Board Converting News, January 30, 2023

BoardConverting Serving the North American Corrugated and Folding Carton Industries for 39 years January 30, 2023 VOL. 39, NO. 5

How To Build Trust And Expertise With After Action Reviews (AARs) BY JAKE MAZULEWICZ, PH.D. Do you lead your team to learn primarily from successes or from fail- ures? Many leaders argue that their teams are just too busy to spend time discussing why a successful project went well. They just wrap up fast, then dive into the next project.

Domtar Reopens Kingsport Mill After $350M Conversion Fort Mill, South Carolina based Domtar an- nounced that its mill in Kingsport, Tennessee recently produced its first 100 percent recy- cled containerboard. The milestone marks the culmination of a two-year, $350 million investment project to convert its former uncoated freesheet paper mill into Domtar’s first 100 percent recycled packaging facility. “This is a monumental day for Domtar that marks our official entry into the contain- erboard market,” said Steve Henry, Domtar Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer. “I am proud of the packaging, mill and ex- tended Domtar team for their hard work and commitment.” The Kingsport Mill is the largest recycled manufacturer in Tennessee and home to the second-largest recycled containerboard ma- chine in North America. Each year the mill will convert about 660,000 tons of recovered fiber into high-quality recycled performance linerboard and corrugated medium. Producing containerboard products direct-

So, the unspoken insights and unwritten lessons learned from that project rarely ever get shared or discussed. Often, they just get forgot- ten in the frenzy of working project after project. Would you hire an engineer to build you a bridge if all that engineer ever studied was how bridges collapse? Would you hire a recruiter to find you a job if all that recruiter ever studied was how people get fired? The best leaders help their teams learn regularly from their success- es, not just occasionally from their failures. But learning from success happens automatically … doesn’t it? After Action Review (AAR) Soldiers perform complex, dynamic, often dangerous missions. And they want to learn as much as they can from each one. In the 1980s, leaders in the US Army realized that they needed a practical way to help soldiers share the unspoken insights and unwritten lessons they learned from their missions. They realized that sharing tribal knowl- edge and applying tacit skill were key to winning wars. And since it was the Army, they developed a process – a non-punitive, semi-structured, post job team debrief called an After Action Review (AAR). CONTINUED ON PAGE 22 Learning from success, not just mistakes, can help build momentum.



6 x x 8 x x 12 x x 26 x x 3 BCN Adjusts Containerboard Prices, Requests Input 6 Oliver Inc. Acquires Tap Packaging In OH 6 Welch Packaging Acquires Knox Box In Tennessee 30 New Solution By Baumer Replaces Glue Wheel Units

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Domtar Reopens (CONT’D FROM PAGE 1)

AVERAGE CONTAINERBOARD PRICES The average prices reported are tabulated from prices PAID by various sources throughout the United States the week previous to issue. Prices in some areas of the country may be higher or lower than the tabulated average. The prices tabulated here are intended only for purposes of reference. They do not connote any commitment to sell any material at the indicated average. Transactions may be completed at any time at a price agreed upon by seller and purchaser.

ly aligns with Domtar’s expertise and 175-year legacy of turning fiber into useful products “We aren’t interested in being just another container- board supplier,” said Senior Sales Director Mike Butler. “We want to become North America’s premium produc- er with deep and lasting partnerships with independent corrugators. We are leveraging our experience as global leaders in pulp and paper to serve the packaging industry by focusing on customers’ success and consistently deliv- ering the highest quality products.” BCN Adjusts Containerboard Prices , Requests Input From Converters With the publication of its January 23, 2023 issue, Board Converting News has published an updated Container- board Pricing chart (left) to reflect a reduction in contain- erboard prices converters have reported paying to their suppliers. As always, prices will be calculated as being the aver- age amount PAID by North American converters in spe- cific regions of the U.S. and Canada. Converters, brokers or end users who have comments or suggestions or who wish to report their PRICES PAID can contact Len Prazych at or (518) 366-9017.

REGION E. Coast Midwest Southeast Southwest

42# Kraft liner $ 90 5 .00- 9 1 0 .00 $ 9 2 0.00- 9 3 0.00 $ 9 20.00- 9 30.00 $ 9 20.00- 9 30.00 $ 95 0.00- 9 60.00 $ 9 2 3 .00 -93 3 .00

26# Semi-Chem. Medium

Short Ton Del. Short Ton Del. Short Ton Del. Short Ton Del. Short Ton Del. Short Ton Del.

