GWO Basic Safety Training Online Partial Refresher

GLOBAL WIND ORGANISATION

TRAINING STANDARD

Basic Safety Training

Online Partial Refresher (BSTR-P)

(Onshore/Offshore)

Version 1.1

May 2020

Basic safety training partial online refresher V01

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1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS................................................................................................ 5 2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS .............................................................................................. 6 3 CHANGE LOG................................................................................................................... 7 4 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................. 8 4.1 Target group.................................................................................................................. 9 4.2 Aims and objectives........................................................................................................ 9 4.3 Requirements for training providers .................................................................................. 9 4.4 Duration of the BSTR-P Modules ......................................................................................10 4.5 Validity period...............................................................................................................11 4.6 Participant prerequisites for the BSTR-P Modules ...............................................................11 4.7 Physical demands ..........................................................................................................11 5 RESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER ONLINE BSTR-P MODULES ................................... 12 5.1 Staff ............................................................................................................................12 5.2 Equipment for online delivery..........................................................................................12 5.3 Practical training facilities ...............................................................................................12 6 ADMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF BSTR-P MODULES..................................... 13 6.1 Requirement to upload training record in WINDA...............................................................13 6.2 Training providers own records and certificates issue .........................................................13 7 UNDERSTANDING GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES ........................................................... 14 7.1 Taxonomy ....................................................................................................................14 7.2 Attitude........................................................................................................................14 7.3 Knowledge....................................................................................................................15 7.4 Skill .............................................................................................................................15 8 DELIVERY AND ASSESSMENT IN A VIRTUAL CLASS ENVIRONMENT .............................. 16 8.1 Aims and objectives.......................................................................................................16 8.2 Course participant engagement .......................................................................................16 8.3 Operationalising this standard .........................................................................................17 8.4 Equipment in the virtual classroom ..................................................................................17 8.5 Assessment of learning objectives ...................................................................................17 8.6 Participant performance assessment form.........................................................................18 9 BSTR-P MODULE 1 – FIRST AID .................................................................................... 20 9.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR-P First aid module ...........................................................20 9.2 BSTR-P First aid instructor to participant ratio ...................................................................21 9.3 Duration of the BSTR-P First aid module...........................................................................21 9.4 BSTR-P First aid module timetable ...................................................................................21 9.5 Detailed description of the BSTR-P First aid module ...........................................................23 Introduction .......................................................................................................23 Legislation, Risks and Hazards..............................................................................25 Anatomy............................................................................................................26 Lifesaving First Aid using Primary and Secondary Survey .........................................28 Themes .............................................................................................................32 First aid scenarios ...............................................................................................37 Evaluation..........................................................................................................39

10 BSTR-P MODULE 2 - MANUAL HANDLING ...................................................................... 41

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10.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR-P Manual handling module ...............................................41 10.2 BSTR-P Manual handling instructor to participant ratio .......................................................42 10.3 Duration of the BSTR-P Manual handling module ...............................................................42 10.4 BSTR-P Manual handling module timetable .......................................................................42 10.5 Detailed description of the BST Manual Handling Module ....................................................44 Introduction .......................................................................................................44 Legislation and behavioural safety ........................................................................46 Spinal Anatomy and Posture.................................................................................47 Planning manual handling ....................................................................................48 Manual handling: Risk controls & proper manual handling techniques ........................50 Evaluation..........................................................................................................53 11 BSTR-P MODULE 3 - FIRE AWARENESS ......................................................................... 55 11.1 Aims and objectives of BSTR-P Fire awareness module.......................................................55 11.2 BSTR-P Fire awareness instructor to participant ratio .........................................................56 11.3 Duration of BSTR-P Fire awareness module.......................................................................56 11.4 BSTR-P Fire awareness module timetable .........................................................................56 11.5 Detailed description of BST Fire Awareness Module ............................................................58 Introduction .......................................................................................................58 Legislation .........................................................................................................60 Fire combustion and fire spread............................................................................61 Fire extinguishing ...............................................................................................62 Fire prevention ...................................................................................................64 Firefighting equipment in a WTG...........................................................................65 Evaluation..........................................................................................................67 12 BSTR-P MODULE 4 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS................................................................. 69 12.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR-P Working at heights module............................................69 12.2 BSTR-P Working at heights instructor to participant ratio....................................................70 12.3 Duration of the BSTR-P Working at heights module............................................................70 12.4 BSTR-P Working at heights module timetable....................................................................70 12.5 Detailed description of the BSTR-P Working at heights module ............................................72 Introduction .......................................................................................................72 Knowledge review...............................................................................................74 Dropped objects .................................................................................................75 PPE Review Exercises ..........................................................................................76 Theory...............................................................................................................77 Individual Practical review exercises......................................................................80 Evaluation..........................................................................................................82 13 BSTR-P MODULE 5 – SEA SURVIVAL............................................................................... 84 13.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR-P Sea survival module .....................................................84 13.2 Instructor to participant ratio ..........................................................................................85 13.3 Duration of the BSTR-P Sea survival module .....................................................................85 13.4 BSTR-P Fire awareness module timetable .........................................................................85 13.5 Detailed description of BSTR-P sea survival module ...........................................................87 Introduction .......................................................................................................87

