Vektek Low Pressure 7MPa Catalog

LOW PRESSURE 1000 psi // 7MPa // 70 Bar HYDRAULIC CLAMPING

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The latest technology in workholding

Complete 7MPa Decoupling Solution Automatic Shutoff Valve Decouplers for single and double acting systems.

Compact Air/Hydraulic Pump

SWING CLAMPS

Sequence at the device. Imagine the possibilities!

7 MPa Index

Section B - Work Supports

Section E - TuffLink ™ 360 ° Clamps

Section J- Valves

Top Flange Spring Advance B-3 Top Flange Fluid Advance B-5

In The Port Sequence Valve J-1

TuffLink ™ 360 ° E-2

In The Port Flow Control J-2

Section F - TuffLink ™ 360 ° Link Clamp Levers

Bottom Flange Spring Advance B-7 Bottom Flange Fluid Advance B-9

Unclamp Delay Valve J-3

Standard Length Lever F-1 Extended Length Lever F-1

Sequence Valve J-4

Cartridge Spring Advance B-11 Cartridge Fluid Advance Page B-13

Work Support Length Lever F-1

Combination Sequence/PRV J-6

Section G - Cylinders

Combination Block Cylinders G-1

Section C - TuffCam ™ Swing Clamps

Pressure Reducing Valve J-7

Top Flange Swing Clamp C-3

Section H - Power Supplies

Compact Air/ Hydraulic Pump H-1

In-Line Precision Flow Control Valve J-9

Bottom Flange Swing Clamp C-5

Section I - Palletized Fixture Accessories

Air Sensing Control Kit J-10

Accumulators I-1

Clevis Plunger Swing Clamps C-7 - C-10

Section D - Swing Clamp Arms

Over-Pressure Relief Cartridge J-10 Pneumatic Confirmation Valve J-11

Decouplers I-2 - I-6

Swing Clamp Arms Standard Length D-2 Swing Clamp Arms Extended Length D-2

Docking Station I-7

Swing Clamp Arms Clevis D-6

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7 MPa Contents

Quick Reference

Section K- Accessories

In-line Filter K-1

A

PLANNING

B

WORK SUPPORTS

Spherical Contact Points K-1

C

SWING CLAMPS

D

SWING CLAMP ARMS

Gauges K-2

E

LINK CLAMPS

F

LINK CLAMP LEVERS

Filter Plates K-2

G

CYLINDERS

H

POWER SUPPLIES

Section L- Fittings

Fittings L-1

I

PALLET FIXTURE ACCESSORIES

J

VALVES

K

ACCESSORIES

L

FITTINGS

In order to support our process of ongoing product improvements, specifications are subject to change without notice. Due to these improvements, products may not be exactly as illustrated. Visit our website PDF catalog for the most current catalog illustrations... www.vektek.com You will also find a CAD library on the website to assist in designing Vektek product into your machine fixture projects.

CONVERSION REFERENCE

SAFETY

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Why use VektorFlo ® 7 MPa Workholding?

Most expensive CNC metalworking machines are purchased without fixtures to hold the work piece(s). With today’s sophisticated machines making tool changes in fractions of a second with accuracies we once thought nearly impossible, the quality of part clamping is the next most important opportunity for time savings and productivity improvement. VektorFlo ® power clamps provide the “helping hands” to present more parts to the machine spindle with less effort, more consistency, and greater productivity at a cost only modestly more than manual fixtures. Use VektorFlo ® because it can increase your productivity. Many of your machines are purchased without integrated hydraulic power supplies. You have a choice of pressure less than 7 MPa or more than 7 MPa, a choice generally made based on clamping device size. Machines may be purchased with a power supply to deliver either up to 7 MPa or above 7 MPa. This option, if purchased with the machine influences the pressure range of your choice in hydraulic clamping devices. Other influencing factors are the need for “live”, always connected, “disconnected” hydraulics or “palletized” fixtures. Vektek’s 7 MPa products are tested to over 1,000,000 cycles at full operational pressure before they are included in our product line assuring you the long product life you need to keep your production lines operating. The selection of any single brand of hydraulic clamp, as any other important decision, must be made from an informed, intelligent point of view. Your choice should be based on many factors influenced by your specific application. Other factors can be used for general comparison and are strong indicators of the overall quality of the brand selected. Before making any decision, we ask that you take time to accurately compare product quality, product and information availability, technical support and service both before and after the sale. When you do, you’ll find VektorFlo ® 7 MPa above the rest! This is why Vektek is the world’s leading manufacturer of power workholding products.

