GWO ART v 2.1

Advanced Rescue Training Standard

V2.1

Publication date: April 1, 2020

GWO ADVANCED RESCUE TRAINING STANDARD V02.1

2020-10-01_TS_ART_V02.1

1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................................5

2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS ..........................................................................................6

3 CHANGE LOG – REVISION 2.1 .................................................................................8

4 SCOPE.......................................................................................................................9

5 GENERAL REQUIREMENT TO GWO ADVANCED RESCUE TRAINING....................10

5.1 OVERVIEW ..............................................................................................................10 5.2 TARGET GROUP ......................................................................................................10 5.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES ..........................................................................................10 5.4 DURATION OF ART MODULES ................................................................................10 5.5 GUIDANCE ON DELIVERING LESSON ELEMENTS ...................................................11 5.6 VALIDITY PERIOD ....................................................................................................11 5.9 PHYSICAL DEMANDS ..............................................................................................13

6 GENERAL RESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER GWO ART MODULES...................13

6.1 TRAINING STAFF ......................................................................................................13 6.2 FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT ...................................................................................14 6.3 PRACTICAL TRAINING FACILITIES ...........................................................................14 6.4 WIND TURBINE ENVIRONMENT EXPLAINED............................................................16 6.5 TRAINING EQUIPMENT ............................................................................................17

7 UNDERSTANDING GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES..................................................19

7.1 TAXONOMY ............................................................................................................19

8 ADMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF GWO ART MODULES ........................22

8.1 ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS ........................................................................22 8.2 COURSE PARTICIPANT PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT...........................................22

9 HUB RESCUE ............................................................................................................24

9.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE HUB RESCUE MODULE ........................................24

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9.2 COMPETENCIES OF THE HUB RESCUE MODULE ....................................................25 9.3 COURSE PARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE HUB RESCUE MODULE ...............25 9.4 DURATION OF THE HUB RESCUE MODULE .............................................................26 9.5 HUB RESCUE INSTRUCTOR TO COURSE PARTICIPANT RATIO ................................26 9.6 EQUIPMENT FOR HUB RESCUE MODULE ................................................................26 9.7 HUB RESCUE MODULE TIMETABLE ..........................................................................27 9.8 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE HUB RESCUE MODULE ........................................28

10 NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT RESCUE ...............................................................53

10.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT MODULE.................53 10.2 COMPETENCIES OF THE NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT MODULE......................54 10.3 COURSE PARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE NTB RESCUE MODULE................55 10.4 DURATION OF THE NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT MODULE ..............................55 10.5 NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT INSTRUCTOR TO COURSE PARTICIPANT RATIO55 10.6 EQUIPMENT FOR NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT MODULE .................................56 10.7 NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT MODULE TIMETABLE ...........................................56 10.8 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT MODULE .........57

11 SINGLE RESCUER: HUB, SPINNER & INSIDE BLADE RESCUE (SR:HSIBR) ..................93

11.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE .......................93 11.2 COMPETENCIES OF THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE ...................................93 11.3 COURSE PARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MOD....93 11.4 DURATION OF THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE............................................93 11.6 EQUIPMENT FOR THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE ........................................94 11.7 TIMETABLE OF THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE ............................................94 11.8 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE.......................96

12 SINGLE RESCUER: NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT RESCUE (SR:NTBR) ...............107

12.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MODULE ......................107 12.2 COMPETENCIES OF THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MODULE..................................107 12.3 COURSE PARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MO.....107 12.4 DURATION OF THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MODULE...........................................107 12.5 TRAINER/COURSE PARTICIPANT RATIO OF THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MOD ...108 12.6 EQUIPMENT FOR THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MODULE.......................................108 12.7 TIMETABLE OF THE SINGLE RESCUER NTBR MODULE ...........................................109 12.8 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SINGLE RESCUER HSIBR MODULE.....................110

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13 COMBINED GWO ADVANCED RESCUE TRAINING.............................................132

