GWO ARTR v2.1

Advanced Rescue Refresher Training Standard

V2.1

Publication date: April 1, 2020

ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1

2020-10-01_TSR_ARTR_V02.1

1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................................4

2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS ..........................................................................................5

3 CHANGE LOG – REVISION 2.1 .................................................................................8

4 SCOPE.....................................................................................................................10

5 GENERAL REQUIREMENT TO GWO NTBRR TRAINING............................................11

5.1 TARGET GROUP ......................................................................................................11 5.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES ..........................................................................................11 5.3 DURATION OF NTBRR MODULE ..............................................................................11 5.4 GUIDANCE ON DELIVERING LESSON ELEMENTS ...................................................12 5.5 VALIDITY PERIOD ....................................................................................................12 5.6 COURSE CODES .....................................................................................................13 5.7 COURSE PARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE NTBRR.........................................13 5.8 PHYSICAL DEMANDS ..............................................................................................13

6 GENERAL RESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER NTBRR MODULE ...........................15

6.1 TRAINING STAFF ......................................................................................................15 6.2 PRACTICAL TRAINING FACILITIES ...........................................................................15 6.3 WIND TURBINE ENVIRONMENT EXPLAINED............................................................17 6.4 TRAINING EQUIPMENT ............................................................................................18

7 UNDERSTANDING GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES..................................................20

7.1 TAXONOMY ............................................................................................................20

8 ADMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF NTBRR MODULE ................................23

8.1 ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS ........................................................................23 8.2 COURSE PARTICIPANT PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT...........................................23

9 HUB, SPINNER AND INSIDE BLADE REFRESHER.......................................................25

10 NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT RESCUE REFRESHER ............................................27

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10.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF NTBRR MODULE .........................................................27 10.2 COMPETENCIES OF THE NTBRR MODULE ..............................................................29 10.3 COURSE PARTICIPANT PREREQUISITES FOR THE NTBR RESCUE MODULE .............29 10.4 DURATION OF THE NTBRR MODULE .......................................................................29 10.5 NTBRR TRAINER/COURSE PARTICIPANT RATIO ......................................................30 10.6 EQUIPMENT FOR NTBRR MODULE ..........................................................................30 10.7 NTBRR MODULE TIMETABLE ....................................................................................30 10.8 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT REFRESHER MODULE 32

EQUIPMENT LISTS ..............................................................................................69 GUIDELINE FOR WARM-UP EXERCISES.............................................................74 MANUAL HANDLING RISK ASSESSMENT ..........................................................75 HEAD SUPPORT DURING RESCUE ....................................................................80

CHANGE LOG – VERSION HISTORY.................................................................83

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1 L IST OF A BBREVIATIONS

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AS/NZS

Australia and New Zealand Standard

ART

Advanced Rescue Training

BST

Basic Safety Training

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

EMT

Emergency Medical Treatment

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

HSIBR

Hub, Spinner and Inside Blade Rescue

LOTO

Lock Out Tag Out

NTBRR

Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue Refresher

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

SAR

Search and Rescue

SRL

Self-Retractable Lifeline

WAH

Working At Heights

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

IP

Injured person / Ill person

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2 T ERMS AND D EFINITIONS

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted

Must

For clarity where the word must is used in this standard it shall have the same meaning as shall

Should

Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required

Fall arrest

Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from colliding with the ground, structure or any other obstacle during a free fall.

Fall prevention

Preventing the user of a personal fall protection system from going into a free fall

Personal fall protection system

Assembly of components intended to protect the user against falls from height, including a body holding device and an attachment system, which can be connected to a reliable anchorage point

Restraint system

Personal fall protection system which prevents the user from reaching zones where the risk of a fall from height exists

Work positioning system

Personal fall protection system which enables the user to work in tension or suspension in such a way that free fall is prevented

Fall arrest system

Personal fall protection system which limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest

Rescue system

Personal fall protection system by which a person can rescue themselves or others, in such a way that a free fall is prevented

Hip Overhang

A technique used during the rescue of a casualty from a ladder where the rescue line is diverted using the side D-ring located at the hip of the rescuer’s harness. This creates greater space between the casualty and the ladder.

