WEEKS TO GO
CANADA: NATURAL SOURCE OF PRIDE SINCE 1867 Canadian treasures
Quiz TEST YOUR CANADIAN KNOWLEDGE
L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland and Labrador Canada’s pre-Columbus connection
QUESTION 1: Name the modernist Canadian painter most famous for depic- tions of the Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.
is, however, quite astounding, is the fact that between early Aboriginals and today’s contemporary commu- nity, another group called L’Anse aux Meadows home: Vikings. In 1960, Helge Ingstad and Anne Stine Ingstad were vis- iting L’Anse aux Meadows from Finland in search of a rumoured Norse settlement in the area. When local fish- erman George Decker offered to bring them to a place residents referred to as the Old Indian Camp, little did the couple know that they were actually about to crack the case. The grass-covered mounds they saw upon ar- rival appeared to be longhouses buried in time at first glance. This assessment proved correct following a series of archaeological digs led by Anne Stine Ingstad between 1961 and 1968 that unearthed eight complete Norse houses and fragments of a ninth. This incredible discovery was found to date back to the year 1000, putting the debate to rest once and for all: Christopher Columbus definitely wasn’t the first Euro- pean to set foot in North America. A UNESCOWorld Heri- tage Site since 1978, L’Anse aux Meadows is now home to a fascinating interpretive site where you can learn all about the early Norse settlers in the region. A must-see if you’re ever in the area!
He did sail the ocean blue in 1492, but Christopher Columbus arrived in North America about 500 years too late to claim the continent’s discov- ery as his own. His- torians doubted the official story that
QUESTION 2: The only town name in the world to contain two exclamation points is located in Quebec. What is it?
QUESTION 3: What Canadian city hosted the first regular season NHL game outside in 2003, starting a tradition known as the Heritage Classic? QUESTION 4: Which Canadian city should you travel to if you plan on visiting North America’s largest botanical gardens?
Columbus was the first white man to make contact with North American aboriginal peoples for quite some time, but lacked proof of its inaccuracy. Until a Canadian fish- erman named George Decker led explorer Helge Ingstad and his wife, archaeologist Anne Stine Ingstad, to a place locals called the Old Indian Camp. It’s unclear how L’Anse aux Meadows, located on the northernmost tip of the island of Newfoundland, got its name. Some say it evolved from the French L’Anse aux Méduses, literally jellyfish cove; another theory is that the village was referred to as L’Anse à Médée on a French map from 1892. Evidence shows that the area has was first settled by Aboriginal people over 6,000 years ago—a long time, indeed, but nothing out of the ordinary. What
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ART, LITERATURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
Where are we from? THE 52 LARGEST GROUPS IN CANADA’S MULTICULTURAL MOSAIC
HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY
SPORTS AND LEISURE
infO Canada THE STORIES BEHIND OUR SYMBOLS
Canada’s Inuit community
Inuit—Inuktitut for the people —are the Aboriginal people of Canada’s arctic. Nearly three quarters of all Inuit in Canada live inwhat is known as Inuit Nanangat , a term that refers to the land, water and ice of the Arctic region. Of these, around half live in Nunavut. Other large Inuit Nanangat include Nunavik in Northern Quebec, Nun- atsiavut (along the northern coast of Labrador) and the western Arctic. Using data from the 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada estimated that about 59,440 people in Canada have Inuit background. That’s about 4.2 per- cent of Canada’s global Aboriginal population. Eight main ethnic groups make up the Inuit population, and the Inuit language, In- uktitut, has five main dialects in Canada. Nearly eighty-three per cent of Canadian Inuit report being able to converse in one or another of these traditional dialects. Inuit are traditionally hunters and gatherers who lived a nomadic lifestyle. Con- temporary Inuit still produce much of their food through harvesting and hunting, as transportation of goods to isolated northern communities is expensive and sporadic.
Flower: Purple Violet MANITOBA
In 1936, at the request of the Women’s Institute, local school children and the Lieutenant Governor, the Purple Violet (Viola cucullata) officially became New Brunswick’s emblematic flower. This purple perennial proliferates inmeadows, riverbanks and wooded areas throughout the Maritimes. It’s ed- ible and sometimes used in jams and syrups.
CONCEPT CREATED BY:
Proudly sponsored by:
Guy Lauzon , MP Stormont, Dundas & South Glengarry
Next July 1 st , don’t miss the 150 th celebrations!
VOS JOURNAUX EN LIGNE
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Wednesday, July 27, 2016
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