13.1 DURATION OF THE COMBINED GWO ART MODULE ...........................................132 13.2 TRAINER/COURSE PARTICIPANT RATIO OF THE COMBINED GWO ART MODU132 13.3 REQUIREMENT TO UPLOAD TRAINING RECORD IN WINDA................................133 13.4 TIMETABLE OF THE COMBINED GWO ART MODULE ...........................................133 EQUIPMENT LISTS ............................................................................................137 GUIDELINE FOR WARM-UP EXERCISES...........................................................142 ART GUIDELINE: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION ...................144 HEAD SUPPORT DURING RESCUE ..................................................................147 CHANGE LOG – VERSION HISTORY...............................................................150

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1 L IST OF A BBREVIATIONS

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AS/NZS

Australia and New Zealand Standard

ART

Advanced Rescue Training

BST

Basic Safety Training

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

EMT

Emergency Medical Treatment

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

HSIBR

Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue

LOTO

Lock Out Tag Out

NTBR

Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

SAR

Search and Rescue

SRL

Self-Retractable Lifeline

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

IP

Injured person / Ill Person

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2 T ERMS AND D EFINITIONS

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted

Must

For clarity where the word must is used in this standard it shall have the same meaning as shall

Should

Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from colliding with the ground, structure or any other obstacle during a free fall.

Fall arrest

Fall prevention

Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from going into a free fall

Personal fall protection system Assembly of components intended to protect the user against falls from height, including a body holding device and an attachment system, which can be connected to a reliable anchorage point

Restraint system

Personal fall protection system which prevents the user from reaching zones where the risk of a fall from height exists

Work positioning system

Personal fall protection system which enables the user to work in tension or suspension in such a way that free fall is prevented Personal fall protection system which limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest Personal fall protection system by which a person can rescue themselves or others, in such a way that a free fall is prevented A technique used during the rescue of a casualty from a ladder where the rescue line is diverted using the side D-ring located at the hip of the rescuer’s harness. This creates greater space between the casualty and the ladder. a. Technician A is giving information to technician B b. Technician B repeats the information c. Technician A confirms that the repetition is correct d. If repetition was not correct the technician starts at “a” again. The time that must be utilized in the course, either theory or practical elements, where training provider sees the most valuable for the Course Participants.

Fall arrest system

Rescue system

Hip Overhang

Clear / precise communication

Flexitime

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Injured Person

The affected person requiring first aid treatment and rescue/evacuation

PPE

Includes Personal Fall Protection Equipment

Passive Setup (rescue device in stationary mode setup) Active Setup (rescue device in mobile mode setup)

Rescue device in standard mode setup, i.e. the rescue device rigged in the WTG

Rescue device in inverted/reverse mode setup, i.e. the rescue device attached to the injured person (and the rescue device rope’s loaded end is rigged in the WTG) When an Advanced Rescue operation is performed by one rescue personnel only. Relevant for personnel working in two- person teams, where Advanced Rescue preparedness is required. Aerial ropeway for injured person transportation. Setup horizontally with a rescue device rope rigged between two structural and/or certified anchor points. In this standard a zip line has the same definition as a tensioned line. As oppose to product specific training, a generic approach to teaching safety equipment focuses on the similarities and differences in design, functionality and operation between different equipment products. The generic approach is achieved by teaching a variety of rescue equipment products within each rescue equipment category (e.g. rescue stretchers), enabling the delegate to conduct pre-use inspection and to use other rescue equipment products compared to those taught during this Module – based on the manufacturer’s user manual but without additional formal training. Consequently, a potential task is placed upon the delegate on course completion, requiring him to familiarize himself with other rescue equipment products in his own organization e.g. prior to site or work, based on the manufacturer’s manual. A device or technique which will support the head of an injured person during a rescue operation (a cervical collar falls into this description)

Single rescuer Advanced Rescue operation

Tensioned line

Zip line

Generic principle

Rescue head support

Power driver for rescue device Detachable power driven unit for operating the ascending function of the rescue device

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3 C HANGE LOG – R EVISION 2.1

Amendment Date

Oct. 2020

Approved by & date

Version

2.1

Description of changes

- GWO Standard updated to match the Corporate Visual identity of GWO (CVI) - Each module now contains a cover page and the module name listed in the header as reference. - New ISO Code added to standard - All previous versions of the Change log have now been moved to Annex 5. The current change log remains at the start of the standard. - Duplicate information removed from Section 4. Scope