Quality Product At Vektek, we know that professional users expect top quality products backed by knowledgeable technical support. They also expect ready availability of parts when needed. Armed with this knowledge our team of engineers began an extensive product development process. Exhaustive research, design, development and testing yielded a unified product line, all of which incorporate the following appropriate features: n BHC™, a special black hard coating, makes VektorFlo ® bodies extra durable. This high tech surface hardening process virtually eliminates the bore scoring and scratching that is the most common reason for seal failures and leakage in some brands.  Hardened and Chromed bearing surfaces are incorporated to provide improved load bearing areas where it is critical to device life.  Every device is ported using standard G 1/4 or G 1/8 L-Series porting. Face seal porting normally installs without leaking the first and every time.  Special seals and wipers help keep leaks from starting by sealing fluid in and contaminants out. Loaded lip and crown seals virtually eliminate external (visible) and internal (invisible) leaks. Most devices incorporate a wiper to keep chips from entering the cylinder and damaging the seal. VektorFlo ® seals have been tested in most common coolants and found to be stable in all those tested.  Warranty is an indication of a manufacturer’s confidence in the ability of the product to run "trouble free" for a specified time. Our hydraulic products are warranted for one year from date of shipment. For details see our printed warranty statement. Compare the durability and long life of our devices with that of competitors. Prove it to yourself. We welcome any head-to-head challenge between our product and others in the marketplace.

create a catalog that is easy to read, understand and use. You will find the catalog organized so that you can find specifications, dimensions and product specific features without a lot of useless rhetoric, but with more information than some "parts store" catalogs. Should you need information not contained in this catalog, our Application Engineering Staff would be happy to answer your questions. Service Before The Sale Our unique blend of telemarketing, catalog, web, and technical support is there for you when you need us, not when "we’re in the neighborhood." Pick up the phone and call us. We’ll do our best to answer your questions, solve your problems or just discuss your application at your convenience. There is no charge for this service. A typical customer finds that it goes like this:  After several conversations with a Vektek sales representative, you may uncover an application where hydraulic clamping will pay for itself in a very short time.  Call us at your convenience and discuss the application with one of our Application Engineers. They may ask you to send information about your current fixture, part, machine and/or processes for them to study and propose a clamping concept.  To aid in your fixture design, CAD files for each product are available to you online at www.vektek.com or by requesting a CD from your sales representative.  One more thing to keep in mind . . . You can have all this service at no charge! Call us and see for yourself. Unlike some sales people, we don’t and won’t disappear after the sale. We want your fixture to work right the first time and keep on working. If it doesn’t work CALL US, you’ll find us ready to help. Remember when you dial 001-913-365-1045 you talk to us, we can’t and won’t hide! We want your business today, tomorrow and next year. We will continue to do what it takes to earn your business and respect. We want to help make your business more profitable. Service After The Sale

Availability of Product and Information

We customarily maintain inventory of all items in this catalog. This enables us to respond quickly to help you in a difficult situation. Please plan adequate lead times into your production schedule when ordering large quantities. We take pride in the information we share with you, our customer. We have attempted to

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7 MPa Planning

Introduction

Planning Your Power Workholding System...

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Successful powered workholding does not just happen. Like any other manufacturing process, it must be carefully planned. But that does not mean you need to be a hydraulics engineer to implement a powered workholding system. Designing a system involves nothing more than the common-sense application of a few basic workholding concepts. Applications for power workholding fall into two categories: retrofits to replace and upgrade clamping on existing fixtures; and new fixtures designed from the outset with power workholding. In both cases it is imperative you keep in mind the forces that can be generated by power workholding devices. A single device, small enough to hold in your hand, can generate 26 kN of clamping force. If you are replacing existing manual bolt and nut clamping or toggle clamps, make sure the fixture or machine tool base will withstand the forces.

You should select "realistic" cycle times . . . the shorter the cycle time, the larger the power source required. For example, a pump with a 1/3-hp electric motor may be satisfactory to reach clamping pressure on a given system in three seconds. However, to accomplish the same task in one second may require a pump with a 1-hp electric motor — at a considerable increase in both initial expense and operating costs. So before you specify "instantaneous" cycling, be sure the increased clamping speed is really worth the higher costs for your particular installation. Ask yourself if you can productively utilize the seconds saved. With this in mind, let’s proceed step by step through a plan of attack for designing your system.

Using power workholding does not in any way invalidate the principles of sound fixture design. The 3-2-1 concept as it relates to the location of the work piece in three planes is just as applicable when using power workholding devices as when using manual methods. Workholding devices should be positioned in such a way as to ensure firm contact between the work piece and locating buttons, pins or surfaces. Begin the planning process by asking yourself the following: n What do you want your system to accomplish? n What sort of operation is going to use this system? n What clamping "speed" is appropriate for the speed at which your production line runs?

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7 MPa Planning

Steps 1-11

Step 1:

Step 5: (Optional)

Where . . .

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If total estimated clamping time is not within the cycle time requirements you’ve targeted but is within device limitations, a larger power source is required — one with greater capacity. Select such a source and repeat the above calculations to ensure it will provide the clamping cycle times required. If the total estimated clamping time in the initial calculation is significantly less than the time allowed, your initial power source selection may have been too large. In such a case, select a smaller power source and repeat the above calculations to ensure it still provides the clamping cycle times desired. If a smaller power supply is not possible, a flow control may be used to limit the speed of device positioning. This will help devices perform correctly and not “bounce” or become damaged by excessive flow. Additional factors you should consider when selecting a power source include shop floor plan and/or machine layout and your own preference for the type of power source (shop air vs. electric). If desired, large electrical power sources may be used to supply several workholding systems, each operating independently at several machines. In this case, the timing and sequence of operations for each individual system must be calculated as shown above in order to arrive at a size for the power source. Step 10: Select valves and other control components to accomplish the sequence of operations you outlined in Step 2. See the valve section of this catalog for guidance. Step 11: Select appropriate safety control mechanisms. All VektorFlo ® electrical power modules have a hydraulic pressure switch as standard equipment to ensure consistent forces are maintained at all times. However, when a power source is used to power several separate individual systems, each system should also have its own pressure monitor.