$ 890 .00-9 4 0.00 $9 0 5.00-9 2 5.00 $9 0 5.00-9 2 5.00 $9 0 5.00-9 2 5.00 $9 2 5.00-9 4 5.00 $9 0 8.00-9 2 8.00

West Coast U.S. Average

SHEET PRICES BY REGION (AVERAGE) Per 1MSF, local delivery included, 50MSF single item order, truckload delivery. Sheets

E. Coast Midwest South-SW S. CA N.CA/WA-OR US Aver.

200# 275#



$62.69 $82.80

$85.35 119.54

$73.13 101.29












107.46 118.45

114.69 129.32

116.54 137.25 117.82 145.56

141.08 148.46

122.76 131.80

CANADIAN SHEET PRICES (AVERAGE) In Canadian Dollars, per 1MSF, local delivery included, under 50MSF single item order, truckload delivery. 200# 275# Oyster UC 275#DW 350#DW $78.56 $99.18 $9.00 $96.32 $105.83 CANADIAN LINERBOARD & MEDIUM The average prices reported are tabulated from prices PAID by various sources throughout Canada. Prices may be higher or lower in various areas of the country. The prices tabulated here are intended only for purposes of reference. They do not connote any commitment to sell any material at the indicated average. Transactions may be completed at any time at a price agreed upon by seller and purchaser. Prices are Canadian $ and per metric ton.

42# Kraft Liner 26#

Semi-Chem Medium

East West

$9 2 0.00 $ 96 5.00

$9 1 0.00 $9 4 5.00


January 30, 2023

CST Systems Names John McQueary New Vice President Of Sales CST Systems, a longtime distributor of specialized solu- tions for corrugators, converters, and fine paper facilities, has announced the new role of John McQueary in their or-

Core Competency

ganization as Vice President, Sales. McQueary has been with CST Systems since 2017, where he has held the positions of southeast re- gional sales representative, nation- al accounts manager, and national sales manager. During this time with CST, he has led their introduction of

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new products to the market, sought, with success, to grow the CST portfolio, and spearheaded CST's expansion into the international market through partners in Canada, Cen- tral America, and the Caribbean. Alongside his growth at CST, he has also become known as a fierce advocate for his clients in the industry and someone who is passionate about seeking solutions to better the entire corrugated and paper packaging in- dustry. He serves on the AICC Board of Directors as an Emerging Leaders Delegate, regularly attends confer- ences and continuing education events, and has written articles for industry publications such as Corrugated To- day and Board Converting News .

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Oliver Inc. Acquires Tap Packaging + Design In OH

Hauppauge, New York based Oliver Inc. announced that it has acquired Tap Packaging + Design, a manufactur- er of custom folding cartons, serving customers in food and beverage, beauty, confection, health, and consumer goods markets. Tap Packaging will continue delivering its quality pack- aging solutions from its current location in Cleveland, Ohio. Oliver said that the partnership will enable it to ex- pand its product offerings and strengthen its position as one of the nation's biggeest independent specialty pack- aging suppliers. “We are thrilled to welcome the Tap team to the Oli- ver family,” said Dan Rodenbush, President/CEO of Oliver. "Their diverse range of capabilities will allow us to expand

The warehouse at Tap Packaging + Design.

our product offerings and enhance our overall service for our customers.” “Oliver and Tap Packaging share similar core values, and both companies have a passion for providing an ex- ceptional customer experience,” added David Chilcote, Chairman of Tap Packaging.

“Partnering with Oliver increases our ca- pacity, provides redundancy, and allows us to better leverage our combined scale to offer enhanced solutions for our customers.” Tap Packaging has been based in the Cleveland area for nearly 120 years. In 2019, it moved to a new 208,000-square-foot fa- cility and was rebranded as Tap Packaging + Design. In 2022, it invested $7 million in equipment and increased its capacity by 50 percent. Oliver has manufacturing operations in Ohio, Oklahoma, Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York. Welch Packaging Acquires Knox Box In Tennessee Elkhart, Indiana based Welch Packaging has announces their acquisition of Knoxville Box and Container, Inc., based in Knoxville, Tennessee from Chris Castleberry. Knox Box was founded in 1985 by Horace Harper Jr and later purchased by Castleberry in 2016. The company has provided corrugated boxes, wood crates and packaging supplies to the East Tennessee market for more than 30 years. Today, Knox Box has a dedicated workforce and a loyal customer base. By joining the Welch family of businesses, Knox Box will now have expanded capabilities, as well as the resources to automate equipment and invest in people, while preserving its family culture. Welch Packaging, which also started in 1985, has spent the last 37 years focused on expanding its original vision: CONTINUED ON PAGE 8