The following sections have been removed due to this information now included in the new Requirements for Training Providers and Requirements for Certification Bodies (released May 2020)

Section 5

- 5.4 Conformity with other training – section removed - 5.5 Legal Requirements – Section Removed

Section 6

- 6.2 Facilities and Equipment – section removed - 6.3 Theory training facilities – section removed - 6.4 Practical training facilities – section removed - 6.5 Training Equipment – section removed

Section 8

- 8.1 Administrative arrangements – section removed - 8.3 Requirement to upload training record in WINDA – section removed ( course Codes have now been moved to section 5.7)

Annex 1

- Delegate Performance Assessment Form – Section removed

Annex 2

- Medical Assessment Form – Section removed

All section reference numbers have now been updated

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4 S COPE

This standard has been developed in response to the demand for recognizable advanced rescue training in the industry, and has been prepared in co-operation between the members of GWO based on risk assessments and factual incident and accident statistics pertaining to the installation, service and maintenance of wind turbine generators and wind power plants. This standard describes the requirements for advanced rescue training courses that are recommended by the members of GWO. The full standard covers four modules:

1) Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (HSIBR)

2) Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (NTBR)

3) Single Rescuer: Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (SR:HSIBR)

4) Single Rescuer: Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (SR:NTBR)

The members of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) recognize trained persons as competent within advanced rescue in the wind industry and accept the trained person as possessing the required knowledge to conduct rescue operations, in a WTG, using standard wind turbine industry rescue and fall protection.

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5 G ENERAL R EQUIREMENT TO GWO A DVANCED R ESCUE T RAINING

Upon completion of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) Advanced Rescue training (ART) Course Participants will be able to access and rescue an injured person from the Hub and the Nacelle, Tower and Basement section. These training modules can be delivered independently of one another or as stand-alone training.

5.1 Overview

The GWO Advanced Rescue Training is divided into the following four Modules:

1) Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (HSIBR)

2) Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (NTBR)

3) Single Rescuer: Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (SR:HSIBR)

4) Single Rescuer: Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (SR:NTBR)

5.2 Target group

Personnel who will be working in the wind industry or related fields and will have their duties in a wind turbine environment. Personnel that may need or is selected by their employer to perform advanced rescue or lead an advanced rescue operation, where training according to one or more modules of the GWO Advanced Rescue Training may mitigate the identified risks.

5.3 Aims and objectives

The ART modules shall enable Course Participants to perform entry-type injured person rescue operations, in a WTG, using industry standard rescue equipment, rescue methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO Working at Height.

5.4 Duration of ART Modules

The total contact time for completing the stand-alone modules in this advanced rescue training standard is estimated to be 29 hours . This is based on the time estimates given in the module timetables and summarised in table 5-6 below.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 5-7 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for Course Participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to the modules of the basic training standard in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Module

Duration

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Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (HSIBR)

7 hours

Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (NTBR)

14 hours

Single Rescuer: Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (SR:HSIBR)

4 hours

Single Rescuer: Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (SR:NTBR)

4 hours

Table 5-4.1 - Duration of the ART Modules (Excluding meals & Breaks)

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 5-4.2 - Maximum durations for training days

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

5.5 Guidance on delivering lesson elements

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and the duration of practical elements is not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible. Individual exercises can be combined and integrated to create a more challenging scenarios, e.g. connecting the crawl space exercise to the descent exercise into one scenario. During the exercises the Instructor is free to introduce new elements or change the circumstances of the exercise, to challenge the Course Participants and to provide a more dynamic scenario. For example, removing equipment, or marking anchor points as defect.

5.6 Validity period

The advanced rescue training modules are valid for the period stated in the table below. Certificates and training records shall be renewed before the end of a given validity period. A certificate or training record can be renewed up to two months prior to expiry and maintain the original certification date by uploading the previous certificate’s valid until date in WINDA. If a certificate or training record is renewed outside of two months of expiry, it must carry the new date of certification.