Normally you need to calculate the forces required to overcome work piece weight and friction and to move the part into position against fixture stops if you are using positioning cylinders as your first hydraulic operation of your fixture.

First, determine the nature of the operation to be performed, the number of parts to be processed per cycle, and whether operations will be performed on more than one surface of each part. Also determine the time that should be allowed for part loading, unloading, and clamping the part. Consult your machine tool file to determine the available work space on the machine table, bed, or other surface, as applicable. Be sure that the space available will accommodate the part or quantity of parts to be processed according to your manufacturing work-flow. If not, revise your plan. In the initial phases of system planning, include adequate measures and devices to ensure the safety of workers and equipment. Step 2: Prepare an outline of the sequence of events that will take place during the manufacturing cycle. This will assist you in determining the types of special sequencing valves you might need, as well as any external control (such as a tie-in with machine controls) your application may require. Step 3: Calculate the cutting forces generated in the machining process and note the direction these forces tend to act on the work piece. If you are planning a retrofit of a manual clamping system, you may use the torques presently being used. However, it is recommended that cutter forces be calculated as a precaution in such a case to ensure that workholding devices are sized to provide an adequate margin of safety. The operation manuals of many machine tools contain tables that list machining forces or simple formulas for calculating these forces.

Step 6:

After you have determined the machine cutting forces, it is easy to calculate the clamping force required to hold the work piece on the fixture or machine table. Again, a simple formula is all you need to arrive at an answer for the materials you’ll be working. Give us a call if you need help.

Step 7:

Determine where clamps should contact the part to hold or support it securely and to avoid interference with machine operations. If clamps cannot be located so as to avoid interference with manufacturing operations, it will be necessary to use an external control device to move the clamps out of the way as the need arises during the manufacturing sequence. This will require that electrically actuated valves be used to control the offending devices separately.

Step 8:

Determine the type and number of workholding devices you need based on the total clamping force required and clamping positions you’ve selected; on the size, strength and shape of the part; and on the machine operation. Step 9: To help determine the capacity of the power source you’ll need, add the total oil displacement requirements for the devices you have selected. Then choose a power source with equal or greater capacity and determine if it will operate the system within your clamping time constraints by working out the following formulas: (Device Cap.) ÷ (L. P. Flow) = Position Time Where . . . “L.P.” flow is low pressure pump oil volume expressed in cubic centimeters/minute. “Device Cap.” is total device oil capacity expressed in cubic centimeters (cm 3 ). Position time is time to position expressed in decimal parts of a minute.

Step 4:

Plan your fixture(s) with positive fixed stops to resist the majority of cutting forces and to ensure correct location of the work piece using the primary part locating features.

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7 MPa Planning

Steps 12-13

Step 12:

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Finally, select the plumbing components required to connect the power source to the valves and devices. Review your system specifications and layout to determine what you need in terms of ratings, sizes, and lengths. Step 13: Call us for help. Our Application Engineers do not design fixtures. Their job is to help you use hydraulic clamps successfully. Whether you are retrofitting existing fixtures, need a concept for clamping a new part or want a quick review of your design, we stand ready to help VektorFlo ® customers. USA, call: 800-992-0236 Outside the USA, call: +001-913-365-1045 ...for everything you need in workholding. Discover how easy, economical, and efficient power workholding can be — with one call. We’ll be glad to answer your questions, provide concepts or advice, and give you a quote.

TuffCam ™ Swing Clamps (Section C)

Clevis Plunger (Section C)

Please visit us at: www.vektek.com to download our most current CAD files.

Rotary Lug delivers 360 O of lever positioning (Section E)

ILML16000 REV D

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7 MPa Planning

Frequently Asked Questions

Is my plumbing free of obstructions and contaminants? Tubing must always be flushed after cutting. Even if not cut in your shop, it was cut before it came to you. Chips, burrs, dirt and other contaminants have collected inside your tubing and drilled passages. These contaminants can cut device seals, damage valve sealing surfaces, cause erratic operation and reduce service life if not cleaned prior to fixture start up. The use of improper fittings can also cause obstructions and restrictions. Be sure you haven’t created obstructions by using non-standard parts. Is my pump of appropriate size? It is rated for____l/min, or _____cm 3 per minute. My devices require a total of _____cc. of oil to actuate. For most normal size fixtures, a pump rated over 8 l/min. (liters per minute) is not recommended. If your pump is rated much more than 4 l/min, call us, we’d rather give you sound advice now than have you damage clamps and have to sell you replacements. Be sure you do not exceed the recommended flow rates for your system. If you aren’t sure, ask us. My pump runs continuously. Is it the right type of pump? Call us. It can often be made to work. Some modifications will probably be necessary. I’ve been using a dump pump (builds to pressure, shuts off and releases pressure automatically). Is this pump suitable for workholding? It can be. It will work if the circuitry is properly designed. It may require special circuit modifications to work properly. I want several sequenced operations to happen on my fixture. Can I put three or four sequence valves in series? We do not recommend it. Our sequence valves operate better if run directly from the main hydraulic supply line and set at different pressures. We recommend at least 1 MPa differential.