January 30, 2023


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To Make a Difference in its customers’ business, its associates lives, and its community. This cause unites our associate family and creates great value for our business partners,” said Scott Welch of Welch Packaging. B2B Industrial Packaging Acquires Next Press Addison, Illinois based B2B Industrial Packaging, a Gen- Nx360 company, announced the acquisition of Next Press located in Mahwah, New Jersey. This represents B2B Industrial Packaging’s 27th major acquisition. “Next Press is an incredible company with a great management team,” B2B Industrial Packaging CEO Bill Drake said. “We are aware of the high level of service Next Press clients and channel partners have become accustomed to. Our goal is to surpass it in every regard.” With the acquisition, Next Press clients will be able to take advantage of a broad range of industrial packaging products backed by a coast-to-coast distribution network. “We want all of our clients to think of us as ‘Your Na- tional Neighbor,’” Drake added. “This means they can expect both friendly, personalized service and access to vast resources.” Next Press, founded in 1997, is a logistics company fo- cused on solving clients’ packaging-related needs. The Welch Packaging Acquires (CONT’D FROM PAGE 6)

company, specializing in corrugated products, has an in- house design team and printing capabilities to create cus- tomized innovative and functional packaging. Next Press provides samples of custom packaging and handles small production runs in-house all with the goal of supporting cli- ents’ marketing efforts. As an advisor for Next Press, Scott Daspin, Director of Investment Banking at Triad Securities Corp said, "The ex- pert, friendly service that Next Press provides will now be complemented by the national-scale packaging solutions, distribution and support that industry leader B2B Industrial Packaging delivers.” B2B Industrial Packaging previously acquired Oak Paper Products, Western Metals, Pac Fast, Empire Systems, Em- pire West Solutions, Master Packaging and Allen Packaging in California; All Packaging, Central Packaging and Miller- Bevco in Kansas; Alpine Packaging and Western Packag- ing in Oregon; AMW Packaging Supply, Pioneer Packaging Worldwide, Nelson JIT, and B&S Supply Co in Arizona; Lew- is Industrial Supply, and Accurate Packaging and Fulfillment in Pennsylvania; Fibers of Kalamazoo in Michigan; Spring- field Corrugated Box in Massachusetts; Tri Pro Graphics and Packaging in Missouri; and Lesker Corporation, Anas- co, Inc, Rapid-Pac, and Direct In Supply in Illinois. B2B Industrial Packaging sells a full range of packaging equipment and supplies including steel strapping, stretch film, and fasteners to clients throughout the United States and Mexico.

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January 30, 2023

Cell Pak To Merge With Russell Partition, Move To Larger CT Facility Cell Pak, a division of Fluted Partition based in Bridgeport, Connecticut, announced it has joined forces with anoth- er Connecticut based partition company, Russell Partition. Cell Pak, manufacturers of corrugated and paperboard partitions and pads, opened in 1984 in its current location along the shoreline in the industrial Northeast. It had been exploring alternative manufacturing locations since space was limited at the facility it was sharing with another com- pany. “When the opportunity presented itself to join forces with one of our industry friends, Jim Bango, along with the opportunity to move into a new larger facility, it was like the stars just aligned,” said Robert Niedermeier, General Manager of Cell Pak. Russell Partition employees have shifted to Cell Pak, expanding the company to 35 employees manufacturing corrugated and chip partitions from small lots to trailer loads. Over the coming year, a multi-phase, plant-wide transition will reconfigure the expanded facility in North Haven to accommodate the Bridgeport equipment. “We have a four-phase plan to clean up, re-layout exist- ing equipment and move in the Bridgeport equipment in such a way to have no interruption in service to our won- derful customers,” Niedermeier said.

Box Shipments ( U.S. Corrugated Product Shipments) Industry Shipments In Billions of Square Feet Month September 2022



Percent Change Avg Week Percent Change

2022 2021

32.705 34.247


7.787 8.154


Industry Total

Year-to Date

September 2022



Percent Change Avg Week Percent Change

2022 2021

305.168 312.525


7.989 8.224


Industry Total

Containerboard Consumption (Thousands of Tons)



Percent Change Year-to-Date Percent Change

2022 2021

2.6327 2.7773


24.8959 25.4841


Container Board Inventory - Corrugator Plants (Thousands of Tons)

Corrugator Plants Only


Percent Change Weeks of Supply

Percent Change

Sep. Aug

2.5975 2.5867


4.1 4.2


Shipping Days




2022 2021

21 21

191 190

SOURCE: Fibre Box Association





January 30, 2023

AICC Member Companies Have Opportunities For Recognition At 2023 Spring Meeting AICC member companies have several opportunities to be recognized at AICC’s 2023 Spring Meeting, the premier packaging event taking place at Trump National Doral Resort on April 24-26 this year. Is your company celebrating a milestone anniversary this year? Or per- haps there is a breakthrough innovation or an accomplishment in shop safety you would love to talk about. AICC offers a great platform for some well-earned time in the spotlight.

