GWO SLS v1.1

GWO Slinger Signaller V2.0

2021-04-01_TS_SLS_V2.0

Slinger Signaller (SLS)

V2.0

Publication date: April 1, 2021

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1 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS...................................................................................3

2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS..................................................................................4

3 CHANGE LOG – REVISION 1.1 ............................................................................6

4 SCOPE .......................................................................................................... 11

5 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GWO SLINGER SIGNALLER ................................... 12

6 GENERAL RESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER SLINGER SIGNALLER MODULE......... 14

7 UNDERSTAND GWO LEARNING OBJECTIVES ....................................................... 15

8 ADMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF MODULES.......................................... 18

9 SLINGER SIGNALLER MODULE .......................................................................... 21

ANNEX 1 - COMMUNICATION ..................................................................................... 46

ANNEX 2 - EXAMPLES OF SAMPLE LIFT PLANS .............................................................. 50

ANNEX 3 - EQUIPMENT LIST ...................................................................................... 63

ANNEX 4 - VERSION HISTORY.................................................................................... 66

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1 L IST OF A BBREVIATIONS

GWO

Global Wind Organisation

WINDA

GWO training record database

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

CoG

Centre of Gravity

SWL

Safe Working Load

WLL

Working Load Limit

EWL

Effective Working Length

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

NCCCO

National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators

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2 T ERMS AND D EFINITIONS

Shall

Verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this training standard and from which no deviation is permitted. Verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required. The theoretical point in an object through which the downward force, induced by gravity, of the object can be said to act. Maximum mass which an item of lifting equipment is designed to sustain in a given, certified, configuration. Maximum mass or force that an item of lifting equipment, a lifting device or an accessory can safely use to lift, suspend, or lower a mass without fear of breaking. Actual finished length of a sling, inclusive of fittings, from bearing point to bearing point. A lifting operation where the load is moving relative to the crane, e.g. the mass, measured between the crane hook and the load varies and can induce shock loading onto the crane.

Should

Centre of Gravity

Working Load Limit

Safe Working Load (or Rated Capacity)

Effective Working Length

Dynamic Lift

Static Lift

A lifting operation where the load is not moving relative to the crane.

Human Factors

Human factors are an established science that uses many disciplines (like anatomy, physiology, physics and biomechanics) to understand how people perform under different circumstances. Machine for cyclic lifting and handling of loads suspended on hooks or other load handling devices, whether manufactured to an individual design, in series or from prefabricated components. A job site safety briefing covering the risks and hazards of the task being performed. Ability covers our capacity to act responsibly, safely and independently or in cooperation with others. When we act, we make use of our knowledge and skills together with our both personal and professional experience, attitude and personal characteristics. Instructor’s feedback should focus on what the participant must adjust to perform correctly. Feedback may imply dialogue where the participant reflects on their understanding or performance.

Crane

Toolbox Talk

Ability

Feedback

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Group Discussion

Learning activity involving all participants. Group discussions may be conducted in smaller groups. The instructor should step back and only interfere to facilitate the experience exchange between participants. Optimal group size is 4 participants.

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3 C HANGE LOG – R EVISION 1.1

Amendment Date

December 2020

Approved by & date

Version

2.0

Description of changes

Throughout the standard:

“Delegate” changed to “ Participants ”. (Plural - to avoid using t/hers in following text. Instead we use "their")

“Training staff” changed to “the instructor”

“Attitude” changed to “Ability”

Section 3. Change log

Change log ver. 1.1 of October 2019 has been moved to Annex 5, Version history

Section 5. General requirements

5.2. Aims and strategic objectives

“Take responsibility” is added : Will enable the participant to take responsibility to support and care

“Ability” added to: … required knowledge, skills and ability to conduct

5.3 Guidance on delivering

Section 1.4 changed to Section 9.4

7. Understanding GWO learning objectives (New Section)

Changes to the Slinger Signaller module January 2021:

Throughout the module:

All learning objectives moved to relevant learning elements and tagged with domain and level (e.g. Ability, intermediate level) Learning activities are adjusted with more focus on participants involving activities - and some responsibility is placed on the participant engagement

In all elements: “Participants to demonstrate” changed “to participants practice”

Instructor/Participants ratio: Added: Note: There must always be at least 2 instructors or rescue person present during practical training

Aim re-phrased to: . . . . by possessing the required knowledge, skills and ability to conduct.