Clear / precise communication

a. Technician A is giving information to technician B

b. Technician B repeats the information

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c. Technician A confirms that the repetition is correct

d. If repetition was not correct the technician starts at “a” again.

Flexitime

The time that must be utilized in the course, either theory or practical elements, where training provider sees the most valuable for the Course participants.

Injured person

The affected person requiring first aid treatment and rescue/evacuation

PPE

Includes Personal Fall Protection Equipment

Passive Setup

Rescue device in standard mode setup, i.e. the rescue device rigged in the WTG

(rescue device in stationary mode setup)

Active

Rescue device in inverted/reverse mode setup, i.e. the rescue device attached to the injured person (and the rescue device rope’s loaded end is rigged in the WTG)

(rescue device in mobile mode setup)

Single rescuer Advanced Rescue operation

When an Advanced Rescue operation is performed by one rescue personnel only. Relevant for personnel working in two-person teams, where Advanced Rescue preparedness is required. Areal ropeway for injured person transportation. Setup horizontally with a rescue device rope rigged between two structural and/or certified anchor points

Tensioned line

Zip line

In this standard a zip line has the same meaning as a tensioned line

Generic principle

As oppose to product specific training, a generic approach to teaching safety equipment focuses on the similarities and differences in design, functionality and operation between different equipment products. The generic approach is achieved by teaching a variety of rescue equipment products within each rescue equipment category (e.g. rescue stretchers), enabling the course participant to conduct pre- use inspection and to use other rescue equipment products compared to those taught during this Module – based on the manufacturer’s user manual but without additional formal training. Consequently, a potential task is placed upon the course participant on course completion, requiring him to familiarize himself with other rescue equipment products in his own organization e.g. prior to site or work, based on the manufacturer’s manual.

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Rescue head support

A device or technique which will support the head of an injured person during a rescue operation (a cervical collar falls into this description)

Power driver for rescue device

Detachable power driven unit for operating the ascending function of the rescue device

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3 C HANGE LOG – R EVISION 2.1

Amendment Date

Oct. 2020

Approved by & date

Version

2.1

Description of changes

- GWO Standard updated to match the Corporate Visual identity of GWO (CVI) - Each module now contains a cover page and the module name listed in the header as reference. - New ISO Code added to standard - All previous versions of the Change log have now been moved to Annex XX. The current change log remains at the start of the standard. - Duplicate information removed from Section 4. Scope

The following sections have been removed due to this information now included in the new Requirements for Training Providers and Requirements for Certification Bodies (released May 2020)

Section 5

- 5.3 Conformity with other training – section removed - 5.4 Legal Requirements – Section Removed

Section 6

- 6.2 Facilities and Equipment – section removed - 6.3 Theory training facilities – section removed

Section 8

- 8.1 Administrative arrangements – section removed - 8.3 Requirement to upload training record in WINDA – section removed ( course Codes have now been moved to section 5.6)

Annex 1

- Delegate Performance Assessment Form – Section removed

Annex 2

- Medical Assessment Form – Section removed

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All section reference numbers have now been updated

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4 S COPE

The Global Wind Organisation (GWO) is an association of Wind Turbine owners and manufacturers with the aim of supporting an injury-free work environment in the wind industry. An objective of GWO is to develop common industry training and best practice Standards for health and safety as a vital and necessary way forward to reduce risks for personnel in the wind industry working on site and to reducing environmental risks across Europe and the globe. The ART Standard was developed in response to the demand for recognizable advanced rescue training in the industry and has been prepared in co-operation between the members of GWO based on risk assessments and factual incident and accident statistics pertaining to the installation, service and maintenance of wind turbine generators and wind power plants. This Standard describes the requirements for the Nacelle, Tower & Basement Refresher incl. Working at Heights Refresher training that are recommended by the members of GWO.

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5 G ENERAL R EQUIREMENT TO GWO NTBRR T RAINING

Upon completion of the Global Wind Organisation (GWO) NTBRR training Course participants will be able to access and rescue an injured person from the Nacelle, Tower and Basement section.

5.1 Target group

Personnel who will be working in the wind industry or related fields, and will have their duties in a wind turbine environment. Personnel that may need or is selected by their employer to perform advanced rescue or lead an advanced rescue operation, where training according to one or more modules of the GWO Advanced Rescue Training may mitigate the identified risks.

