GAMECOVER & ENVIRONMENTAL HANDBOOK 2016
Welcome to our 2016 Gamecover and Environmental Handbook.
In 2015 we saw the introduction of the new CAP Reform rules with a number of growers and landowners taking up the options of wild bird seed mixtures, pollen and nectar mixes and catch and cover crops to comply with the requirements.With the new Countryside Stewardship scheme coming into play this year we can offer a wide range of mixtures and straights which will count towards stewardship options. This handbook has been designed to help you choose the right crops for your shoot or conservation needs. We understand that each grower has different requirements from a crop, whether it be for cover, feed or environmental enhancement. The spring started off cold but the majority of crops established well last year and once again those who waited and drilled later saw the benefits. The dry summer saw some crops struggling for moisture and nutrients. The rains eventually arrived in August but inevitably this brought a lack of sunshine which some crops could have benefited from, especially maize to help ripen cobs. Every season brings its own challenges, therefore it is important to plan well in advance which types of crops you want to grow. Nutrient requirements and weed control are key factors which need to be taken into account at an early stage to ensure optimum growth. We hope you find this guide useful and informative and we look forward to hearing from you to discuss ideas and options for the coming season.
Contents Introduction CAP Reform and Greening Maize Sorghum Millet Quinoa Sunflowers Kale Brassicas Perennial Crops Long Term Perennial Mixtures Seeds for Mixing
1 3 4-5
6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16-21 23 24 25-26 22
Countryside Stewardship Environmental Products Organic Crops Wild Flowers Professional Advisory Services Game Feeds Soil Soil Analysis Fertilizer Bartholomews’ Drilling Guide Seed Guide Weed Control Campaign for the Farmed Environment
27 28 29 30 31 32 33
Key to Symbols :-
=Winter Holding = Feed = CAP Greening
= Environmental Scheme = Campaign for the Farmed Environment
CAP REFORMAND GREENING
In 2015 the new round of Common Agricultural Policy reforms were implemented, including seeding options for Ecological Focus Areas (EFA). A major part of this legislation is the requirement for an Ecological Focus Area (EFA) equal to 5% of the claimed area. This requirement can be met in a number of ways including the establishment of catch or cover crops, wild bird seed mixtures on fallow land and provision of buffer strips. For all of these, the rules governing choice and mixture are very similar to the existing stewardship schemes. In addition to this guide we have also produced a supplement for greening, catch and green cover crops. This explores these options in more detail and the range of seeds available to comply with them. We have tried to keep what can become an unnecessarily complicated subject as straightforward as possible. If you have difficulty finding what you need or would like to discuss your options further, please do not hesitate to contact us.
For a number of seasons now maize and sorghum, either as a mix or straight crops, have been the mainstay of most people’s cover crops. The development in varieties within both crops and particularly the ability to choose your height for sorghum has made them very popular. However, there have been some difficulties in previous seasons, particularly with the sorghum crop. In recognition of this, please find listed below a brief summary of the basic guidelines for both maize and sorghum. Should you require some more detailed maize information, we have produced a guide which is available on request. Gamecover Maize Wherever possible always plough for the new crop. Maize eyespot can be a serious problem given the right conditions and ploughing down the old crop residue as soon as possible will help to minimise disease carry over. Maize is very sensitive to pH; if it is below 6 then this needs to be addressed. A soil test should be carried out if unsure. Seedbeds need to be worked to produce 6 inches of tilth and be compaction free. To ensure good seed to soil contact, roll if necessary after drilling. Maize needs a consistent soil temperature of 8 degrees to grow properly.When making the decision to drill, please ensure that the risk of frost is past which usually means from early May onwards. Please ensure to sow at the correct depth. Seed rate is also important as reducing this can have a positive impact upon standing ability. If grown with other crops, it is best to drill the elements separately ensuring that each one is at the correct depth, which may mean drilling twice. Always use seed dressed with Mesurol. Plan your herbicide programmes before you sow your crop, taking into account any known problems or limitations if the maize is to be sown as part of a mixture. Sown as a straight crop, maize presents a good opportunity to use some very strong weed control options. Sorghum Sorghum shares the same tillage requirements as maize and is equally as sensitive to pH but there are some very important differences. Sorghum requires a consistent soil temperature of 14-15 degrees, which is a lot higher than maize. It is a very common mistake to sow the crop before these temperatures are reached. In a typical year, this probably will not be until early June. Correct drilling depth is also critical, again taking mixture requirements into account. Herbicide programmes within the sorghum crop require some extra thought as grass weed control is not possible. If there are any known grass weed problems and the crop is still to be sown, effective use of a stale seedbed is vital. In some cases choosing a different product may be the best option for controlling weeds.