Overall learning objectives 1-10 re-phrased

Timetable:

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Adjusted in accordance with new headings on lessons and elements

Whole training duration changed from 940 min. to 820 min.

Lesson 3: shortened from 680 min. to 560 min.

Lesson 1 , Introduction:

Motivation: new wording added: Instructor shall facilitate a group discussion or Q/A activity on:

The importance of personal involvement in the course, Why advanced rescue preparedness and skills are relevant, How the participants will be challenged, and why

Participants shall engage in group discussions and share own experiences

New Human Factor section added

Element 1.1- WINDA registration – WINDA registration is done in the reception upon arrival. The Instructor should in class just have the participant confirm that this has taken place. Element 1.2-Introduction – Added: Ask for participants ’ expectations of the training and their learning or development Element 1.7 Human factor – new element: The aim of the element is to initiate the participants ’ focus on Human Factors’ influence on a safe work environment and to prepare for the continued focus during the practical training and exercises. Element 1.8. PPE – Added: WAH gear is not a part of SLS syllabus, but may be presented, as WAH ability may be applied in the real work situation

Lesson 2 – General theory

Element 2.2 Legislation

New learning objectives:

The participants can describe where to find the applicable legislation (Knowledge, basic level) The participants show interest in applying relevant legislation and seek guidance when needed (Ability, basic level)

Element 2.3 Lifting equipment

New learning objective: The participants can describe the different lifting equipment types and their usage and limitations (Knowledge, basic level)

Element 2.4 Accessories

New Learning objective: Recognise and name the correct accessories according to the applicable load (Knowledge, basic level)

2.4.1.b Dyneema slings added 2.4.1.f Turnbuckle deleted 2.4.1.f Eye bolts added in order to unfold the meaning of "Threaded connections"

2.4.1.h Lifting and spreader beams added 2.4.1. i added: Hooks and container lugs

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2.4.1.j added: Mechanical and hydraulic accessories 2.4.5 og .9 – calculations deleted

Element 2.6 Lift plans (Generic deleted) New learning objective: Learning objectives: The participants can discuss the lift plan with colleagues and other personnel at hand including pros and cons, risks, possible (standardised) actions (Knowledge, intermediate level) New learning objective: The participant can take responsibility to apply the lift plan information to the lifting operation (Ability, basic level) Point h added: Instructor shall: Explain crane specifics and capacity Element 2.7 Risk assessment New Learning objective: The participant can describe the purpose and relevance of a risk assessment (Knowledge, basic level)

Element 2.8 Environmental impact Deleted - Environmental impact to be applied during the practical learning exercises

Lesson 3 Practical exercises

All elements aiming at abilities must be practiced by the participants throughout lesson 3

New aim: The aim of the lesson is to give the participants the knowledge, skills and ability to be able to conduct slinger signaller tasks responsibly, safely and efficiently.

New learning objective for the lesson: The participants take responsibility for their role as a slinger signaller (Ability, intermediate level)

Element 3.2 - Slings New: Explain and discuss how Dyneema slings differ from other sling types. Explain the care required for Dyneema slings. (Dyneema slings do not need to be present) Learning objective: Can take responsibility for correct selection and usage of sling types

C hooks deleted: C hooks have no safety lock and are not used in offshore industry, as only safety is gravity.

Element 3.4 - Lifting bags New learning objective: Can take responsibility for correct selection and usage of lifting bag types.

Element 3.5 - Load attachment point types New learning objective: Can take responsibility for correct selection and usage of load attachment point types

3.5.c A swivel eyebolt is covered in "eyebolts and eye nuts" 3.5.d "Container lugs" added because comlogs and container lugs are different tools

Element 3.6 - Accessory storage New learning objective: Can on their own take responsibility for conducting pre/post use checks correctly.

Element 3.7 - Pre/post use check New learning objective: Can on their own take responsibility for conducting pre/post use checks correctly.

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New text covering most equipment to be checked: Explain the different indicators that must be checked during pre-use and post-use checks including ID, SWL, In date examination, certification labels, physical damage and contamination

Element 3.8 – Quarantine New learning objective: Can on their own take responsibility for identifying accessories must be put into quarantine.