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The Member Milestone: The Member Milestone program recognizes member companies that are celebrating significant anniversaries starting at 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 (or more) years of continual operation. Requirements include submission of a two- to three-minute profes- sionally-produced video. Members who qualify will be recognized at the closing general session and featured in a post-meeting press release and BoxScore along with the video posted on the AICC website. Video sub- mission deadline is March 3. Supplier Innovations Workshop: AICC will hold a two-day Supplier Inno- vations Workshop that allows companies to present their “latest and great- est” innovations in a short, commercial presentation dedicated to your newest technology, product, or service. Both machinery and non-machin- ery innovations will be presented on both days of the workshop sessions. The six-minute presentation must be for a new product, service or technology or application that was introduced to the market after January 2021. Applications are due February 17. Independent Safe Shop Awards: AICC recognizes member companies for outstanding performance in plant safety. Participation helps generate greater awareness and enthusiasm for the safety accomplishments com- panies and their employees have worked for and it allows companies to showcase their efforts. To qualify, companies must have a 2022 OSHA Recordable Incident Rate of less than 2.6 and a 2021 OSHA Lost Work Days Incident Rate of zero. Those meeting the criteria will be recognized during the Spring Meeting on Wednesday during the closing general session, as well a post-meeting press release, on the AICC website, and with a plaque sent for display at your plant. Submissions are due on March 3. To apply and learn more about the requirements for the Member Mile- stone, Supplier Innovations Workshop or Independent Safe Shop Awards, visit . For more information, contact Laura Mihalick at (703) 836-2422 or or Cindy Huber at (703) 836-2422 or

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January 30, 2023

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FBA Opens Registration For 2023 Global Summit With ICCA/WCO The Fibre Box Association (FBA) announced open regis- tration for its Annual Meeting with the International Corru- gated Case Association (ICCA) and World Containerboard Organisation's (WCO) Global Summit. The combined event is a unique opportunity for FBA members to gather with other global leaders in the corru- gated and containerboard industries. The event, set for June 19-21, will be held at the Fair- mont Banff Springs in Alberta, Canada and will include three general sessions, time to explore the great outdoors of the Canadian Rockies, ample networking time and the The organizations have put to- gether a lineup of speakers to ad- dress the hot topics and trends im- pacting the industry. These are just a few of the speakers that will pack each general session with information and ideas: Dr. Pippa Malmgren, Keynote Presentation: Malmgren is a former US Presidential Advisor, former Advisor to the UK Cabinet, best-selling, award-winning author and a tech Pippa Malmgren famed Gala Dinner event showcas- ing the natural connection between corrugated products and the envi- ronment.

entrepreneur. She is an economist who makes sense of the world economy by writing books, by founding tech businesses, by advising policymakers around the world and through public speaking and teaching. Malmgren is a Senior Advisor to The Monaco Foundry, a start-up incubator for impact-led founders, and a Special Advisor to Avonhurst, a legal and consulting firm in the UK specializing in deals, policy and capital raising. She is also on the Board of Premios Verdes which holds the “Green Oscars” each year. She writes a column about the world economy on Sub- stack and previously co-founded an industrial drone man- ufacturing firm which won the Cog X Award for Autonomy, the 2020 National Technology Award and Power Product of the Year 2020. Her most recent bestseller, "The Infinite Leader," won the International Press Award for the Best Book on Leadership for 2021.

Joaquín Kirtz Lara, Numera Ana- lytics: Lara is Numera’s Chief Econ- omist and heads the firm’s Macro Research practice. He is responsible for Numera’s macro product offering, including timely research on the world econ- omy and strategy publications on all

Joaquín Lara

major asset classes (DM + EM equities and FICC). In addition, he designs and oversees the implemen- CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

We’ve got our customers covered… …with our fiberglass backed, boltless, full double-wide blankets and an extensive inventory of corrugated parts needed by virtually every box plant in the country. The innovator of the original fiberglass-backed knuckle locking anvil cover, Stafford is the industry’s go-to source for everything corrugated. TM 800-282-5787 IS THE MANUFACTURER OF STAFFORD ANVIL COVERS ®


January 30, 2023

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tation of Numera’s econometric models for forecasting, portfolio construction and quantitative research. He also presents frequently on the global economy and financial markets. Lara holds a Master’s degree in Economics from University College London (UCL), and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from McGill University.