When I use a dial indicator on my part, it bends when it is clamped. Why? Clamps should be positioned directly opposite a fixed locator, hydraulic support or other supporting element. This element may be a part of the fixture, a solid portion of a rigid part or a properly sized floating locator, such as a hydraulic work support. If your clamp is putting force into your part which is not transmitted directly into a solid stop, it may distort the part. Clamping on draft angles or “mushrooming” the part with excessive force can also cause part distortion. I hold all four corners of my part on solid locators. When unclamped, it seems to “spring” back into a different shape. Why? First, holding all four locating points in exactly the same plane on your fixture is virtually impossible. (See your favorite text on fixture design for an explanation of 3-2-1 fixture building principles.) Second, because your part can’t have all four of these points in the same plane, your part is distorting when clamped. Other factors such as stress relief may cause the part to change its “free” shape after machining. I want to limit the pressure into a sequenced hydraulic circuit. Which valve would I install first? We recommend you avoid putting one special function valve behind another if possible. If you must, put the pressure limiting valve after the sequence valve. This avoids the limiting valve being shut off before the sequenced circuit is fully actuated. I want to make a cut directly against (into) a clamp. Is this possible? Yes, it is, but it will require special design considerations. We encourage that cutter forces always be directed toward a fixed stop. A fixed stop is designed to prevent part movement. A clamp is designed to position and force a part against a fixed stop. In order to machine “into” a clamp, the clamp must be sufficiently sized to resist all cutter and machine forces or the part will tend to shift.

This list of questions was developed by listening to customers just like you when they asked, “Why didn’t I know that?” Before you order devices, build your fixture or even consider your design complete, we suggest you run through this checklist to identify some common problems you might encounter. What is the advantage of double acting cylinders? Double acting cylinders will assure full cylinder retraction on a timely basis even in systems where restrictions such as small orifices or long tubing runs have been introduced. The use of double acting cylinders is especially important when “return” time is critical (as in some CNC systems). What should I watch for when selecting fittings, tubing and hoses ? Some fittings and hoses which are locally available (not from Vektek) have extremely small orifices which restrict flow. The use of G 1/8 or similar size fittings can have this effect on a system. This restriction is even more pronounced when introduced at a main feed line. This can happen with some fittings and many hoses. Excessive tubing length can create a column of oil which is very long. Friction created by moving oil through tubing and hose will slow response times because of the inertia of the column of oil and increased back pressure of returning oil. Proper sizing of fittings for main feed lines and device supply lines will normally be accomplished by using an appropriate fluid distribution manifold. Device fittings are G 1/4 or G 1/8. Main feed lines should be at least 8 mm to avoid restrictions.

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7 MPa Planning

Frequently Asked Questions

My company uses a lot of brass on our product. Can I use these to connect my 7 MPa hydraulic clamps? Yes, brass fittings and some aluminum or steel fittings are for lower pressures. Be sure that locally sourced fittings are rated for 7 MPa (70 bar) operation. We run a fixture for 3 months, store it for 6 months, then bring it back on line. How can we keep everything working? Preventive maintenance . Before you store your fixtures, be sure they are free of coolants, coolant buildup, clean and dry. A light coating of corrosion protection may help. Be sure to store in a cool, dry, clean environment. Our clamps are used for cast iron grinding. Our coolants also seem to be corrosive (our fixture plates rust). Will your clamps stand up to this? Nothing is going to be 100% foolproof. Our extensive use of hard chrome plating, stainless steel and our corrosion resistant BHC™ will give you the best possible resistance to corrosion. Our processes will allow our clamps to run longer with fewer problems, even in this destructive environment. Preventive maintenance is essential to keep hydraulic systems and components running at peak performance through millions of cycles. Be sure to flush your entire system at least once a year and more frequently in high contamination environments. When I look at my clamps, there are threaded holes in them. What do the labels “P” “ADVANCE” “RETRACT” mean? These threaded holes are called ports. The label “P” or “ADVANCE” ports are normally used to clamp the part, “RETRACT” indicates the port normally used to unclamp or retract the clamp. I need some type of retractable locator. After my part is loaded, I want it to “disappear”. Do you have anything to do this? Any double acting cylinder may be used in this way. If a highly precise location is required, please be sure to use a guide bushing to provide more precise location.