Will achieve a spread of maturity cob ripeness and supply a valuable source of feed-tried and tested A blend combining early, intermediate and late varieties All varieties are selected for good early vigour and standing power Laboratory tested for vigour Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (45,000 seeds) Bartholomews Maize Blend (Trigger) Excellent early vigour and superb standing power Suitable variety for the more challenging maize growing areas Can be sown as late as mid-June When sown in June compact growth habit will ensure beating lines are kept straight Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (45,000 seeds) Bartholomews Gamecover Maize WH F
Early maturing Good standing with compact growth habit Forage type maize with early feed value Mesurol seed treatment One acre unit (40,000 seeds) Bartholomews EarlyMaturingMaize
Bartholomews Late Maturing Maize
Extremely late maturity Suitable for areas where deer and badgers are a problem Cobs do not mature past watery ripe stage in normal growing years Mesurol seed treatment
One acre unit (50,000 seeds) Also known as cobless maize
Adds warmth to maize crops when sown adjacent Variety - Shorty Ideal for driving and winter cover Can make excellent flushing points within maize Excellent replacement for kale Weed control possible Best sown in June or when soil temp is 14 o c Thiram seed treatment 8 kilo / acre unit Dwarf Sorghum
Ideal replacement for maize Variety - DP2 Makes excellent controlled driving cover Fully tried and tested Herbicide use possible Best sown in June or when soil temp is 14 o c Thiram seed treatment 10 kilo / acre unit
Good vigour and fast growth Variety - Jumbo Star Tall dense cover ideally used for a windbreak around maize Can reach a height of 5-6ft New variety with greater standing power due to thicker stem Crops can screen guns allowing them to get into position without disturbing the birds Thiram seed treatment 10 kilo / acre unit
Bartholomews Millet Blend
Mixture ensures a wider window of seed shed A carefully blended mixture of white and red millet Excellent feed value from September to December Ideal for use with maize crops Provides an excellent feed block if sown adjacent to maize Can be cross drilled or broadcast in maize crops to add feed value and reduce draughts Supplied in 10 or 20 kilo units Sowing rate 10 kilos / acre
This high yielding type will provide huge seed yields Ideal for use with maize crops Can be used as a feeding block or flushing point
Supplied in 20 kilo units Sowing rate 10 kilos / acre
Bartholomews Red Millet
Good partner to maize or sorghum Earlier maturing than white millet Can be broadcast or drilled
Supplied in 20 kilo units Sowing rate 10 kilos / acre
Magic Millet Blend
A winter hardy millet blend ideal for all seasons cover Magic Millet can be used as a windbreak Magic Millet includes reed, red and white millet which adds valuable feed potential Drill in wide rows to obtain maximum bird use
5 kilo / acre unit Only sow straight
Sheds large amount of seed Ideal seed source for partridges, pheasants and farmland birds 2 kilo / acre unit
Complement to maize crops Taller growth habit Thick stems Grows to approx. 2 metres 5 kilo / acre unit
Short growth habit Grows to approx. 1.5 metres
High seed yields 5 kilo / acre unit
Pinfold / Proteor
Good early vigour Large leaved variety Medium height Winter hardy Supplied flea beetle treated 2 kilo / acre unit
The first kale bred with club root resistance Can be continuously sown on brassica sick sites A taller kale allowing for easier bird access Excellent germination and vigour potential Winter hardy Supplied flea beetle treated 2 kilo / acre unit
High leaf to stem ratio Winter hardy, providing forage post Christmas A medium to tall variety with good lodging resistance Excellent leaf cover with a bare floor Tried and tested popular variety Winter hardy Supplied flea beetle treated 2 kilo / acre unit Thousand Head Kale
Very fast establishment Frost tolerant Kale/mustard hybrid Similar to Utopia/Texsel Greens Best sown in June or July Can be sown into cereal stubbles Fungicide treated only Not as winter hardy as Thousand Head, Caledonian or Pinfold/ Proteor 2 kilo / acre unit Carbon Kale WH
Late sowing option Multi-level cover Winter hardy 4 kilo / acre unit Bartholomews Rescue Mix
Rescue Mix contains:- Forage rape Mustard
Tyfon Fodder radish
Interval (Rape/Kale Hybrid)
Excellent establishment and early vigour Winter hardy full season cover Fantastic fast growing rape with kale parentage Ideal replacement for kale when sown in June or July Can also be used as a pioneer or rescue crop
5 kilo packs 2 kilo / acre
NB: Due to the EU suspension on Neonicotinoids, only kale and swedes are permitted to be flea beetle treated, dressed seed.