Saverio Mayer, Smurfit Kappa Group: After graduating in accoun- tancy in Rome, Mayer entered the Smurfit Kappa Group at the end of the 1980s as General Manager of SK Tezze & Carmignano (IT) and then of SK Asti (IT). At the end of the 1990s, he be-

Saverio Mayer

came Sales & Marketing Manager for SK Italy and then Vice President Pan European Sales. From 2001 to 2015, he led SK Italy as CEO. In October 2015, he was appointed COO SK Corrugat- ed & Converting Europe and in April 2017 he became CEO SK Europe for both Paper & Board and Corrugated & Con- verting divisions. Since May 2018, Mayer is also Vice-Pres- ident of FEFCO Association, the European Federation of Corrugated Board Manufacturers. Jake Hall, The Manufacturing Millennial: Hall’s passion is to advocate for manufacturing, automation, digital trans- CONTINUED ON PAGE 18


January 30, 2023


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Sonoco Invests In New Solar Energy System By Novitium Energy Voorhees Township, New Jersey based Novitium Energy announced the launch of a new solar energy system at Sonoco’s plant in Dayton, New Jersey. The new system purchased by Sonoco will produce approximately 1.295 million kilowatt hours of electricity annually and meet 58 percent of the facility's energy needs. Over the 25-year lifespan of the system, the kilowatt hours avoided via solar energy produced at Sonoco is estimated to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions equal to 10,235.6 metric tons of Carbon Dioxide. Novitium En- ergy says this is equal to 1,151,738 gallons of gasoline, 11,324,652 pounds of coal burned, and carbon seques- tered by 169,245 trees grown from seedlings for 10 years. "Both of our organizations feel a deep sense of respon- sibility to serve our local communities, where many of our employees work and live, by leading the way with renew- able technologies to meet the increasing demands of our environment,” Novitium Energy CEO Jeremy Conner said. Elizabeth Rhue, VP Global Environmental, Sustainabil- ity, and Centralized Technology, Sonoco, said: "We're ex- cited to celebrate the first of many planned investments in solar power across our network globally. "This will bring Sonoco one step closer to meeting our emissions reduction goals."


formation, and skilled trades by helping to revolutionize the way people and companies present themselves. Hall ignites conversations about the latest in manu- facturing and automation to excite the current and future

workforce about manufacturing in- dustries. His goal is to create aware- ness around automation and mod- ernization, investing in skilled trades and attracting the next generation workforce. He graduated from Grand Valley State University with his bachelor’s in

Jake Hall

Convey with Confidence ™ AES is a leading provider of integrated turnkey systems for scrap collection, baling, and dust control, with custom-built solutions designed to meet the unique challenges of your industry. Product Design and Manufacturing Engineering and a mi- nor in Biomedical Engineering. He worked during college in the automation, furniture and product design industries as well as starting a company after receiving investments and winning business and pitch competitions. The event will also host the ICCA Board of Directors' Meeting, WCO Board of Directors' Meeting, the FBA Board of Directors' Meeting while industry leaders are together. Dress attire for the general sessions is business casual; a jacket is required for the Gala Reception. To register, book a room or travel information, visit fi- . Check the registration website regularly be- tween now and the meeting dates for up-to-date informa- tion about the event coming soon including opportunities to sign up for optional outdoor activities.







January 30, 2023

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PPC: Folding Carton Market To Enjoy Measured Growth Through 2026 According to the Paperboard Packaging Council’s (PPC) recent “Trends: 2022-23 Industry Outlook and Market Data Report,” US demand for folding cartons will grow on average by 1.3 percent annually, with the market reaching 5.4 million tons by 2026. Output growth in nondurables, comprised of many carton-packaged goods, is expected to expand by 0.8 percent over the five-year forecast. Prepared for PPC members by RISI, a provider of pulp and paper industry intelligence, the Trends Report de- scribes how overall economic trends will affect the folding carton market in the near and far terms. The report states that general economic fundamentals in the US economy will remain strong throughout the coming years with con- sumer spending growing by 1.8 percent from 2021-26.

In addition to the overall economic performance, other factors play an essential role in Trends’ growth forecast for the next five years, including changing consumer spend- ing habits, substitution away from plastic packaging, and efforts to reduce plastic waste. Shipment growth will be healthiest at the end of the five-year forecast, as the cur- rent business cycle is predicted to peak in 2026. The total value of U.S. carton shipments is predicted to grow from an estimated $9.5 billion in 2021 to $13.3 billion in 2026. The folding carton industry is not without near-term challenges. A short, two-quarter downturn in economic output is expected in 2023, likely due to a recession be- coming more of a concern as inflation eats into consumer budgets. Economic growth will provide a current for fold- ing carton producers in the coming year, but overseas production will continue to challenge the domestic market as competition with imports persisting over the next five years. Competition from alternative packaging methods

and materials will also remain a challenge for domestic folding carton producers, especially with increasing prices of boxboard substrates. On the flip side, decisions by some of the largest fast-food companies and municipali- ties across the country seem to be providing hope that paperboard packaging materials are poised to benefit from their environmentally friendly profile. Plastic substitution and envi- ronmentally friendly packaging trends should provide a tailwind for carton growth over the forecast. “Trends equips leaders in the folding car- ton industry with the knowledge they need to prosper in the changing marketplace,” said Ben Markens, PPC president. “Should they make an offensive move? Should they ramp up their defense? Trends helps them figure it all out.” In addition to forecasts for the overall fold- ing carton market, Trends also analyzes 17 end-use segments including confectionery, dairy, dry foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and recreational products. This year, nine cat- egories were classified as growing markets, seven as mature, and one as declining. PPC members can download the Trends Re- port at report . A free summary is also available for nonmembers. For over 90 years, PPC has been the North American association for converters of pa- perboard packaging and their suppliers. PPC works to grow, promote, and protect the pa- perboard packaging industry while providing its members with resources and tools to com- pete successfully in the marketplace. For more information, call (413) 686-9191 or visit www. .


