GWO BST V14.0

Basic Safety Training Standard (BST)

V14.0

Publication date: April 1, 2021

GWO Basic Safety Training V14.0

2021-04-01_TS_BST_V14

1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.......................................................................................................................................... 7

2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 8

3 CHANGE LOG – REVISION 14.1................................................................................................................................ 9

4 SCOPE .................................................................................................................................................................... 12

5 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GWO BASIC SAFETY TRAINING ........................................................................... 13

5.1 O VERVIEW ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.2 T ARGET GROUP ...................................................................................................................................................... 13 5.3 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES ............................................................................................................................................. 14 5.4 D URATION OF BST M ODULES ................................................................................................................................... 14 5.5 V ALIDITY PERIOD .................................................................................................................................................... 15 5.6 C OURSE C ODES ...................................................................................................................................................... 15 5.7 P ARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE BST.................................................................................................................. 16 5.8 P HYSICAL DEMANDS ................................................................................................................................................ 16 5.9 T RAINING E QUIPMENT ............................................................................................................................................ 16

6 UNDERSTAND GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES......................................................................................................... 17

6.1 L EARNING OBJECTIVES ............................................................................................................................................. 17 6.2 T AXONOMY ........................................................................................................................................................... 17 6.3 S UMMARY OF THE LEARNING OBJECTIVES .................................................................................................................... 19

7 BST MODULE 1 - FIRST AID.................................................................................................................................... 21

7.1 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE BST F IRST A ID M ODULE ................................................................................................ 21 7.2 D URATION OF THE BST F IRST A ID M ODULE ................................................................................................................ 21 7.3 F IRST A ID I NSTRUCTOR TO P ARTICIPANT R ATIO ............................................................................................................ 22 7.4 E QUIPMENT FOR F IRST A ID M ODULE ......................................................................................................................... 22 7.5 F IRST A ID M ODULE T IMETABLE ................................................................................................................................. 22 7.6 D ETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE F IRST A ID MODULE ...................................................................................................... 25 I NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................... 25 R ISKS /H AZARDS /L EGISLATION ........................................................................................................................... 26 A NATOMY ...................................................................................................................................................... 27 M ANAGEMENT OF AN INCIDENT ......................................................................................................................... 29 L IFESAVING F IRST A ID USING P RIMARY S URVEY .................................................................................................... 31 S ECONDARY S URVEY ........................................................................................................................................ 35

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S CENARIO - BASED TRAINING ............................................................................................................................... 37 E VALUATION ................................................................................................................................................... 39

8 BST MODULE 2 - MANUAL HANDLING.................................................................................................................. 42

8.1 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE BST M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE .................................................................................. 42 8.2 D URATION OF THE BST M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE ................................................................................................. 42 8.3 M ANUAL H ANDLING I NSTRUCTOR /P ARTICIPANT R ATIO ................................................................................................ 43 8.4 E QUIPMENT FOR M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE .......................................................................................................... 43 8.5 BST M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE T IMETABLE ........................................................................................................... 43 8.6 D ETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE BST M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE ................................................................................ 44 I NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................... 44 L EGISLATION AND BEHAVIOURAL SAFETY .............................................................................................................. 46 S PINAL A NATOMY AND P OSTURE ........................................................................................................................ 47 P LANNING MANUAL HANDLING .......................................................................................................................... 49 M EASURES TO PREVENT INJURY DURING TRAINING ................................................................................................ 50 M ANUAL HANDLING : R ISK CONTROLS & PROPER MANUAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES ..................................................... 50 E VALUATION ................................................................................................................................................... 53 8.7 P ARTICIPANT P ERFORMANCE A SSESSMENT ................................................................................................................. 54

9 BST MODULE 3 - FIRE AWARENESS....................................................................................................................... 56