My local chemical representative has recommended the use of “water-glycol” hydraulic fluid. What are the benefits of this fluid and should I use it? Water-glycol is a non-traditional hydraulic fluid. This fluid was developed for use where petroleum based fluids are not allowed. They are commonly used in areas requiring “flameproof” fluid. They often cause problems with device seals, valves and pumps. We do not recommend water-glycol fluids. We may in some cases be able to provide devices with seal compounds acceptable for use in this environment. How hot is too hot to run hydraulic fluid? Anything above 177°C is considered too hot for most hydraulic fluids and seals. Our standard seals are rated to operate at temperatures from 4°C to 71°C. Even seals made of fluorocarbon are not recommended above 177°C. For advice on high heat applications, please contact Vektek’s Engineering Department who stand ready to help. I have my cylinder hooked up to a pump. It extended but won’t retract. What have I done wrong? Is there a directional control valve in the circuit? If not, one is required. Can you provide a photo, schematic or simple hand sketch for us to troubleshoot? We are glad to help. How do I read my gauge and what does it mean? First, release all pressure on the system. Check the gauge for proper operation. Check to be sure that the gauge is returning to “zero”. Pressurize the system and read the gauge. The current reading from the gauge indicates the pressure your clamping system operates at when clamped unless there is a pressure limited circuit branch. (The entire system equalizes at this pressure, ∆ P is negligible when under static clamping conditions.)

I need a clamp just like your L1-4025-00L except it needs a 150 mm long rod. Can you help me? Maybe. We do entertain specials from time to time. Please ask us. We often find that “special” requests coincide with our ongoing new product development. If you have a special need, it is worth asking. We may decide to do your special as a development project. We may not be able to produce it (actually you may not want it) because of cost. It may be something we have done before and will be relatively easy. The danger involved in using “specials” is that we do not stock replacements on custom parts. When your machine crashes (when, not if) and you need a rush spare, custom parts have to be made from scratch. You will need to order spares at the time of the original order. The cost of a single replacement on a complicated special can often be 5-10 times the cost paid in the beginning. A little foresight will be very beneficial if you must have a special. If you have questions you’d like answered, call, write, fax or e-mail us. We would be glad to help you use VektorFlo ® products more effectively. +1-913-365-1045 1334 East 6th Avenue Emporia, KS 66801 USA Fax: +1-816-364-0471 internationalsales@vektek.com

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7 MPa Planning

Fixture Documentation Worksheet

VektorFlo ® Hydraulic Fixture Setup Documentation and Troubleshooting Worksheet

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Fixture Designed By: ___________________________________ Fixture Built By: _____________________________________ Built For: _________________________________________ Fixture Serial # _____________________________________

1. All pressure gauges reading checked and verified at "0" operating pressure. No 2. Main system operating pressure read from the gauge mounted on the clamping system pump ______ MPa (bar) or inlet air pressure from air gauge on boosters ______ MPa (bar), booster ratio ______:______. 3. Pump restart pressure checked. Pump restarts at ______ MPa (bar). 4. Fixture operating pressure read at fixture gauge ______ MPa (bar), side A and ______MPa (bar), side B 5. Pressure limit circuits pressure checked: Yes Side A ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side A ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side A ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side B ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side B ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side B ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ 6. Sequence operations set to: Side A ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side A ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side A ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side B ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side B ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ Side B ______ MPa (bar) Components & location: ______________________________________ 7. Fittings checked, secure, no leaks, proper type, not restrictive. Yes No 8. Schematic diagram attached. Yes No 9. Bill of materials (hydraulic components) attached. Yes No For troubleshooting assistance contact your Designer/Builder or, complete steps 1-9 above and fax this sheet with all additional pages to +1-816-364-0471. We are pleased to be of service.

© 1996- 2018 Vektek LLC. This documentation sheet may be used to document fixtures built using VektorFlo ® brand hydraulic clamps. This sheet is copyrighted material and remains the sole property of Vektek LLC. The use of this documentation sheet in its original form or altered state to document fixtures with non-Vektek product is a violation of your assigned rights .

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7 MPa Planning

Fixture Building Tips

General Tips ■ When Manifold mounting VektorFlo ® components, the mating surface must be flat within 0.08 mm, with a maximum surface roughness of 1.6 µm R a for proper sealing (unless otherwise noted in the catalog). ■ Unless otherwise noted in our catalog, VektorFlo ® 7 MPa devices require a minimum pressure of 1.0 MPa (10 bar) ■ Maximum system flow rate is 5.7 l/m for all VektorFlo ® special function valves, unless noted otherwise. Excess flow voids warranty. ■ De-burring of pockets or cavities is extremely important to avoid leaks from damaged seals. ■ Fluid filtration to catch chips will prevent leaks and extend the life of your components. ■ Preventive maintenance is essential to keep hydraulic systems and components running at peak performance through millions of cycles. Be sure to flush your entire system at least once a year

Work Support Tips ■ Install with a six point socket only. Other types of wrenches may damage the work support. Swing Clamp Tips ■ Never allow swing clamp arm to contact the work piece during arm rotation. ■ Swing Restrictors are available in 30, 45

Speed Control ■ Flow controls are often required to make swing clamps and work supports function at appropriate speeds. Swing clamps may be damaged by swinging large mass arms at a greater distance from the clamp centerline than recommended on the catalog pages. Work supports may advance with speed faster than expected, bounce off of the intended part surface and become locked before the spring can mechanically re-extend them. ■ In cases where speed control is necessary, all workholding devices should be flow controlled with “meter-in” devices like our in-line or In The Port flow controls with free-flow returns. Needle valves or “meter-out” flow controls as are often used in pneumatics should not be used to prevent a pressure intensification which may occur on “meter-out” hydraulic applications. Website ■  Visit www.vektek.com for extensive fixture building tips. ■ Check our Tech Tips and Maintenance Videos for convenient on-line help.