Drought tolerant Spring sown Deep rooting Excellent driving cover in second year Ideally mix with other species in first year 2.5 kilo / acre unit Perennial Chicory
Will grow on poor soils and exposed areas Perennial cover Second year growth can reach 2 metres Takes two years to become fully established Driving or nesting cover 2.5 kilo / acre unit Canary Grass ( Phalaris aquatica )
Reed Canary Grass ( Phalaris arundinacea )
Ideal for sowing on poor wet soils Good driving and nesting cover
Tall perennial cover 2.5 kilo / acre unit
LONGTERM PERENNIAL MIXTURES
Ideal where annual planting may not be an option Provides long term cover (three years plus) Requires a partner crop in the first year to give it some substance Partner options are kale, medium sorghum or triticale
Superb value for money Sowing rate 5kg per acre
LTP 1 contains:-
1.75kg Canary grass ( Aquatica ) 1.75kg Reed Canary grass ( Arundinacea ) 0.5kg Yellow blossom sweet clover 0.75kg Red clover 0.25kg Common green fennel
LTP 2 (with Cocksfoot)
Ideal where annual planting may not be an option Long term cover option (three years plus) Requires a partner crop in the first year to give it some substance Partner options are kale, medium sorghum or triticale Provides more tussocky nesting cover
Superb value for money Sowing rate 5kg per acre
LTP 2 contains:-
1kg Canary grass ( Aquatica ) 1kg Reed Canary grass ( Arundinacea ) 0.5kg Yellow blossom sweet clover
1.5kg Cocksfoot 0.75kg Red clover 0.25kg Common green fennel
SEEDS FOR MIXING Sometimes the need arises for a custom-made mixture to meet specific requirements; these may be to meet environmental requirements or purely your own preference and what works best for you. Please find listed below the seeds that are available to choose from:
Clover (red and white)
Sorghum (all varieties)
Canary Grass (both varieties)
Wheat (winter and spring)
Barley (winter and spring)
Oats (winter, spring and black)
Triticale (winter and spring)
Yellow Sweet Blossom Clover
Pleaseallow3-5workingdays for delivery.Due to thevarying individual nature of the mixtures, all orders, once placed, cannot be cancelled or returned after delivery.
CountrysideStewardshipisanewschemewhichreplacesEnvironmentalStewardship, The English Woodland Grant Scheme and Capital Grants from the Catchment Sensitive Farming. It has been designed to encourage land managers to protect and enhance the natural environment, in particular wildlife and water quality. Unlike previous schemes applicants will be scored against a criteria and not every applicant will be successful.
Countryside Stewardship has 3 main elements.
Higher Tier – this will focus on areas of environmental significance which need more complex management through the help of Natural England or The Forestry Commission.
MidTier – these agreements will look at the wider countryside and its management, through improving the farmed environment for pollinators and farmland birds by choosing appropriate options and reducing water pollution through land management taking into account the wider area and not just individual holdings.
Lower Tier – This replaces Capital Grants to improve hedgerows and boundaries, water quality and to look at woodland management, establishment and tree health.