9.1 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES OF BST F IRE A WARENESS M ODULE ............................................................................................ 56 9.2 D URATION OF BST F IRE A WARENESS M ODULE ............................................................................................................ 56 9.3 F IRE A WARENESS I NSTRUCTOR TO P ARTICIPANT R ATIO ................................................................................................. 57 9.4 E QUIPMENT FOR F IRE A WARENESS M ODULE ............................................................................................................... 57 9.5 BST F IRE A WARENESS M ODULE TIMETABLE ................................................................................................................ 57 9.6 D ETAILED DESCRIPTION OF BST F IRE A WARENESS M ODULE ........................................................................................... 58 I NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................... 59 L EGISLATION ................................................................................................................................................... 60 F IRE COMBUSTION AND FIRE SPREAD ................................................................................................................... 61 F IRE EXTINGUISHING ......................................................................................................................................... 62 F IRE PREVENTION ............................................................................................................................................. 64 F IREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT IN A WTG ................................................................................................................. 65 P RACTICE AND SCENARIO - BASED TRAINING ........................................................................................................... 66 E VALUATION ................................................................................................................................................... 67 9.7 P ARTICIPANT P ERFORMANCE A SSESSMENT ................................................................................................................. 68

10 MODULE 4 - BST WORKING AT HEIGHTS ............................................................................................................ 70

10.1 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS M ODULE ............................................................................. 70

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10.2 D URATION OF THE BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS M ODULE ............................................................................................ 70 10.3 W ORKING AT H EIGHTS I NSTRUCTOR TO P ARTICIPANT R ATIO ........................................................................................ 71 10.4 E QUIPMENT FOR W ORKING AT H EIGHTS M ODULE ..................................................................................................... 71 10.5 BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS M ODULE T IMETABLE ...................................................................................................... 73 10.6 D ETAILED DESCRIPTION OF BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS M ODULE ................................................................................. 76 I NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................... 76 L EGISLATION ................................................................................................................................................... 77 H ARNESS ........................................................................................................................................................ 78 F ALL PREVENTION ............................................................................................................................................ 80 V ERTICAL FALL ARREST SYSTEMS ......................................................................................................................... 83 F ALL ARREST LANYARDS .................................................................................................................................... 86 D ROPPED OBJECTS ........................................................................................................................................... 89 S ELF RETRACTING LIFELINES ............................................................................................................................... 90 M EASURES TO PREVENT INJURY DURING TRAINING ................................................................................................ 92 P RACTICAL EXERCISES ..................................................................................................................................... 93 W ORKSHOP - RISKS / HAZARDS & S USPENSION T RAUMA ....................................................................................... 94 E MERGENCY PROCEDURES ............................................................................................................................... 94 PPE REVIEW ................................................................................................................................................. 97 R ESCUE D EVICES AND RIGGING SETUP ............................................................................................................... 98 M EASURES TO PREVENT INJURY DURING TRAINING .............................................................................................. 99 RESCUE EXERCISES .................................................................................................................................. 100 E VALUATION ............................................................................................................................................... 102 10.7 P ARTICIPANT PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT .............................................................................................................. 103

11 MODULE 5 – WORKING AT HEIGHTS & MANUAL HANDLING COMBINED ....................................................... 106

11.1 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS & M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE .......................................... 106 11.2 D URATION OF THE BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS & M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE .......................................................... 107 11.3 W ORKING AT H EIGHTS & M ANUAL H ANDLING I NSTRUCTOR /P ARTICIPANT R ATIO ......................................................... 108 11.4 E QUIPMENT FOR W ORKING AT H EIGHTS & M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE ................................................................... 108 11.5 BST W ORKING AT H EIGHTS & M ANUAL H ANDLING T IMETABLE ................................................................................. 110 11.6 D ETAILED DESCRIPTION OF BST W ORKING AT H EIGHT & M ANUAL H ANDLING M ODULE ................................................ 113 I NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 113 L EGISLATION AND B EHAVIOURAL S AFETY ........................................................................................................... 114 H ARNESS ...................................................................................................................................................... 115 F ALL P REVENTION .......................................................................................................................................... 118 V ERTICAL FALL ARREST SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................................... 120 F ALL ARREST LANYARDS .................................................................................................................................. 123 D ROPPED OBJECTS ......................................................................................................................................... 126 S ELF RETRACTING LIFELINES ............................................................................................................................. 127 M EASURES TO PREVENT INJURY DURING TRAINING .............................................................................................. 130