Element 3.9 - Crane function New learning objective divided in knowledge and ability in order to set focus on both domain: Learning objective: The participant can explain what influences the safe movements of the crane. (Knowledge, intermediate level) Learning objective: The participant can as a signaller take responsibility for safe working within the capabilities of the crane. (Ability, basic level) Element 3.10 - Load orientation devices New learning objectives: Learning objective: The participant can decide to apply load orientation devices (Knowledge, intermediate level) Learning objective: The participant can take responsibility for handling common load orientation devices (Ability, basic level) Element 3.11 - Lifting angles New Learning objective: The participants can recognise the risk of exceeding lifting angles (Knowledge, basic level) Learning objective: The participants can on their own measure the lifting angles (Ability, basic level) Learning objective: The participant can explain the relation between lifting angles and sling tension (Knowledge, intermediate level)

Explain the function of a load chart and how to use it – deleted - Not a slinger responsibility

Lift angle: New learning objective: The participant can explain the relations between lifting angles and sling tension (Knowledge intermediate level)

Element 3.12 - Centre of gravity New learning objective: Can take responsibility for and on their own initiative adjust loads in relations to CoG.

Element 3.13 - Suspended loads and dropped objects New Learning objective: The participant can explain hazards and risks from suspended loads and dropped objects and how to mitigate these (Knowledge, intermediate level) New Learning objective: The participant can take responsibility for recognising and take mitigating action on hazards and risks from suspended loads and dropped objects (Ability, intermediate level)

“ Lead a discussion about how the crane pad layout can influence the risks posed by suspended loads and dropped objects ” – deleted – this is the crane driver ’s responsibility

“workshop” corrected to “work area”.

Element 3.14 - Lifting zones New learning objective: The participant can take responsibility for recognising hazards and risks in the lifting zone (Ability, intermediate level)

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New learning objective: The participant can explain the hazards and risks in lifting zones and how to mitigate these (Knowledge, intermediate level)

Deleted and re-phrased. The lifting zone issues are unfolded and covered in the new sentence: Facilitate a discussion on risks of crushing, barriers and people entering the zone, escape route, route of the load/load path, environmental conditions, potential communication challenges Element 3.15 - Roles and responsibilities New learning objective: The participant takes responsibility for their role and responsibilities as a slinger signaller (Ability, intermediate level) Element 3.16 - Toolbox talk New Learning objective: The participant can take responsibility for ensuring the ongoing mitigation of work risks covered in the toolbox talk (Ability, basic level) New Learning objective: The participant can take responsibility for using correct hand signals and slinging techniques and to verify hand signals with crane operator during toolbox talk (Ability, basic level) Element 3.17 - Hand/Radio signals New learning objective: The participant can take responsibility to, on their own, direct the crane in different scenarios (Ability, intermediate level) INSTR: Describe what the hazards and risks with failing to use hand/radio signals correctly New learning objective: Demonstrate how to accurately direct the crane using all relevant hand-and radio signals available INSTR: Describe what the hazards and risks with failing to use hand/radio signals correctly New: Each participant must correctly demonstrate usage of hand/radio guided signals in three different lifting scenarios, e.g. open lift, restricted lift, blind lift, radio-guided lift

Lesson 4 Test and training review. New section

Annex 1 Communication : BS7121 alternative hand signals are added. Different hand signals are used in different regions and environments - and these are examples. For all lifts, communications must be clarified during toolbox talk in relation to the lift plan meet.

Annex 2 Lift plan An example of a simple lift operation is added to the Annex.

Annex 3 Equipment list EN 13852-3 David crane added

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4 S COPE

This standard has been developed in response to the demand for recognisable slinger signaller training in the industry. It has been prepared in cooperation with the members of GWO based on specific risk assessments, data from incident and accident statistics pertaining to the installation, service and maintenance of wind turbine generators and wind power plants involving slinger signalling. This standard describes the requirements for slinger signaller training that are recommended by the members of the GWO. The members of the GWO recognise trained persons as competent within slinger signalling in the wind industry and accept the trained person as possessing the required knowledge to stop an unsafe work situation where they as duty-holders are accountable for safety. Training is verified through the GWO database WINDA.

Additional training may be required for company or country-specific reasons.

