learning objective:

The participant can recognise the assessment procedure and the aim of the ongoing assessment (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

22 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

Explain the reasons for the ongoing assessment Explain the layout of the GWO participant assessment form and how it will be used

The participants shall:

Engage themselves in discussions and ask questions when in doubt on relation to the assessment procedure

ELEMENT 1.6 - MOTIVATION

Learning objective:

The participant shows interest and willingness to engage in the learning activities (Ability, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Explain and lead a discussion on: a. the importance of personal involvement in the course b. the definition of and the need for BSTR First Aid understandings and abilities

Note: Positive motivation is the driving force for commitment, and the instructor should make a focused effort to support growth of the necessary attitude and motivation in the participant.

The participants shall:

Engage themselves in discussions and share experiences on BSTR First Aid training

Note: When the participants succeed by trying out on their own, bring their relevant experience into play and apply learning points from the instructor’s feedback, the participant develops a positive attitude and responsibility towards the subject and the performance in the work situation

PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF THE PRIMARY SURVEY

80 min. The aim of this lesson is to refresh the participants prior experiences, knowledge, skills, and abilities to enable the participants to recognise signs and symptoms of life threating situations and save lives and preventing injury to the casualty by being able to use primary survey to provide the correct and effective lifesaving first aid in case of an emergency situation in the wind industry.

After having successfully completed this lesson, the participants can:

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

23 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

Act independently in providing lifesaving basic first aid by using primary survey to identify and treat life-threatening conditions in a prioritised order in an incident in a WTG environment (Ability, intermediate level). The mentioned life-threatening conditions include: a. catastrophic external bleeding, b. unresponsive casualty, c. unresponsive not breathing casualty

ELEMENT 2.1 - PRIMARY SURVEY (“C” - A - B - C)

Learning objective:

The participant can perform a correct primary survey in incidents (Skills, intermediate level)

The instructor shall:

Facilitate practice for the participants in how to do a primary survey (“C”- A-B-C) in incident(s)

Note: The instructor shall give constructive feedback to the participants performance throughout the elements of this lesson

The participants shall:

Engage in the practise of how to do a primary survey (“C”- A-B-C) in incident(s)

Note: The participants shall think about the received feedback and use the feedback to improve their performance throughout the elements of this lesson

ELEMENT 2.2 - “C”- CATASTROPHIC EXTERNAL BLEEDING

Learning objectives:

The participant can solve the challenge of how to detect catastrophic external bleeding (Ability, basic level) The participant can perform the correct treatment of a casualty with catastrophic external bleeding including the use of first aid equipment (Skills, intermediate level)

The instructor shall:

Facilitate guided practice for the participants in detecting catastrophic external bleeding e.g.: a. present examples of ‘bleeding’ casualties; some casualties with catastrophic external bleeding and some casualties that are bleeding, but not considered to be catastrophic external bleeding (e.g. examples of casualties with arterial bleed and examples of other casualties with venous bleed)

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

24 / 123

GWO BSTR V11 First Aid Refresher

2022-04-01_TS_BSTR_V11

b. ask the participants to detect which are the casualties with catastrophic external bleeding and why? c. facilitate practice for the correct treatment of a casualty with catastrophic external bleeding including the use of first aid equipment: Direct pressure and dressings d. correct use of a tourniquet e. use of improvised techniques to control catastrophic external bleeding e.g improvised tourniquet

The participants shall:

Engage in the learning activity and practise how to detect catastrophic bleeding Engage in the practice of how to correctly treat a casualty with catastrophic external bleeding including the use of first aid equipment: a. direct pressure and dressings b. correct use of a tourniquet and improvised tourniquet (two tourniquets may be required to control bleeding)

ELEMENT 2.3 - UNRESPONSIVE

Learning objective:

The participant can perform first aid to an unresponsive casualty (Skills, intermediate level)

The instructor shall:

Facilitate practice for the participants in providing first aid to an unresponsive casualty: f. reasons for being unresponsive g. threats to the casualty e.g. casualty´s airways h. primary survey (“C” – A - B - C) i. unresponsive and breathing casualty should be managed using positional techniques such as the recovery position (or other national/regional established practices)

The participants shall:

Practise providing first aid to an unresponsive casualty j. threats to the casualty e.g. casualty´s airways k. primary survey (“C” – A - B - C) a. unresponsive and breathing casualty should be managed using positional techniques such as the recovery position (or other national/regional established practices)

Global Wind Organisation

www.globalwindsafety.org

25 / 123

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 60 Page 61 Page 62 Page 63 Page 64 Page 65 Page 66 Page 67 Page 68 Page 69 Page 70 Page 71 Page 72 Page 73 Page 74 Page 75 Page 76 Page 77 Page 78 Page 79 Page 80 Page 81 Page 82 Page 83 Page 84 Page 85 Page 86 Page 87 Page 88 Page 89 Page 90 Page 91 Page 92 Page 93 Page 94 Page 95 Page 96 Page 97 Page 98 Page 99 Page 100 Page 101 Page 102 Page 103 Page 104 Page 105 Page 106 Page 107 Page 108 Page 109 Page 110 Page 111 Page 112 Page 113 Page 114 Page 115 Page 116 Page 117 Page 118 Page 119 Page 120 Page 121 Page 122 Page 123

Made with FlippingBook - professional solution for displaying marketing and sales documents online