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Legislation .........................................................................................................88 Exposure, Cold Shock, Hypothermia and Drowning .................................................89 Life Saving Appliances and PPE.............................................................................90 SAR and GMDSS .................................................................................................92 Practical sea survival ...........................................................................................93 Safe transfer ......................................................................................................96 Installations, vessels and WTGs ............................................................................99 Evaluation........................................................................................................ 100 PARTICIPANT PERFORMACE ASSESSMENT FORM................................................. 102 EQUIPMENT LISTS ............................................................................................... 103 1. BSTR-P First aid Partial refresher................................................................................... 104 2. BSTR-P Manual Handling PArtial Refresher ...................................................................... 105 3. BSTR-P Fire awarness partial refresher........................................................................... 106 4. BSTR-P Working at height partial refresher ..................................................................... 107 5. BSTR-P Sea Survival partial refresher ............................................................................ 110 GUIDELINE FOR WARM-UP EXERCISES ................................................................ 112 MANUAL HANDLING RISK ASSESSMENT............................................................... 113 1. Load weight and Reaching distance................................................................................ 113 2. Manual handling assessment chart (MAC tool)................................................................. 115 3. Aggravating factors ..................................................................................................... 116

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1 L IST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AED

Automatic External Defibrillator

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AS/NZS

Australia and New Zealand Standard

BST

Basic Safety Training

BSTR

Basic Safety Training Refresher

BWH

Basic Working at Height

CO 2

Carbon Dioxide

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

EN

European Standards

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

ERC

European Resuscitation Council

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

H.E.L.P.

Heat Escape Lessening Posture

ILCOR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation

LSA

Life Saving Appliances

PLB

Personal Locating Beacon

MES

Marine Evacuation Systems

MOB

Man Overboard

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

SAR

Search and Rescue

SART

Search and Rescue Transponder

SRL

Self-Retractable Lifeline

T.I.L.E.

Task Individual Load Environment

MAC

Manual handling Assessment Chart

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

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2 T ERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Term

Definition

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted For clarity where the word must is used in this standard it shall have the same meaning as shall Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from colliding with the ground, structure or any other obstacle during a free fall. Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from going into a free fall

Must

Should

Fall arrest

Fall prevention

Personal fall protection system Assembly of components intended to protect the user against falls from height, including a body holding device and an attachment system, which can be connected to a reliable anchorage point

Restraint system

Personal fall protection system which prevents the user from reaching zones where the risk of a fall from height exists Personal fall protection system which enables the user to work in tension or suspension in such a way that free fall is prevented Personal fall protection system which limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest Personal fall protection system by which a person can rescue themselves or others, in such a way that a free fall is prevented