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5 G ENERAL R EQUIREMENTS FOR GWO SLINGER SIGNALLER

Upon completion of the GWO Slinger Signaller module (SS), participants will be aware of the risks and hazards encountered when working with Slinger Signalling within the wind industry. Furthermore, they will be able to control and mitigate those risks and hazards. The GWO Slinger Signaller training module will also equip participants with the knowledge, skills and ability to appropriately respond in the event of a hazardous situation and to increase their safety through proper use of personal protective equipment, emergency equipment, procedures and safe craftsmanship.

5.1 Target group

Personnel working within the wind industry conducting slinging techniques and signalling during simple lifting operations, meaning lifts conducted based on a lifting plan covering known hazards.

5.2 Aims and strategic objectives

Training in accordance with this standard will enable participants to take responsibility to support and care for themselves and others while working with slinger signalling in the wind industry by possessing the required knowledge, skills and ability to conduct assigned tasks safely and efficiently.

5.3 Guidance on delivering lesson elements

Section 9.1 gives approximate duration of each of the lessons. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, provided that the total duration is not reduced, and the duration of practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements should be delivered during the practical exercises whenever feasible.

5.4 Validity Period

The slinger signaller training is an enduring qualification and therefore a validity period does not apply to this training. This assumes that the participant is actively working with slinger signalling tasks.

5.5 Course Codes

Module

Course Code

Slinger Signaller:

SLS

Table 5.5 - GWO Slinger Signaller module course code

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5.6 Participant prerequisites for the Slinger Signaller module

All personnel participating in the Slinger Signaller training module shall be medically fit and capable of fully participating. Specifically, the participants must be made aware of the risks and hazards related to completing this course. Training providers shall have a procedure that requires participants to sign a statement stating that they are medically fit to participate in the training course and that they do not suffer from any medical illness that will prevent them from fully participating in the training course or subject them to hazard or risk, or are under the influence of any impeding substances like narcotics or alcohol. The Annex 2 of the Requirements for Training Providers: Medical Self-Assessment Form shall be used if no other equivalent procedure is in place. Participant s’ signatures testifying to their medical fitness shall be collected prior to the start of the GWO Slinger Signaller module.

5.7 Physical demands

The GWO Slinger Signaller training module may potentially be physically demanding.

If there is any doubt regarding the medical fitness of any participant, the training provider shall stop training with the participant and seek a physici an’s advice.

Note: Practical exercises shall be designed and delivered solely to meet this standard and shall not place any physical or mental demands on the participants other than those required to meet this standard.

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6 G ENERAL R ESOURCES REQUIRED TO DELIVER SLINGER SIGNALLER MODULE

The training provider shall ensure that the staff, facilities and equipment are in place to support the training of the participants.

6.1 Staff

The instructor shall possess appropriate qualifications and experience to ensure that all training and supportive activities are carried out in accordance with current legislation and the current requirements outlined in the REQUIREMENTS FOR TRAINING PROVIDERS OFFERING GWO TRAINING document.

The instructor must:

1) Hold valid certificates for GWO BST/BSTR First Aid and GWO BST/BSTR Manual Handling

2) Be able to demonstrate knowledge and practical skills in slinger signalling methods, techniques and processes comparable to those executed by the participants during the slinger signalling module

3) Act as first responder in the case of an accident

Supporting staff:

1) A person with a current valid first aid qualification shall be present during all practical training. This can be the instructor or an assigned emergency response team

6.2 Training Equipment

The equipment required for training as listed in Annex 3 must be available and must fulfil national legal requirements as listed in table A3-1 in Annex 3 where applicable.

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7 U NDERSTAND GWO L EARNING O BJECTIVES

7.1 Learning objectives

Learning objectives describe what the participant should know and be able to do when the training is completed. The learning objectives are based on the mitigating precautions analysed in the risk assessment, and are the foundation of the learning activities, the course contents and what the participant performance assessment must be based upon.

Coherence between the learning objectives, the learning activities and the assessment is essential. 1. The purpose of this alignment is twofold: To conduct learning activities that are directly focused on reaching the learning objectives. 2. That assessment of how well the learning objectives are met is done in close coherence with what the participant has practiced during the learning activities and in a comparable environment.