Bumblebird (Autumn Sown Bird and PollenMix)
Designed to benefit insects in the summer and wild birds in autumn
Winter Triticale Winter Barley Oilseed Radish Crimson Clover Birdsfoot Trefoil Gold of Pleasure
Kale (untreated) Vetch Common Knapweed Rough Hawkbit Ox-eye Dasiy
10 kilo / acre unit
TurtleDoveMix (WBS 4)
Provides a succession of feed sources Ideally sown on margins and headlands
Turtle Dove Mix contains:-
Vetch Birdsfoot Trefoil White and Red Clover
Black Medic Fumitory
10 kilo / acre unit
LinnetMix (WBS 5)
Provides an abundance of small seeds Succession of feed sources from September through to February Ideally sown on margins and headlands
Linnet Mix contains:-
Kale Oilseed Rape Red andWhite Millet
Linseed Mustard Oilseed Radish
20 kilo / 2.5 acre unit
BSM1 – Bartholomews Special Mix (with Cocksfoot)
Crested Dogstail Creeping Red Fescue Cocksfoot
Timothy Tall Fescue
8 kilo / acre unit
BSM4 – Bartholomews Special Mix (withWildflowers)
25% Chewings Fescue 15% Slender Red Fescue 15% Creeping Red Fescue 15% Hard Fescue 10% SSMG 5% Common Bent Grass 5% Crested Dogstail 5% Sainfoin
1% Birdsfoot Trefoil 1% Black Medick 1% Red Clover
0.5% Ox-eye Daisy (N) 0.5%Wild Carrot (N) 0.5% Black Knapweed (N) 0.25%Yarrow 0.25% Selfheal (N)
(N) = Native Seed
6.5 kilo / acre unit
WM1 (Wild Bird Seed Mixture)
Provides a succession of feed sources for seed-eating birds Can be sown on field margin strips at least 6 metres wide and the area re-established every other year 20 kilo / acre unit
Spring Triticale Kale (untreated)
Designed to provide a food source for wild birds Sown in August and September Will produce seed the following summer Good pollen and nectar source Ideal soil conditioner Magnet (Autumn SownWild Bird Mixture)
Triticale Fodder Radish Linseed 15 kilo / acre unit
Excellent feed source with full season cover A popular and established mix Seed shed from early autumn Grain sorghum gives winter hardiness and good structure 20 kilo / acre unit
Jack Russell contains:-
Spring Triticale Grain Sorghum Millet Blend Sunflower
WH ES F
Bartholomews Tree SparrowMix (WBS 1)
Bartholomews Tree Sparrow Mix contains:-
Spring Triticale Quinoa Red Millet 16 kilo / acre unit
SpringWheat White Millet Linseed
Bartholomews Grey Partridge Mix (WBS 2)
Two year potential
Bartholomews Grey Partridge Mix contains:-
Spring Triticale Quinoa Fodder Radish 16 kilo / acre unit
Spring Barley Kale (untreated) White Millet
Bartholomews Finch and Bunting Mix (WBS 3)
Spring Triticale SpringWheat Red Millet Fodder Radish Spring Barley White Millet Mustard Bartholomews Finch and Bunting Mix contains:-
16 kilo / acre unit
Excellent driving cover with two year potential Prolific source of small seeds Exclusive mix to Bartholomews Specially formulated as a two-year ELS compliant mixture Caledonian kale supplied flea beetle treated Kale must be drilled and not broadcast 10 kilo / acre unit (sunflower and kale supplied in separate packs) Bartholomews Sunset
Bartholomews Sunset contains:-
Mustard Buckwheat Linseed Canary Seed
Phacelia Caledonian Kale Dwarf Sunflower Red &White Millet Blend
Bartholomews Top Brass
Two year potential Exclusive mix to Bartholomews
Specially formulated ELS compliant mixture Caledonian kale supplied flea beetle treated Kale must be drilled and not broadcast 4 kilo / acre unit (kale supplied in separate pack)
Bartholomews Top Brass contains:-
White Millet Caledonian Kale
Fodder Radish Forage Rape Red Millet
Two-year full season cover and feed Ideal for use in cooler, more exposed areas Triticale cereal helps resist rabbit damage Brood rearing potential Established formulation and ingredients 20 kilo / acre unit Labrador
Spring Triticale Keeper Kale (untreated) Mustard
Designed for mixing in with grasses
6% Black Knapweed 12% Birdsfoot Trefoil 4% Red Campion 6%Yarrow 11% Black Medick Sowing rate variable VAT applicable
11% Red Clover 6% Ox-eye Daisy 2%White Campion 42% Sainfoin
1 kilo unit
Pollen and nectar mixture ideal for butterflies and bees EF4 (Grass Free)
Alsike Clover Red Clover (max 50%)
Birdsfoot Trefoil Sainfoin
5 kilo / acre unit
Specially formulated to attract bumblebees
Bee Mixture contains:-
Phacelia Red Clover Sainfoin
Alsike Clover Birdsfoot Trefoil
5 kilo / acre unit
Ideal mixture for rearing and release pen areas Fast establishment Hard wearing Nitrogen fixing legumes, providing insects for food 13kg/acre unit General Purpose Rearing Pen
Terrier (Organic) Mixture
Season long feed and cover 2-year potential Contains min 70% organically sourced seed
Insect attractant 20 kilo / acre unit
Spring Triticale Organic Phacelia Organic Kale Mustard Organic
BARTHOLOMEWSWILD FLOWER MIXTURES
Wild flowers are a very important part of the countryside as they provide a rich, colourful and diverse ecological habitat for many insects and wildlife species. They also offer great aesthetic value to enhance the natural beauty of the British countryside.