Work positioning system

Fall arrest system

Rescue system

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3 C HANGE L OG

Approved by & date

GWO EXCO 11 May 2020

Amendment Date

11 May 2020

Version

01.1

Description of changes

BSTRP-P MODULE 4 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS

- Element 12.1 - changed the wording of learning objective 5 to “explain” from “Skill” and updated the taxonomy of the same point to “L2 – Knowledge”

Lesson 6 - Individual practical exercises

- Changed all learning objectives to “ Discuss and show examples of” from “demonstrate” and updated the taxonomy of the same points to “L2 – Knowledge and L2 – Skills) - Note – Adjusted the site requirement and adjusted the equipment requirement for the participant and added a description of how the instructor must ensure that the discussion is facilitated - Element 6.4 – updated the instructor note to focus on knowledge of the participants

Annex 2 – EQUIPMENT LIST

- Aligned the equipment list with the updated lesson 6 by removing the requirement for the participant to have a vertical fall arrest system, rescue device and slings at their location during the training.

Approved by & date

GWO EXCO 14 April 2020

Amendment Date

06 April 2020

Version

01

Description of changes

16 April 2020

- Minor correction regarding durations.

14 April 2020

- New training standard to address skills fade in light of SARS-CoV-2.

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4 S COPE

The COVID-19 viral pandemic has caused widespread disruption globally and has, in many regions, prevented technicians from attending GWO refresher training leading to a safety risk imposed through skills and knowledge fade within the wind industry. To mitigate against the fading of skills and knowledge amongst technicians GWO have analysed the basic safety refresher modules and released this interim standard as a way for already trained technicians to continue to work safely by enabling the technicians on site to practice the knowledge and skills that they have learned during GWO training and apply this to their daily work tasks. This analysis has indicated that there are some learning objectives and elements in the domain of knowledge and skills where the knowledge fade can potentially be mitigated through attending online live training sessions. This standard describes the requirements for basic safety training partial refresher courses that are recommended by the members of GWO. This full standard covers parts of the following five modules:

First Aid

Manual Handling

Fire Awareness

Working at Height

Sea Survival

GWO has assessed that the objectives and elements contained in the partial modules, as described in sections 9, 10, 11, 12 & 13 of this document, can be fully delivered during online training sessions using technologies that allow real time video conferencing. The members of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) recognize trained persons as competent within Basic Safety in the wind industry and accept the trained person as possessing the required knowledge to stop an unsafe work situation where they as duty-holders are accountable for safety. Training is verified through the GWO database WINDA.

This standard has been developed by the GWO Training committee.

Disputes and potential non-conformities should be brought to the attention of the GWO Audit and compliance committee.

The standard has been approved by the GWO executive committee.

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4.1 Target group

Personnel who will be working in the wind industry or related fields and will have their duties in a wind turbine environment, usually in physical contact with a wind turbine or an offshore wind structure. Personnel that perform job functions that has been risk assessed by their employer or their workplace duty holder as a function where knowledge of and practical skills in first aid, manual handling, fire awareness, working at heights and sea survival may mitigate the identified risks.

4.2 Aims and objectives

The aim of BSTR-P is to reduce the risk of injury in the wind industry by reviewing, refreshing and building on previously gained knowledge and skills from GWO BST initial or refresher training. The aims and objectives are achieved in a virtual online classroom through a combination of group discussions, individual explanations, theoretical and practical training that aim to enable the course participants to support and care for themselves and others working in the wind industry by being able to apply the knowledge skills and attitude of first aid, manual handling, fire awareness, working at heights and sea survival in their daily work and, in the case of an emergency, be able to evacuate, rescue and provide appropriate first aid to casualties.

4.3 Requirements for training providers

The GWO BSTR-P standard sets out minimum requirements.

The training provider shall identify whether national legislation sets additional requirements for basic safety training or prohibits delivery of certain elements. If so, the training provider shall incorporate these identified requirements in the training. To deliver any of the BSTR-P modules set forth in this standard the training provider shall already be certified and approved to deliver the equivalent full GWO BST and BSTR module(s). The training provider shall at all times conform with the current GWO criteria / requirements for training providers. Provided the minimum requirements of the BSTR-P are met the training provider may choose to incorporate delivery of other similar certified training.