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and 60 degree angles, Order from your Vektek Sales Representative or Order Entry Specialist. Other swing restricting angles are available upon request as a special.

Arms/Levers ■ When installing a swing clamp arm, restrict the arm to prevent rotational torque to the plunger and potential internal cam damage. You may then tighten the locking features to specification without damage to your clamp. Plumbing Tips ■  Use of standard rubber hoses and end fittings can hamper the action of many devices due to excessive end fitting restrictions. If you choose to purchase hoses locally, choose diameters and end fittings that are not causing excessive restrictions.

and more frequently in high contamination environments.

■ To extend the life of your hydraulic components:

* Hydraulic fluid should be changed and the reservoir cleaned out annually * If you operate a full production schedule (one shift daily): change fluid twice annually * Two shifts daily: change fluid three times annually * Three shifts: four times annually * In very dirty conditions (foundries): change hydraulic fluid monthly * Devices and seals are rated to operate from 4 - 71° C.

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7 MPa Work Supports

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do I need to use work supports? The basics of 3-2-1 fixture building require that three points define the plane of part location. When machining, a floating location support (work support) is an easy solution to a part requiring additional support for more than the three basic locators. You can use a work support anywhere a "screw jack" can be used. It adjusts faster, without distortion and without dependence on the operator’s "feel". A work support will provide solid adjustable support for parts ranging from fragile circuit boards to massive airplane spars, without inducing distortion. They provide "automatic" adjustment and lock-up giving repeatable, predictable results without the risk of "forgetting" a clamp or the time of manually adjusted alternatives. What is required to use work supports? Work supports will work in most applications where part distortion, chatter, ringing or poor surface finish results are present. Work supports can decrease most of the problems caused by part movement during machining. All you need to use them is an application, space to insert the support, power supply and plumbing. They can work wonders to improve part quality and reduce scrap and rework. Work supports are often used on fixtures where parts are manually clamped but require support. After the plunger is advanced, hydraulic pressure engages a clamping mechanism which locks the plunger and holds it securely against the part. It then becomes a solid support holding the part with the capacity indicated on the appropriate line of the chart (page B-2). Can I use work supports without other hydraulic clamps? Yes, work supports are often used when manual clamps are used. They reduce the dependence on "operator feel," speed operations by locking multiples with a single adjustment and speed load time dramatically even when used with manual clamps to secure the part. In fact, one of Vektek’s most effective applications was one where the part was bolted in place over a tower equipped with several work supports. They supported the inside of a case while the outside was being machined. Our work supports reduced the part loading time from over five hours to just under one hour in this application.

Explain the difference in the two advance types and why I might want to use one over the other. Spring advance is typically used when the part is heavy enough to depress the spring loaded plungers. This can be used on most applications. Fluid advance is used to prevent interference during part load and insures part is properly seated before clamping. What is the "breather port" and can I All 7 MPa work supports require the exchange of air. They will work consistently when allowed to exchange air to and from the atmosphere. What type of part will typically need work supports? Are there any I should avoid? Parts with thin webs, unusual shapes or unsupported structures that must be held within a plane are likely candidates for work supports. There are no parts to be avoided. Cast iron and aluminum parts produce large quantities of fines that can infiltrate cavities and reduce work support life. What about deflection? Deflection is based on Elastic Deformation of materials when loads are applied. All material elastically deforms and it is important to understand that this deflection is not caused by the support slipping or failing. Vektek work supports are designed with selected materials to minimize elastic deformation. Other factors that may affect deflection include: Surface finish, material and contact area of part being supported. In cases were special contact bolts are made, it is important to understand how the shape of the contact surface, along with the material selected, will affect deflection. Deformation values advertised are based on Vektek contact bolts only. plug it or use it for my hydraulic connection?

Can I lay my work support on its side? Normally, yes. As long as you are not using a heavy end effector or unusually side loading your support, the physical orientation should not affect performance. If you have a question about a specific application, please give us a call. I have an interrupted cut that is going to take place over the top of a work support. The forces involved are transmitted directly down on the support. The cutter is a large straddle milling cutter and the cut is interrupted because I am sawing through webs on a cast part. How do I size the work support for this application? Work Support capacities shown in provided charts and formulas are based on static loading. Because of unknown variables (examples: dull tool factors; mild hydraulic pressure fluctuation; cutter vibrations; etc.) work support selection should be made so that the capacity at specified pressure is a minimum of 1.5 times the sum of applied clamping force and machining force. Interrupted machining cuts and pressure spikes can apply severe dynamic loading to the work supports. In cases where dynamic loading is present you should use a support capacity minimum of 2 times the sum of applied clamping force and machining force. Do I need to use a torque wrench and socket when installing cartridge work supports? Yes, a torque wrench and a 6 point socket is required. If you use an open end, adjustable or box end wrench you increase the chances of damaging the work support. Please use an appropriate socket, torque wrench and care when installing cartridge work supports.