We have carefully formulated our wild flower mixtures to meet a number of different soil types and habitats.
Barts Flora 1 Barts Flora 2 Barts Flora 3 Barts Flora 4 Barts Flora 5 Barts Flora 6 Barts Flora 7 Barts Flora 8 Barts Flora 9 Barts Flora 10 Barts Flora 11 Barts Flora 12 Barts Flora 110
Mix of cornfield annuals Mix for acidic soils (below pH6)
Mix for damp loamy soils Mix for calcareous soils Mix for wet loamy soils
Mix for dry, free draining loamy soils Mix for hedgerow and light shade Old English Country Meadow Mix Mix for general purpose (non-native) Mix for low maintenance landscaping including 10%Wild Flora Mix for woodland and heavy shade Mix for water margin and pond edges Mix for low maintenance landscaping including 5%Wild Flora
1 kilo for 200m 2 Made up of 80% slow growing grasses and 20% wild flower seed, unless otherwise stated
For further information, please speak to a member of the Bartholomews’ team.
PROFESSIONAL ADVISORY SERVICES
With our combined knowledge and experience, we are able to offer you advice on every aspect of your gamecover crop. These services include:
Site selection and suitability
Soil analysis and fertilizer planning
Soil preparation and establishment advice
Full agronomy service for the growing crop*
*Our agronomy service is offered as three different options:
A one-off visit
Visit on request during the season
Regular crop inspection throughout the growing season
All of our advice and suggestions are based on experience gained through active involvement within the shooting industry and agriculture, plus our continued investment in our extensive crop trials and research programmes.
Independent surveys show that by using a diet containing fishmeal, not only do you raise healthier birds but you save money! You use a smaller amount to feed your birds Birds mature and develop earlier Birds develop a stronger immune system You achieve better food conversion There is a higher survival rate Healthy birds mean fewer medical bills
Diets include fishmeal Quality raw materials Comprehensive advisory service Timed deliveries using our own fleet of vehicles
Rape meal Soya Bean Meal
Rape meal Soya Bean Meal
Rape mealSoya Bean meal
The protein in fishmeal is an excellent source of the essential amino acids lysine, methionine and tryptophan The use of fishmeal has been shown to increase the omega-3-fatty acid content of meat Excellent source of calcium and phosphorus in a highly available form, unlike some of the calcium and phosphorus in plant proteins
GAME FEEDS The Superior Feed for Pheasants, Partridges and Ducks
Partridge Finisher Pellets 2.5mm 18% Follow on from Grower pellets, mini- size, high protein pellet which is non- medicated. Maintenance Pellets 3.0mm or Mini-Size Pellets 2.5mm 14% Complete non-medicated diet to maintain birds in peak condition and hold on feed rides for the season. Duck Starter Crumbs 19.5% Non-medicated feed suitable for day-old to three-week-old ducklings. Provides best possible start in life. Duck Rearer Pellets 3.0mm 17.5% High energy pellets provide oils essential for the feathering of young ducks prior to going to water. Duck Maintenance Pellets 3.0mm 14% Complete, non-medicated diet for ducks to maintain the birds in peak condition. Treatment for Gapes Failure to provide adequate protection from worms can result in poor condition and distressed birds. Flubenvet can be added to game feed on request. Supplements Chick flint grit. Oyster shell. Grower/poult flint grit.Whole maize. Cut maize. Feed wheat. Bartholomews Ground Feed Mixture Well proven, economical and palatable mixture for use at selected times during the shooting season to entice birds into shooting areas and reduce straying.