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4.4 Duration of the BSTR-P Modules

The total contact time for completing all modules in this partial basic safety training refresher standard is estimated to be 16 hours at the maximum instructor to participant ratio. This is based on the time estimates given in the module timetables and summarised in table 4-41 below.

During delivery of the modules in this standard the training provider shall;

not exceed the times per day given in table 4-42 below, and,

ensure that sufficient time is allowed for,

a. the instructor to fully cover the elements stated in each module, and,

b. for participants to reach the learning objectives stated in the modules, and,

c. for participants to share their experiences related to the modules of the BSTR-P standard in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Ratios

Module

Duration

Theory

Practical

First Aid Refresher

1:12

1:12

4 hours 15 minutes

Manual Handling Refresher

1:12

1:6

2 hours 35 minutes

Fire Awareness Refresher

1:12

1:12

2 hours 10 minutes

Working at Heights Refresher

1:12

1:6

3 hours 35 minutes

Sea Survival Refresher

1:12

1:6

4 hours 40 minutes

Total

17 hours 15 minutes

Table 4-41 - GWO BSTR-P Module ratios & durations

Note: The time estimates in table 4-41 are based on the maximum instructor to participant ratio.

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 4-42 - Maximum durations for training days

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

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4.5 Validity period

Successful completion of the BSTR-P modules will allow the course participants to extend the validity of their existing GWO BST or BSTR certificate by 6 months.

Modules

Certificate Validity Period

First Aid Refresher

Existing expiry date + 6 months

Manual Handling Refresher

Existing expiry date + 6 months

Fire Awareness Refresher

Existing expiry date + 6 months

Working at Heights Refresher

Existing expiry date + 6 months

Sea Survival Refresher

Existing expiry date + 6 months

Table 4-5 - GWO BSTR-P modules certificate validity periods

4.6 Participant prerequisites for the BSTR-P Modules

The course participants shall have a personal course participant (delegate) profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the BSTR-P training. Course participants shall possess valid GWO BST or GWO BSTR certificates or training records in WINDA for the relevant modules prior to attending BSTR-P training.

4.7 Physical demands

BSTR-P Modules may potentially be physically demanding.

Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the participants other than those required to meet this standard.

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5 R ESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER ONLINE BSTR-P M ODULES

The training provider shall ensure that staff, facilities and equipment are in place for the BSTR-P module.

5.1 Staff

Training Staff shall possess appropriate qualifications and experience as detailed in GWO BSTR_V10 and the GWO training provider criteria / requirements and current legislation.

In addition to the requirements in GWO BSTR-V10, the instructor shall:

Be proficient in the delivery of training and the assessment of participants knowledge and skills in a virtual online classroom environment.

5.2 Equipment for online delivery

The following list is intended as a guide of the equipment required for delivery of the modules within this standard in an online classroom environment, this list is not exhaustive; An internet connection with sufficient bandwidth and speed to allow two way video conferencing

Web camera

External microphone to provide better sound quality for the participants

Software that will support two way video communication

5.3 Practical training facilities

During practical demonstrations the instructor can use existing facilities to deliver the practical demonstrations. When using existing facilities consideration must be given to enabling each participant who is online to see the demonstration and hear taught subject matter. Practical training facilities shall comply with the requirements of GWO BSTR_V10 and the GWO training provider criteria / requirements and current legislation.

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6 A DMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF BSTR-P MODULES

6.1 Requirement to upload training record in WINDA

Training Providers are responsible for uploading a record of training to WINDA. This must be done as soon as possible and no later than 10 working days after completion of the training program.