5.2 Aims and objectives

The aim of the NTBRR module is to review and build on previously gained knowledge and skills from the ART Nacelle, Tower & Basement training as well as working at heights and manual handling training through theoretical and practical training. Hence, enable course participants to perform entry-type injured person rescue operations, in a WTG, using industry standard rescue equipment, rescue methods and techniques.

5.3 Duration of NTBRR Module

The total contact time for completing the stand-alone modules in this advanced rescue refresher training standard is estimated to be 14 hours . This is based on the time estimates given in the module timetables and summarised in table 5-5 below.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 5-6 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for course participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to the modules in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Module

Duration

Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue Refresher (NTBRR)

14 Hours

Table 5-5 - Duration of the GWO ART NTBRR Module

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

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Table 5-6 - Maximum durations for training days

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

5.4 Guidance on delivering lesson elements

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible. Individual exercises can be combined and integrated to create a more challenging scenarios, e.g. connecting the crawl space exercise to the descent exercise into one scenario. During the exercises the Instructor is free to introduce new elements or change the circumstances of the exercise, to challenge the course participants and to provide a more dynamic scenario. For example, removing equipment, or marking anchor points as defect.

Note:

If all refresher modules are delivered to the same course participants, the redundant elements shall be exchanged to other relevant exercises.

5.5 Validity period

The NTBRR Module are valid for the period stated in the table below. Certificates and training records shall be renewed before the end of a given validity period. A certificate or training record can be renewed up to two months prior to expiry and maintain the original certification date by uploading the previous certificate’s valid until date in WINDA. If a certificate or training record is renewed outside of two months of expiry, it must carry the new date of certification. A Course participant is only allowed to attend a refresher course in the specific Training Module prior to the date of expiry on the current certificate or training records.

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If a certificate or training record is expired, the Course participant must attend the full NTBRR Module(s) to obtain a new training record.

The validity period is automatically calculated in WINDA by entering the course completion date.

Course/Modules

Certificate Validity Period

Nacelle, Tower & Basement Rescue Refresher (NBTRR)

24 Months

Table 5-7 - GWO NBTRR Certificate validity period

5.6 Course Codes

Module

Course Code

Nacelle, Tower & Basement Rescue Refresher

ART-NR

Working at Heights Refresher

WAHR

Manual handling refresher

MHR

Table 8-3 - Course codes for ART modules

5.7 Course participant prerequisites for the NTBRR

All personnel participating in NTBRR training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Training providers shall have a procedure that requires Course participants to sign a statement stating that they are medically fit to participate in the safety training and that they do not suffer from any medical illness or are under influence of any narcotic substance or alcohol. The Annex 2: Medical Self-Assessment Form shall be used if no other equivalent procedure is in place. Course participants’ signatures testifying to their medical fitness shall be collected prior to the start of the NTBRR course. Valid GWO ART - Nacelle, Tower & Basement, GWO Working at Heights, GWO First Aid and GWO Manual Handling certificates are prerequisites for participation. Furthermore, Course participants shall have created a personal Course participant profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the NTBRR training.

5.8 Physical demands

The NTBRR Module is expected to be physically demanding.

If there is any doubt regarding the medical fitness of any Course participant, the Training Provider shall stop training the Course participant and seek a physician’s advice.

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Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this Standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the Course participants other than those required to meet this Standard.

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6 G ENERAL R ESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER NTBRR M ODULE

The Training Provider shall ensure that Staff, facilities and equipment are in place to support the training of Course participants.

6.1 Training Staff

The Instructor shall possess appropriate qualifications and experience to ensure that all training and supportive activities are carried out in accordance with current legislation and current CRITERIA FOR TRAINING PROVIDERS OFFERING GWO TRAINING.