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January 30, 2023

Truck. Loads. More.

Corrugated printing has gone from basic to beautiful in 10 years. With the explosion of packaging demands and shorter print runs, speed has become the #1 capacity driver.

One of our customers tells us automated complete plate cleaning in < 4 minutes adds 25% capacity in a working week with FlexoCleanerBrush™

He calls it ‘Truckloads More Capacity’. You can do your own math.

After Action Reviews (CONT’D FROM PAGE 1)

So always start your After Action Reviews by getting facts with questions 1 and 2 before getting opinions with questions 3 and 4. • “What went well, and what went badly?” This may seem like a great question for a debrief. After all, it cuts

After Action Reviews have proven so wildly effective that every branch of the military now uses them. And for some units like flight crews and Special Operations Forc- es, AARs are almost a religion. They’ve been called, “one of the most successful organizational learning methods yet devised.” The process of leading a basic AAR is simple. Soon af- ter your team completes a project, gather them in a private space for about 30 minutes, and ask these four questions: 1. What did we set out to do? 2. What did we actually do? 3. How did it turn out the way it did? 4. What will we do differently next time? Why Use These Questions? • Have you ever had a discussion degenerate into a fact- free “war of opinions?” That’s the fate you’ll suffer if you start a debrief by asking for opinions. True, questions 3 and 4 are subjective and do indeed ask for opinions. But notice that questions 1 and 2 are much more fact- based. It may seem silly to ask, “What did we intend to do in this job?” But different people have different goals for the same job. The accountant on your team may have intended to maximize revenue. The safety specialist on your team may have intended to reduce the risk of injuries. The team leader may have wanted to finish the job ahead of schedule and under budget.

straight to the point, right? Here’s the problem. This question nudges us to discuss blame, not improve- ments. And blame stops learning in its tracks. Look at the four After Action Review questions. There’s no hint of fault, failure or blame in any of them. That’s intention- al. After Action Reviews focus on learning, not blame. Make sure you keep that focus in every AAR you lead.



January 30, 2023

After Action Reviews (CONT’D FROM PAGE 22)

of the priceless, unspoken wisdom will already have been lost, perhaps forever. So, lead the AAR as soon as the proj- ect wraps. 3. Leader Vs. Facilitator Most leaders like to answer questions. Usually that’s a good thing. But not in an After Action Review. If you give in to the temptation to answer the questions, you’ll shut your team down until the only person talking is you. So, in an Af- ter Action Review, remember that the leader is the person who talks the least. Choose your AAR leaders accordingly. If you want a low-cost, low-risk way to build trust and expertise on your team, you will likely never find a more practical method than leading After Action Reviews. If the US Army has used them for 40+ years, just imagine what kind of value they could create for your team. About the Author: Jake Mazulewicz, Ph.D. shows leaders in high-hazard industries why errors are signals, not failures, and how to address the deeper problem, so that everyone can work more reliably and safely. He key- notes and advises globally.

• Soldiers are fond of sayings like, “No mission plan ever survives contact with reality” or “The planning is more valuable than the plan.” And in reality, the percentage of complex missions that go exactly according to plan is nearly 0%. Soldiers and other experts in complex, dynamic systems know that in any given job, there’s always a gap between what we plan to do and what we actually do. Notice how question 1 asks about the plan. Some call this “Work as Imagined.” Question 2 asks about the actual job. Some call this “Work as Done.” When you lead your After Action Reviews, use questions 1 and 2 to explore this critical gap, but not eliminate it. Three Common Mistakes And How To Avoid Them 1. Successes Vs. Failures Some leaders do AARs only for accidents or errors. If you do that, your team will quickly associate AARs with failure. And they’ll give short, vague answers to get it over with as fast as possible. So, lead about 80% or more of your AARs for successful projects. That way, your team will learn to trust the process and value the results. 2. Now Vs. Later Unspoken insights and lessons learned are the most valuable things a team can discuss in an After Action Re- view. Those unspoken ideas have a half-life of hours or less. So, if you wait a day or more to lead your AAR, much