Each record shall contain the following:

Course participant’s WINDA ID

Course code

Course completion date

Previous certificate valid until date

Course codes:

Module

Course code

First aid partial refresher

FAR-P

Manual handling partial refresher

MHR-P

Fire awareness partial refresher

FAWR-P

Working at heights partial refresher

WAHR-P

Sea survival partial refresher

SSR-P

Table 6-1 - GWO BSTR-P Module course codes

6.2 Training providers own records and certificates issue

The Training provider shall in accordance with the criteria for training providers maintain their own records of course participants. Upon request from GWO or any of the members of GWO, the training provider shall be able to verify the training and competence records of any specific personnel by name. Training providers may issue other additional proof of training like paper certificates or plastic cards. If the training provider chooses to do so, it is recommended (not a requirement) to include the delegate WINDA id.

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7 U NDERSTANDING GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES

7.1 Taxonomy

To formulate a measurable learning objective, taxonomy is used to describe the level of expected learning outcome within the learning domains of knowledge, skill and attitude. As an example, belonging to the learning domain of knowledge, to have a participant name or describe something, as opposed to have them explain it in their own words, or even apply or demonstrate what they have learned – describes different performance levels, i.e. different taxonomy levels.

Taxonomy action verbs and levels used in this GWO standard are based on the following:

Domain

Basis

GWO Level

Krathwohl’s “affective taxonomy” - Simpson’s “psychomotor taxonomy” -

Attitude

3

Attitude and feelings to the learning

Skill

2

3

Physical skills, cognitive controlled and observable

Bloom’s “cognitive taxonomy” -

Knowledge

1

2

Intellectual knowledge, mental skills and procedures

Table 7-1 - Taxonomical domains & levels used by GWO

Note:

Higher taxonomy levels exist.

7.2 Attitude

Level Action verb

Expected behaviour

3

Value

Demonstrates belief in a process, procedure or set of rules.

Specific examples

Value:

The instructor should present the topic in a positive way. For example, the principle of performing tasks in a safe manner. The participant demonstrates through their attitude to a task that they value the process or the rules and procedures behind the task. For example, the delegate will actively seek and use protective gloves in a given work situation.

Table 7-2 - GWO levels, action verbs & expected outcomes in the learning domain of attitude

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7.3 Knowledge

Level Action verb

Expected behaviour

1

Describe

Memory of facts, terminology, rules, sequences, procedures etc.

1

Recall

Remember short lists (e.g. contents of a rescue kit)

2

Explain

Demonstrating understanding of a topic.

2

Discuss

Actively participates in discussions

Specific examples

Describe:

The instructor should present the topic at a basic, introductory level. This could be, for example, presenting the terminology used for a type of equipment, or a simple set of rules for an activity. The participant can answer simple questions about the topic, this could be by answering multiple choice questions. The instructor should present the topic at a more advanced level. This could be, for example, an explanation of how a piece of equipment or a tool works. The participant can answer in-depth questions about the topic, this could be by answering short answer questions or open questions posed by the instructor. The instructor should initiate a group discussion by asking an open question to the group and inviting the group to discuss the question. The instructor should ensure that all the group are actively engaged in the discussion. The participant will actively participate in the group discussion offering input and questioning input from other group members

Explain:

Discuss:

Table 7-3 - GWO levels, action verbs & expected outcomes in the learning domain of knowledge

7.4 Skill

Level Action verb

Expected behaviour

2

Perform

Carry out tasks from verbal or written instructions.

3 Demonstrate To be able to demonstrate an ability to perform a task with minimal or without verbal or written instructions.

3

Apply

Demonstrating understanding of a topic.

Specific examples

Perform:

The instructor should explain the activity and give the delegates the required work instructions to be able to perform the activity. The participant can perform a task by following a set of written instructions. The instructor must demonstrate the activity and provide support to the delegate to enable them to be able to demonstrate the ability to complete the activity. The participant can perform a task with minimal or no support form a document or the instructor.

Demonstrate:

Apply:

The participant can use knowledge gained during theoretical or practical training on a similar type of equipment.