The Instructor must be:

1) Trained in instructional/ lecture techniques and/ or have documented instructional/ teaching experience

2) Qualified GWO WAH instructor

3) Qualified GWO manual handling instructor

4) Trained in GWO BST/BSTR First Aid

5) Included in an on-going training program, which includes visits to onshore and/ or offshore WTGs (tower, nacelle, hub) prior to instructing the modules, to enable them to maintain and update skills related to the modules they instruct. The Instructor shall physically visit the tower, nacelle and hub of WTGs 6) Able to apply knowledge and practical skills in alternative rescue methods, techniques and rigging setups compared to those executed by the Course participants during the practical exercises of the ART Modules 7) Able to analyse and justify the ART rescue equipment used, uses and limitations of this equipment included.

A person with First Aid qualifications shall be present during all practical training.

All Staff shall possess the appropriate competencies to conduct/ assist the elements of training they have been assigned to.

6.2 Practical training facilities

All facilities shall be maintained and where appropriate, inspected and tested in accordance with current national legislation and manufacturers’ recommendations. Risk assessments shall be conducted and documented for all training facilities. The Training Provider shall hold the required permits to operate the facilities. The learning process is facilitated by identical or comparable elements comparing the training environment and the course participants’ working environment. Identical or

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comparable elements enhances the application of what is learned. The practical training facilities and the training environment are therefore expected to incorporate as many identical or comparable elements to a real wind turbine working environment as possible. The objective is that the practical training facility should enable each Course participant to individually and/or as part of a team, see, hear and practice the taught subject matter in such a way, that it resembles the working practices in a real wind turbine environment.

The following training facility items will be required for the ART training:

1) Mock-up for the “Rescue up” exercises, to simulate basement/tower rescue.

2) Mock-up to simulate under the gearbox with a max. 60 cm diameter access crawl way into the crawl space, a height between 60 and 30 cm and minimum 200 cm length (Basement/Tower/Nacelle module)

3) Mock-up to simulate the nacelle.

a. Figure 6-42 provides dimensions to the GWO recommended Nacelle mock- up. b. The training provider can deviate from the recommended nacelle measures to facilitate a specific turbine design. c. The nacelle mock-up must be filled with sufficient simulated assets, to create a realistic nacelle environment. d. The maximum available contiguous floor space must be less than 3 m 2 , excluding walkways of less than 60 cm width. e. The sides of the nacelle should be designed in such a way as to prevent direct visual contact from within the nacelle to the teams outside of the nacelle

4) Structural and certified anchor points.

It is recommended to connect the various mock-ups to recreate a realistic sequence. For example, connecting the nacelle mock-up with the hub mock-up. Rather than connecting a blade mock-up with the nacelle mock-up. This would provide a more realistic scenario. However, if there are practical reasons to separate the individual mock-ups, then this is allowed. For example, to allow different teams to train at the same time.

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Figure 6-4 - Recommended dimensions for the Nacelle Mock-up

6.3 Wind turbine environment explained

What is a wind turbine training environment?

To apply what you have learned, e.g. during a course, is a learning process of its own.

This process is facilitated by identical elements comparing the training environment and the course participants’ working environment. Thus, identical elements enhance the application of what you have learned - The more identical elements, the merrier. As training provider your goal should be to achieve training facilities and a training environment with as many identical elements to a real wind turbine working environment possible. In addition, “training as you work”, i.e. executing training end-to-end the way course participants should perform in practice, enhances real work behaviour. So how do you “train as you work” and design a training environment with a high degree of identical elements? Depending on the course participant’s job and tasks in the wind industry, many technicians work in the wind turbine tower and nacelle – during pre-assembly, erection, commissioning and troubleshooting, or service of the wind turbine.

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For access up/down the tower, the tower is in general fitted with ladder sections provided with a vertical fall protection system, and tower section platforms with ladder hatches fitted with certified anchor points for attachment of personal fall protection equipment. The wind turbine may hold a basement section fitted as mentioned, and primarily holding electrical cabinets. In the geared type WTG, access in the nacelle is in general limited to narrow pathways along the left or right side of the main shaft and generator etc. These pathways are often “fitted” with mechanical components and the like, as well as steps and small ladder sections due to variations in floor level, as part of the WTG design – increasing the risk of trips and falls. Access between nacelle and hub is possible through low and often very narrow passageways. To “train as you work” training should be executed by doing real work tasks end-to-end under the actual working procedures, and/or realistic emergency situation (fire, first aid, evacuation or injured person rescue) end-to-end scenarios, in a wind turbine environment.