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A Course Participant is only allowed to attend a refresher course in the specific Training Module prior to the date of expiry on the current certificate or training records. If a certificate or training record is expired, the Course Participant must attend the full advanced rescue training module(s) to obtain a new training record. The validity period is automatically calculated in WINDA by entering the course completion date.

Course/Modules

Certificate Validity

Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (HSIBR)

24 Months

Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (NTBR)

24 Months

Single Rescuer: Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue (SR:HSIBR)

No Expiry

Single Rescuer: Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue (SR:NTBR)

No Expiry

Table 5-6 - Validity period of GWO ART Modules

5.7 Course Codes

Module

Course Code

Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue

ART-H

Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue

ART-N

Single Rescuer: Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue

SART-H

Single Rescuer: Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue

SART-N

Table 5-7 - Course codes for ART modules

5.8 Course participant prerequisites for the ART modules

All personnel participating in advanced rescue training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Training providers shall have a procedure that requires Course Participants to sign a statement stating that they are medically fit to participate in the safety training and that they do not suffer from any medical illness or are under influence of any narcotic substance or alcohol. The Annex 2: Medical Self-Assessment Form shall be used if no other equivalent procedure is in place. Course Participants’ signatures testifying to their medical fitness shall be collected prior to the start of the advanced rescue training course.

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Valid GWO BST module Working at Heights, GWO First aid and GWO Manual Handling certificates are prerequisites for participation. Furthermore, Course Participants shall have created a personal Course Participant profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the training.

5.9 Physical demands

The GWO advanced rescue training modules are expected to be physically demanding.

If there is any doubt regarding the medical fitness of any Course Participant, the Training Provider shall stop training the Course Participant and seek a physician’s advice.

Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this Standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the Course Participants other than those required to meet this Standard.

6 G ENERAL R ESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER GWO ART MODULES

The Training Provider shall ensure that Staff, facilities and equipment are in place to support the training of Course Participants.

6.1 Training Staff

The Instructor shall possess appropriate qualifications and experience to ensure that all training and supportive activities are carried out in accordance with current legislation and current GWO training provider requirements.

The Instructor must be:

1) Trained in instructional / lecture techniques and / or have documented instructional / teaching experience

2) Qualified GWO WAH instructor

3) Qualified GWO manual handling instructor

4) Trained in GWO BST/BSTR First Aid

5) Included in an on-going training program, which includes visits to onshore and/ or offshore WTGs (tower, nacelle, hub) prior to instructing GWO ART modules, to enable them to maintain and update skills related to the GWO modules they instruct. The Instructor shall physically visit the tower, nacelle and hub of WTGs. 6) Able to apply knowledge and practical skills in alternative rescue methods, techniques and rigging setups comparable to those executed by the Course Participants during the practical exercises of the ART Modules

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7) Able to analyse and justify the ART rescue equipment used, uses and limitations of this equipment included.

A person with First Aid qualifications shall be present during all practical training.

All Staff shall possess the appropriate competencies to conduct / assist in the delivery of elements of training they have been assigned to.

6.2 Practical training facilities

All facilities shall be maintained and where appropriate, inspected and tested in accordance with current national legislation and manufacturers’ recommendations. Risk assessments shall be conducted and documented for all training facilities. The Training Provider shall hold the required permits to operate the facilities. The learning process is facilitated by identical or comparable elements comparing the training environment and the course participants’ working environment. Identical or comparable elements enhances the application of what is learned. The practical training facilities and the training environment are therefore expected to incorporate as many identical or comparable elements to a real wind turbine working environment as possible. The objective is that the practical training facility should enable each course participant to individually and/or as part of a team, see, hear and practice the taught subject matter in such a way, that it resembles the working practices in a real wind turbine environment.

The following training facility items will be required for the ART training:

1) Mock-up with enclosed space to simulate the hub, with a height differentiated crawl way.

a. Figure 6-41 provides dimensions to the GWO recommended Hub mock-up.

b. The training provider can deviate from the recommended hub measurements to facilitate a specific turbine design.

2) A mock-up to simulate access between hub and blade with a maximum access hatch diameter of 0.60 m. a. This diameter can be reduced to 0.50 m to simulate a pitch cylinder partly blocking the hatch

3) Mock-up for the “Rescue up” exercises, to simulate basement/tower rescue.