Table 7-4 - GWO levels, action verbs & expected outcomes in the learning domain of skill

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8 D ELIVERY AND ASSESSMENT IN A VIRTUAL CLASS ENVIRONMENT

8.1 Aims and objectives

The aims of the partial refresher modules described in this document are to reduce the risks of injury arising from knowledge and skills fade in the wind industry. Furthermore, this training will enable the course participants to provide evidence that they have undergone training to refresh key knowledge and skills with the aim that they can apply the knowledge to other skills. With this aim in mind it is important that the instructors who deliver these modules encourage the participants to reflect on how this knowledge can be applied in their daily work situation as well as in emergency situations like first aid scenarios, a fire, the rescue of a colleague or a sea survival situation in a wind turbine or the wind industry.

8.2 Course participant engagement

Delivering training in the virtual classroom environment differs from traditional in person delivery in many ways one of the challenges inherent in this type of training is the involvement and engagement of the participants in the training. In the lesson elements there are more group discussions than in other GWO training standards and this is to encourage interaction between the instructor and the participants and between the participants with the aim that the participants be involved with and engaged in the training thereby increasing their motivation and learning retention. Where the lesson elements do not specifically state that the instructor shall lead a discussion, it is recommended that the instructor uses the flipped classroom technique to engage and encourage the participants to learn through self-discovery. In some elements it is stated that the instructor must show an example of something or demonstrate a skill, wherever possible and safe this should be a live demonstration with physical examples of the equipment being shown or demonstrated. In these cases, it is recommended that the participants be encouraged, to the extent possible, to talk the instructor through the skill being demonstrated. Training material design should be carefully considered and traditional tools like slideware should be created with the specific aim of supporting the instructor rather than as the main delivery tool for the lesson. During the training session the instructor should consider the benefits of live video conferencing as a means of training delivery and a more human interaction for the participants. Even with increased interaction between instructors and participants and the above recommendations, long periods of online training can be particularly draining for both. It is therefore recommended that the instructor schedules frequent short breaks into the overall training session.

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8.3 Operationalising this standard

In each module the lessons are laid out as follows;

Section

Description and guidance

Name of the lesson.

LESSON 1 - XX

Expected duration of the lesson to enable the participants to reach the learning objectives.

XX min.

The overall aim of the lesson.

The aims of the lesson.

The objectives that the participant must satisfy in order to pass the lesson. These are how the instructor shall assess the participants abilities in each lesson. For clarity in this standard these are not repeated in the lesson elements.

Learning objectives.

The name of the element. For ease of reading these are aligned with the learning objectives

ELEMENT 1.1 - XX

The actions that the instructor must take to facilitate and guide the participant to reaching the applicable learning objectives.

XX

Table 8-3 – GWO BSTR-P Lesson section descriptions

8.4 Equipment in the virtual classroom

It is assumed that for the delivery of these lessons and elements that the instructor will be situated in a training facility with all the equipment that is required for delivery of the full module available. Assessment of the participants skills requires them to have the applicable equipment available with which to demonstrate the skills. In order to facilitate this the participants should be situated on a site and this requirement must be communicated to the participant well in advance of the planned training session.

The equipment for each module is listed in annex 3 of this document.

8.5 Assessment of learning objectives

The learning objectives in each lesson are the criteria by which the instructor shall assess if the participant is capable of the stated objective. Unlike previous GWO training standards these objectives have not been repeated in the lesson elements In each learning objective the taxonomy action verb is highlighted in bold text and following each learning objective an indicator of the taxonomical level and domain has been added e.g. (L2 – Knowledge). Where doubt exists between the action verb and the taxonomy indicator the instructor should consider the indicator as correct. Learning objectives within the domain of knowledge can be delivered and assessed in a similar way to how they would in a live, in person training session through dialogue and questions from the instructor.

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Learning objectives within the domain of skill and attitude require that the course participants can demonstrate an ability in a scenario that is like a real work situation. In addition to safety aspects, demonstration by course participants involves body motor functions, spatial understanding and tactile elements. Therefore, the instructor must pay special attention to these aspects when assessing these objectives during a virtual classroom training. Within the modules described in this document certain skill objectives have been omitted, compared to the full refresher modules, where these present a safety concern for the participants. Other skill objectives have been included these include things like pre-use inspections of equipment and manual handling techniques which are relatively simple to assess using existing technology like web cams and smartphones. Where these are included the instructor must assess these skills using a live video link where they can see the participant demonstrating and hear the participant explaining each step of the skill being assessed. Where there is doubt in the instructor’s mind about the participants ability to perform the skill the instructor must ask to see the demonstration again.