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P RACTICAL EXERCISES ................................................................................................................................... 130 S PINAL A NATOMY AND P OSTURE .................................................................................................................... 132 PLANNING MANUAL HANDLING ................................................................................................................. 133 M ANUAL H ANDLING : R ISK C ONTROLS & PROPER MANUAL HANDLING T ECHNIQUES ................................................ 135 E MERGENCY PROCEDURES ............................................................................................................................. 137 W ORKSHOP - RISKS / HAZARDS & S USPENSION T RAUMA ..................................................................................... 140 PPE REVIEW ............................................................................................................................................... 141 R ESCUE D EVICES AND RIGGING SETUP ............................................................................................................. 141 M EASURES TO PREVENT INJURY DURING TRAINING ............................................................................................ 143 R ESCUE EXERCISES ....................................................................................................................................... 143 E VALUATION ............................................................................................................................................... 146 11.7 P ARTICIPANT PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT .............................................................................................................. 146

12 MODULE 6 – BST SEA SURVIVAL ....................................................................................................................... 149

12.1 A IMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE BST S EA S URVIVAL M ODULE ...................................................................................... 149 12.2 D URATION OF THE BST S EA S URVIVAL M ODULE ...................................................................................................... 149 12.3 I NSTRUCTOR TO P ARTICIPANT R ATIO ...................................................................................................................... 149 12.4 E QUIPMENT FOR S EA S URVIVAL MODULE ................................................................................................................ 150 12.5 BST S EA S URVIVAL M ODULE T IMETABLE ................................................................................................................ 150 12.6 D ETAILED DESCRIPTION OF BST S EA S URVIVAL M ODULE ........................................................................................... 152 I NTRODUCTION TO THE TRAINING ..................................................................................................................... 152 S AFETY CULTURE AND LEGACY .......................................................................................................................... 156 C OLD WATER I MMERSION ............................................................................................................................... 157 L IFE S AVING A PPLIANCES AND PPE................................................................................................................... 159 SAR AND GMDSS......................................................................................................................................... 160 P RACTICAL SEA SURVIVAL ................................................................................................................................ 162 S AFE TRAVEL AND TRANSFER (T HEORY ).............................................................................................................. 167 I NSTALLATIONS , VESSELS AND WTG S ................................................................................................................ 170 T RANSFER P RACTICAL ..................................................................................................................................... 171 T EST AND T RAINING R EVIEW ......................................................................................................................... 173

EQUIPMENT LIST...................................................................................................................................... 177

GUIDELINE FOR WARM-UP EXERCISES .................................................................................................... 184

MANUAL HANDLING RISK ASSESSMENT.................................................................................................. 186

VERSION HISTORY.................................................................................................................................... 191

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1 L IST OF A BBREVIATIONS

AED

Automatic External Defibrillator

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AS/NZS

Australia and New Zealand Standard

BST

Basic Safety Training

BSTR

Basic Safety Training Refresher

BWH

Basic Working at Height

CO 2

Carbon Dioxide

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

EN

European Standards

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

ERC

European Resuscitation Council

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

H.E.L.P.

Heat Escape Lessening Posture

ILCOR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation

LSA

Life Saving Appliances

PLB

Personal Locating Beacon

MES

Marine Evacuation Systems

MOB

Man Over Board

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

SAR

Search and Rescue

SART

Search and Rescue Transponder

SRL

Self-retractable Lifeline

T.I.L.E.

Task Individual Load Environment

TPA

Thermal Protective Aid

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MAC

Manual Handling Assessment Chart

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

2 T ERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Term

Definition

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted For clarity where the word ‘ must ’ is used in this standard it shall have the same meaning as ‘ shall ’ Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from colliding with the ground, structure or any other obstacle during a free fall Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from going into a free fall Assembly of components intended to protect the user against falls from height, including a body holding device and an attachment system, which can be connected to a reliable anchorage point Personal fall protection system which prevents the user from reaching zones where the risk of a fall from height exists Personal fall protection system which enables the user to work in tension or suspension in such a way that free fall is prevented Personal fall protection system which limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest Personal fall protection system by which a person can rescue themselves or others, in such a way that a free fall is prevented A technique used during the rescue of a casualty from a ladder where the rescue line is diverted using the side D-ring located at the hip of the rescuer’s harness. This creates g reater space between the casualty and the ladder.