Pheasant Breeder Pellets 3.0mm 18% Finely balanced quality feed of high protein combining correct levels of vitamins and minerals. Partridge Mini Breeder Pellets 2.5mm 20% A high-energy feed, formulated specifically for partridges, in a mini-sized pellet. Super Fine Crumbs 29% For day-old partridges and pheasants, high protein, super-fine crumb to encourage consumption. Super Starter Crumbs 29% Ideal for day-old pheasant and partridge chicks with high protein, vitamin and mineral specification. Chick Crumb 26% Follow on from Super Fine and Super Starter, suitable and small enough for day- old pheasants. Chick Micro Pellets 2.0mm 24% Micro-sized pellets, ideal to convert pheasant and partridge chicks from crumbs to pellets. Grower Mini Pellets 2.5mm 21% Follow on fromMicro Pellets, high protein and energy for strong, healthy, well- feathered poults. Rearer Pellets 3.0mm 19% Recommended for pheasant poults going to wood, balance of protein, vitamins and minerals. Poult Pellets 3.0mm 16% Follow on from Rearer, incorporating game spice/flavour to help keep pheasant poults on feed rides.
For further details and information on all our Game Feed range, please contact: Craig Coughtrey Game Feed Manager Tel: 01243 784171 Mobile: 07970 292 211 Sales Support Tel: 01243 755640 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or
• Know your soil conditions. Regular sampling is the best way to keep it in good condition and ensure crop performance. • Wherever practical/available, always use FYM on your cover areas. Not only is it a good nutrient source, it also provides a valuable source of organic matter to help maintain soil structure. • Remove any areas of compaction, whether caused by vehicles, foot traffic or poor drainage. Dig holes to assess the problem in known areas and use appropriate methods to relieve any compaction found. • Ensure thorough mulching of previous crops. This makes residues easier to plough in and helps to speed the decomposition process. • Plough a minimum depth of 6 inches, leaving a clean, level surface to work with. • Please remember to observe all the relevant Cross Compliance guidelines that are now applicable. GAEC, NVZ and SMRs are all still applicable to cover crops.
BARTHOLOMEWS AGRI FOOD LTD PORTFIELD CHICHESTER WEST SUSSEX PO19 2NT Tel. : 01243 784171
H646 Please quote the above code for all enquiries
Telephone : Sample Matrix : Agricultural Soil
Date Received Date Reported
Samples will be stored until 02-APR-2015
SOIL ANALYSIS REPORT
mg/l (Available) PK Mg
Laboratory Sample Reference
Name or O.S. Reference with Cropping Details
4 9.0 98 185
No cropping details given
3 8.6 65 119
2 7.0 52 85
2 6.4 59 93
FIELD IN THE M
2 6.2 79 60
If general fertiliser and lime recommendations have been requested, these are given on the following sheets. The analytical methods used are as described in DEFRA Reference Book 427 The index values are determined from the DEFRA Fertiliser Recommendations RB209 7th Edition (Appendix 4).
Released by ...........................................................
On behalf of NRM Ltd Date ...............................
• Based on soil analysis we are able to provide nutrient advice and produce a nutrient plan for you. • Granulated lime is a fast solution where pH is a problem. • We are able to supply a full range of fertilizer products, from straights to blends. • In situations where manures are not available, there are our special blends which will supply all the necessary nutrients for your gamecover crops. • A full range of foliar feeds and micro nutrients are available, should they be required for the growing crop. • As well as straights and blends we are able to offer a full range of fertilizer products to suit your cover crop needs.