6.4 Training Equipment

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 1 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements as listed in table A3-4 in annex 1 where applicable. A generic approach to teaching safety equipment is applied to this Module aiming to avoid potential product specific additional training on completion of this Module, which may be required by the Course participant’s organisation e.g. prior to site or work. The generic approach is achieved by teaching a variety of safety equipment products within each safety equipment category (e.g. guided type fall arresters), enabling the Course participant to conduct pre-use inspection and to use other safety equipment products compared to those taught during this Module – based on the manufacturer’s user manual but without additional formal training. Where reasonably practicable the training provider shall eliminate the risk of a fall from height. Where it is not possible to eliminate the risk of a fall then the fall factor experienced by any person shall be kept as low as is reasonably practicable. GWO recommends a maximum fall factor of 0.5. To calculate this the following formula has been used,

𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐹𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑛 𝐿𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑦𝑎𝑟𝑑 ,

𝐹𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 (𝐹𝐹) =

using the maximum allowed lanyard of length 2.00 m and a fall of 1.00 m,

1.00 𝑚 2.00 𝑚 ,

𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 (𝐹𝐹) =

𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 (𝐹𝐹) = 0.5.

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During the evacuation exercises in this module the anchor points used for the attachment of fixed length fall arrest lanyards must be high enough above the ground, or structure below them, so that in the event that a person experiences a fall the shock absorber in their fall arrest lanyard can fully deploy and prevent them from contacting the ground (or structure directly below the anchor point). During the evacuation exercise the course participants must be able to experience a minimum amount of descent using an evacuation or rescue device to ensure that they gain the experience of the speed of descent using these devices. This can be achieved by having the course participant descend from a minimum height using a rescue or evacuation device. To ensure that for all fall protection equipment that may be used that there will be enough clearance below the anchor point, and to ensure that the course participants can experience a descent of sufficient duration for meaningful learning transfer, the GWO recommends that the anchor point is a minimum of 6.75 m above the ground or structure directly below the anchor point. The recommended 6.75 m clearance under the anchor point is explained in detail in annex 3.

If a training provider deviates from the recommended anchor point height of 6.75 m to a lower height, then the following additional control measures must be in place,

a. The training provider shall document a risk assessment for the lower height, this shall include calculations for the equipment to be used during the evacuation exercises, the calculations shall; b. use the value for shock absorber elongation that is provided by the equipment manufacturer, and, c. demonstrate that the equipment will prevent the person from coming into contact with the ground or structure directly below the anchor point, and, d. use a formula provided by the equipment manufacturer or national legislation that is for the purpose of calculating anchor point clearance height or, where no such formula exists, use the formula in annex 3 section 4, and,

e. the potential fall factor shall not exceed 0.5, and,

f. course participants must experience a descent from a platform that is a minimum of 4.5 m above the ground.

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7 U NDERSTANDING GWO L EARNING O BJECTIVES

The described learning objectives (expected learning outcome) are the foundation of the course contents and what the course participant performance assessment must be based upon. Traditionally learning objectives are prepared within three different domains of learning – knowledge, skills and attitude. A learning objective describes the expected learning outcome on completion of a module or a course, within one or more learning domains. If a learning objective is related to more than one domain of learning, e.g. to knowledge and skills, one learning objective per learning domain is often prepared – to enable a better understanding of the learning objective. The GWO Training Provider may apply teaching methods (didactics) that are appropriate to the course participants prior training, education and cultural backgrounds, but should always aim to provide course participants ample possibility to perform hands-on demonstrations and learning reflection.

7.1 Taxonomy

To formulate a measurable learning objective, taxonomy is used to describe the level of expected learning outcome within a learning domain. As an example, belonging to the learning domain of knowledge, to have a course participant name or recognize something, as oppose to have him explain it in his own words, or even apply or demonstrate what he has learned – describes different performance levels, i.e. different taxonomy levels.