4) Mock-up to simulate under the gearbox with a max. 60 cm diameter access crawl way into the crawl space, a height between 60 and 30 cm and minimum 200 cm length (Basement/Tower/Nacelle module)

5) Mock-up to simulate the nacelle.

a. Figure 6-42 provides dimensions to the GWO recommended Nacelle mock- up. b. The training provider can deviate from the recommended nacelle measures to facilitate a specific turbine design.

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c. The nacelle mock-up must be filled with sufficient simulated assets, to create a realistic nacelle environment. d. The maximum available contiguous floor space must be less than 3 m 2 , excluding walkways of less than 60 cm width. e. The sides of the nacelle should be designed in such a way as to prevent direct visual contact from within the nacelle to the teams outside of the nacelle

6) Structural and certified anchor points (both modules).

It is recommended to connect the various mock-ups to recreate a realistic sequence. For example, connecting the nacelle mock-up with the hub mock-up. Rather than connecting a blade mock-up with the nacelle mock-up. This would provide a more realistic scenario. However, if there are practical reasons to separate the individual mock-ups, then this is allowed. For example, to allow different teams to train at the same time.

Figure 6-31 - Recommended dimensions for the Hub Mock-up

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Figure 6-32 - Recommended dimensions for the Nacelle Mock-up

6.3 Wind turbine environment explained

What is a wind turbine training environment?

To apply what you have learned, e.g. during a course, is a learning process of its own.

This process is facilitated by identical elements comparing the training environment and the Course Participants’ working environment. Thus, identical elements enhance the application of what you have learned - The more identical elements, the merrier. As training provider your goal should be to achieve training facilities and a training environment with as many identical elements to a real wind turbine working environment possible. In addition, “train as you work”, i.e. executing training end-to-end the way Course Participants should perform in practice, enhances real work behaviour. So how do you “train as you work” and design a training environment with a high degree of identical elements? Depending on the Course Participant’s job and tasks in the wind industry, many technicians work in the wind turbine tower and nacelle – during pre-assembly, erection, commissioning and troubleshooting, or service of the wind turbine. For access up/down the tower, the tower is in general fitted with ladder sections provided with a vertical fall protection system, and tower section platforms with ladder hatches fitted with certified anchor points for attachment of personal fall protection equipment. The wind

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turbine may hold a basement section fitted as mentioned, and primarily holding electrical cabinets. In the geared type WTG, access in the nacelle is in general limited to narrow pathways along the left or right side of the main shaft and generator etc. These pathways are often “fitted” with mechanical components and the like, as well as steps and small ladder sections due to variations in floor level, as part of the WTG design – increasing the risk of trips and falls. Access between nacelle and hub is possible through low and often very narrow passageways. To “train as you work” training should be executed by doing real work tasks end-to-end under the actual working procedures, and/or realistic emergency situation (fire, first aid, evacuation or injured person rescue) end-to-end scenarios, in a wind turbine environment.

6.4 Training Equipment

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 3 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements as listed in table A3-4 in annex 3 where applicable. A generic approach to teaching rescue equipment is applied to this Module aiming to avoid potential product specific additional training on completion of this Module, which may be required by the Course Participant’s organisation e.g. prior to site or work. The generic approach is achieved by teaching a variety of safety equipment products within each safety equipment category (e.g. rescue stretchers), enabling the Course Participant to conduct pre-use inspection and to use other safety equipment products compared to those taught during this Module – based on the manufacturer’s user manual but without additional formal training. Where reasonably practicable the training provider shall eliminate the risk of a fall from height. Where it is not possible to eliminate the risk of a fall then the fall factor experienced by any person shall be kept as low as is reasonably practicable. GWO recommends a maximum fall factor of 0.5. To calculate this the following formula has been used,

𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐹𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑛 𝐿𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑦𝑎𝑟𝑑 ,

𝐹𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 (𝐹𝐹) =

using the maximum allowed lanyard of length 2.00 m and a fall of 1.00 m,

1.00 𝑚 2.00 𝑚 ,

𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 (𝐹𝐹) =

𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 (𝐹𝐹) = 0.5.