Must

Should

Fall arrest

Fall prevention

Personal fall protection system

Restraint system

Work positioning system

Fall arrest system

Rescue system

Hip overhang

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3 C HANGE LOG – R EVISION 14.1

Amendment Date

JAN 2021

Approved by & date

Version

14.1

Description of changes

Change in total training standard :

“Delegate” changed to “ Participants ”. (Plural - to avoid using his/hers in following text. Instead we use "their")

“Training staff” changed to “the instructor”

“Attitude” changed to “Ability”

BST 6: New version of “Understanding GWO learning objectives”

Changes to BST Sea Survival Module January 2021:

Throughout the Sea Survival module:

All learning objectives moved to relevant learning elements and tagged with domain and level (e.g. Ability, intermediate level) Learning activities are adjusted with more focus on participants involving activities - and some responsibility is placed on the participant engagement Instructor/Participants ratio: Added: Note: There must always be at least 2 instructors or rescue person present during practical training

BST SS Timetable:

Adjusted in accordance with new headings on lessons and elements

Lesson 9: 150 min; lesson 10: 35 min

Lesson 1, Introduction :

Motivation: new wording added: Instructor shall facilitate a group discussion or Q/A activity on: The importance of personal involvement in the course, Why advanced rescue preparedness and skills are relevant, How the participants will be challenged, and why Participants shall engage in group discussions and share own experiences New Human Factor section added

Lesson 2, Legacy – is changed to Safety culture and legacy

Aim is adjusted to: The aim of this lesson is to give the participants the needed awareness of site organisation and relevant legislation in relation to safety culture and organisation to ensure that the candidates are aware of the roles, personal responsibilities and rules that apply to offshore wind farms.

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Learning objective adjusted to: Having successfully completed this lesson, participants will show interest in rescue and recovery organisation and safety culture on site and seek guidance when needed. (Ability, basic level) Lesson 3, title from : “Exposure, cold, hypothermia, drowning” to “Cold water immersion ”.

Sea sickness is added as a hazard with precautious actions

Element 3.5 Learning objective: The participants can describe the consequences from seasickness (Knowledge, basic level) Element 3.6 - Learning objective: The participants can describe the main risks from stay in contaminated water (Knowledge, basic level)

Contaminated water is added as a hazard with precautious actions

Lesson 5 – 5.2.1 New technology added (SART – AIS – AIS – SART)

Lesson 6 – new 6.2.16: Floating and swimming without a life jacket and donning the life jacket while in the water Element 6.4: Inflation of raft is a crew task. 2. The learning outcome from watching a video launch with possibility to pause or re-view is much deeper than a one-time demo.

Lesson 7 -

Element 7.2 : (Dynamic/Floating->Static/fixed; Static/fixed->Dynamic/floating; Dynamic/floating- >Dynamic/floating)

Element 7.6: New risk added - . . . including dropped objects

Lesson 8 –

Adjusted aim: The aim of this lesson is to inspire the participants to ensure safe conduct on installations, vessels and WTG´s during normal operations and in case of emergencies and evacuation. And to seek guidance when needed. Adjusted Learning objective: After successfully having completed this lesson of the BST Sea Survival module, participants will show interest in safe conduct in wind industry environment and seek guidance when needed (Ability, basic level) Element 8.2. MOB deleted – new learning objective: The participants can explain relevant actions when a person falls in the water Lesson 9 – New title: Safe transfer of oneself between . . . .Motivation: The movement of equipment and tools is not to be prioritised during SS-module is covered in other modules of BST, such as Manual Handling Adjusted learning objective: After successfully having completed this lesson of the BST Sea Survival module, the participants can take responsibility for conducting safe transfer for themselves between dock and vessel and between WTG and vessel

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Element 9.1.1 Safe transfer of self and equipment – “Equipment” deleted as e quipment storage is a crew responsibility

9.1. Learning objective changed to Ability, intermediate level

Lesson 10 – Test and training review : New section on Evaluation and feedback

Annex 1 – Equipment list

Cradle, rescue net deleted, as MOB rescuing MOB is deleted from curriculum

Emergency descent device added

Self Retractable Lifeline (SRL) unfolded

Added: Ladder simulating a WTG boat landing suitable for practicing safe transfer between ladder and boat

Added: Boat suitable for practicing safe transfer to and from WTG ladder

Added: “… of the country in which the actual training is taking place ” to underline, that the table A3-41 is regional examples only

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4 S COPE

This Standard describes the requirements for Basic Safety Training courses that are recommended by the members of GWO.