Enabling learning objectives are further sub-specifications of the learning objectives. Enabling objectives are what the instructor should be concentrating on when observing the participant ’ s performance and development in action. Furthermore, evaluation should be focused on the enabling objectives as well as on the learning objectives. Ability is what is performed and presented during real-life exercises as well as in the real work situation and is the sum of experiences, knowledge, skills and attitudes. To be able to focus training on building up the necessary abilities, the learning objectives are described according to the taxonomy in the three domains: Knowledge, Skills and Ability.

7.2 Taxonomy

The GWO Taxonomy offers:

1) Guidance and support for Training Providers when designing both focused and assessable learning activities from the stated learning objectives. 2) Guidance and inspiration for instructors when executing learning activities and when assessing the participants’ learning outcome.

3) Digital advice when feasible.

4) Instructions and guidance for auditors when auditing in the pedagogical and didactic scope.

Learning objectives are presented in three taxonomic levels: 1) Basic, 2) Intermediate and 3) Advanced level. The three levels in each domain are described as follows:

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Knowledge

Skills

Attitude

The participant understands a topic in a holistic view, where risks, advantages and disadvantages are considered forming the background for reflected assessments or decisions for action.

The participant can experiment and refine their skills as well as reflect and evaluate on their behaviour and reactions in relevant situations.

Can adapt and act responsibly in new ways, pay attention to the safety of fellow workers and propose development of safety procedures.

Safety-awareness and responsibility is an instinctive part of the ability.

The participant can account for how things are done or can explain how a piece of equipment or a tool is used .

The participant can test the applicability of the skill and distinguish between relevant and less relevant situations to apply the skill in.

The part icipant can act independently, is able to identify connections and

risks in work related situations and take initiative and

responsibility for feasible mitigating actions on the job.

The participant can describe a topic, name its constituent parts or simply refer to it. Basic knowledge is observed by a one- dimensional objective: “I can tell a fact”.

Basic cognitive and practical skills required to apply relevant instructions and procedures to solve routine problems using simple rules and tools.

The participant can act independently in familiar work situations.

The taxonomy levels in the learning objectives are defined by a reasonable number of precise and explained action verbs. These action verbs are presented in a progression of increasing complexity – beginning on the basic level, where the participant can recognise or name a tool or a procedure, and ending at the advanced level, where the participant can take responsibility and even assist fellow workers on the work site. The taxonomy and the presentation of action verbs in the progressive order imply that the previous taxonomic competences are already achieved. Learning objectives in this standard are followed by an indication of the taxonomy level and domain in brackets (Skills, advanced level).

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7.3 Summing up on the learning objectives

A specific action verb indicates a taxonomic complexity level that calls for specific learning activities for the participant to reach the decided learning objectives.

During the learning activity the participant shall practice doing what the action verb indicates.

In addition to this, the instructor’s evaluation in action as well as the evaluation at the end of a module or a training, becomes transpar ent, when the participant’s ability to meet the learning objectives is assessed by comparing the participant’s performance with the action verbs and contents of the learning objective.

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8 A DMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF MODULES

8.1 Participant performance assessment

Participants will be assessed by means of direct observation and supplementary oral questions where appropriate (formative evaluation). Furthermore, the participant will be subjected to a written phase test after the theory elements. (Summative evaluation)

To successfully complete this Module, participants must:

Show commitment to avoid incidents while working with Slinger Signalling

Show commitment to act out this value by demonstrating a proactive approach

Participate in the formative evaluation of the module in a constructive manner

8.2 Theory test

The written tests can consist of multiple choice or descriptive answer questions and shall be set at the same taxonomy level as the objective that they are testing. There shall be at least one question for each lesson in the module.

The written tests shall be conducted in accordance with the following criteria:

1) There shall be an instructor present in the room where written tests are being conducted for the entire duration of the written test

2) The participants shall not communicate with each other during the test

3) The participants shall not communicate with any persons via email, telephone, skype (or similar) or social media during the test 4) The participants shall be allowed to use training material, handouts and their own notes during the test 5) Where a participant does not understand the meaning of a question or a multiple-choice option, the instructor shall be allowed to help the participant in understanding the meaning of the question or the multiple-choice options. The instructor shall not give the participant the correct answers to any test questions.

6) There shall be a time limit of 1½ minutes per question

The written test questions cannot be used during the training in such a way that the participants could recognise that they will be test questions.

Each participant must answer at least 70% of written test questions correctly to pass the test.