Different taxonomies are associated with different learning domains, for instance:

Knowledge : such as Bloom’s “cognitive taxonomy”

Intellectual knowledge, mental skills and procedures

Skills: such as Simpson’s “psychomotor taxonomy”

Physical skills, cognitive controlled and observable

Attitude: such as Krathwohl’s “affective taxonomy”

Attitude and feelings to the learning

Selecting a suitable taxonomy level, an action verb expresses the expected behaviour of the course participant, thus describing the taxonomy level of a learning objective. Action verbs are usually highlighted in bold in this standard. The table below presents the three learning domains with taxonomy level 1-3, provided with associated action verbs applicable in the learning objective wording, defining the taxonomy level. In the GWO training standard, the learning objectives are in general described as level 2 or 3.

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Knowledge

Skills

Attitude

3 Application / Applying To use in a new situation. Solving problems by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.

Guided response Follows instructions to build a model. Using a tool after observing an expert demonstrate how to use it. Be able to demonstrate an activity to other learners. Can complete the steps involved in the procedure

Value Demonstrates belief in the company described process. Shows the ability to solve problems. Informs management on matters that one feels strongly about. Decide worth and relevance of ideas and tasks. Action verbs Argue, Challenge, Confront, Complete, Debate, Criticize, Justify, Join, Propose. Respond Completing work assignments with highly respect to the agreement. Participating in team problem solving activities. Questions new ideas and concepts in order to fully understand them. Participate actively and respectful in discussions. Showing enthusiasm. Action verbs Assist, Contribute, Discuss, Present, Question, Report, Respond, Tell, Write.

Applying a procedure to a familiar or unfamiliar task. Using a manual to calculate and operate. Action verbs Apply, Change, Choose, Compute, Modify, Operate, Practice, Prepare, Schedule, Solve, Write.

as directed. Action verbs

Accomplish, Achieve, Calibrate, Complete, Control, Demonstrate, Perform, Refine, Show.

2 Comprehension / Understanding

Set Awareness or knowledge of the ability needed to use the skill. Carry out tasks from verbal or written instructions. Showing eagerness to assemble components to complete a task. Knows and acts upon a sequence of steps in a process. Action verbs Access, Build, Complete, Conduct, Execute, Implement, Operate, Perform, Recreate.

Construct a meaning from instructional messages, including oral, written and graphic communication. Demonstrating basic understanding of facts and ideas. Explain in your own words the steps of performing a complex task.

Action verbs Classify, Distinguish,

Estimate, Explain, Express, Give, Illustrate, Indicate, Locate, Predict, Summarize, Translate. 1 Knowledge / Remembering Memory of facts, terminology, rules, sequences, procedures, etc.

Perception Watch instructor and repeat action, process or activity.

Receive Listening to discussions of

controversial issues with an open mind.

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Locating knowledge in long-term memory and retrieving relevant knowledge from long-term memory. Action verbs Arrange, Define, Describe, Find, Identify, List, Name, Outline, Recognize, Relate, Recall, Retrieve.

Recognizing sounds or pictures that indicate certain functionalities. Estimate the event of a certain function and be prepared for it. Action verbs Attempt, Copy, Duplicate, Follow, Organize, Repeat, Sketch, Replicate, Reproduce.

Respecting the rights of others. Listen to others and remember their opinions. Be positive and creative to what is being taught. Action verbs Ask, Be open to, Concentrate, Discuss, Focus, Follow, Listen, Reply, Take part.

Table 7-1 - Taxonomy used by GWO

Note:

Higher taxonomy levels exist.

In the lesson elements in each of the modules the taxonomy action verb is highlighted in bold text . Following each learning objective, the taxonomy level and domain are indicated in brackets e.g. (L2 – Knowledge)

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ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1

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8 A DMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF NTBRR MODULE

8.1 Course participant performance assessment

Course participants will be assessed by means of direct observation and supplementary oral questions where appropriate (formative evaluation). Throughout the entire course the instructor will enforce the course participant Assessment Form (see the Requirements for Training Providers) and adhere to it, accordingly, with a high focus on evaluating the course participant’s practical skills. The Trainer keeps a course participant Assessment Form (or adaptation) for each course participant until the completion / evaluation of the NTBRR Module. The course participant Assessment Form (or adaption) is a final evaluation tool for the instructors to assess course participants during practical elements. It allows measurement of the number of violations in regard to safety, competency, or attitude. It shall be used as a progressive evaluation tool to discuss the performance of a course participant in guiding them to success and it also serves as supporting documentation if a course participant passes or fails the Module. If a course participant fails to meet the demands of the NTBRR module, they shall attend a new NTBRR Module. Training Provider may adapt the course participant Assessment Form to other media. Training Providers shall have a documented procedure in place for dealing with course participants not meeting the stated learning outcomes.