8.6 Participant performance assessment form

An example course participant performance assessment form is provided in annex 1. The instructor may adapt the form to other media. The instructor should keep an assessment form (or adaptation) for each participant until the completion or evaluation of the BSTR-P module. The participant performance assessment form (or adaption) is a final evaluation tool for the instructors to assess participants during practical elements. It allows measurement of the number of violations regarding safety, competency, or attitude. It shall be used as a progressive evaluation tool to discuss the performance of a participant in guiding them to success and it also serves as supporting documentation if a participant passes or fails the module. If a participant fails to meet the demands of the BSTR-P module, they shall attend a new BSTR-P module.

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Basic Safety Training

Online Partial Refresher (BSTR-P)

(Onshore/Offshore)

Module 1 – First aid

Version 1

April 2020

BSTR-P First aid partial online refresher V01

9 BSTR-P M ODULE 1 – F IRST A ID

9.1 Aims and objectives of the BSTR-P First aid module

The aim of this BSTR-P First aid partial refresher module is to review and build on previously gained knowledge and skills from GWO BST First aid training through theoretical and practical training so that course participants can administer safe and effective first aid in the wind industry and the wind turbine environment.

This BSTR-P First aid module shall ensure that the course participants can:

Explain the importance of safely and correctly carrying out First Aid in accordance with the legislative requirements of their geographic location and according to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) e.g. European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines (L2 – Knowledge) Identify and explain normal function, normal signs and symptoms of injuries and illness related to the human body (L2 - Knowledge) Explain the correct order of management in emergency situations in a wind turbine work environment (L2 – knowledge) Demonstrate correct use of First Aid equipment in First Aid scenarios (L3 – Skills)

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9.2 BSTR-P First aid instructor to participant ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of participants that can attend the course. The ratio shown for practical sessions indicates the maximum number of participants to be supervised by one instructor during each activity.

Module

Session

Instructor to Delegate Ratio

Theory

1:12

BSTR-P First Aid

Practical

1:12

Table 9-2 – GWO BSTR-P First aid module instructor to participant ratio

9.3 Duration of the BSTR-P First aid module

The total contact time for completing this first aid partial refresher module is estimated to be 4 hours and 15 minutes at the instructor to participant ratio shown in table 9-2. The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for participants to share their experiences related to first aid in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

9.4 BSTR-P First aid module timetable

The order in which the elements of this BSTR-P module is delivered may vary.

The module timetable shows the approximate expected duration of each of the lessons in the module. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, provided that the practical elements are not reduced in length.

Theoretical elements should be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

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Approx. Duration

Lesson

Element

1 Introduction

1.1 introductions and expectations 1.2 Instructor and participant introductions 1.3 Aims, objectives and agenda 1.4 Motivation 1.5 On-going assessment TOTAL

15 min.

2 Legislation/Risks/ Hazards

2.1 Risks and hazards 2.2 First Aid guidelines 2.3 National & regional legislation TOTAL

15 min.

3 Anatomy

3.1

The human body’s life conditions, structure, function and signs

3.2 Anatomy, signs and symptoms of illness and injury 3.3 Use of anatomy & First Aid in emergency situations

TOTAL

60 min.

4 Lifesaving first aid using primary and secondary survey

4.1 Primary Survey 4.2 Unresponsive - Breathing 4.3 Unresponsive - Not breathing 4.4 CPR 4.5 Obstruction of airways 4.6 Bleeding - internal and external 4.7 Shock 4.8 Secondary survey TOTAL

60 min.

5 Themes

Choose one of the following themes for instruction: Note: The duration is based on one theme being chosen. 5.1 Theme 1: Psychological effects of First Aid 5.2 Theme 2: Sudden sickness & environmental factors 5.3 Theme 3: Types of trauma 5.4 Theme 4: Incident management & situational awareness 5.5 Theme 5: Complex incidents with several casualties TOTAL

30 min.