He has a decade of experience in Safety for electric utilities, and served as a firefighter, an EMT and a military paratrooper. To learn more, visit his website at

Jake Mazulewicz

Do you need printed sheets? We have your answer.. Introducing Heartland’s ColorCorr. This is “flexo-printing in the round”. On our corrugator we can print up to 109” wide. The advantage is that we can print the equivalent of ½ roll at a time and not be required to keep several rolls of very expensive preprinted paper on the floor. Much less waste and risk. In continual print mode, we use either laser-engraved rubber rolls or solid rubber rolls to print a “flood coat” or a repeating pattern. If we are printing a repeating pattern, we can run a two-color design on the paper. Customers have found that running sheets we print can allow them to run a lighter-grade due to reduced caliper loss, and in some cases eliminate one or more machine passes.

For more information contact: Charlie Freeman | 816-500-8889 | Tim Kramer | 816-841-8317 |


January 30, 2023

It’s time to revolutionize The new CorruCUT rotary die-cutter pushes what is possible

The CorruCUT is designed for high-performance rotary production of die-cut corrugated products with ultimate flexo post-printing quality. You will achieve paramount performance from the latest embedded technology with a brand new operating concept. It is available with the industry's shortest lead time from our factory to your floor. The CorruCUT has a maximum production output of 12,000 boards per hour, including setup while running, integrated remote maintenance for the ultimate uptime, and the easiest machine to operate – the CorruCUT will increase your profitability. Call us to set up a custom demonstration. Koenig & Bauer (+1) 502 310-1368

PPEC Will Be Watching EPR, Landfill Bans, Forestry Stats, More In 2023 BY RACHEL KAGAN As the Paper and Paperboard Packaging Environmental Council (PPEC) continues to work on achieving its mission to promote the environmental sustainability of the Canadi- an paper packaging industry, we will also be closely mon- itoring the following key issues in 2023: Extended Producer Responsibility & Recycling Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy ap- proach in which a producer – a business that makes or



Advantzware provides a flexible and comprehensive system to address the business management needs of the independent box business, as well as the ERP re- quirements of full scale packaging plants and integrat- ed companies. With modules for estimating, scheduling, production, inventory and accounting, this scalable sys- tem supports packaging plants that produce corrugat- ed boxes, folding cartons, point of purchase displays, assembled partitions, paperboard products, foam fab- rication, as well as distribution of packaging supplies. AIR CONVEYING CORPORATION Air Conveying Corporation is a recognized leader in the in- dustry of Pneumatic Conveying Systems and has been in business since 1968. As an equipment manufacturer rather than simply a sales organization, we have complete control over the quality of material and products which make up your proposed system. Our equipment is found in Printing, Folding Carton and Corrugated plants throughout the coun- try and the world. Let us build you the best Trim Removal System you ever had. Contact us today. Amtech offers the industry’s most innovative and compre- hensive corrugated and packaging ERP, integrated sched- uling software, and engineered automation technology. For over 30 years, Amtech has remained at the backbone of successful businesses from the independent box makers to the largest integrateds. We keep our customers competitive in an ever-changing economy with options such as custom- er digital storefronts and workflows, business intelligence, automated scheduling for corrugators, converting and shipping, proactive roll stock and inventory management. APEX INTERNATIONAL AMTECH SOFTWARE World’s largest Anilox and Glue & Metering roll manufac- turer, providing the widest selection of corrugated engrav- ings and complementary services. Anilox engraving options available from our North American manufacturing facility include elongated 75°, 60°, 45°, plus Apex’s patented GTT technology. Glue rolls are produced with Hardened Stain- less Steel and a max TIR of 10 µ for Single, Double Facers.

sells obligated materials – is made financially and physically responsi- ble for ensuring their products and packaging are properly managed at the end of their life. While PPEC members have not historically been obligated stewards of these programs – our members

Rachel Kagan

typically engage in business-to-business transactions, and do not directly supply finished products to consumers – such recycling programs are critical as they are an im- portant supply of our industry’s feedstock, allowing PPEC members to use high amounts of recycled content in three major paper packaging grades. This year will be busy with changes to existing pro- grams and government consultations, and PPEC will be closely monitoring and participating in consultations. For information on EPR for paper and packaging, and the sta- tus of provincial programs, please visit PPEC’s new EPR web page. EPR also continues to ramp up across the border with several U.S. states enacting or developing packaging pro- ducer responsibility laws including Maine, Oregon, Col- orado, and California. PPEC follows the activities of the American Forest and Paper Association and the Fibre Box Association to stay informed about U.S. EPR activity. Landfill Bans As part of the Government of Canada’s commitment to reduce emissions by 40 to 45% below 2005 levels by 2030, and achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, they are looking at ways to reduce methane emissions from munic- ipal solid waste landfills. PPEC has long supported banning old corrugated box- es from landfill as it would reduce methane and ensure that valuable materials are diverted and recycled. When organic waste – such as food, yard waste, and paper products – is disposed in landfills, it produces meth- ane, a greenhouse gas. A landfill disposal ban is a tool that stipulates that cer- tain materials are not accepted for disposal; they are often used when there is a recycling program in place for that material. For example, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Metro Vancouver have banned corrugated cardboard CONTINUED ON PAGE 28


Albany International has a corrugator belt for every appli- cation. Our reputation for durable performance is the trade- mark of the most dependable belts in service today.