During the evacuation exercises in this module the anchor points used for the attachment of fixed length fall arrest lanyards must be high enough above the ground, or structure below them, so that in the event that a person experiences a fall the shock absorber in their fall arrest lanyard can fully deploy and prevent them from contacting the ground (or structure directly below the anchor point).

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During the evacuation exercise the Course Participants must be able to experience a minimum amount of descent using an evacuation or rescue device to ensure that they gain the experience of the speed of descent using these devices. This can be achieved by having the Course Participant descend from a minimum height using a rescue or evacuation device. To ensure that for all fall protection equipment that may be used that there will be enough clearance below the anchor point, and to ensure that the Course Participants can experience a descent of sufficient duration for meaningful learning transfer, the GWO recommends that the anchor point is a minimum of 6.75 m above the ground or structure directly below the anchor point. The recommended 6.75 m clearance under the anchor point is explained in detail in annex 3.

If a training provider deviates from the recommended anchor point height of 6.75 m to a lower height, then the following additional control measures must be in place,

a. The training provider shall document a risk assessment for the lower height, this shall include calculations for the equipment to be used during the evacuation exercises, the calculations shall; 1. use the value for shock absorber elongation that is provided by the equipment manufacturer, and, 2. demonstrate that the equipment will prevent the person from coming into contact with the ground or structure directly below the anchor point, and, 3. use a formula provided by the equipment manufacturer or national legislation that is for the purpose of calculating anchor point clearance height or, where no such formula exists, use the formula in annex 3 section 4, and,

b. the potential fall factor shall not exceed 0.5, and,

c. Course Participants must experience a descent from a platform that is a minimum of 4.5 m above the ground.

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7 U NDERSTANDING GWO L EARNING O BJECTIVES

The described learning objectives (expected learning outcome) are the foundation of the course contents and what the Course Participant performance assessment must be based upon. Traditionally learning objectives are prepared within three different domains of learning – knowledge, skills and attitude. A learning objective describes the expected learning outcome on completion of a module or a course, within one or more learning domains. If a learning objective is related to more than one domain of learning, e.g. to knowledge and skills, one learning objective per learning domain is often prepared – to enable a better understanding of the learning objective. The GWO Training Provider may apply teaching methods (didactics) that are appropriate to the course participants prior training, education and cultural backgrounds, but should always aim to provide course participants ample possibility to perform hands-on demonstrations and learning reflection.

7.1 Taxonomy

To formulate a measurable learning objective, taxonomy is used to describe the level of expected learning outcome within a learning domain. As an example, belonging to the learning domain of knowledge, to have a Course Participant name or recognize something, as oppose to have him explain it in his own words, or even apply or demonstrate what he has learned – describes different performance levels, i.e. different taxonomy levels.

Different taxonomies are associated with different learning domains, for instance:

Knowledge : such as Bloom’s “cognitive taxonomy”

 Intellectual knowledge, mental skills and procedures

Skills: such as Simpson’s “psychomotor taxonomy”

 Physical skills, cognitive controlled and observable

Attitude: such as Krathwohl’s “affective taxonomy”

Attitude and feelings to the learning

Selecting a suitable taxonomy level, an action verb expresses the expected behaviour of the course participant, thus describing the taxonomy level of a learning objective. Action verbs are usually highlighted in bold in this standard. The table below presents the three learning domains with taxonomy level 1-3, provided with associated action verbs applicable in the learning objective wording, defining the taxonomy level. In the GWO training standard, the learning objectives are in general described as level 2 or 3.

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Knowledge

Skills

Attitude

3 Application / Applying To use in a new situation. Solving problems by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.

Guided response Follows instructions to build a model. Using a tool after observing an expert demonstrate how to use it. Be able to demonstrate an activity to other learners. Can complete the steps involved in the procedure

Value Demonstrates belief in the company described process. Shows the ability to solve problems. Informs management on matters that one feels strongly about. Decide worth and relevance of ideas and tasks. Action verbs Argue, Challenge, Confront, Complete, Debate, Criticize, Justify, Join, Propose. Respond Completing work assignments with highly respect to the agreement. Participating in team problem solving activities. Questions new ideas and concepts in order to fully understand them. Participate actively and respectful in discussions. Showing enthusiasm. Action verbs Assist, Contribute, Discuss, Present, Question, Report, Respond, Tell, Write. Receive Listening to discussions of controversial issues with an open mind. Respecting the rights of others. Listen to others and remember their opinions. Be positive and creative to what is being taught.