WEED CONTROL DRILLING
• Soil conditions are far more important than calendar date. Crops that are drilled into unfavourable conditions, or too early, will always be at a disadvantage. Crops, such as kale, mustard, linseed etc can be at greater risk to flea beetle attack if they do not grow strong early on. Each season is individual and the correct soil temperature and conditions are vital. • Please refer to the chart overleaf for individual crops and their depths and widths. • Wherever possible/practical, the majority of crops benefit from being sown in wider, approximately 15 inch rows. Nearly all modern cereal drills are capable of doing this, by either special adapters or a simple pipe tracing and blocking exercise. Please try to do this if you can. Crops that are too thick can have lodging problems and may present other difficulties later in the season. • Ensure accurate depth. Planting an individual crop is straightforward enough, but when planting a combination of crops, maize, sorghum, millet etc, it is advisable when possible/practical to sow the maize first and then over drill the other elements. • Ensure good seed to soil contact. Try and leave a fine level and firm finish. Consolidate with ring rollers. Try not to use heavy flat rolls as they can contribute to soil erosion by increasing rainwater run-off risks. • If using pre-emergence herbicides, then a level, firm, clod-free surface is very important.
SEED GUIDE CHART
SEED GUIDE CHART
DRILLING DEPTH (CMS)
ROW WIDTH (CMS)
38 - 76 35 - 45 35 - 45 35 - 45 35 - 45 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38
Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg
2 - 3 2 - 3 2 - 3 2 - 3
2 - 3
1 1 2 1
8 - 18 8 - 18 8 - 18 8 - 38
5 - 7.5
50 - 75
TOP BRASS (Br)
18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 18 - 38 8 - 38
10 20 20 20
1 - 3
LABRADOR (Br) JACK RUSSELL
4 - 6
RESCUE MIX (Br) CANARY GRASS
1.5 - 2
Br = Broadcastable option with rate adjustment where necessary.
Chemically dressed seed must be drilled and not broadcast.
*Assuming seeds are all sown as straight crops, rates need to be reduced when in mixture.
Good weed control is very important for a successful crop. If you are unsure of your programme or have any particular problems, please contact us before you drill. Due to the withdrawal of some products and the nature of some of the mixtures, it is very important to have a clear herbicide programme before you start. Stale seedbeds are a well-established method of weed control and we would recommend that you use them wherever possible, particularly where a mixture is to be sown and other weed control is not possible. For more specific advice, please call us and we will be happy to advise on each individual situation. Where pre-emergence weed control is to be used, please ensure an adequate covering of settled soil over the seed. Crops that are flea beetle treated must be drilled and not broadcast.
C AMPAIGN F OR THE FARMED E NVIRONMENT
This campaign is an industry-led, rather than regulatory approach, to recapturing the environmental benefits that were provided by set-aside. It unites key industry stakeholders - NFU, CLA, LEAF, FWAG, AIC, AICC, CAAV and GWCT - who are working in partnership with DEFRA and its agencies, Natural England and the Environment Agency, as well as the RSPB, in order to deliver advice to farmers and land managers on how they might best retain and increase the environmental benefits provided by their farmland, in a targeted and agronomically sensible way. Ultimately, the campaign is aimed at farmers and growers. Gamecover and Environmental Stewardship crops will play a vital role in helping to deliver the objectives of the campaign and help to keep the threat of compulsory set-aside at bay.
At Bartholomews we will be working with our customers to ensure that the campaign is a success.
To find out more about the campaign, please visit www.cfeonline.org.uk, or speak to your Bartholomews’ representative.
For technical advice on all aspects of shoot and cover crop management, please contact either:
James Mayhew Seed Manager Tel: 01243 755 620 Email: email@example.com
Ginnie Griffiths Gamecover & Environmental Seed Specialist Tel: 01243 755 620 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Andrew Stilwell Agronomist/Gamecover Specialist Mob: 07920 134 992 Email: email@example.com
For all your game feed enquiries, please contact
Craig Coughtrey Game Feeds Manager
Tel: 01243 755 640 Mob: 07970 292 211 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Head Office: Bartholomews Agri Food Ltd Portfield Chichester West Sussex PO19 7TT Tel. +44 (0) 1243 784 171 Fax. +44 (0) 1243 775 747 Email. email@example.com Website. www.bartholomews.co.uk Golden Cross: Bartholomews Agri Food Ltd Deanland Road Golden Cross Near Hailsham East Sussex BN27 3RP Tel. +44 (0) 1825 872 697 Fax. +44 (0) 1825 872 850Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36
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