If a participant does not reach the passing criteria in written or observational tests, then the instructor shall discuss this with the participant to find out the reason for not reaching the passing criteria. If the reason is due to a misunderstanding of a question or due to language difficulties, then the instructor can mark a question as correct provided that the participant is able to demonstrate understanding of the lesson element being tested. This must be documented by the instructor and stored with the tests, control measures and evaluations for the course.

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Training Providers shall have a documented procedure in place for dealing with participants not meeting the stated learning objectives.

8.3 Participant assessment sheet

Throughout the entire GWO Slinger Signaller course the instructor will use the participant assessment form (see Annex 2 of the Requirements for Training Providers) to evaluate the participant s’ knowledge, skills and abilities, with a high focus on evaluating the participants ’ safety awareness. The instructor shall keep a participant assessment form (or adaptation) for each participant until the completion/evaluation of the Slinger Signalling training module. The participant assessment form (or adaptation) is a final evaluation tool for the instructors to assess participants during practical elements. It allows measurement of the number of violations regarding safety, competency or ability. The participant assessment form shall be used as a progressive evaluation tool to discuss the performance of a participant in guiding them to success. It also serves as supporting documentation if a participant passes or fails the module. If a participant fails to meet the demands of the Slinger Signalling training module, they can attend a new Slinger Signalling training in accordance with the contractual agreement when ordering the training course. The re-entry point is dictated by the stage where the participant stepped out of the course or where the instructor deems constructive.

Training providers may adapt the participant assessment form to other media.

Training providers must have a documented procedure in place for dealing with participants not meeting the stated learning outcomes.

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Slinger Signaller (SLS)

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9 S LINGER S IGNALLER M ODULE

9.1 Aims and objectives

The aim of GWO ’s Slinger Signaller training module is to enable the participant to support and care for themselves and others while working with slinger signalling in the wind industry by possessing the required knowledge, skills and ability to conduct assigned tasks safely and efficiently. Upon successful completion of GWO ’s Slinger Signaller training course, the participant will be able to work within the wind industry conducting slinging techniques and signalling during simple lifting operations, meaning lifts conducted based on a lifting plan or covering known hazards.

Overall learning objectives:

The Slinger Signaller will have the ability to:

On their own, take the responsibility to attach and detach the load to and from the crane lifting attachment (Ability, basic level) Take responsibility to initiate and direct the safe movement of the crane, including multiple slinger signallers during limited or blind lifts in both familiar and unfamiliar situations (Ability, intermediate level)

Take responsibility for their role and responsibilities during the lift (Ability, intermediate level)

On their own, take responsibility for visual pre and post inspection on lifting accessories and load (Ability, intermediate level)

Take responsibility for handling lifting accessories (Ability, basic level)

Can act independently when taking responsibility for ensuring safe lift-off and lay down of the load (Ability, intermediate level) Take responsibility for slinging various types of load, based on weight, centre of gravity, shape and size and to seek guidance when needed (Ability, basic level) Take the responsibility to carry out generic routine lifts in accordance with the lift plan independently and responsibly (Ability, intermediate level) Take the responsibility to comply with instructions/procedures set up by the employer to manage lifting and to seek guidance when needed (Ability, basic level) Take the responsibility to ensure that equipment is properly applied, maintained and that defects are reported (Ability, basic level)

9.2 Duration of the Slinger Signaller module

The total contact time for completing this slinger signaller module is estimated to be 15 hours and 40 minutes. This is based on the time estimate given in the module timetable.

The training provider must not exceed the times per day given in table 9-2 below.

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The training provider must ensure that sufficient time is allowed for participants with prior experience to share their experiences related to slinging and signalling in a way that is constructive for the entire class.

Maximum duration per day

Contact time

8 hours

Total training day

10 hours

Table 9-2 - Maximum durations for training days

Note:

Contact time includes delivery of course lesson contents, practical exercises and activities directly related to these .

The total training day includes contact time, meals and breaks and travel between training sites (where applicable).

9.3 Slinger Signaller module Instructor to Participant Ratio

The ratio shown for theory sessions indicates the maximum number of participants that can attend the course. The ratio shown for practical sessions indicates the maximum number of participants to be supervised by one instructor during each activity.