Applying a procedure to a familiar or unfamiliar task. Using a manual to calculate and operate. Action verbs Apply, Change, Choose, Compute, Modify, Operate, Practice, Prepare, Schedule, Solve, Write.

as directed. Action verbs

Accomplish, Achieve, Calibrate, Complete, Control, Demonstrate, Perform, Refine, Show.

2 Comprehension / Understanding

Set Awareness or knowledge of the ability needed to use the skill. Carry out tasks from verbal or written instructions. Showing eagerness to assemble components to complete a task. Knows and acts upon a sequence of steps in a process. Action verbs Access, Build, Complete, Conduct, Execute, Implement, Operate, Perform, Recreate. Perception Watch instructor and repeat action, process or activity. Recognizing sounds or pictures that indicate certain functionalities. Estimate the event of a certain function and be prepared for it. Action verbs

Construct a meaning from instructional messages, including oral, written and graphic communication. Demonstrating basic understanding of facts and ideas. Explain in your own words the steps of performing a complex task.

Action verbs Classify, Distinguish,

Estimate, Explain, Express, Give, Illustrate, Indicate, Locate, Predict, Summarize, Translate. 1 Knowledge / Remembering Memory of facts, terminology, rules, sequences, procedures, etc.

Locating knowledge in long-term memory and retrieving relevant knowledge from long-term memory. Action verbs

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Arrange, Define, Describe, Find, Identify, List, Name, Outline, Recognize, Relate, Recall, Retrieve.

Attempt, Copy, Duplicate, Follow, Organize, Repeat, Sketch, Replicate, Reproduce.

Action verbs Ask, Be open to, Concentrate, Discuss, Focus, Follow, Listen, Reply, Take part.

Table 7-1 - Taxonomy used by GWO

Note:

Higher taxonomy levels exist.

In the lesson elements in each of the modules the taxonomy action verb is highlighted in bold text . Following each learning objective, the taxonomy level and domain are indicated in brackets e.g. (L2 – Knowledge)

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8 A DMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF GWO ART E RROR ! N O TEXT OF SPECIFIED STYLE IN DOCUMENT . MODULES

8.1 Course participant performance assessment

Course participants will be assessed by means of direct observation and supplementary oral questions where appropriate (formative evaluation). Throughout the entire course the instructor will enforce the course participant assessment Form (see The Requirements for ) and adhere to it, accordingly, with a high focus on evaluating the course participant’s practical skills. The instructor keeps a course participant assessment form (or adaptation) for each course participant until the completion / evaluation of the GWO module The course participant assessment form (or adaption) is a final evaluation tool for the instructors to assess course participants during practical elements. It allows measurement of the number of violations in regard to safety, competency, or attitude. It shall be used as a progressive evaluation tool to discuss the performance of a course participant in guiding them to success and it also serves as supporting documentation if a course participant passes or fails the module. If a course participant fails to meet the demands of the module, they shall attend a new module. Training providers may adapt the course participant assessment form to other media. Training providers shall have a documented procedure in place for dealing with course participants not meeting the stated learning outcomes.

The training provider shall in accordance with the requirements for GWO Training providers maintain own records of course participants. Upon request from GWO or any of the members of GWO, the training provider shall be able to verify the training and competence records of any specific personnel either attending a course and/or performing training of a course by name and nationality. Training providers may issue other additional proof of training, e.g. as paper certificate or plastic cards. If the training provider chooses to do so, it is recommended (not a requirement) to include the course participant WINDA id.

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Hub Rescue Module (ART-H)

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9 H UB R ESCUE

9.1 Aims and objectives of the Hub Rescue Module

The aim of this module is to enable the course participants to perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside the blade by using industry standard rescue equipment, methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO Working at Height.