The full standard covers 6 modules:

First Aid

Manual Handling

Fire Awareness

Working at Heights

Working at heights & Manual handling combined

Sea Survival

The members of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) recognise trained persons as competent within Basic Safety in the wind industry and accept the trained person as possessing the required knowledge to stop an unsafe work situation where they as duty-holders are accountable for safety.

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5 G ENERAL R EQUIREMENTS FOR GWO B ASIC S AFETY T RAINING

Upon completion of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) Basic Safety Training (BST), participants will possess an awareness of the hazards encountered when working within the wind industry and how to control and mitigate these hazards. The BST will also equip participants with the knowledge, skills and confidence to appropriately respond in the event of an emergency and to increase their safety through proper use of Personal Protective Equipment, emergency equipment and procedures. The approved GWO Basic Safety Training (BST) provides participants with important skills, which include Fire Awareness, First Aid, Working at Heights and Manual Handling. To enable participants to work in the offshore environment, an additional GWO Sea Survival training shall be completed.

5.1 Overview

The GWO Basic Safety Training is divided into the following six Modules:

First Aid

Manual Handling

Fire Awareness

Working at Heights

Working at Heights & Manual Handling Combined

Sea Survival

Note:

Module 5 Working at Heights & Manual Handling Combined is a combined module comprising the lessons and elements from both the working at height module and the manual handling module and is intended to be delivered in 2 days. The combined working at height & manual handling module can be delivered instead of the two standalone modules, where the combined course is delivered, then the participant shall receive two training records – one for working at height and one for manual handling.

5.2 Target group

Personnel who will be working in the wind industry or related fields and will have their duties in a wind turbine environment, usually in physical contact with a wind turbine or an offshore wind structure. Personnel that perform job functions that have been risk assessed by their employer or their workplace duty holder as a function, where training according to one or more modules of the BST standard may mitigate of the identified risks.

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5.3 Aims and objectives

This BST Training shall enable participants to support and care for themselves and others working in the industry by possessing the knowledge and skills of First Aid, Working at Heights, Manual Handling, Fire Awareness, Sea Survival and in case of an emergency, to be able to evacuate, rescue and provide appropriate First Aid to Casualties.

5.4 Duration of BST Modules

The total contact time for completing the stand-alone modules in this basic safety training standard is estimated to be 40 hours . This is based on the time estimates given in the module timetables and summarised in table 5-6 below.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 5-7 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to the modules of the basic training standard in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Modules

Duration

First Aid

13 hours 20 minutes

Manual Handling

3 hours 35 minutes

Fire Awareness

3 hours 20 minutes

Working at Heights

13 hours 25 minutes

Working at Heights & Manual Handling Combined

14 hours 50 minutes

Sea Survival

6 hours 30 minutes

Table 5.4 - Duration of the GWO BST Modules

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 5.4.1 - Maximum durations for training days

Note: Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these.

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

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Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

If a participant fails to meet the demands of the BST module, they shall attend a new BST Module.

5.5 Validity period

The Basic Safety Training Modules are valid for the period stated in the table below. Certificates and training records shall be renewed before the end of a given validity period. A certificate or training record can be renewed up to two months prior to expiry and maintain the original certification date by uploading the previous certificate’s valid until date in WINDA. If a certificate or training record is renewed outside of two months of expiry, it must carry the new date of certification. A participant is only allowed to attend a refresher course in the specific Training Module prior to the date of expiry on the current certificate or training records. If a certificate or training record is expired, the participant must attend the full Basic Safety Training Module(s) to obtain a new training record.

The validity period is automatically calculated in WINDA by entering the course completion date.