B-1

© Vektek January 2019

1-800-992-0236

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7 MPa Work Supports

Features, Capacity, Flow Rates

Standard Features  Highly repeatable work supports, repeat position ±0.005 mm.  Designed for maximum capacity in a minimal envelope.  Collet Locking provides a tremendous mechanical advantage for use in 7 MPa applications.  Piston areas have been optimized for increased holding force and safety.  Available with a high or low contact spring force.  Proprietary wiper and seal designs reduce contamination and drag for longer lasting, better performing work supports.  Supports can be manifold mounted or plumbed.  Install cartridge mount work supports into customer machined cavities. Easy-access standard G 1/4 and G 1/8 porting to both the clamp and vent ports for remote venting or air purge. (Bronze filter installed before shipping). Special corrosion resistant high quality bearing grade stainless steel plunger and collet assembly reduces the tendency to stick.

B-2

Spring Advance

Fluid Advance

Work Support Capacity Graph

Work Support Capacity

10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 17.0 18.0 19.0 20.0 21.0 22.0 23.0 24.0 25.0 26.0

Operating Pressure (MPa)

Support Capacity (kN)

7.0 3.0 4.0 5.5 10.0 16.0 26.0 6.5 2.8 3.7 5.0 9.2 14.7 23.8 6.0 2.5 3.3 4.6 8.3 13.3 21.7 5.5 2.3 3.0 4.1 7.5 12.0 19.5 5.0 2.0 2.7 3.7 6.7 10.7 17.3 4.5 1.8 2.3 3.2 5.8 9.3 15.2 4.0 1.5 2.0 2.8 5.0 8.0 13.0 3.5 1.3 1.7 2.3 4.2 6.7 10.8 3.0 1.0 1.3 1.8 3.3 5.3 8.7 2.5 0.8 1.0 1.4 2.5 4.0 6.5 NOTE: Work Support maximum operating pressure is 7 MPa. Operating Work Supports above this maximum may damage the devices and will void product warranty.

26kN

16kN

10kN

5.5kN

4kN

0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0

3kN

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

Operating Pressure (MPa)

ILML10003 REV C

Self-Produced Contact Bolts S/A Work Supports Model No. L1-0X10-XX-X L1-0X12-XX-X L1-0X15-XX-X L1-0X16-XX-X L1-0X20-XX-X L1-0X22-XX-X Capacity 3 kN 4 kN 5.5 kN 10 kN 16 kN 26 kN O-ring Part No. 39-0511-18 39-0511-08 39-0510-91 39-0511-32 A 4.55 5.75 7.80 9.35 B 9.0 11.5 12.5 16.5 C 3.35 4.35 5.75 6.88 D 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 E 6.25 6.25 6.25 6.0 F 1.75 1.75 1.75 2.0 G M6 x 1.0 M8 x 1.25 M10 x 1.5 M12 x 1.75 For All 7 MPa Work Supports

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© Vektek January 2019

7 MPa Work Supports

Spring Advance Top Flange Work Support

Support Most Parts n Available in four capacities: 5.5 kN, 10 kN, 16 kN and 26 kN. n When using the 3-2-1 locating principles, you often need additional support for a 4th, 5th or even more areas on your part. A work support gives you “floating” locators that won’t interfere with your 3, 2 or 1 location. Clamp over your locators then lock the supports. n Spring extended plungers maintain contact with the part during loading, exerting only spring force against the part. When hydraulic pressure is applied the plunger “freezes’ without exerting any additional force on the part. n If spring advance supports are used in flood coolant environments, vent to clean dry air. n Top Flange minimizes the distance from mounting surface to the part for compact and efficient fixture design. n Choose between a High-Tension or Low-Tension spring to fit your application. n Plumb through BSPP ports or manifold mount top flange work supports. Bearing grade stainless steel plunger and collet assembly helps guard against corrosion in most machining environments. Proprietary wiper and seal designs reduce contamination and drag for longer lasting, better performing work supports.

B-3

Specifications

L1-0115-00-L L1-0115-00-H

L1-0116-00-L L1-0116-00-H

L1-0120-00-L L1-0120-00-H

L1-0122-00-L L1-0122-00-H

Model No.

Support Capacity* (kN) Support Capacity Formula** (kN)

5.5

10

16

26

(P-1) x 0.917 (P-1) x 1.667 (P-1) x 2.667 (P-1) x 4.333

Stroke*** (mm)

8

10

12

14

Contact Force - L (N) Contact Force - H (N)

9.2 -13.7 9.3 -14.4 9.9 - 16.6 9.8 - 17.2

12.8 - 20.7 13.1 -22.2 14.5 - 24.2 15.1 - 26.3

Oil Capacity (cm 3 )

0.39

0.70

1.10

1.80

Spring Advance Work Supports; spring lifts plunger, part weight depresses plunger, hydraulic pressure locks in place. WARNING: Operating above 7 MPa may damage the work support and will void warranty. * Support capacities are listed at 7 MPa (70 bar) maximum pressure. Support capacities for other pressures are shown on the Capacity Charts at the start of Section B. ** "P" in the formula is hydraulic pressure measured in MPa. *** To allow for work piece height variations, it is recommended that the plunger contacts the part at Mid-Stroke.