The Hub Rescue module shall ensure that the course participants are able to;

1) Assess and determine rescue strategy (relevant rescue method, technique, certified equipment, and required personnel) for various rescue scenarios, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade 2) Assess and determine evacuation strategy during a rescue operation, attending to a clear and preferred evacuation route for the injured person outside or inside the tower 3) Explain and demonstrate the identification and suitable selection of certified and structural anchor points, relevant for various rescue scenarios, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade

4) Explain and apply the concept of lifting angle, angle factor and deviation

5) Explain and control common risks of hazardous energies and common hazards of enclosed space areas in a WTG, when performing rescue operations 6) Apply rescue methods and techniques in performing descending and ascending rescue operations, from a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade using a rescue stretcher and spineboard, manually operated lowering/raising rescue system for limited distance rescue (rescue device, pulley system or similar), and other rescue equipment relevant to the Course Participants 7) Fit a harness and other PPE (e.g. helmet, safety glasses) onto an injured person, in an enclosed space in a WTG 8) Package an injured person on a rescue stretcher and spineboard in a vertical or horizontal configuration to enable safe transportation, by doing regular checks, using rescue equipment such as cervical collar and avoiding head down configuration of the unconscious injured person 9) Manually transport an injured person on a rescue stretcher or spineboard - in a balanced way, in a WTG 10) Change directly from balancing an injured person from a horizontal position to a vertical configuration (and vice versa) when suspended 11) Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade, using safe and suitable (certified or structural) anchor points, lifting angles, deviation, and edge protection for the rescue equipment

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12) Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade, using an injured person personal fall protection equipment backup system, when required (i.e. when the manually operated lowering/raising rescue system is not certified for person lifting) 13) Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade using personal flashlight (e.g. helmet light), if required due to poor lighting conditions 14) Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade, as the informal rescue team coordinator performing scene assessment and hazard identification, assessing and determining the rescue strategy and exercising clear communication 15) Perform clear and precise communication in a stressful rescue operation, both with members of the rescue team as a team coordinator and as a team member 16) Apply clear communication and guidance to other emergency responders (e.g. vessel crew or ambulance crew) including coordinating the handover of an injured person

Course participants show signs of;

17) Acknowledging the benefits of having a coordinator in a rescue team, and the responsibility that comes with it 18) Taking part in discussing what advanced rescue preparations, and emergency, communication and command procedures, apply in their own organization 19) Committing themselves to avoid incidents from where they may be exposed to a rescue operation 20) Committing themselves to act out this value by demonstrating a pro-active approach and role model behaviour.

9.2 Competencies of the Hub Rescue Module

1) Perform descending rescue operations from a WTG hub, spinner and from inside a blade, to a primary assembly area (ground or transition piece) or a secondary assembly area (vessel), using industry standard rescue equipment

2) Perform these rescue operations in teams acting as the rescue team coordinator.

Note:

Rescue operations performed on the outside of the blades are not included

9.3 Course Participant prerequisites for the hub rescue module

All personnel participating in hub rescue training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Valid GWO BST module Working at Heights, GWO First aid and GWO Manual Handling certificates are prerequisites for participation. Furthermore, Course Participants shall have

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created a personal Course Participant profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the GWO training.

9.4 Duration of the Hub rescue Module

The total contact time for completing this hub rescue module is estimated to be 7 hours. This is based on the time estimate given in the module timetable.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 9-2 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for Course Participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to the module in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 9-4 - Maximum durations for training day

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

9.5 Hub Rescue Instructor to Course Participant Ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of course participants that can attend the course. The ratio shown for practical sessions indicates the maximum number of course participants to be supervised by one instructor during each activity.

Trainer – Course Participant Ratio

Module

Session

Theory

1:12

Hub Rescue Module

Practical

1:4

Table 9-5 - GWO ART Instructor to Course Participant ratios

9.6 Equipment for Hub Rescue Module

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 3 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements as listed in table A3-1 in annex 3 where applicable. A generic approach to teaching rescue equipment is applied to this module aiming to avoid potential additional product specific training on completion of this module, which may be required by the participants organisation (e.g. prior to site or work).

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