Course/Modules

Certificate Validity (Months)

First Aid

24

Manual Handling

24

Fire Awareness

24

Working at Heights

24

Working at Heights & Manual Handling Combined

24

Sea Survival

24

Table 5.5 - GWO BST Certificate validity periods

5.6 Course Codes

Module

Course Code

First Aid

FA

Manual Handling

MH

Fire Awareness

FAW

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Working at Heights

WAH

Sea Survival

SS

Table 5.6 - GWO BST Module course codes

Note:

The BST Module Working at Heights is not intended to test a participant ’s fear of heights.

5.7 Participant prerequisites for the BST

All personnel participating in Basic Safety Training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating.

Training providers shall have a procedure that requires participants to sign a statement stating that they are medically fit to participate in the safety training and that they do not suffer from any medical illness or are under the influence of any narcotic substance or alcohol. Annex 2: Medical Self-Assessment Form shall be used if no other equivalent procedure is in place. Participant s’ signatures testifying to their medical fitness sh all be collected prior to the start of the basic safety training course. Furthermore, participants shall have created a personal participant profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the BST training.

5.8 Physical demands

BST Modules may potentially be physically demanding.

If there is any doubt regarding the medical fitness of any participant, the Training Provider shall stop training the participant and seek a physician’s advice.

Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this Standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the participants other than those required to meet this Standard.

5.9 Training Equipment

The equipment required for the delivery of the BST modules is shown in Annex 1

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6 U NDERSTAND GWO L EARNING O BJECTIVES

6.1 Learning objectives

Learning objectives describe what the participant should know and be able to do when the training is completed.

The learning objectives are based on the mitigating precautions analysed in the risk assessment, and are the foundation of the learning activities, the course contents and what the participant performance assessment must be based upon.

Coherence between the learning objectives , the learning activities and the assessment is essential.

The purpose of this alignment is twofold:

1. To conduct learning activities that are directly focused on reaching the learning objectives. 2. That assessment of how well the learning objectives are met is done in close coherence with what the participant has practiced during the learning activities and in a comparable environment .

Enabling learning objectives are further sub-specifications of the learning objectives. Enabling objectives are what the instructor should be concentrating on when observing the participant ’ s performance and development in action . Furthermore, evaluation should be focused on the enabling objectives as well as on the learning objectives. Ability is what is performed and presented during real-life exercises as well as in the real work situation and is the sum of experiences, knowledge, skills and attitudes. To be able to focus training on building up the necessary abilities, the learning objectives are described according to the taxonomy in the three domains: Knowledge, Skills and Ability.

6.2 Taxonomy

The GWO Taxonomy offers:

Guidance and support for Training Providers when designing both focused and assessable learning activities from the stated learning objectives. Guidance and inspiration for instructors when executing learning activities and when assessing the participants’ learning outcome.

Digital advice when feasible.

Instructions and guidance for auditors when auditing in the pedagogical and didactic scope.

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Learning objectives are presented in three taxonomic levels: 1) Basic, 2) Intermediate and 3) Advanced level. The three levels in each domain are described as follows:

Knowledge

Skills

Ability

The participant understands a topic in a holistic view, where risks, advantages and disadvantages are considered forming the background for reflected assessments or decisions for action.

The participant can experiment and refine his or her skills as well as reflect and evaluate on the behaviour a nd reactions in relevant situations.

Can adapt and act responsibly in new ways, pay attention to the safety of fellow workers and propose development of safety procedures. Safety awareness and responsibility is an instinctive part of the ability.

The participant can account for how things are done or can explain how a piece of equipment or a tool is used .

The participant can test the applicability of the skill and distinguish between relevant and less relevant situations to apply the skill in.

The participant can act independently, is able to identify connections and

risks in work-related situations and take initiative and

responsibility for feasible mitigating actions on the job.

The participant can describe a topic, name its constituent parts or simply refer to it. Basic knowledge is observed by a one- dimensional objective: “I can tell a fact”.

Basic cognitive and practical skills required to apply relevant instructions and procedures to solve routine problems using simple rules and tools.

The participant can act independently in familiar work situations.

The taxonomy levels in the learning objectives are defined by a reasonable number of precise and explained action-verbs. These action-verbs are presented in a progression of increasing complexity – beginning on the basic level, where the participant can name, recognise or describe a tool or a procedure, and ending at the advanced level, where the participant can take responsibility and even assist fellow workers on the work site.