6 First aid scenarios 6.1 Application of first aid techniques

TOTAL

60 min.

7 Evaluation

7.1 Reflection session 7.2 Formative evaluation TOTAL

15 min.

GRAND TOTAL

255 min.

Table 9-4 - GWO BSTR-P First aid module timetable

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BSTR-P First aid partial online refresher V01

9.5 Detailed description of the BSTR-P First aid module

The learning outcomes specified for the First Aid Module are:

INTRODUCTION

15 min.

The aim of this lesson is to introduce the course participants to the course, each other, the virtual classroom and what is expected of them during the course.

To successfully complete this lesson of the module each course participant shall be able to:

Describe how the training will be managed and their expected interactions

Recognize who the instructor and other participants are

Describe the aims, objectives and agenda of the training

Explain the importance and relevance of this training and their own expectations for the course

Explain how they will be assessed during this training

ELEMENT 1.1 - INTRODUCTIONS AND EXPECTATIONS

The instructor shall:

Explain how the online training session will be managed, covering:

a. Instructor and participant interactions

b. Questions and answers

c. Participant demonstrations

ELEMENT 1.2 - INSTRUCTOR & DELEGATE PRESENTATION

The instructor shall:

Ensure that all course participants are registered with WINDA profile and have provided their WINDA ID number prior to completing the training course.

Give a short introduction, including their backgrounds as instructors

Each course participant shall:

Give a short introduction, including:

a. Their job functions

b. Onshore or offshore experience

c. Length of employment in the wind industry

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BSTR-P First aid partial online refresher V01

d. Expected primary geographic work location

Describe their own expectations for the course

ELEMENT 1.3 - AIMS, OBJECTIVES AND AGENDA

The instructor shall:

Explain the overall aims & objectives of this module

Show the agenda of the training including breaks

ELEMENT 1.4 - MOTIVATION

The instructor shall:

Explain the relevance of this module and why first aid preparedness and skills are relevant

Explain the importance of personal involvement in the course

Describe how the course participants will be challenged, and why

ELEMENT 1.5 - ONGOING ASSESSMENT

The instructor shall:

Explain the reasons for the on-going assessment

Explain how the course participants will be assessed during the training including the GWO participant assessment form and its use

Explain what is expected of the course participants

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BSTR-P First aid partial online refresher V01

LEGISLATION, RISKS AND HAZARDS

15 min.

The aim of this lesson is to refresh and increase the course participants previously acquired knowledge of the relevant legislation/risks/hazards and demands of first aid in order to improve their awareness of the roles, responsibilities and rules that apply to first aid.

To successfully complete this lesson each course participant shall be able to:

Explain the risks and hazards relating to first aid in a wind turbine environment (L2 – Knowledge)

Describe national legislation relevant to first aid (L2 – Knowledge)

Explain different first aid guidelines – ILCOR e.g. ERC and AHA (L2 – Knowledge)

Describe global legislation relevant to First Aid (L2 – Knowledge)

ELEMENT 2.1 - RISK AND HAZARDS

The instructor shall:

Lead a discussion about the risks and hazards involved in an incident relevant for job functions within the wind industry both onshore and offshore . The discussion should be based on the participants practical experiences since their previous first aid training

ELEMENT 2.2 - FIRST AID GUIDELINES

The instructor shall:

Explain how recent changes and updates to guidelines from ILCOR e.g. ERC and AHA* affect how first aid is delivered

Note: Where ERC, AHA and other first aid guidelines have changed the delivery of first aid, these changes shall be discussed during the relevant part of this BSTR-P First aid partial refresher module.

ELEMENT 2.3 - NATIONAL AND REGIONAL LEGISLATION

The instructor shall:

Explain recent changes and updates to national and regional legislation, legal requirements and legal responsibilities Lead a discussion about how changes to regional legislation affects the responsibilities of the first aider

Explain recent changes and updates to the role of first aid in the wind industry

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