January 30, 2023

Planning for the future is one of your most important jobs. Selling your business, succession planning, equipment decisions and expansions require the best advice and strategy. We’ve been providing Business Planning Services to the independent converter for over 30 years. Need to make a big decision? Call us now.

STILL the Industry Experts 580 Sylvan Avenue, Suite M-A Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632 (201) 731-3025 • Fax: (201) 731-3026

PPEC Will Be Watching (CONT’D FROM PAGE 26)


from their jurisdiction’s disposal sites. The bottom line is that used boxes should not end up in landfill. Recycled paper packaging represents our indus- try’s feedstock as it is continually collected and recycled through residential and business recycling programs, al- lowing those materials to be remade into new paper pack- aging products again and again. New Forestry Statistics Sustainable forest management is a fundamental pillar for PPEC and its members and is essential to the Canadian paper-based packaging industry. While most paper packaging made in Canada is pro- duced with recycled content, the paper fibres it was origi- nally made from came from a tree. However, the Canadian


ARC International is a world leader in the manufacturing of roller products for flexography. The latest nano-technology laser engraving in our NC and NV manufacturing facilities ensures superior quality and consistency in anilox rollers.


AES is a leading full-service provider of integrated convey- ance systems specializing in scrap, trim, and dust. AES en- gineers custom scrap systems and works as a partner in process improvement to help businesses achieve greater profitability, productivity, and sustainability. Products include balers, shredders/hoggers, core shredders, filters, fans, and specialized dust control and collection systems. AES is the ex- clusive distributor for the AirShark Rotary Material Separator. For a wide variety of new and used equipment on to- day’s market, visit our website at BAUMER HHS CORPORATION hhs is a global leader in advanced gluing, camera verifica- tion and quality assurance systems for the packaging indus- try. Zero-defect quality and elevated production speeds are key parameters in the manufacturing of corrugated boxes. With hhs Xcam Box Monitoring and non-contact flap gluing of corrugated board, hhs offers every option for quality as- surance in the production of boxes with flexo folder gluers. AMERICAN CORRUGATED MACHINE BLOWER APPLICATION COMPANY (BLOAPCO) BloApCo has served the corrugated industry since 1933 with a variety of scrap handling solutions, including Hori- zontal Floor Shredders, Trim Cutters, and Material Handling Fans and Conveying Systems. BloApCo Shredders allow for continuous shredding and pneumatic removal of sheet waste stacks of all sizes, roll slab, cores, and carton scrap.

paper packaging industry doesn’t use much in the way of freshly cut trees, and the little that is har- vested must be success- fully regenerated by law. In 2019, the total forest har- vest (for lumber and all pa- per grades including pack- aging) represented 0.2% of

Canada’s forest land, according to The State of Canada’s Forests Annual Report, which is published annually by Nat- ural Resources Canada. The 2022 Annual Report was recently released and is a key source of data on Canada’s forests and its sustainable management, which PPEC uses to correct misinformation about the Canadian paper-based packaging industry. PFAS PPEC continues to monitor government activity related to PFAS, or perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, which are a class of chemicals that, in some cases, have been found to be potentially harmful to the environment and human health. As perfluoroalkyl substances can provide oil, grease, and water resistance, PFAS can be found in some types of paper-based food packaging. The Government of Canada is currently considering activities that would address PFAS as a broad class and published a notice of intent in the Canada Gazette. In the U.S., several states have passed laws banning intentional- ly-added PFAS in packaging. New York’s new law took ef- fect December 31 and prohibits the intentional application of PFAS in packages or packaging components designed for direct food contact, which can include wrappers, bags and tubs that are made from paper, paperboard, and other


Leading manufacturer and installer of quality retrofits, up- grades and replacement parts for S&S and Prime Flexo Folder Gluers. Specialists in reconditioning of S&S Flexo Folder Gluers, including ink, air and electrical systems.


materials derived from plant fibres. Environmental Claims & Definitions

Serving the corrugated box industry since 1991, Chicago- based Corrugator Belt Service LLC maintains corru- gator belts for peak board quality and performance.

The issue of greenwashing continues to be an increas- ingly important priority of enforcement agencies across North America and globally. In Canada, environmen-



January 30, 2023

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