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The taxonomy and the presentation of action verbs in the progressive order imply that the p revious taxonomic competences are already achieved. Learning objectives in this standard are followed by an indication of the domain and taxonomy level brackets (e.g. Skills, intermediate level).

6.3 Summary of the learning objectives

A specific action verb indicates a taxonomic complexity level that calls for specific learning activities for the participant to reach the decided learning objectives.

During the learning activity the participant shall practice doing what the action verb indicates.

In addition to this, the instructor’s evaluation in action as well as the evaluation at the end of a module or a training becomes transparent when the participant’s ability to meet the learning objectives is assessed by comparing the participant’s performance with the action verbs and contents of the learning objective.

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First Aid Module (FA)

GWO Basic Safety Training V14.0

2021-04-01_TS_BST_V14

7 BST M ODULE 1 - F IRST A ID

7.1 Aims and objectives of the BST First Aid Module

The aim of this BST Module is to enable participants to administer safe and effective First Aid in the wind turbine industry/WTG environment, in accordance with GWO First Aid training through theoretical and practical training. Furthermore, this training will enable the participant to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use an automated external defibrillator (AED).

The BST First Aid Module shall ensure that:

The participants are able to demonstrate understanding of the importance of carrying out First Aid in a safe and sound manner, in accordance with the legislative requirements of their geographic location and according to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) hereunder the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines (L2 – Knowledge) The participants are able to identify and explain normal function, normal signs and symptoms of injuries and illness related to the human body (L1 – Skills & Knowledge) The participants are able to demonstrate understanding and correct order of management in an emergency situation in a Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) environment (L3 – Skills & Knowledge) The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of lifesaving First Aid using the primary survey “C” – A - B - C including the use of an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) (L3 – Skills)

The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of the Secondary Survey (L3 – Skills)

The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of Primary and Secondary Survey including the use of First Aid equipment in a First Aid scenario (L3 – Skills)

7.2 Duration of the BST First Aid Module

The total contact time for completing this First Aid module is estimated to be 13 hours and 20 minutes. This is based on the time estimate given in the module timetable.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 9-2 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to First Aid in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

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GWO Basic Safety Training V14.0

2021-04-01_TS_BST_V14

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 7.2 - Maximum durations for training day

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

7.3 First Aid Instructor to Participant Ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of participants that can attend the course. The ratio shown for practical sessions indicates the maximum number of participants to be supervised by one instructor during each activity.

Module

Session

Instructor to Participant Ratio

Theory

1:12

BST First Aid

Practical

1:6

Table 7.3 - GWO First Aid module Instructor to participant ratio

7.4 Equipment for First Aid Module

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 3 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements as listed in table A3-1 in Annex 3 where applicable.

7.5 First Aid Module Timetable

The order in which the elements of this BST Training Module are delivered may vary.

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

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GWO Basic Safety Training V14.0

2021-04-01_TS_BST_V14

Approx. Duration

Lesson

Element

1 Introduction

1.1

Safety instructions and emergency procedures

1.2

Facilities

1.3

Introduction

1.4

Scope and main learning objective

1.5

On-going assessment (Control Measures)

1.6

Motivation

TOTAL

15 min.

2 Legislation/Risks/Hazards

2.1

2.1 Risks and hazards

2.2

2.2 First Aid guidelines

2.3

National legislation

2.4

Global legislation

TOTAL

25 min.

3 Anatomy

3.1

Life conditions for the human body

3.2

Structure, functions and signs - the human body Serious and minor illness - signs symptoms and function

3.3

3.4

3.4 Use of anatomy and First Aid in emergency situations TOTAL

50 min.

4 Management of an incident

4.1

Safety awareness in an emergency situation

4.2

Management of an incident

4.3

Emergency Rescue Teams

TOTAL

50 min.

5 Lifesaving First Aid using primary survey (“C” -A - B - C)

5.1

Primary s urvey “C” -A - B - C

5.2

“C” Critical bleeding

5.3

Technical specifications of an AED

5.4

AED safety procedures

5.5

Correct use of an AED

5.6

Unresponsive

5.7

Unresponsive, not breathing

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