Module

Session

Instructor – Participant Ratio

Theory

1:12

Slinger Signaller

Practical

1:6

Table 9-3 - GWO Slinger / Signaller module instructor to participant ratio

Note: During the practical elements, the instructor cannot be the crane operator while instructing

9.4 Slinger Signaller Module Timetable

The training provider may choose the order in which to deliver the elements of this Slinger Signaller training module, provided that the order of delivery enables the participant to safely execute all tasks and exercises given to them, and that all learning objectives are met. The approximate duration of each lesson is given in the tables below. The training provider may choose to deliver elements of the training according to other timetables, provided that the total duration is not reduced, and practical elements are not reduced in length. Theoretical elements should be delivered during the practical exercises whenever feasible.

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Lesson

Element

Approx. Duration

1

General Safety

1.1

Introduction

15 min.

1.2

Human performance

15 min.

1.3

Personal protective equipment

15 min.

TOTAL

45 min.

2

General Theory 2.1

Role and basic Signals

15 min.

2.2

Legislation

10 min.

2.3

Lifting equipment types

15 min.

2.4

Accessories

60 min.

2.5

Dynamic or static

15 min.

2.6

Generic routine lifting plans

15 min.

2.7

Risk assessment

15 min.

2.8

Environmental impact

10 min.

TOTAL

155 min.

3

Practical

3.1

Manual handling

15 min.

3.2

Slings

50 min.

3.3

Shackles

30 min.

3.4

Lifting bags

15 min.

3.5

Load attachment point types

30 min.

3.6

Accessory storage

15 min.

3.7

Pre/post use check

30 min.

3.8

Quarantine

15 min.

3.9

Crane functions

30 min.

3.10

Load orientation devices

30 min.

3.11

Lifting angles

30 min.

3.12

Centre of gravity

25 min.

3.13

Suspended loads and dropped objects

20 min.

3.14

Lifting zones

10 min.

3.15

Roles and responsibilities

15 min.

3.16

Toolbox talk

10 min.

3.17

Hand/radio signals

95 min.

3.18

Slinging techniques

95 min.

TOTAL

560 min.

4

Training review and test

4.1 4.2 4.3

Test Training review Feedback session

30 min. 30 min. included

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TOTAL

75 min .

GRAND TOTAL

820 min.

Table 9-4 - GWO Slinger / Signaller module timetable

9.5 Detailed description of the Slinger / Signaller module

INTRODUCTION TO THE TRAINING

45 min.

The aim of this lesson is to enable the participants on the Slinger Signaller Module to engage in the training safely and motivated while recognising what is expected of them during the training.

After having successfully completed lesson 1 of the Slinger Signaller Module, the participants can:

Recognise what is expected of them throughout the module (Knowledge, basic level)

Name and point out local emergency procedures and facilities (Knowledge, basic level)

Discuss the relevant human factors and explain the implications thereof (Knowledge, intermediate level)

Explain the use of correct PPE (Knowledge, intermediate level)

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Learning objective:

The participants show interest or curiosity in the safety and emergency procedures at the training facility (Ability, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Explain and ask involving questions aiming at:

a) Safety instructions according to internal procedures

b) Emergency procedures and emergency exits in the areas where the participants can be expected to be located during the course

c) Site-specific chemical safety rules and instructions

Participants shall:

Engage in answering questions as above

FACILITIES

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Learning objective:

The participants can recognise the location of facilities at the training location (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Present a general description of the facilities at the training location (Administration, dining area, restrooms, toilets, etc.)

Alternative activity: Walk the tour and point out facilities

Participants shall:

Note relevant facilities and ask questions when in doubt about facilities

INTRODUCTION

Learning objective:

The participants show interest in fellow participants and in the course content and design (Ability, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Explain and ask involving questions aiming at the programme of the Slinger Signaller training module, including breaks and mealtimes

Give a short introduction of themselves, including their backgrounds as instructors

Ask for participants’ expectations for the training and on their learning outcome from the training

Participants shall:

Give a short introduction of themselves, including job function and expected primary geographic work location and share expectations on the training

SCOPE AND MAIN LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Learning objective:

The participants can recognise the scope and main objectives of the Slinger Signaller training module (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Present the scope and main learning objectives of the Slinger Signaller training module

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Involve participants by questions on their understanding and individual experiences on slinger signaller techniques

The participants shall:

Engage in answering questions and share experiences on Slinger Signalling

ONGOING ASSESSMENTS (PARTICIPANT ASSESSMENT FORM)