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HUB, SPINNER AND INSIDE BLADE REFRESHER (ART-HR)

ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1 ART-HR

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9 H UB , S PINNER AND I NSIDE B LADE R EFRESHER

Delivery of the Hub Refresher module covers same content, duration, learning objectives as described in the initial Hub module standard. The Hub module training can consist of first time Course participants and refresher Course participants in the same classroom. The training is designed to allow the more experienced Course participants to contribute more actively and share their knowledge with the refresher Course participants. Note: If training is conducted with first time Course participants and refresher Course participants in the same classroom then first time Course participants shall receive an ART-H record in WINDA and refresher Course participants shall receive an ART-HR record in WINDA.

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NACELLE, TOWER & BASEMENT RESCUE REFRESHER (ART-NR)

ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1 ART-NR

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10 N ACELLE , T OWER & B ASEMENT RESCUE REFRESHER

10.1 Aims and objectives of NTBRR Module

The aim of this module is to review and build on previously gained knowledge and skills from the Nacelle, Tower & Basement module as well as the BST Working at Heights and manual handling modules to enable the course participant to perform injured person rescue operations in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement, by using industry standard rescue equipment, methods and techniques.

The Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue Refresher module shall ensure that course participants are able to;

1) Assess and determine rescue strategy (relevant rescue method, technique, certified equipment, and required personnel) for various rescue scenarios, from the nacelle, tower or basement of a WTG 2) Assess and determine evacuation strategy during a rescue operation, attending to a clear and preferred evacuation route for the injured person outside or inside the tower 3) Explain and demonstrate the identification and suitable selection of certified and structural anchor points, relevant for various rescue scenarios

4) Explain and apply the concept of lifting angle, angle factor and deviation

5) Explain national and local requirements and/or procedures for helicopter rescue in an WTG, including preparing the injured person, preparing the WTG, the Heli-pad safe zones and safe behaviour included 6) Explain and control common risks of hazardous energies and common hazards of enclosed space areas, when performing rescue operations 7) Apply rescue methods and techniques in performing descending and ascending rescue operations, from a WTG nacelle, tower and basement, using a rescue stretcher and spineboard, manually and power-driven lowering/raising rescue system (rescue device, pulley system or similar) 8) Fit a harness and other PPE (e.g. helmet, safety glasses) onto an injured person, in an enclosed space 9) Package an injured person on a rescue stretcher and spineboard in a vertical or horizontal configuration to enable safe transportation, by doing regular checks, using rescue equipment such as cervical collar and avoiding head down configuration of the unconscious injured person. 10) Manually transport an injured person on a rescue stretcher or spineboard - in a balanced way

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ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1 ART-NR

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11) Change directly from balancing an injured person from a horizontal position to a vertical configuration (and vice versa) when suspended 12) Perform rescue operations, in the nacelle, tower and basement, using safe and suitable (certified or structural) anchor points, lifting angles, deviation, and edge protection for the rescue equipment 13) Perform rescue operations using the casualties personal fall protection on the injured person - as fall protection backup, when required 14) Perform rescue operations in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement using personal flashlight (e.g. helmet light), if required due to poor lighting conditions 15) Act as the informal rescue team coordinator performing scene assessment and hazard identification, assessing and determining the rescue strategy and exercising clear communication 16) Perform clear and precise communication in a stressful rescue operation, both with members of the rescue team as a team coordinator and as a team member 17) Apply clear communication and guidance to other emergency responders (e.g. vessel crew or ambulance crew) including coordinating the handover of an injured person 18) Transport an injured person horizontally over the length of the turbine, with the use of industry rescue equipment (zip line) 19) Transport an injured person to a higher platform, using rescue up techniques and equipment (both manual and power-driven) in a controlled and secure manner 20) Describe the legal requirements, and explain the risks posed by manual handling in a wind turbine

21) Safely and correctly move objects utilizing correct manual handling techniques

Course participants will show signs of:

1) Acknowledging the benefits of having a coordinator in a rescue team, and the responsibility that comes with it 2) Taking part in discussing which advanced rescue preparations, and emergency and communication procedures, apply in their own organization 3) Committing themselves to avoid incidents from where they may be exposed to a rescue operation 4) Committing themselves to act out this value by demonstrating a pro-active approach and role model behaviour.