NOTE: Work Support Capacity to be equal to or greater than 1.5 times clamping force plus machining force.

© Vektek January 2019

1-800-992-0236

www.vektek.com

7 MPa Work Supports

Spring Advance Top Flange Work Support

Dimensions Model No. L1-0115-00-L L1-0115-00-H

B-4

L1-0116-00-L L1-0116-00-H

L1-0120-00-L L1-0120-00-H

L1-0122-00-L L1-0122-00-H

A B

76.5

86.5

98.5

116.5

45

51

60

70

C 57.5 D 24.5

63.5

71.5

82.5

25

25

29

E F

32.5 22.5

40.5 25.5 25.5 17.5

46.5

57.5

30 30 16

35 35 16

G 22.5 H 17.5

J

5.5 9.5

5.5 9.5

6.8

6.8

K

11 13 13

11 13 17

L

13

13 12

M 9.5 N G 1/8

G 1/8

G 1/8

G 1/8

ID 4.0 x CS 3.0

ID 4.0 x CS 3.0

ID 4.0 x CS 3.0

ID 4.0 x CS 3.0

P

Q 15

16 10

20 12

22 14

R S T V

8

12.5

12.5

16.5

16.5

4

4

6

6

11

11 13 48 20 20

14 17 55

14 19 65

W 13

MA MB

40 17

23.5 23.5

27.5 27.5

MC 17 MD M5

M5

M6

M6

ME MF

27

30 12

33.5

39.5

9.5

13

17

MG 3 3 3 Spring Advance Work Supports; spring lifts plunger, 3 part weight depresses plunger, hydraulic pressure locks in place. Refer to contact bolt dimensions at the start of Section B.

For proper sealing, the mating surface must be flat within 0.08 mm with a maximum surface roughness of 1.6 µm R a

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© Vektek January 2019

7 MPa Work Supports

Fluid Advance Top Flange Work Support

Retracted Plunger Applications  Available in four capacities: 5.5 kN, 10 kN, 16 kN and 26kN.  Normally retracted plungers do not interfere with part loading. Advance them with hydraulic pressure, exerting only spring force when contacting your part. Hydraulic pressure then automatically sequences, “freezing” the plunger properly against the part. n Plunger contact spring available in both light and heavy forces. n Minimal friction wiper design keeps chips and debris out while providing smooth plunger action.  Bearing grade stainless steel clamping mechanism provides long trouble free life and protects against corrosion in most machining environments. n Top flange work supports allow the designer to minimize distance from mounting surface to part providing compact and efficient fixture designs. n In The Port flow control valves can be used to control the plunger advance rate on supports using manifold mount hydraulics. n Optional In The Port flow control is a meter-in device with reverse free flow check valve. n Optional In The Port sequence valve is a sequencing device with reverse free flow check valve. Bearing grade stainless steel plunger and collet assembly helps guard against corrosion in most machining environments.

B-5

Specifications

L1-0215-00-L L1-0215-00-H

L1-0216-00-L L1-0216-00-H

L1-0220-00-L L1-0220-00-H

L1-0222-00-L L1-0222-00-H

Model No.

Support Capacity* (kN) Support Capacity Formula **(kN)

5.5

10

16

26

(P-1) x 0.917 (P-1) x 1.667 (P-1) x 2.667 (P-1) x 4.333

Stroke*** (mm)

8

10

12

14

Contact Force - L (N) Contact Force - H (N)

9.2 -13.7 9.2 -14.4 9.9 - 16.6 9.8 - 17.2

12.8 - 20.7 13.1 - 22.2 14.5 - 24.2 15.1 - 26.3

Oil Capacity (cm 3 )

1.02

1.49

2.46

3.39

Port X Depth for Optional In The Port Valves****

G 1/8 X 15.16 Fluid Advance Work Support, hydraulic pressure pushes a spring which lifts plunger; hydraulic pressure locks in place.

ILML10200 REV F

WARNING: Operating above 7 MPa may damage the work support and will void warranty. * Support capacities are listed at 7 MPa (70 bar) maximum pressure. Support capacities for other pressures are shown on the Capacity Charts at the start of Section B. Operating work supports above maximum pressure may damage work support and void warranty. ** "P" in the formula is hydraulic pressure measured in MPa. *** To allow for work piece height variations, it is recommended that the plunger contacts the part at Mid-Stroke.

**** Set plunger lifting time to 0.5 seconds, or longer, by adjusting the flow control valve. Use a flow control valve with cracking pressure of 0.1 MPa or less. In The Port valves require the use of manifold mount ports. NOTE: Work Support Capacity to be equal to or greater than 1.5 times clamping force plus machining force.

NOTE: The maximum system back-pressure a fluid advance work support can overcome is 0.07 MPa (0.7 bar). Return back-pressure greater than 0.07 MPa (0.7 bar) may cause slow or failed retraction.

© Vektek January 2019

1-800-992-0236

www.vektek.com

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