Learning objective:

The participants recognise the assessment procedure and the aim of the ongoing assessment (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Explain the reasons for the ongoing assessment

Describe the layout of the GWO participant assessment form and how it will be used

Ask for participants ’ thoughts on the assessment procedure presented

The participants shall:

Engage themselves in discussions on the assessment procedure

MOTIVATION

Learning objective:

The participants show interest and willingness to engage in the learning activities during the training (Ability, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Explain and lead a discussion on :

a) The importance of personal involvement in the course

b) The definition of and the need for Slinger Signaller techniques when working in an offshore wind work environment

The participants shall:

Engage themselves in discussions and share experiences on Slinger Signaller techniques when working in an offshore wind work environment

ELEMENT 1.7 - HUMAN FACTOR

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The aim of the element is to initiate the participant’s focus on how human performance and taking responsibility influences a safe work environment, and to prepare for the continued focus on human factors during practical training and exercises.

The instructor shall:

Present the Human Factor influence on accidents in the offshore wind industry. (Relevant statistics may be applied) Lead a discussion about the role of the individual in improving human performance and how this can improve the safety of offshore operations.

Ensure that learning objectives aiming at the ability domain are trained for in practical exercises.

Ensure that constructive feedback on the partic ipant’s performance involve human factor criteria when these are defined in the learning objective such as the ability to take responsibility or to act independently.

Facts and Human Factor Criteria:

The consequences of human factor in accidents offshore are influenced by the following terms and conditions:

a) Attention and perception

b) Group behaviour and peer pressure

c) Weather conditions

d) Weather delays

e) Noise levels

f)

Site layout and housekeeping

g) Fitness and health

h) Domestic and work-related stress

i) Workload (both overload and underload)

j)

Fatigue

k) Time pressure and deadlines

l) Alcohol, medication and substance abuse

The participants shall:

Engage in discussions and share experiences on the Human Factor influence on accidents, engage in and reflect on received feedback, and take responsibility on their own performance and development during the training

PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT

Learning objective:

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The participant can describe the need for correct PPE (Knowledge, basic level)

The participant can identify and describe the correct use of PPE (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Ask questions on the participants’ knowledge on the relevant PPE equipment including: helmet, shoes, safety glasses, gloves, high visibility clothing (Harness and fall-arrest may be presented) GWO Lift User/Basic training

Participants shall:

Engage in instructor’s questions and share experiences on the use of PPE

NOTE: This element may be conducted in relation to the practical exercises

GENERAL THEORY

155 min.

The aim of the lesson is to give the participants the needed theoretical knowledge and ability foundation to conduct slinger signaller tasks safely.

After successfully having completed this lesson the participant can:

Describe the relevance of a risk assessment (Knowledge, basic level)

Describe the environmental impact on the planning and execution (Knowledge, basic level)

ROLE AND BASIC SIGNALS

Learning objective:

The participant can explain the slinger signaller role and responsibilities (Knowledge, intermediate level)

The participant can describe basic signals (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Describe the slinger signaller’s role towards the immediate surroundings, including crane crew and spotters – covering individual responsibilities Lead a discussion on how people involved in basic lifting operations must communicate in a clear and concise manner

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Demonstrate basic slinger signalling signals, including: ensuring that hand and radio communication are understood by all Have participants describe their understanding of the signal package (See Annex 3) used throughout the training

Participants shall:

Demonstrate the ability to use all aspects of provided signals package during practical exercises, covering giving, receiving and acting on signals.

LEGISLATION

Learning objective:

The participant can describe where to find the applicable legislation (Knowledge, basic level)

The participant shows interest in applying relevant legislation and seeks guidance when needed (Ability, basic level).

The instructor shall:

Describe the duty holder concept regarding legislation

Explain the need to have knowledge of the current national and regional legislation and best practice before conducting slinger signalling operations

Participants shall:

Discuss where information about the current national and regional legislation and best practice can be found

LIFTING EQUIPMENT TYPES

Learning objective:

The participant can describe the different lifting equipment types and their usage and limitations (Knowledge, basic level)

The instructor shall:

Describe the relevant types of cranes/lift devices and their main characteristics and usage (on/offshore), covering as a minimum:

a. hoists/winches

b. Telescopic/folding/fixed boom cranes

c. Mobile crane

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