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10.2 Competencies of the NTBRR Module

1) Perform ascending and descending rescue operations from an enclosed space in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement, to a primary assembly area (ground or transition piece) or a secondary assembly area (vessel), using industry standard rescue equipment.

2) Perform these rescue operations in teams acting as the rescue team coordinator

3) Prepare an injured person for helicopter rescue from a WTG.

Note: Rescue scenarios where the injured person is located on the outside of the nacelle and on the outside of the tower are not included

10.3 Course Participant prerequisites for the NTBR rescue module

All personnel participating in hub rescue training shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Valid GWO BST module Working at Heights, GWO First aid and GWO Manual Handling certificates are prerequisites for participation. Furthermore, Course Participants shall have created a personal Course Participant profile in WINDA and provide their own WINDA ID prior to completing the training.

10.4 Duration of the NTBRR Module

The total contact time for completing this advanced rescue refresher training module is estimated to be 14 hours. This is based on the time estimate given in the module timetable.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 9-3 below.

The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for course participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to the module in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 10-4 - Maximum durations for training day

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

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ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1 ART-NR

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10.5 NTBRR Trainer/Course participant Ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of Course participants that can attend the course The ratio shown for practical sessions indicates the maximum number of Course participants to be supervised by one instructor during each activity.

Module

Session

Instructor to Course participant Ratio

Theory

1:12

Nacelle, Tower & Basement Rescue Refresher

Practical

1:4

Table 10-5 - GWO NTBRR Instructor to course participant ratio

10.6 Equipment for NTBRR Module

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 3 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements of the country where the training is taking place. A generic approach to teaching rescue equipment is applied to this module aiming to avoid potential additional product specific training on completion of this module, which may be required by the participants organisation (e.g. prior to site or work). The generic approach is achieved by teaching a variety of rescue equipment products within each rescue equipment category (e.g. rescue stretchers), enabling the participant to conduct pre-use inspection and to use other, similar, rescue equipment products compared to those taught during this module – based on the manufacturer’s user manual but without additional formal training.

10.7 NTBRR Module Timetable

The order in which the elements of this NTBRR training Module are delivered may vary.

Within the module timetables, approximate duration of each of the lessons are given. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, as long as the total duration is not reduced, and the duration of practical elements is not reduced in length. Theoretical elements may be delivered during the practical exercises when feasible.

Lesson

Element

Approx. Duration

1 Introduction

1.1

Safety Instructions and Emergency Procedures

1.2

Facilities

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ADVANCED RESCUE REFRESHER TRAINING STANDARD V02.1 ART-NR

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1.3

Instructor & Course participant Presentation Overall Aim & Objectives and Agenda

1.4

1.5

Motivation

1.6

On-Going Assessment TOTAL

15 min.

2 Emergency Response Plan in Your Own Organization

2.1

Emergency Response Plan in Your Own Organization

2.2

Evacuation Strategy TOTAL

30 min.

3 Knowledge Review

3.1

Falls

3.2

Correct fitting of harness

3.3

Fall arrest lanyards

3.4

Anchor points

3.5

Fall arrest systems and fall prevention

3.6

How to attach a guided type fall arrester

3.7

Safe and correct use of a SRL

3.8

Rescue and evacuation devices

3.9

Inspection of PPE, rescue and evacuation devices

3.10 Manual handling TOTAL

75 min.

4 Measures to prevent injury during training

4.1

Control measures & warm-up

TOTAL

20 min.

5 Manual Handling

5.1

Manual handling Exercises TOTAL Safe and correct use of rescue equipment from ladder TOTAL

30 min.

6 Working at height - Rescue from Ladder

6.1

80 min.

7 Working at height - Self- Evacuation

7.1

Safe and controlled self- evacuation TOTAL

35 min.

8 Measures to prevent injury during training

8.1

Control measures & warm-up

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